Indian Railway

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this is an introduction about Indian Railways

this is an introduction about Indian Railways

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  • 1. INDIAN RAILWAYS introduction by RP Saxena
  • 2. INDIAN RAILWAYS
    • Indian Railways is more than150 year old
    • It is largest railway system in world under one management
    • It is a lifeline of country
    • It is biggest civilian employer in the world
    • No strike in last 30 years in spite of 17 lakh workers
    • Always targeted by public during any rally, agitation etc
  • 3. GENERAL
    • Indian Railways covers 64000 of route km along length & width of the country
    • It runs 12000 trains every day
    • it carry 1.5 crore passengers & 17 lakh tonnes of goods every day
    • It is fuel efficient system
  • 4. INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Railways has 7500 engines,38000 coaches & about 2.5 lakh of wagons
    • 7000 stations & about 500 computerized passenger reservation centers
    • 1 lakh km of track
    • 15 lakh employee(10 lakh in Group C) including 10000 officers
    • 6 lakh staff Qrs
    • Biggest township Kharagpur has 12000 qrs
  • 5. ORIGIN & DEVELOPMENT
    • 1947 Post partition 21 railway systems----10 owned by the GOI and balance by princely states. Total integration of princely state railways completed by first April 1950
    • 1951 Southern, Central and Western Railways SR, CR&WR created
    • 1952 Northern, Eastern and North Eastern Railways, NR,ER&NER created
    • 1955 South Eastern Railways, SER created
    • 1958 North East Frontier Railways, NFR created
    • 1966 South Central Railways, SCR created 2002 East Central & North Western Railways created in October
    • 2003 South Western , West Central, North Central, South Eastern Central & East Coast Railway, SWR, WCR, NCR, SECR and ECoR created in April 2003
  • 6. Speed
    • Shatabdi trains can run at maxm speed of 140 kmph
    • Rajdhani maxm 130 kmph
    • Superfast trains 110 kmph
    • Other mail & exp 110kmph but more stoppage
    • Goods train maxm 100 kmph
  • 7. ORGANISATION
          • 3 tier Management
    • Top – Railway board or Ministry of Railways headed by Chairman Railway Board
    • Middle -16 zones headed by General Managers
    • Bottom -68 divisions headed by Division Railway Managers
  • 8. Budget
    • Railway earns mainly from goods traffic
    • Daily expenditure is about Rs 100 cr (42% staff, 18% fuels)
    • Daily earnings Rs140 cr
    • daily loss on uneconomic branch line Rs 8 cr
  • 9. Department
    • Railway has its own cadre & consists of 9 Deptt ( 8 wheel & 1 brake)
    • Technical- 4 Engineering,mechanical, electrical & signal
    • Non technical- 5
    • Traffic, personel,,stores, security& finance
  • 10. Production units
    • Chitranjan loco works at Chitranjan for electrical engine
    • Diesel loco works,Varanasi for Diesel Engine
    • Coach factory at Perambur & Kapurthala
    • Railwheel factory at Bangalore
    • Diesel componet works at Patiala
  • 11. PSU
    • Indian railway catering & tourism co (IRCTC)
    • Indian railway constn comp (IRCON)
    • Rail india technical services(RITES)
    • Container corporation (concor)
    • Rail tel corparation (Rail tel)
    • Konkan railway corpo Ltd (KRCL)
    • Mumbai rail vikas corporation (MRVC)
    • Rail Vikash Nigam Ltd (RVNL)
    • Rail Land Dev Authority(RLDA)
    • Dedicated freight corridor co Ltd
  • 12. Research
    • Research Design & Standardisation Organisation (RDSO) in Lucknow –in house research organisation
    • It is an integrated organisation for track & rolling stock
    • responsible for developing and testing of new technology and design related to railways
  • 13. TRAINING
    • OFFICERS
    • Railway staff college,Vadadara- General training for all Railway officers
    • IRICEN,Pune –Civil engg
    • IRIEEN,Nasik-electrical engg
    • IRIMEE-jamalpur-Mechenical engg
    • IRISET-Secundrabad-signal & telecommunication engg
    • Indian Railways Institute of Transport Management (IRITM) at Lucknow-Traffic deptt
    • Cenntral training academy for Railwyays accounts-Account deptt
  • 14. Training (contd)
    • Supervisors and staff
    • Zonal training centre
    • Divisional training school
    • Others like drivers,engineering training schools
    • 177 training institutes for training of non gazetted staff
    • 25% of officers and 17% of staff are trained annually
  • 15. Public concern
    • Availability of Reservation
    • PRS irrespective of presence of Railway - cover more than 90% of population including each district HQ etc,(720 no)
    • tatkal booking, Internet booking
    • PNR enquiry.
    • It runs additional service in festivals,summer & winter holiday
    • information for passengers on internet, ivrs
  • 16. Public Concern
    • Safety & punctuality -generally good but adverse publicity is more .Annual deaths in Railways are much lesser than Road Accidents
    • Cleanliness of stations ,waiting halls etc
    • Cleanliness of trains , toilets & linen supplied in trains- serious concern. Lot of attention is being paid but lot is to be done. depend on civic sense of rail users also
    • Hygienic food – now IRCTC is setup to improve catering at stations & trains
    • All information available in timetable & internet at www.indianrail.gov.in
  • 17. Railways concern
    • Not able to fix fare as per cost -
    • i) loss in suburban service
    • ii) loss due to increase in cost of diesel
    • Not able to close uneconomic branch line-yearly loss 2500 cr
    • Political interference in investment decision
    • Not able to meet public demand for more seats in few sector &run empty trains in others
    • Need Rs50000 cr to complete on going projects
  • 18. Commercial vs Social
    • Railway has social obligation to run transport service for all the area of country irrespective of profit motive. It can not close uneconomic lines
    • It can not increase fare due to adverse political impact even though fuel cost mounting
    • It has to generate enough resources for efficient maintenance & replacements of assets on its own
  • 19.
    • Any question is most welcome
    • THANKS
  • 20. Tree plantation
    • Does Tree plantation along the Railway line , in colony & on surplus vacant land
    • Ornamental tree in offices , stations
    • residence compounds ,level xing
    • Now energy plantation is thrust area – Jatropha curcus (biodiesel)
    • Railway plant about 20 lakhs tree every year
  • 21. Dedicated freight corridor
    • Railways will construct two dedicated freight corridor from calcutta to Amritsar & Mumbai to Delhi via Ahmadabad-Jaipur
    • It will cost about Rs1.0 lakh cr & will be funded by railways own resources
    • 2 yr plg +5 year construction
  • 22. Numbering of trains
    • 4 digit numbering for express & 3 digit for passenger trains
    • Tr no starting with 2 –superfast
    • First digit –zone 2 nd digit –divn & last 2 digit train identity
    • All Rajdhani except serving WR(29) & ER(23) are NR trains & starts with number 24
    • All shatabdi trains starts with number 20 & last two digit vary from 01 to 84
  • 23. Coach numbering
    • H -AC first
    • A - AC-2 tier
    • B -AC-3 tier
    • C – Chair car
    • S – SL class
    • -General