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Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
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Rajesh bushetty anatomy

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Anatomy

Anatomy

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  • 1. Rajesh Bushetty
  • 2. SKULL CALVARIUM FACIAL BONES MANDIBLE
  • 3. SKULL VAULT FRONTAL BONE PAIRED PARIETAL BONES GREATER WING OF SPHENOID SQUAMOUS PART OF TEMPORAL BONE OCCIPITAL BONE
  • 4. BASE OF THE SKULL ORBITAL PLATES OF THE FRONTAL BONE SPHENOID BONE PART OF SQUAMOUS TEMPORAL BONE PART OF PETROUS TEMPORAL BONE OCCIPITAL BONE
  • 5. IMAGING MODALITIES PLAIN X – RAY CT SCAN MRI ANGIOGRAPHY
  • 6. X – RAY SKULL….STANDARD VIEWS OF 20 LATERAL VIEW TOWNE ‘S VIEW SUBMENTO VERTEX VIEW( SMV )
  • 7. X RAY SKULL LATERAL VIEW
  • 8. X RAY SKULL PA VIEW
  • 9. TOWNE’S VIEW
  • 10. X – RAY SKULL PA VIEW
  • 11. X –RAY SKULL LATERAL VIEW
  • 12. NEONATAL SKULL OVERLAPPING OF CRANIAL BONES DIPLOIC SPACE IS NOT DEVELOPED VASCULAR MARKINGS NOT VISIBLE SINUSES ARE NOT AERATED SUTURES ARE STRAIGHT LINES SKULL IS 8 TIMES THE SIZE OF FACIAL BONES FONTANELLES ARE OPEN
  • 13. PARANASAL SINUSES FRONTAL SINUSES ETHMOID SINUSES SPHENOID SINUSES MAXILLARY SINUSES
  • 14. PARANASAL SINUSES
  • 15. PARANASAL SINUSES
  • 16. ANATOMY OF BRAIN
  • 17. CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES CORTICAL GREY MATTER WHITE MATTER BASAL GANGLIA THALAMUS PITUITARY GLAND
  • 18. PITUITARY FOSSA
  • 19. CT SCAN
  • 20. MRI BRAIN SAGITAL PLANE
  • 21. BASAL GANGLIA(SUB CORTICAL GREY MATTER CAUDATE & LENTIFORM NUCLEUS AMYGDALOID BODY CLAUSTRUM
  • 22. MRI BRAIN
  • 23. BRAIN STEM CONNECTS CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES WITH SPINAL CORD EXTENDS FROM JUST ABOVE TENTORIAL HIATUS TO BELOW FORAMEN MAGNUM PONS IS THE WIDEST PART
  • 24. CEREBELLUM TWO HEMISPHERES CENTAL VERMIS
  • 25. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TOTAL VOLUME ….150 ML PRODUCED BY CHOROID PLEXUS ABSORBED BY ARACHNOID VILLI
  • 26. VENTRICULAR SYSTEM TWO LATERAL VENTRICLES THIRD VENTRICLE FOURTH VENTRICLE
  • 27. DILATED VENTRICLES
  • 28. SUB ARACHNOID CISTERNS CISTERNA MAGNA PONTINE CISTERN INTERPEDUNCULAR CISTERN QUADRIGEMINAL CISTERN AMBIENT CISTERN SUPRASELLAR CISTERN
  • 29. MENINGES DURA MATER ARACHNOID MATER PIAMATER
  • 30. ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF BRAIN
  • 31. Respiratory System Anatomy
  • 32.  Nose The nose is an irregular cavity at the anterior part of the face, with an external protuberance. The nose is divided in two by the nasal septum which is composed of cartilage. The floor of the nasal cavity is formed by the roof of the mouth or hard palate. The nasal cavity is lined with ciliated mucous membrane.
  • 33.  In the upper part of the nasal cavity, the endings of the olfactory nerve neurones provide the sense of smell. The irregular internal structure causes turbulence which spreads inhaled air over the surface where mucus absorbs dust and other contaminants, and provides a warming and moistening action. The nasal cavity opens into the pharynx
  • 34. Pharynx The pharynx is a cavity lying behind the nose and mouth. Inferiorly, the pharynx opens into the oesophagus and trachea.The pharynx is divided into three areas: the nasal pharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx.
  • 35. Nasal pharynx The nasal pharynx is the area immediately superior to the soft palate. Like the nasal cavity, the nasal pharynx is lined with ciliated mucous membrane. Auditory tubes (Eustachian tubes) -one from each middle ear - open into the sides of the nasal pharynx. Oropharynx The oropharynx lies at the posterior part of the mouth, and extends from the soft palate to theepiglottis. A membranous passageway, known as the fauces, separates the oropharynx from themouth. This passageway opens during swallowing or when inhaling through the mouth.
  • 36. LaryngopharynxThe laryngopharynx is the lowest part ofthe pharynx and leads into the larynx. At this point the airway and digestive passages divide, the digestive passage continuing as the oesophagus.
  • 37. Larynx The larynx forms the connection between the pharynx and thetrachea. It also contains membranes (the vocal cords) which allow the production of sounds. The larynx is supported by the thyroid cartilage, the outline of which is visible as the "Adams Apple". The opening into the larynx is protected by the epiglottis. This is a flap of fibrous tissue which moves over the larynxduring swallowing so that solids and liquids are directed into the oesophagus.
  • 38. Vocal Cords The vocal cords are made up from two strips of epithelium at the base of thelarynx. The cords are supported between the thyroid cartilage and arytenoid cartilage. When muscles associated withthe arytenoid cartilage contract, the vocal cords are pulled together, leaving only a small gap. In a process termed phonation, the vocal cords vibrate and produce sound as air is forced through the gap. This sound is then formed into the voice by movement of the tongue, mouth, and lips.
  • 39. Trachea Outer layer. This is composed of fibrous and elastic tissue. Middle layer. This is composed of cartilage and bands of smooth muscle.Inner layer. This is composed of ciliated mucous membrane.
  • 40. Bronchi and BronchiolesThe bronchi are two tubes which originate at the division of the trachea. The left bronchus is slightly longer than the right as it has to pass around the heart to reach the left lung.
  • 41. Lungs The lungs, being the combination of the bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and their connecting bloodvessels, occupy the majority of the thorax. The areabetween the lungs, the mediastinum, is occupied by the heart and major vessels.
  • 42. PleuraeEach lung is enclosed in a membranous sac, or pleura. There are two layers of pleura: Parietal pleura. Visceral pleura..
  • 43. Digestive SystemAnatomy and Physiology
  • 44. Mouth Hard Palate – Anterior roof Soft Palate – Posterior Roof Uvula – Projection of soft palate Lingiuinal Frenulum – Attaches tongue to mouth floor
  • 45. Pharynx Passageway for food and air
  • 46. Esophagus Tube carries food to stomach Peristalsis – Muscle contractions that move the food
  • 47. Stomach Cardioesophageal Sphincter – Opening at top of stomach Gastric Juice – Stomach acid Chyme – Substance left after stomach digestion Pyloric Sphincter – Opening at bottom of stomach leads to intestines
  • 48. Small Intestine Nearly all food absorption occurs here Three Sections – Duodenum – Jejunum – Ileum
  • 49. Large Intestine Absorbs water Get rid of waste Appendix – Inflamed appendix=appendicitis
  • 50. Salivary Glands Parotid glands- near ears in mouth Submandibular and sublingual glands – Produce saliva under tongue Saliva – Moistens food – Helps start startch digestion
  • 51. Teeth Deciduous teeth – Baby teeth Incisors- cut food Canines- tear and pierce food Molars- grinding
  • 52. Pancreas Produces enzymes that break food down Empties into small intestine Neutralizes gastric acid Produces insulin and glucagon
  • 53. Liver and Gall Bladder Produces bile Bile enters small intestine Helps breakdown lipids Gall bladder stores bile
  • 54. RAJESH IMAGING TECHNOLOGISTBHUSHETTY
  • 55. RADIOLOGY TEAM DR. RAMESH HOSPITALS.

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