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  • 1. SCOURING Scouring is the process of removal of natural oil substances like waxes, fats and pectins as well as added impurities like lubricating oil, dust, dirt and residual starch in the cotton materials . Machinery In Use: SCOURING PACIFIC JUMBO DOLLY WEIGHT RELAX JIGGER ROTOMAR SCOURING JIGGER JIGGER M/C REDUCTION M/C M/C RANGE M/C M/C M/CSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 2. Pacific jigger machine Pacific jigger machine  Model: Pacific Jigger machine  Manufacturer: Harish industries limitedTechnical specification:1. Operating temperature – 50 ͦ C to 100 ͦ C ( depends on the material being used )2. 1000 – 1200 meters of fabric can be loaded at once.3. Time required – 5 to 6 hours4. Steam pipes are located at both top and bottom of the chamber. No. of machines – 2Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 3. Jigger Jigger  Manufacture: Bennigner – ManekarTechnical specification:1. Operating temperature – 50 ͦ C to 100 ͦ C ( depends on the material being used )2. 400 – 500 meters of fabric can be loaded at once.3. Time required – 4 to 5 hours4. Steam pipes are located at both top and bottom of the chamber. No. of machines – 16Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 4. Jumbo Jigger Jumbo Jigger  Manufacturer: Bennigner – Manekar Technical specification:1. They are the high capacity jigger machine and works on the same principle.2. Operating temperature – 50 ͦ C to 100 ͦ C ( depends on the material being used )3. 1200 – 1400 meters of fabric can be loaded once in the chamber.4. Time required: 6 hours No. of machines: 3Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 5. Relax Scouring Range Relax Scouring Machine:  Manufacturer: Dhall Enterprises and Engineers Pvt. Ltd.Parts of the range:• Fabric feeding system, • Pleater,• Guide rollers, • Storage chamber,• Caustic soda tank, • Intermediate mangles,• Soap tank, • Hot wash chamber• squeeze rollers, • Acid wash chamber, &• Expander rollers, • Take off system• Steam chambers- 2 continuous, separate chambers (drums within it),Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 6. Relax Scouring RangeTechnical Specifications: Fabric width: 800 - 3000 MM In graduations of + 200 MM Roller faced width: Fabric width + 200 MM Guide rollers Dia: 125/150 Dia Squeeze rollers: Dia 254 MM Expander rollers: Bow type Sleeve Expanders 100, 125 MM Dia or Scroll Rollers driven in counter direction. Intermediate mangles: 0-3 tonnes Final mangles: T or 10 Tonnes NIP pressureSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 7. Beam dyeing machineBeam dyeing machine  Manufacturer – Dalal Engineering works•PH to be maintained – 4 to 5•Temperature to be maintained – 130 – 135 ͦ c•Time taken for one lot – 4 hours•The machine is started at 60 ͦ c and is allowed to work for half and hour, thetemperature is increased by certain amount to certain limit at regular interval of time.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 8. Jet dyeing machineMachinery in use:  Manufacturer – hegatex industries limited•PH of the jet dyeing machine – 4 to 5•Speed of fabric – 250 to 400 meters per minute.•Length of fabric that can be fed at once – 550 to 600 metres•Temperature – 130 ͦ c to 137 ͦ c•Time taken to complete the process: 90 minutes to 2 hoursSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 9. Heat Setting •A thermal process taking place mostly in either a steam atmosphere or a dry heat environment. •The process gives fabric dimensional stability •other desirable attributes like higher volume, wrinkle resistance or temperature resistance. •used to improve attributes for subsequent processes. •Machinery in use: HEAT SETTING STENTER FRAMESunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 10. Stenter Frame  Model: 6 chamber stenter machine  Manufacture: yammuna textile industries1. Temperature – Between 60 to 180 ͦ c depending on the type of fabric being processed2. Mangle pressure – 4 to 6 kg per cm sq.Number of stenter machine – 5Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 11. Singeing•fuzzy and protruding fibres are removed by burning them off.•The main purpose is to get a clear and smooth surface.•Usually performed on both sides of the fabricMachinery in use: Manufacturer – OSTOFF singeSpecifications: Double Jet Burner Automatic Flame width adjustment Four singeing positions, centring devices, slat rollers, counter rotating scroll rolls Sequencing unit Speed – 100 m/ min (can be maintained according the fabric requirement) Flame intensity can also be controlled.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 12. Decatising •also known as crabbing, blowing, and decating, •is the process of making permanent a textile finish on a cloth. DECATIZING OPEN KIER DECATIZING DECATIZINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 13. Kier Decatising  Model - PF – 2000  Manufacturer – TMT, ItalySpecifications:1. Working width: 1700 meters2. 3 decatizing cylinders with a diameter of 460 mm3. Two beams have wrapper above them and one of them is vacant.4. Exit with roll device.•Length of fabric rolled at once is 800 metres.•1 roll take half an hour for decatising out which the beam is placed in kier for15 to 20 min. Other 10 minutes are for cooling. It complete the chemicalfinishes being given to the fabric by baking the fabric using stem.•Production capacity of the machine - 25000 m everyday approximately.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 14. Calendering“A finish process given to the fabric to give shine and lusture to the fabric. It isdone to enhance the aesthetic appeal of the fabric.”Machinery in use:  Model - 3 bowl calendar machine  Manufacturer – Prabhat textile corporationSpecifications:•Running speed – 5 to 30 meter per minute (it is generally operated at 25 to 28meter per minute speed.)•Pressure – 2 to 35 tons•Maximum temperature – 180 ͦ C•Roller face diameter – 600 mm to 3800 mm•Top bowl diameter – 200 mm•Embossing roll diameter – 460 mm•Heating element – electric pipe heatingNo. Of Calendering machine - 2Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 15. Super Finishing Machine•Another finish process given to the fabric.•It has the same function as that of the Calendering machine i.e. to enhance thephysical finishes of the fabric, but the finish produced by this machine is superiorin quality to that of the Calendering machine.• It is generally done on expensive fabric or on the specification of the buyer.Machinery in use Manufacturer – Prabhat textile corporationSpecifications:•No. Of bowls – 6•Speed of the machine – 25 to 30 meter per minute•Temperature of heating rollers – 15 0 ͦ CSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 16. Drying RangeDrying range is used to dry the fabric after scouring, dyeing and several suchprocesses. The machine contains a tank where washing of the fabric takesplace prior to dry on the seam heated drums.Machinery in use:  Manufacturer: yammuna textiles machinery.Specifications:1. Total number of drums – 202. Number of Teflon coated drums – 103. Speed of the machine – 50 metre per minute ( can be controlled according to the requirement)4. Pressure of the steam in the drum – 1.5 to 4 kg per cm sq.5. Mangle pressure – 2.5 to 5 kg.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 17. HT/HP Dyeing Machine HT/HP dyeing machine is used for following processes: Fibre Dyeing Tops Dyeing Yarn dyeing. Wool Scouring. Dyeing carriers are classified into 3 sections according to their weights: 1 kg, 1.5 kg and 2kg carriers are used for fibre and tops dyeing depending upon the requirement of the quantity to be dyed.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 18. HT/HP Dyeing Machine Requirements for HT/HP dyeing: Total time consumed for dyeing medium and light shades: 1.45 hours. Total time consumed for dyeing heavy shades: 2 hours. Softener used for dyeing: Metashear. Temperature for wool: 94 ͦ C Temperature for polyester: 135 ͦ C ph of dye bath: 4-4.5Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE
  • 19. RF Dryer•In a radio frequency heating system the RF generator creates an alternatingelectric field between two electrodes, which produces heat.•The amount of heat generated in the product is determined by the frequency, thesquare of the applied voltage, dimensions of the product and the dielectric lossfactor of the material, which is essentially a measure of the ease with which thematerial can be heated by radio frequency waves. Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP- DILIP SINGH, KUMAR SARVESH, PRASHANT GAURAV & RAJEEV SHARAN/ DFT-05/ NIFT BANGALORE