1:-Use of ecofriendly technology based on biological system.
2:-Achieve and maintain soil fertility for optimum production.
3:-Aim for optimum nutritional value of staple food.
4:-Refers to integrated farming system.
ORGANIC FARMING COMPONENTS OF ORGANIC FARMING A production system which avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT INTEGRATED DISEASE MANAGEMENT INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT CROP ROTATION Organic Biofertilizers Integrated Farming ORGANIC FARMNIG
Organic culture have been started in 130 countries of the world, published in The World of Organic Agriculture 2009 ).
Currently 32.2 million hectares of agricultural land are managed organically and the value for organic foods in global market $26 billion US dollar, and is expected to grow to 102 billion US dollars in 2010.
The organic area in India is 2.5 million hectare including certified forest areas.
After declaration of Uttarakhand as organic state, the demand of organic farming has been increased significantly.Especiallly in basmati rice, In 2008 Total 3600 tons Organic Basmati paddy is produced in the Kharif- season 2008. it is assumed that area under organic basmati export program would be increased upto 2000 ha in karif 2009-10.
Progress of O.B.E.P (organic basmati rice export programe) year district No.of farmer Area in ha 2003 Dehradun U.S. Nagar Total 248 83 331 131.92 46.8 178.72 2004 Dehradun U.S. Nagar Total 291 137 428 179.71 83.54 263.25 2005 Dehradun U.S. Nagar Total 273 184 457 183.47 124.70 308.17 2006 Dehradun U.S. Nagar Total 555 428 983 387.63 349.9 737.53 2007 Dehradun U.S. Nagar Total 903 1012 1915 595.42 905.01 1400.43
A majority of agriculture practitioners in Uttarakhand are smallholders.
They are having fragmented land holding.
They are often located in remote areas with long travel times from one place to another.
The over all revenue from their agricultural production is usually far too small to cover the cost of farm inspection by external inspection body for each farmer .
The other important problems among the farmer are:- uncertainty about market size, delays in procurement and payment. only marginally higher profitability when all the crops (basmati and wheat in most cases) are taken into account, and a high incidence of pests.
Greatest satisfaction is:-A very large proportion (94%) of farmers are happy with the programme. This is because of: Low input cost; Improvement in soil condition and One time payment by the Board.