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Introduction To Web Services
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Introduction To Web Services


What are web services? What kinds of web services are there? What is WSDL, UDDI, SOAP, REST in enterprise architecture and information technology?

What are web services? What kinds of web services are there? What is WSDL, UDDI, SOAP, REST in enterprise architecture and information technology?

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  • 1. Presents
    Web Services
    4 Circles LLC Copyright
  • 2. Overview
    As an example we consider Ashram Hotels, a five star hotel.
    Ashram Hotels has been in hospitality business for more than 20 years and has acquired many
    different application systems which work on different operating systems.
    Their goal is to facilitate data transfer between these systems and make data access seamless
    4 Circles LLC Copyright
  • 3. Data
    Data exists in text files, excel sheets, databases and other propretiary formats. These need to be transferred between one system to another say Housekeeping and Reservation systems.
    Data access to the user should be seamless – that they need not log on to different systems to access information.
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  • 4. Ashram Hotels Technology -Systems
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    • Property Management System (PMS) will be off the shelf which is customizable.
    • 5. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) will be compatible with PMS, Reservation System and other systems.
    e-Mail Server
    Reservation System
    Services consists of:
    • VOIP, e-Fax services for business/personal communication.
    • 6. Wireless services for all wireless clients internal and external.
    • 7. is a service where guests can order from nearby restaurants, laundry etc.
  • 8. Access
    To access the various systems in previous slide employee and also guests (for some of the systems) need an interface (client interface). These can be a web page, an application, mobile device etc.
    The card key system also needs to de-activate when the guest checks out which is another client interface.
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  • 9. Ashram Hotels Technology - Clients
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    • SmartKey is a check in, frequent guest card and room key.
    • 10. Kiosks are available for check-In and other guest services.
    • 11. Microsoft Surface (MS Surface) available for guests in the lobby .
    • 12. Online Reservations, Wireless Communications and E-fax are other technical features available for guests.
    • 13. Legacy methods of reservations and check-in and out will also be options for guests – like reception desk, TV and even Fax.
    Room Key/Check In
    MS Surface
    Online Res.
    Wireless Devices
    TV Res.
  • 14. Issues
    There are different clients and systems which may not be compatible with some of the clients.
    With self-reservation on the rise Ashram hotels is behind the competition.
    Employees and guests need to refer to say Google Maps for directions rather than that being integrated.
    Reports to directors and executives takes many weeks to prepare.
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  • 15. Solution
    Integrating these various systems to the clients is the solution.
    The best solution is to utilize what systems in place and integrate them with the clients and between themselves.
    The method of integration is called middleware services and sometimes loosely called web services- as most of the data is transferred over the web via HTTP protocol.
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  • 16. Ashram Hotels – Integration Platform
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  • 17. Middleware Services
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    Each system has different protocols to communicate with their middle-ware.
    Some use XML (a customized HTML) - a stream or a file is passed. Documents can also be passed between systems
    MS technology ‘s SOAP has recently gained a lot of popularity with Web Services .
    Web Services is the global method which includes receiving messages from all kinds of clients i.e. wireless devices and traditional systems.
    Middleware Services can be loosely defined as services which bring about communication between heterogeneous application systems. E.g. J2EE app with .NET app or any other proprietary applications. The middleware connects users /systems with other systems.
  • 18. Between Systems
    Middleware Systems exist internally between say two or more systems which may have to be written.
    These integration APIs (Application Programming Interface) can be bought or written.
    WARNING: Sometimes an API is not available between systems.
    4 Circles LLC Copyright
  • 19. Web Services
    When two systems cannot be integrated or an external client wants to get access one of the system say Expedia would like to access available rooms; then we define a middleware service for users/systems to access data on Ashram application system.
    To implement the middleware we use web services which use open protocol over HTML.
    As the data is request/response and is transmitted over the web these services are called web services. Amazon and Google provide web services for external users/vendors.
    4 Circles LLC Copyright
  • 20. Web Services 2
    What are Web Services?
    Web services are application components
    Web services communicate using open protocols
    Web services are self-contained and self-describing
    Web services can be discovered using UDDI
    Web services can be used by other applications
    XML is the basis for Web services
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  • 21. What is SOAP?
    SOAP is an XML-based protocol to let applications exchange information over HTTP.
    Or more simple: SOAP is a protocol for accessing a Web Service.
    SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol
    SOAP is a communication protocol
    SOAP is a format for sending messages
    SOAP is designed to communicate via Internet
    SOAP is platform independent
    SOAP is language independent
    SOAP is based on XML
    SOAP is simple and extensible
    SOAP allows you to get around firewalls
    SOAP is a W3C standard
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  • 22. What is WSDL
    WSDL is an XML-based language for locating and describing Web services.
    WSDL stands for Web Services Description Language
    WSDL is based on XML
    WSDL is used to describe Web services
    WSDL is used to locate Web services
    WSDL is a W3C standard
    4 Circles LLC Copyright
  • 23. What is UDDI?
    UDDI is a directory service where companies can register and search for Web services.
    UDDI stands for Universal Description, Discovery and Integration
    UDDI is a directory for storing information about web services
    UDDI is a directory of web service interfaces described by WSDL
    UDDI communicates via SOAP
    UDDI is built into the Microsoft .NET platform
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  • 24. What is REST web service?
    A REpresentational State Transfer (REST) web service (also called a RESTfulweb service) is a web service implemented using HTTP and the principles of REST. It is a collection of resources, below defined aspects:
    the base URI for the web service, is
    the Internet media type of the data supported by the web service is often JSON, XML or YAML but can be any other valid Internet media type.
    the set of operations supported by the web service using HTTP methods (e.g., POST, GET, PUT or DELETE).
    The API must be hypertext driven.
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  • 25. Web Services Summary
    Web services elements are SOAP, WSDL and UDDI which communicate between applications over HTML protocol using XML based requests and responses.
    REST is also a different kind of web services which uses as end-points a URL. The best example of REST service is the web.
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  • 26. City Stay Hotels – Integration Platform
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  • 27. A Use Case
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    External Vendors
    Guest Requests Tickets
    System creates request
    Sends to middleware
  • 28. Web Services
    Over twelve years of experince in various industries implementing integration of different systems and applications using web services, middleware programs.
    Trained technical and non-technical personnel on web services, middleware technologies etc.
    Some clients who have benefitted :
    Comcast, WildBlue, CenturyLink
    HP, Motorola, Nextel.
    For more information contact 4 Circles via email
    4 Circles LLC Copyright