Final ppt-BSL

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Final ppt-BSL

  1. 1. TEXTILE INTERNSHIP(BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE TEXTILEMANUFACTURING PROCESSES &EQUIPMENTS AT BSL, MANDAPAM ) PRESENTED BY: DILIP SINGH (ROLL NO-11) KUMAR SARVESH (ROLL NO-13) PRASHANT GAURAV (ROLLNO-19) RAJEEV SHARAN (ROLL NO-23) DEPARTMENT OF FASHION TECHNOLOGY (APPAREL PRODUCTION-05) NIFT, BANGALORE
  2. 2. Objectives To study the organisational structure of an integrated textile mill. To study the processes of spinning, weaving & processing of textile. To study the equipments & machineries installed at the textile mill. To study the guidelines established for various divisions of textile manufacturing unit. To study the procedure of development of samples. To study the various activities of marketing division of the unit.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  3. 3. Company Profile•Established in 1971 at Bhilwara.•one of the prominent members of the US$ 363 million LNJBhilwara Group.•Manufacturing unit of premium suitingProducts: •Yarns to Fashion Fabrics •BSL Yarns •Polyester Wool Blended Suitings •Polyester Viscose & Polyester Cotton Blended Suitings •Purewool Suitings •Readymade GarmentsSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  4. 4. Raw Material & Its Suppliers Polyester • Reliance Industries limited • Indorama polyester industries, Thailand • JCT • Futura polyester fiber industries, Manali • (All the polyester raw materials are purchased in the form of bale of 300 – 400 kg.) Viscose • GRASIM industries Birla cellulose , Nagada • (Viscose raw materials are purchased in the form of bales of 200 – 250 kg )Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  5. 5. Raw Material Godown Polyester godowns – to store grey polyester fibre. Viscose godowns – to store viscose fibre. Dyed polyester godowns – to store dyed polyester fibre.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  6. 6. Process Flow for spinning VISCOSEPOLYESTER BLENDER BLOWROOM CARDING FIBRE FINISHER BEAKERRING FRAME ROVING DRAW FRAME DRAW FRAME ASSEMBLY INSPECTIONAUTOCONER AND CONDITIONING AND WINDING PACKINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  7. 7. Blending“The process of combining two or more kinds of fibre.” • Fibres in required ratio are taken, opened and blended in blenders. •The mixing is blended once or twice to ensure proper blending to the fibres. •Blending is done to get desired properties in the finished products. •It improves the fabric performance and helps in maintaining the economy of the product.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  8. 8. Blow RoomOBJECTIVES: 1. To ensure proper opening of bales. 2. To ensure proper blending 3. To reduce the tuft size 4. To create laps to be fed in the carding machine Processes taking place in the Blow room 1. opening of the fiber bales 2. Cleaning of the fibers 3. Dust removal of the fiber 4. Lap formationSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  9. 9. Carding•The process where fibers are individualized, hard chips, soft fiberand entanglements are removed.• laps produced in blow room are fed in the carding machines.•Products of carding operations is card slivers.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  10. 10. Drawing“The card sliver is subjected to doubling and drafting process toparallelise the fibres, remove micro dust and make uniformslivers.”Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  11. 11. Roving / Speed Frame“The drawn sliver is drafted, slightly twisted and wound on speedframe bobbin, this process is known as roving.”Objectives: 1. To impart twist. 2. Conversion of sliver into roving. Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  12. 12. Ring Frame“Spinning of roving bobbin into yarn of required count and twist isdone here.”Objective: 1. To impart twist. 2. Conversion of roving into single yarnSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  13. 13. AutoconerObjective: To remove imperfection of spun yarn and make big package in theform of cone.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  14. 14. Cheese Winding Objective: 1. To wind two or more threads from cone to cheese without inserting any twist.Doubling Objective: 1. To impart two twist in one rotation of the spindle. “In doubling twist is imparted to yarn wound on cheese. There are two processes of doubling.”Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  15. 15. Conditioning & PackingBefore packing the yarns produced are subjected to a treatment inthe conditioning room to increase the moisture content of the coneaccording to the requirement.The standard weight of cone is 2 kg. Tolerance is± 50 g.In a bag 32 cones are packed that is the weight of packed bag isapproximately 64 kg. 8-9 tons cone are packed per day. This iscalled loose packing. Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  16. 16. SQC DEPARTMENT•To control the quality of product being manufacturedthrough intensive testing during intermediate process andof final product to give quality assurance to buyers andmaintain company standards.•The daily jobs performed by this department are checkingnaps, counts, hanks, thick and thin place in slivers, leastrength etc Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  17. 17. WEAVING DEPARTMENT RAW WARPING DRAWING IN MATERIAL GREY MENDING WEAVING CHECKING FINAL ROLLING / DISPATCH CHECKING FOLDINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  18. 18. PROCESSING DEPARTMENT•Textile processing is a general term that covers right from singeing(protruding fibre removal) to finishing and printing of fabric.•Textile processing is one of the important industries relatedwith textile manufacturing operations. This industry has a longhistory that begins with "Indigo dyeing" a natural colour, derivedfrom a plant. Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  19. 19. DyeingThe technique of imparting colour to the fibre or fabric through chemical processes whichare capable of reacting with the fibres .Machinery in use: DYEING MACHINES JET BEAM JIGGER DYEING DYEING DYEING M/C M/C M/C STRAIGHT U- SHAPEDSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  20. 20. Processing FIBRE DYED FABRIC FABRIC PROCESSING PIECE DYED FABRIC PROCESSING SILK DYEING TOPS DYEING FIBRE PROCESSING YARN DYEING FIBRE DYEINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  21. 21. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR FIBRE DYED FABRIC (POLYESTER VISCOSE) GREY GREY FABRIC DRYING SCOURING DECATISING HEAT FINISHING SINGEING SETTINGINSPECTION FOLDING DISPATCH Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  22. 22. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR PIECE DYED FABRIC(POLYESTER VISCOSE) GREY HEAT POLYESTER DRYING SCOURING SETTING DYEING VISCOSE DECATISING DRYING DRYING DYEING FINISHING FOLDINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  23. 23. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR FIBRE DYED FABRIC(POLYESTER WOOL & WORSTED FABRIC) GREY HEAT SINGEING SCOURING FABRIC SETTING DRYING/ HYDRO SHEARING CHECKING EXTRACTION FINISHING FOLDINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  24. 24. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR PIECE DYED FABRIC(POLYESTER WOOL & WORSTED FABRIC) GREY HEAT SCOURING DRYING FABRIC SETTING DRYING/ HYDROSINGEING DYEING CHECKING EXTRACTION HYDRO DRYING/SCOURING SHEARING EXTRACTION CHECKING FOLDING FINISHINGSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  25. 25. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR POLYESTER TOPS POLYESTER REBALLING & PRESSING TOPS CENTRE PULLING HYDRO RF DRYING EXTRACTION DYEING PACKING DISPATCHSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  26. 26. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR POLYESTER FIBRES POLYESTER DYEING & PRESSING FIBRES FINISHING OPENING OF HYDRO RF DRYING EXTRACTION FIBRE PACKING DISPATCHSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  27. 27. PROCESS FLOW CHART FOR WOOL TOPS REBALLING & WOOL TOPS PRESSING CENTRE PULLING HYDRO DYEING & EXTRACTION SCOURING FINISHING RF DRYING PACKING DISPATCHSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  28. 28. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT ( FAST-FABRIC ASSURANCE BY SIMPLE TESTING) “FAST is a simple system of fabric objective measurement for assessing appearance, handle and performance of fabrics. It can predict how a fabric will perform when made up into a garment – information of great importance to fabric manufacturers, suppliers, finishers and garment makers.” FAST works by measuring and interpreting those parameters, identified by Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), as being critical to fabric appearance, handle, and performance during garment manufacturing operations.Sunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  29. 29. Design Development Discussion on Conversion into Blanket market survey warp tickets sampling Release of Production Approval of requirement for installation from blanket from raw materials marketing marketing Cloth master Checking of card grey fabric with preparation detailsSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  30. 30. MarketingOrganizational Chart (Domestic Sector): VICE PRESIDENT FIELD STAFF Dpt. SALES GENERAL MANAGER MANAGER Asst SALES MANAGER ASST GENERAL MANAGER Sr. SALES OFFICER MARKETING MANAGER SALES OFFICER Asst. SALES SALES MANAGER OFFICER SALES ASSISTANT FIELD STAFFSSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP
  31. 31. MarketingOrganizational Chart (Export): VICE PRESIDENT GENERAL MANAGER ASST GENERAL MANAGER MARKETING MANAGER SALES MANAGER ASSISTANT SALES MANAGER EXPORT OFFICERSunday, October 23, 2011 TEXTILE INTERNSHIP

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