18 Puran By R.P.Pandey

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18 Puran By R.P.Pandey

  1. 1. Dharmo rakshati rakshitah (Dharma protects those who protect it) The Puranas A compact, English-only version of the Major 18 Puranas in one document (overview of 18 Upa-Puranas, and 28 additional Puranas - TBD) Issue 1, Draft 1 Compiled by the Dharmic Scriptures Team October 3, 2002 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  2. 2. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) Index: INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................................... 26 SOURCES: .............................................................................................................................................................. 27 1 BRAHMA PURANA......................................................................................................................................... 28 1.1 LORD BRAHMA ........................................................................................................................................... 28 1.1.1 A Profile of Brahmaji ........................................................................................................................ 28 1.1.2 Scriptural Appearance of Brahmaji .................................................................................................. 28 1.1.3 Four Heads of Brahmaji ................................................................................................................... 28 1.1.4 White Beard of Brahmaji .................................................................................................................. 28 1.1.5 Swan as a Vehicle ........................................................................................................................... 28 1.1.6 Purpose of Holding Vedas ............................................................................................................... 28 1.1.7 Rosary in Second Hand ................................................................................................................... 29 1.1.8 Kamandalu (Coconut Shell Bowl) .................................................................................................... 29 1.1.9 Seat of the Lotus.............................................................................................................................. 29 1.2 GODDESS SARASVATI................................................................................................................................. 29 1.2.1 Appearance of Sarasvati ................................................................................................................. 29 1.2.2 Significance of Book and Veena (Lyre) ........................................................................................... 29 1.2.3 Beaded Rosary ................................................................................................................................ 29 1.3 LORD VISHNU ............................................................................................................................................ 30 1.3.1 Appearance of Lord Vishnu ............................................................................................................. 30 1.3.2 Reflection of Scriptural Appearance ................................................................................................ 30 1.3.3 Scientific Depiction of Vishnu’s Appearance ................................................................................... 30 1.3.4 Why does Lord Vishnu rest on Sheshanaga? ................................................................................. 30 1.3.5 Why is Lotus in the Navel? .............................................................................................................. 30 1.3.6 Why does Vishnu stay in the Sea of Milk?....................................................................................... 30 1.3.7 Reason for holding the Wheel ......................................................................................................... 31 1.3.8 Reason for holding the Conch ......................................................................................................... 31 1.3.9 Purpose of Kaustubhamani ............................................................................................................. 31 1.3.10 Why does Lord Vishnu hold a Mace? .............................................................................................. 31 1.3.11 Why is Garuda (Eagle) the Vehicle of Vishnu? ............................................................................... 31 1.4 GODDESS LAXMI ........................................................................................................................................ 31 1.4.1 Why Goddess Laxmi presses the feet of God? ............................................................................... 31 1.4.2 Reason for Liquidity of Laxmi .......................................................................................................... 31 1.4.3 Why is the owl the vehicle of Laxmi?............................................................................................... 32 2 PADMA PURANA ........................................................................................................................................... 33 2.1 SHRISHTIKHAND ......................................................................................................................................... 33 2.1.1 The Beginning of Creation ............................................................................................................... 33 2.1.2 Lord Brahma’s Life-Span and the Chronological Order of the ‘Eras’ .............................................. 34 2.1.3 The Four Prominent Castes............................................................................................................. 35 2.1.4 The Manifestations of Goddess Laxmi ............................................................................................ 35 2.1.5 Sati gives up her Life ....................................................................................................................... 36 2.1.6 The Origin of Deities, Demons and Serpents .................................................................................. 36 2.1.7 The Origin of Marudganas ............................................................................................................... 37 2.1.8 King Prithu and the Surya Dynasty.................................................................................................. 38 2.1.9 Bashkali, the Demon king ................................................................................................................ 39 2.1.10 Sri Ram kills Shambuk..................................................................................................................... 39 2.1.11 Manifestation of Ganesh & Kartikeya .............................................................................................. 40 2.1.12 An Ideal Brahmin and the Significance of the Gayatri Mantra......................................................... 40 2.1.13 A Brahmin’s Livelihood .................................................................................................................... 41 2.1.14 Narottam – The Brahmin.................................................................................................................. 42 2.1.15 The Significance of Rudraksha, Amla & Tulsi ................................................................................. 43 2.1.16 The Importance of Surya’s Worship ................................................................................................ 43 2.2 BHUMIKHAND ............................................................................................................................................. 44 2.2.1 Different Types of Sin and Virtue..................................................................................................... 44 2.2.2 King Yayati propagates Vaishnava-Dharma.................................................................................... 44 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  3. 3. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 2.2.3 Yayati marries Ashrubindumati ........................................................................................................ 44 2.2.4 Kunjal – The Enlightened Parrot...................................................................................................... 45 2.2.5 Kunjal Preaches Vijjwal.................................................................................................................... 45 2.2.6 Kunjal Narrates about his Previous Birth ......................................................................................... 46 2.3 SWARGAKHAND.......................................................................................................................................... 46 2.3.1 Some Prominent Holy Places in Bharat-Varsha.............................................................................. 46 2.3.2 Jambubarg, River Narmada, Amarkantak ....................................................................................... 47 2.3.3 ‘Dharma-Teertha’ & Yamuna-Snan ................................................................................................. 47 2.3.4 Kashipuri, Kapardishwar & Gaya..................................................................................................... 48 2.3.5 Puranas – The Embodiment of Sri Hari ........................................................................................... 48 2.4 PATALKHAND ............................................................................................................................................. 48 2.4.1 Sheshnag narrates the Tales of Sri Rama’s Return from Lanka ..................................................... 48 2.4.2 Ravana – The Mighty Demon .......................................................................................................... 49 2.4.3 Agastya Advises Sri Rama to Perform Ashvamedhya Yagya ......................................................... 49 2.4.4 The Horse is Let Loose.................................................................................................................... 50 2.4.5 Lav Fastens the Horse..................................................................................................................... 50 2.4.6 Lav Vanquishes the Whole Army..................................................................................................... 50 2.4.7 Lav Becomes Unconscious ............................................................................................................. 50 2.4.8 The Army Returns to Ayodhya......................................................................................................... 51 2.4.9 Sri Rama sends Laxman to bring Sita ............................................................................................. 51 2.4.10 Sita Returns to Ayodhya .................................................................................................................. 51 2.5 UTTARKHAND............................................................................................................................................. 51 2.5.1 Badrik-Ashram ................................................................................................................................. 51 2.5.2 The Descent of River Ganga ........................................................................................................... 51 2.5.3 Dasharatha Pacifies Shani .............................................................................................................. 52 2.5.4 Qualities of a Vaishnava .................................................................................................................. 52 2.5.5 Indraprastha..................................................................................................................................... 52 2.5.6 Vaikunth – The Abode of Lord Vishnu ............................................................................................. 52 2.5.7 The Incarnations of Matsya and Kurma........................................................................................... 53 2.5.8 NriSimha Incarnation ....................................................................................................................... 53 2.5.9 Vaman Incarnation........................................................................................................................... 54 2.5.10 Sri Rama’s Birth ............................................................................................................................... 54 2.5.11 Sri Rama Grows Up ......................................................................................................................... 54 2.5.12 Sri Rama’s Exile............................................................................................................................... 55 2.5.13 Sri Rama’s Coronation..................................................................................................................... 56 2.5.14 Sri Krshna ........................................................................................................................................ 56 2.5.15 Killing of Kansa ................................................................................................................................ 57 2.5.16 Jarasandh ........................................................................................................................................ 58 2.5.17 Abduction of Rukmini ....................................................................................................................... 58 2.5.18 Sri Krshna’s Queens ........................................................................................................................ 58 2.5.19 Anirudha Marries Usha .................................................................................................................... 59 2.5.20 The Decline of the Yadu Dynasty .................................................................................................... 59 2.5.21 Rituals of Vishnu Worship................................................................................................................ 60 2.5.22 Lord Vishnu – The Almighty God..................................................................................................... 61 2.5.23 Parashuram ..................................................................................................................................... 61 3 VISHNU PURANA ........................................................................................................................................... 63 3.1 CHAPTER 1 (PART 1).................................................................................................................................. 63 3.1.1 Introduction and Origin of the Universe from Basic Elements ......................................................... 64 3.1.2 Birth of Brahma and Salvation of Earth by Varaha.......................................................................... 65 3.1.3 Divisions of Earth and Origin of Cereals.......................................................................................... 65 3.1.4 Birth of Prajapatis and their Progeny ............................................................................................... 66 3.1.5 Creation of Rudra and Omnipresence of Laxmi .............................................................................. 66 3.1.6 Dhruv’s Migration to the Forest........................................................................................................ 68 3.1.7 Dhruv Pleases God with his Penance ............................................................................................. 69 3.1.8 Tale of King Ven and Prithu ............................................................................................................. 70 3.1.9 Birth of Prachin Barhi Worship of God by Prachetas....................................................................... 71 3.1.10 Marriage of Prachetas and Birth of Prajapatis ................................................................................. 71 3.1.11 Tale of Prahlad and Narasimha Incarnation .................................................................................... 73 3.1.12 Attempts to Kill Prahlad.................................................................................................................... 74 3.1.13 Description of Lord’s Virtues by Prahlad and Protection of Prahlad by Sudarshan Chakra............ 75 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  4. 4. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 3.1.14 Appearance of the Lord ................................................................................................................... 76 3.1.15 Lineage of Kashyap’s Other Wives and Origin of Marudgana ........................................................ 76 3.1.16 The Description of Universal Order ................................................................................................. 77 3.2 CHAPTER 2 (PART 2).................................................................................................................................. 77 3.2.1 Description of Priyavrat’s Lineage ................................................................................................... 77 3.2.2 Geographical Description ................................................................................................................ 78 3.2.3 Division of Bharat and Other Landmasses ...................................................................................... 79 3.2.4 Description of Other Dvipas ............................................................................................................. 79 3.2.5 Description of the Nether Worlds..................................................................................................... 80 3.2.6 Description of Hells .......................................................................................................................... 80 3.2.7 Description of Celestial Worlds ........................................................................................................ 80 3.2.8 Order of the Sun, the Stars and other Constellations...................................................................... 81 3.2.9 Twelve Names of the Sun................................................................................................................ 81 3.2.10 Description of Surya Shakti and Vaishnava Shakti ......................................................................... 82 3.2.11 Description of the Nine Planets ....................................................................................................... 83 3.2.12 Life Sketch of Bharat........................................................................................................................ 83 3.2.13 Jadabharat Preaches the King ........................................................................................................ 85 3.2.14 Tale of Ribhu and Nidaagh .............................................................................................................. 85 3.2.15 Ribhu Preaches Nidaagh ................................................................................................................. 85 3.3 CHAPTER 3 (PART 3).................................................................................................................................. 86 3.3.1 Description of Manvataras ............................................................................................................... 86 3.3.2 Birth of Savarni Manu and Description of the Next Manvataras...................................................... 86 3.3.3 Description of Veda Vyasa and the Significance of BrahmaGyana ................................................ 87 3.3.4 Expansion of the Branches of the Rg Veda..................................................................................... 87 3.3.5 Description of the Branches of the Yajur Veda................................................................................ 88 3.3.6 The Branches of the Sama Veda and the 18 Puranas .................................................................... 88 3.3.7 Yama Gita ........................................................................................................................................ 89 3.3.8 Duties of Four Classes of Society.................................................................................................... 89 3.3.9 Description of Different Ashrams ..................................................................................................... 89 3.3.10 Customs and Consecrations............................................................................................................ 90 3.3.11 Description of Righteousness .......................................................................................................... 90 3.3.12 Sanctification after Birth and Death ................................................................................................. 91 3.3.13 Days for Monthly Oblations.............................................................................................................. 91 3.3.14 Method for Oblations........................................................................................................................ 91 3.3.15 Do’s and Don’t during Oblation........................................................................................................ 91 3.3.16 The Battle of Gods and Demons ..................................................................................................... 92 3.3.17 Dialogue of Mayamoha with Demons .............................................................................................. 92 3.4 CHAPTER 4 (PART 4).................................................................................................................................. 93 3.4.1 Description of Vaivasvat Manu’s Lineage........................................................................................ 93 3.4.2 Description of Ikshvaku’s Lineage ................................................................................................... 94 3.4.3 Progeny of Mandhatr, Ascend of Trishanku to Heaven and Birth of Sagar..................................... 95 3.4.4 Description of Suryavansh ............................................................................................................... 95 3.4.5 Tale of Nimi and Description of his Lineage .................................................................................... 97 3.4.6 Description of Somavansh and the Tale of Pururava ...................................................................... 97 3.4.7 Birth of Jamadagni and Vishwamitra ............................................................................................... 98 3.4.8 Description of Kashyavansh ............................................................................................................ 99 3.4.9 Description of King Raji and his Sons.............................................................................................. 99 3.4.10 Tale of Yayati ................................................................................................................................... 99 3.4.11 Description of Yaduvansh and the Tale of SahastrArjuna............................................................. 100 3.4.12 Description of Kroshtuvansh.......................................................................................................... 100 3.5 CHAPTER 5 (PART 5)................................................................................................................................ 100 3.5.1 Puruvansh ...................................................................................................................................... 100 3.5.2 Description of Kuruvansh............................................................................................................... 101 3.5.3 Incarnation of Lord Krshna ............................................................................................................ 102 3.5.4 Appearance of Lord in Devaki’s Womb ......................................................................................... 103 3.5.5 Killing of Putana and Salvation of other Demons .......................................................................... 103 3.5.6 The Sages Curse Yaduvanshis ..................................................................................................... 125 3.6 CHAPTER 6 (PART 6)................................................................................................................................ 127 3.6.1 Descriptions of Dynasties in Kali-Yuga.......................................................................................... 127 4 SKANDA PURANA ....................................................................................................................................... 129 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  5. 5. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 4.1 MAHESHWAR KHAND ................................................................................................................................ 129 4.1.1 Daksha’s Animosity towards Lord Shiva........................................................................................ 129 4.1.2 Sati jumps into the Sacrificial Fire.................................................................................................. 129 4.1.3 Virtues of Worshipping Lord Shiva ................................................................................................ 130 4.1.4 Churning of the Ocean................................................................................................................... 130 4.1.5 The Emergence of Ambrosia ......................................................................................................... 130 4.1.6 Lord Brahma’s Boon to Tarakasur................................................................................................. 130 4.1.7 Shiva tests Parvati’s Devotion ....................................................................................................... 131 4.1.8 The Arrival of the Sapta-Rishis ...................................................................................................... 131 4.1.9 Birth of Kartikeya............................................................................................................................ 132 4.1.10 Kartikeya Kills Tarakasur ............................................................................................................... 132 4.1.11 Virtues of Observing a Fast on Shiva-Ratri ................................................................................... 133 4.1.12 Kartikeya’s Sorrow ......................................................................................................................... 133 4.1.13 Killing of Pralamb ........................................................................................................................... 133 4.1.14 Kaalbhiti’s Austere Penance.......................................................................................................... 134 4.1.15 Karandham’s Queries .................................................................................................................... 134 4.1.16 Arunachal Shiva Linga ................................................................................................................... 135 4.1.17 Lord Shiva – The Sovereign Creator ............................................................................................. 135 4.1.18 Execution of Shumbh, Nishumbh and Mahishasur........................................................................ 136 4.1.19 Parvati Receives Arunchaleshwar’s Grace.................................................................................... 136 4.2 VAISHNAV KHAND..................................................................................................................................... 137 4.2.1 Lord Varah satisfies Prithvi’s Curiosity .......................................................................................... 137 4.2.2 Lord Varah Mantra ......................................................................................................................... 137 4.2.3 Manifestation of Padmavati ........................................................................................................... 137 4.2.4 Padmavati becomes Lord Hari’s Consort ...................................................................................... 137 4.2.5 King Parikshit ................................................................................................................................. 138 4.2.6 Krshna Teertha .............................................................................................................................. 139 4.2.7 Some Other Places of Pilgrimage on Venketachal Mountain........................................................ 139 4.2.8 Anjana’s Penance at Akash-Ganga Teertha ................................................................................. 139 4.2.9 Lord Vishnu Advises Lord Brahma to go to Purushottam Kshetra ................................................ 139 4.2.10 Markandeya Eulogizes Vishnu ...................................................................................................... 139 4.2.11 Holy Places in the vicinity of Purushottam-Kshetra ....................................................................... 140 4.2.12 Vidyapati Eulogizes Lord NeelMadhava ........................................................................................ 142 4.2.13 Indrayumna Leaves for Purushottam-Kshetra ............................................................................... 142 4.2.14 Indrayumna Reaches Ekamrachhetra ........................................................................................... 143 4.2.15 Indrayumna Eulogizes Lord NeelMadhava.................................................................................... 143 4.2.16 Narad Installs the Idol of NriSimha ................................................................................................ 143 4.2.17 Indrayumna Performs Ashvamedhya Yagyas ............................................................................... 144 4.2.18 Jaganath Idol is Carved Out .......................................................................................................... 144 4.2.19 Consecration of the Idols ............................................................................................................... 145 4.2.20 Rath Yatra ...................................................................................................................................... 145 4.2.21 Some Prominent Places of Pilgrimage .......................................................................................... 145 4.2.22 The Majesty of Badri-Kshetra ........................................................................................................ 146 4.2.23 The Importance of Hindu Month, Kartik ......................................................................................... 146 4.2.24 The Importance of Holy Dips in Margashirsh................................................................................. 146 4.2.25 The Significance of Charity made in Vaishakh .............................................................................. 146 4.2.26 Ayodhyapuri ................................................................................................................................... 147 4.3 BRAHM KAND........................................................................................................................................... 147 4.3.1 Rameshwar Kshetra ...................................................................................................................... 147 4.3.2 Setu Bandh .................................................................................................................................... 147 4.3.3 Rameshwar Linga .......................................................................................................................... 148 4.3.4 DharmaRanya Kshetra .................................................................................................................. 148 4.3.5 Loss of Moral Values in Kaliyuga................................................................................................... 148 4.3.6 The Significance of ChaturMasya Vrata ........................................................................................ 149 4.3.7 Importance of Abstinence during Chaturmas ................................................................................ 149 4.3.8 Rituals Pertaining to Shodash Upachar......................................................................................... 149 4.4 KASHI KHAND........................................................................................................................................... 150 4.4.1 Vidhyachal Obstructs the Path of Surya ........................................................................................ 150 4.4.2 Agastya orders the Vindhya Mountains to diminish their size ....................................................... 150 4.4.3 Kashi – The Sacrosanct Place of Pilgrimage ................................................................................ 151 4.4.4 Lord Kartikeya Describes the Majesty of Kashi ............................................................................. 151 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  6. 6. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 4.4.5 The Origin of Kashi ........................................................................................................................ 151 4.5 AVANTI KSHETRA KHAND.......................................................................................................................... 152 4.5.1 Sanat Kumar Glorifies Mahakaal Teertha...................................................................................... 152 4.5.2 Kapal Mochan ................................................................................................................................ 152 4.5.3 Various Names of Ujjainipuri ......................................................................................................... 152 4.5.4 The Grandeur of Avantipuri ........................................................................................................... 153 4.5.5 The Descent of Narmada............................................................................................................... 153 4.5.6 Narmada Marries Purukutsu.......................................................................................................... 154 4.5.7 Manu Receives a Boon from Narmada.......................................................................................... 154 4.5.8 Jamadagni receives Kaamdhenu .................................................................................................. 154 4.5.9 Description of Hell.......................................................................................................................... 154 4.6 NAGAR KHAND......................................................................................................................................... 155 4.6.1 Trishanku cursed by Vashishth’s Sons.......................................................................................... 155 4.6.2 Vishwamitra Commences New Creation ....................................................................................... 156 4.7 PRABHAS KHAND ..................................................................................................................................... 156 4.7.1 Description of Puranas and Up-puranas........................................................................................ 156 4.7.2 Prabhas Teertha ............................................................................................................................ 157 4.7.3 Somnath Linga............................................................................................................................... 157 4.7.4 Different Names of Somnath ......................................................................................................... 157 4.7.5 Siddheshwar Linga and Siddha Linga ........................................................................................... 158 4.7.6 Chandra Deva Eulogizes Shiva ..................................................................................................... 158 4.7.7 The Significance of Getting One’s Head Tonsured ....................................................................... 158 4.7.8 The Emergence of Sarasvati in Prabhas Kshetra ......................................................................... 159 4.7.9 Prabhas – The Abode of Trinity Goddesses.................................................................................. 159 4.7.10 Dvarka Mahatmya – Sages Queries to Prahlad ............................................................................ 160 4.7.11 The Sanctity of Dvarkapuri ............................................................................................................ 160 5 SHIVA MAHA-PURANA ............................................................................................................................... 162 5.1 VIDYESHWAR SAMHITA ............................................................................................................................. 162 5.1.1 Sages Enquire ............................................................................................................................... 163 5.1.2 Proposition and Means .................................................................................................................. 163 5.1.3 Listening, Kirtan, Contemplation.................................................................................................... 163 5.1.4 Greatness of Shiva Linga .............................................................................................................. 163 5.1.5 The Deities go to Kailash Mountain ............................................................................................... 164 5.1.6 Anaal-Stambh (The Pillar of Fire) .................................................................................................. 164 5.1.7 Shiva Obliges Brahma ................................................................................................................... 164 5.1.8 Consecration of Maheshwar .......................................................................................................... 165 5.1.9 Omkar ............................................................................................................................................ 165 5.1.10 Rituals of Shiva Worship................................................................................................................ 165 5.1.11 Sacred Pilgrimages of Shiva.......................................................................................................... 166 5.1.12 Conduct of the respective Castes.................................................................................................. 166 5.1.13 Types of Dharma ........................................................................................................................... 166 5.1.14 Appropriate Place and Time for Worshipping Shiva...................................................................... 167 5.1.15 Worshipping the Idol of Shiva ........................................................................................................ 167 5.1.16 The Majesty of Pranav Panchakshar............................................................................................. 167 5.1.17 Worldly Bondage and Salvation..................................................................................................... 168 5.1.18 The Worship of Parthiva Linga ...................................................................................................... 168 5.1.19 Methods of Worshipping Parthiva Linga ........................................................................................ 168 5.1.20 Number of Parthiva Shivalingas .................................................................................................... 168 5.1.21 Importance of Naivedya and Bilva Leaves .................................................................................... 169 5.1.22 The Majesty of Shiva’s Name ........................................................................................................ 169 5.1.23 The Importance of Bhasma in Shiva’s Worship............................................................................. 169 5.1.24 Importance of Rudraksha .............................................................................................................. 169 5.2 RUDRA SAMHITA ...................................................................................................................................... 170 5.2.1 Shrishti-Khand ............................................................................................................................... 170 5.2.2 Victory of Narada over ‘Kama’ ....................................................................................................... 170 5.2.3 Narada’s Ego Subdued:................................................................................................................. 170 5.2.4 Vishnu Preaches Narad: ................................................................................................................ 171 5.2.5 Brahmaji Preaches Narad:............................................................................................................. 171 5.2.6 The Origin of Vishnu ...................................................................................................................... 171 5.2.7 Origin of Brahmaji .......................................................................................................................... 171 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  7. 7. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 5.2.8 Dispute Between Brahmaji & Vishnuji ........................................................................................... 172 5.2.9 Shabda-Brahma............................................................................................................................. 172 5.2.10 Shabda-Brahma Tanu.................................................................................................................... 172 5.2.11 Shiva Enlightens Brahma & Vishnu ............................................................................................... 172 5.2.12 Age of Brahma, Vishnu & Rudra.................................................................................................... 172 5.2.13 The Methods of Worshipping Shiva............................................................................................... 172 5.2.14 Acquiring of Shiva Lingas by the Deity .......................................................................................... 173 5.2.15 Methods of Worshipping Shiva Linga ............................................................................................ 173 5.2.16 The Virtues of Worshipping Shiva Methodically ............................................................................ 173 5.2.17 The Origin of Kailash & Vaikunth................................................................................................... 173 5.2.18 The Emergence of Rudra-Avatar................................................................................................... 173 5.2.19 Creation ......................................................................................................................................... 174 5.2.20 Gunanidhi, The Brahmin’s Son...................................................................................................... 174 5.2.21 Gunanidhi’s Salvation .................................................................................................................... 174 5.2.22 Shiva Blesses Gunanidhi ............................................................................................................... 175 5.2.23 Shiva goes to Kailash .................................................................................................................... 175 5.2.24 The Manifestation of ‘Kama’ .......................................................................................................... 176 5.2.25 Brahma Curses Kamadeva............................................................................................................ 176 5.2.26 Kama Married Rati ......................................................................................................................... 177 5.2.27 Sandhya does Penance................................................................................................................. 177 5.2.28 Sandhya Receives a Boon from Shiva .......................................................................................... 177 5.2.29 Sandhya’s Birth & her Marriage with Sage Vashistha ................................................................... 178 5.2.30 Appearance of Spring Season (Vasant Ritu)................................................................................. 178 5.2.31 The Creation of Marganas and Kama’s Futile Attempts................................................................ 178 5.2.32 Dailogue Between Brahma & Vishnu............................................................................................. 178 5.2.33 Goddess Durga.............................................................................................................................. 178 5.2.34 Daksha Worships Devi................................................................................................................... 179 5.2.35 Daksha Curses Narad.................................................................................................................... 179 5.2.36 Birth of Sati .................................................................................................................................... 179 5.2.37 Sati does Penance......................................................................................................................... 179 5.2.38 Brahmaji makes a request to Lord Shiva....................................................................................... 179 5.2.39 Shiva Blesses Uma with a Boon.................................................................................................... 179 5.2.40 Shiva Married Sati.......................................................................................................................... 180 5.2.41 Lord Brahma Faces the Wrath of Shiva......................................................................................... 180 5.2.42 Deformed Face of Brahma ............................................................................................................ 180 5.2.43 Shiva-Shakti as Husband & Wife................................................................................................... 180 5.2.44 Shiva-Shakti Depart for Himalya.................................................................................................... 180 5.2.45 The Importance of Devotion in Kaliyuga........................................................................................ 180 5.2.46 Sati’s Doubt.................................................................................................................................... 181 5.2.47 Shiva does not see Sati as his consort.......................................................................................... 181 5.2.48 Daksha’s Animosity towards Shiva................................................................................................ 181 5.2.49 Daksha Performs Yagya ................................................................................................................ 181 5.2.50 Sati’s Arrival at the Oblation Site ................................................................................................... 182 5.2.51 Sati’s Dishonor............................................................................................................................... 182 5.2.52 Sati Gives Up Her Life ................................................................................................................... 182 5.2.53 Manifestation of Veerbharda & Mahakali....................................................................................... 182 5.2.54 Veerbhadra & Kali Assemble their Army ....................................................................................... 182 5.2.55 Daksha Experiences Inauspicious Signs....................................................................................... 182 5.2.56 Lord Vishnu Preaches Daksha ...................................................................................................... 183 5.2.57 Daksha Gets his Head Severed .................................................................................................... 183 5.2.58 Contention between Kshuva & Dadhichi ....................................................................................... 183 5.2.59 Battle between Vishnu & Dadhichi................................................................................................. 183 5.2.60 The Deities go to Lord Shiva ......................................................................................................... 184 5.2.61 Daksha becomes Alive .................................................................................................................. 184 5.2.62 Daksha Organizes Yagya once again ........................................................................................... 184 5.2.63 Parvat Khand: Himalya Marries Maina .......................................................................................... 184 5.2.64 Maina gets Liberated from the Curse ............................................................................................ 185 5.2.65 Invocation of Ua ............................................................................................................................. 185 5.2.66 Goddess Uma Consoles the Deities.............................................................................................. 185 5.2.67 Maina and Himalya Commence Penance ..................................................................................... 185 5.2.68 Birth of Parvati ............................................................................................................................... 186 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  8. 8. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 5.2.69 Divine Childhood Plays of Parvati.................................................................................................. 186 5.2.70 The Dreams of Parvati and Himalya.............................................................................................. 186 5.2.71 The Birth of ‘Bhaum’-Mars ............................................................................................................. 186 5.2.72 Shiva Arrives at Himalya................................................................................................................ 186 5.2.73 Conversation between Parvati & Shiva ......................................................................................... 187 5.2.74 The Birth of Vajrang ....................................................................................................................... 187 5.2.75 Birth of Tarakasur and his Penance .............................................................................................. 187 5.2.76 Tarakasur Relinquishes Heaven on the Advice of Lord Brahma................................................... 188 5.2.77 Kamadeva Sent to Lord Shiva ....................................................................................................... 188 5.2.78 Efforts of Kamadeva ...................................................................................................................... 188 5.2.79 Kamadeva Reduces to Ashes ....................................................................................................... 188 5.2.80 The Anger of Shiva Subsides ........................................................................................................ 189 5.2.81 Narada Preaches Parvati............................................................................................................... 189 5.2.82 Parvati does Penance.................................................................................................................... 189 5.2.83 The Deities go to Lord Shiva ......................................................................................................... 189 5.2.84 Salutations Gives His Approval ..................................................................................................... 189 5.2.85 Parvati’s Love for Shiva Tested by the Sapta-Rishis..................................................................... 189 5.2.86 Lord Shiva Tests Parvati................................................................................................................ 190 5.2.87 Parvati’s Reply ............................................................................................................................... 190 5.2.88 Shiva Reveals his True Identity ..................................................................................................... 190 5.2.89 Shiva Demands Parvati as his Consort ......................................................................................... 190 5.2.90 Shiva’s Delusionary Power ............................................................................................................ 191 5.2.91 Shiva Instructs Sapta-Rishis to Convince Maina & Himalya ......................................................... 191 5.2.92 Anaranya, The King ....................................................................................................................... 191 5.2.93 Padma and Pippalad...................................................................................................................... 191 5.2.94 Himalya Sends Lagna-Patrika ....................................................................................................... 192 5.2.95 Lord Shiva Invites the Deities ........................................................................................................ 192 5.2.96 Lord Shiva’s Marriage Procession ................................................................................................. 192 5.2.97 Shiva Divine Plays ......................................................................................................................... 192 5.2.98 Maina’s Wail................................................................................................................................... 192 5.2.99 Himalya Bestows Parvati to Shiva ................................................................................................. 193 5.2.100 Shiva Brings Back Kamadeva Alive........................................................................................... 193 5.2.101 Shiva’s Departure ...................................................................................................................... 193 5.2.102 Kartikeya .................................................................................................................................... 194 5.2.103 Search for Kartikeya .................................................................................................................. 194 5.2.104 Kartikeya’s Coronation............................................................................................................... 194 5.2.105 Kartikeya’s Amazing Character ................................................................................................. 194 5.2.106 The Battle................................................................................................................................... 195 5.2.107 Killing of Tarakasur .................................................................................................................... 195 5.2.108 Killings of Pralamb & Banasur ................................................................................................... 195 5.2.109 Ganesh ...................................................................................................................................... 195 5.2.110 Ganesha Defeats The Shivaganas & The Deities ..................................................................... 196 5.2.111 Shiva Severes Ganesh’s Head.................................................................................................. 196 5.2.112 Ganesh Becomes Alive.............................................................................................................. 196 5.2.113 Ganesha’s Marriage................................................................................................................... 196 5.2.114 Yudh-Khand: Tripurasur- The Three Demon ............................................................................. 197 5.2.115 The Deities Eulogize Shiva & Vishnu ........................................................................................ 197 5.2.116 Emergence of Atheism............................................................................................................... 197 5.2.117 The Deities Eulogize Lord Shiva................................................................................................ 198 5.2.118 Killings of Tripurasurs ................................................................................................................ 198 5.2.119 The Deities Receive a Boon from Shiva .................................................................................... 198 5.2.120 Lord Shiva Spares The Life of Indra .......................................................................................... 198 5.2.121 Manifestation of Jaladhar........................................................................................................... 199 5.2.122 Battle Between Jalandhar & The Deities ................................................................................... 199 5.2.123 Battle Between Lord Vishnu & Jalandhar .................................................................................. 199 5.2.124 Narad’s Stratagem ..................................................................................................................... 200 5.2.125 Battle Between Lord Shiva & Jalandhar .................................................................................... 200 5.2.126 Vrinda Gets Dishonored............................................................................................................. 200 5.2.127 Killing of Jalandhar..................................................................................................................... 201 5.2.128 The Deities Express Gratitude................................................................................................... 201 5.2.129 Manifestation of Amla (Myrobalan), Tulsi (~Basil) and Malti ..................................................... 201 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  9. 9. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 5.2.130 Birth of Shankhachuda............................................................................................................... 201 5.2.131 Shankhachuda’s Marriage ......................................................................................................... 201 5.2.132 Shankhachuda Becomes the Ruler of All Three Worlds ........................................................... 201 5.2.133 Shiva Assures the Deities .......................................................................................................... 202 5.2.134 Conversation Between Pushpadant & Shankhachuda.............................................................. 202 5.2.135 Shiva Proceeds with his Army ................................................................................................... 202 5.2.136 Shankhachuda Proceeds with his Army .................................................................................... 202 5.2.137 Battle Between the Deities and the Demons ............................................................................. 202 5.2.138 The Battle Between Shiva’s Family & Shankhachuda............................................................... 202 5.2.139 Strategy Employed to Kill Shankhachuda.................................................................................. 202 5.2.140 Lord Shiva Kills Shankhachuda ................................................................................................. 202 5.2.141 Tulsi Curses Lord Vishnu........................................................................................................... 202 5.2.142 Killing of Hiranyaksha ................................................................................................................ 203 5.2.143 Lord Shiva Teaches The Secrets of Mrita-Sanjivani Vidya to Shukracharya ............................ 203 5.2.144 Andhak’s Splendors ................................................................................................................... 203 5.2.145 Battle Between Lord Shiva and Andhak .................................................................................... 204 5.2.146 Reemergence of Shukracharya ................................................................................................. 204 5.2.147 Killing of Gajasur........................................................................................................................ 204 5.2.148 Killing of Nirhaddaitya ................................................................................................................ 205 5.2.149 Killing of Vidal and Utpal ............................................................................................................ 205 5.3 SHATRUDRA SAMHITA .............................................................................................................................. 205 5.3.1 Sadhojat (1) ................................................................................................................................... 205 5.3.2 Naamdeva (2) ................................................................................................................................ 206 5.3.3 Tatpurush (3) ................................................................................................................................. 206 5.3.4 Ghoresh (4) .................................................................................................................................... 206 5.3.5 Ishan (5) ......................................................................................................................................... 206 5.3.6 Eight Idols of Shiva ........................................................................................................................ 206 5.3.7 Shiva as Ardhanarishwar ............................................................................................................... 206 5.3.8 Various Incarnations of Vyasa and Lord Shiva.............................................................................. 207 5.3.9 Nandikeshwar ................................................................................................................................ 207 5.3.10 Bhairav Gets Liberated from his Sin .............................................................................................. 208 5.3.11 Shiva Takes an Incarnation as Sharabh........................................................................................ 208 5.3.12 Vishwanar Receives a Boon from Shiva........................................................................................ 208 5.3.13 Shiva’s Incarnation as Grihapati .................................................................................................... 209 5.3.14 Grihapati’s Penance....................................................................................................................... 209 5.3.15 Lord Shiva’s Incarnation as Yaksheshwar..................................................................................... 209 5.3.16 Dash Avatar (10 Incarnations of Shiva) ......................................................................................... 209 5.3.17 The Origin of Eleven Rudras ......................................................................................................... 210 5.3.18 Shiva’s Incarnation as Durvasa ..................................................................................................... 210 5.3.19 Incarnation of Hanuman ................................................................................................................ 211 5.3.20 Shiva’s Incarnation as Mahesh...................................................................................................... 211 5.3.21 Lord Vishnu Creates Turbulences ................................................................................................. 211 5.3.22 Shiva’s Incarnation as Vrishabh .................................................................................................... 211 5.3.23 Killing of Vrittrasur.......................................................................................................................... 212 5.3.24 Shiva’s Incarnation as Yatinath ..................................................................................................... 212 5.3.25 Shiva’s Incarnation as Krshna Darshan......................................................................................... 212 5.3.26 Lord Shiva Appears as a Beggar ................................................................................................... 213 5.3.27 Lord Shiva Appears in the Guise of Indra (Sureshwar) ................................................................. 214 5.3.28 Sage Vyasa Advises the Pandavas to Worship Shiva .................................................................. 214 5.3.29 Indra Appears before Arjun............................................................................................................ 214 5.3.30 Lord Shiva Appears in the Guise of Kirat....................................................................................... 214 5.3.31 Kirat Blesses Arjun......................................................................................................................... 215 5.3.32 The Twelve Jyotirlingas ................................................................................................................. 215 5.4 KOTI RUDRA SAMHITA .............................................................................................................................. 216 5.4.1 The Greatness of Upalingas .......................................................................................................... 216 5.4.2 Atri and Anusuya do Penance ....................................................................................................... 216 5.4.3 The Greatness of Atri..................................................................................................................... 216 5.4.4 The Brahmin Woman Attains to Heaven ....................................................................................... 217 5.4.5 Mahabal Shiva Linga ..................................................................................................................... 218 5.4.6 The Reason Behind Phallic Worship ............................................................................................. 218 5.4.7 The Origin of Batuknath ................................................................................................................. 218 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  10. 10. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 5.4.8 The Origin of Somnath................................................................................................................... 218 5.4.9 The Origin of Mallikarjuna .............................................................................................................. 219 5.4.10 The Origin of Mahakaleshwar ........................................................................................................ 219 5.4.11 The Origin of Omkareshwar........................................................................................................... 219 5.4.12 The Origin of Kedareshwar ............................................................................................................ 220 5.4.13 The Origin of Bheema Shankar ..................................................................................................... 220 5.4.14 The Origin of Vishveshwar............................................................................................................. 220 5.4.15 The Origin of Trayambakeshwar ................................................................................................... 220 5.4.16 The Origin of Baidyanath ............................................................................................................... 221 5.4.17 The Origin of Nageshwar Jyotirlinga.............................................................................................. 222 5.4.18 Establishment of Rameshwar ........................................................................................................ 222 5.4.19 The Origin of Dhushmesh Jyotirlinga............................................................................................. 222 5.4.20 Lord Vishnu Receives Sudarshan Chakra..................................................................................... 223 5.4.21 Shiva Sahastranaam...................................................................................................................... 223 5.4.22 The Greatness of Sahastranaam................................................................................................... 223 5.4.23 The Devotees of Shiva................................................................................................................... 224 5.4.24 Austerities & Fastings Connected with Shiva’s Worship ............................................................... 224 5.4.25 Mahashivaratri ............................................................................................................................... 224 5.4.26 Accomplishment of Shivratri (Uddyapan) ...................................................................................... 224 5.4.27 The Greatness of Shivaratri ........................................................................................................... 224 5.4.28 Different Stages of Liberation ........................................................................................................ 226 5.5 UMA SAMHITA .......................................................................................................................................... 226 5.5.1 Conversation Between Krshna & Upamanyu ................................................................................ 226 5.5.2 Sri Krshna Does Penance ............................................................................................................. 226 5.5.3 Classification of Grave Sins ........................................................................................................... 227 5.5.4 The Description of Hell................................................................................................................... 227 5.5.5 Charity and its Importance ............................................................................................................. 227 5.5.6 The Description of the Netherworld (Patal Loka)........................................................................... 228 5.5.7 Liberation From Hell....................................................................................................................... 228 5.5.8 The Description of Seven Islands .................................................................................................. 228 5.5.9 The Description of Planets............................................................................................................. 228 5.5.10 Categories of Austerity (Tapa) ....................................................................................................... 229 5.5.11 The Origin of Body ......................................................................................................................... 229 5.5.12 Purification of the Body .................................................................................................................. 229 5.5.13 Control over Death (Ichchha Mrityu).............................................................................................. 229 5.5.14 The Descent of Ganga................................................................................................................... 229 5.5.15 The Austerities of Ved Vyasa ........................................................................................................ 229 5.5.16 Incarnation of Mahakali.................................................................................................................. 230 5.5.17 Incarnation of Mahalaxmi............................................................................................................... 230 5.5.18 Incarnation of Mahasarasvati......................................................................................................... 230 5.5.19 Uma Warns the Deities .................................................................................................................. 231 5.5.20 The Incarnation of Shakambari...................................................................................................... 231 5.6 KAILASH SAMHITA .................................................................................................................................... 232 5.6.1 Classifications of Yoga................................................................................................................... 232 5.6.2 Conduct of a Sanyasi..................................................................................................................... 232 5.6.3 Methods of Shiva Worship ............................................................................................................. 232 5.6.4 The Greatness of Pranay Mantra .................................................................................................. 232 5.6.5 Initiation of a Sanyasi..................................................................................................................... 232 5.6.6 Last Rites of an Ascetic (Sanyasi) ................................................................................................. 233 5.7 VAYVIYA SAMHITA .................................................................................................................................... 233 5.7.1 The Origin of Vidya (Knowledge) ................................................................................................... 233 5.7.2 The Tale of Naimisharanya............................................................................................................ 233 5.7.3 Time – The Radiance of Shiva ...................................................................................................... 234 5.7.4 Time – Calculation ......................................................................................................................... 234 5.7.5 Meditation ...................................................................................................................................... 235 5.7.6 Rituals Connected with Shiva’s Worship ....................................................................................... 235 5.7.7 Pashupat Vrata and its Rituals ...................................................................................................... 235 5.7.8 Introduction of the Universe ........................................................................................................... 235 5.7.9 Duties of a Brahmin ....................................................................................................................... 236 5.7.10 Chanting of Mantras....................................................................................................................... 236 5.7.11 Establishing Deities in the form of Alphabets within the Body....................................................... 236 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda
  11. 11. Vishva Dharma ki Jay! (Victory to Universal Dharma!) 5.7.12 Mental Worship of Shiva ................................................................................................................ 237 5.7.13 Method of Doing Mental Worship .................................................................................................. 237 5.7.14 Method of Performing Havan......................................................................................................... 237 5.7.15 Auspicious Days for Performing Shiva Worship ............................................................................ 237 5.7.16 Desirable Rituals (Kamya Karma) ................................................................................................. 238 5.7.17 Rituals Pertaining to Shiva Worship (Shaiva Kamya Karma) ........................................................ 238 5.7.18 Installation of Shiva Linga .............................................................................................................. 238 5.7.19 Classification of Yoga .................................................................................................................... 238 5.7.20 Hurdle in the Path of Yoga............................................................................................................. 238 5.7.21 Shiva Yoga..................................................................................................................................... 239 5.7.22 SanatKumar Receive Shiva-Gyan from Nandi .............................................................................. 239 6 VAMANA PURANA....................................................................................................................................... 241 6.1 INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................................... 241 6.2 TALES OF LORD SHIVA ............................................................................................................................. 241 6.2.1 Shiva Returns to Mandaar Mountain ............................................................................................. 241 6.2.2 Atonement of Lord Shankar ........................................................................................................... 242 6.2.3 Sati Gives up her Life..................................................................................................................... 242 6.2.4 The Destruction of Daksha’s Yagya .............................................................................................. 242 6.3 TALES OF DEMONS................................................................................................................................... 243 6.3.1 Andhak – The Demon King............................................................................................................ 243 6.3.2 Sukeshi’s Queries .......................................................................................................................... 243 6.3.3 Sinful Deeds................................................................................................................................... 244 6.3.4 Jambudweep and Bharatvarsh ...................................................................................................... 244 6.3.5 Dashaang Dharma......................................................................................................................... 244 6.3.6 The Rise and Fall of Sukeshi’s Kingdom ....................................................................................... 244 6.4 TALES OF NAR-NARAYANA........................................................................................................................ 245 6.4.1 Manifestation of Nar-Narayana...................................................................................................... 245 6.4.2 Prahlad meets Nar-Narayana ........................................................................................................ 245 6.4.3 Prahlad blessed by Nar-Narayana................................................................................................. 246 6.5 MANIFESTATION OF VEGETATION FROM THE DEITIES.................................................................................. 246 6.6 MAHISHASURA ......................................................................................................................................... 246 6.6.1 Mahishasura’s Atrocities ................................................................................................................ 246 6.6.2 The Demons – Chand and Mund................................................................................................... 247 6.6.3 Killing of Mahishasura.................................................................................................................... 248 6.6.4 Reincarnation of Goddess Durga .................................................................................................. 248 6.7 TALES OF KING KURU AND KURUKSHETRA................................................................................................. 249 6.8 BALI – THE DEMON KING .......................................................................................................................... 249 6.8.1 Deities go to Brahma Loka ............................................................................................................ 249 6.8.2 The Deities do Penance ................................................................................................................ 250 6.8.3 Lord Narayana Blesses Kashyap .................................................................................................. 250 6.8.4 Lord Vishnu Appears ..................................................................................................................... 250 6.8.5 Bali’s Queries to Prahlad ............................................................................................................... 250 6.8.6 Manifestation of Lord Vaaman....................................................................................................... 251 6.8.7 Lord Vaaman’s Demands .............................................................................................................. 251 6.9 SARASVATI RIVER .................................................................................................................................... 251 6.10 KURUKSHETRA......................................................................................................................................... 252 6.11 SAGE MANKANAK EULOGIZES SHIVA ......................................................................................................... 252 6.12 SOME SACRED PLACES OF PILGRIMAGE.................................................................................................... 252 6.12.1 Aushanas Tirtha............................................................................................................................. 252 6.12.2 Vashishtha-pavah Tirtha ................................................................................................................ 253 6.12.3 Kamyakvan Tirtha .......................................................................................................................... 253 6.12.4 Sthanu Tirtha ................................................................................................................................. 253 6.13 SAGES TAKE LORD SHIVA’S REFUGE ........................................................................................................ 254 6.14 GREATNESS OF STHANU TIRTHA ............................................................................................................... 254 6.14.1 The Greatness of Saanihitya Sarovar and Sthanu Tirtha.............................................................. 254 6.14.2 Other Prominent Lingas ................................................................................................................. 255 6.14.3 King Ven, Birth of Prithu................................................................................................................. 255 6.14.4 Ven Attains Heaven ....................................................................................................................... 255 6.15 THE ORIGIN OF BRAHMESHWAR’S FOUR HEADS ........................................................................................ 255 6.16 PRITHUDAK TIRTHA .................................................................................................................................. 256 Ano Bhadraha Kritavayo Yantu Vishwataha (Let noble thoughts come from every side) – Rg Veda

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