Session 4 & 5
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Session 4 & 5

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    Session 4 & 5 Session 4 & 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Session 4 Business Process Management
      • OVERVIEW
      • Introduction & Meaning to BPM
      • Objectives & Scope of BPM
      • Challenges of Enterprise Modeling
      • Integrated Modeling Environment
      • Multi-layered system Architecture
      • ModelMosiac
      • ModelMosiac Architecture
    • Introduction & Meaning to BPM
      • A business process is an aggregation of operations performed by people and software systems containing the information used in the process, along with the applicable business rules. 
    • BPM as an orchestra conductor
      • A Conductor
      • Orchestrates people who use their voices and instruments to produce notes in a particular order
      • BPM as a Conductor
      • Orchestrates people who use systems and applications to perform tasks in a particular order
    • Objectives of a BPM Platform
      • To be a comprehensive BPM platform a system must not only automate processes, it must :
      • Integrate with existing operational systems such as ERP and databases  
      • Integrate business processes with those of a company’s suppliers and partners
      • Incorporate the business rules that guide a business
      • Provide managers with the visibility into those automated processes to monitor operations in real time
      • Offer managers the ability to deal with exceptions when they occur by changing business rules or entire processes to respond to business conditions in real time
    • Scope of BPM
      • Model
      • Leverage existing processes
      • Import from modeling tools like Aris
      • Automate
      • Reduce time between process steps
      • Ensure consistent process quality
      • Integrate
      • Leverage existing applications
      • Build a service oriented enterprise
      Manage Mobilize all existing resources Automate escalation and alternative processes Optimize Reports on process instances Simulate new processes
    • Integration Infrastructure for the Enterprise Model Set The Enterprise Process Perspective Function Perspective Data Perspective
    • Challenges of Enterprise Modeling
      • Heterogeneous methods & tools
      • Different conceptual enterprise models focus on different aspects of an organization such as data, activity, process and organizational structure .
      • But it takes beyond the assorted models as there need is to establish relationship between them and integrate each one of them in order to establish meaning to the enterprise.
      • Model Correlation
      • Need to correlate description and analyses of different models to define an organizational picture.
      • Removal of conflicts and inconsistencies between models, identify missing information and calculate effect of changes in one aspect of the enterprise on another.
    • Challenges continued
      • Representation extensibility
      • While modeling an enterprise, decision makers and domain experts are limited by representation capabilities of a particular method or tool.
      • For example, if you wanted to add a new capability to a function modeling method in order to capture the priority of the activities within a process, you should have to record the priority in annotations of that activity object
      • Enterprise Model Compiling
      • An executable model like simulation or optimization model is built from scratch to analyze a problem or to take opportunity.
      • These are single-use, throw-way models which are expensive, time consuming and wasteful.
      • Challenge is to automate the creation of executable models from the descriptive representation on an as-needed basis.
    • Modeling methods / tools available
      • IDEF - Integrated Definition Methods developed by Knowledge Based System Inc.
      • CIMOSA - Computer Integrated Manufacturing & Corporate Action Processing
      • PERA - Purdue Enterprise Reference Architecture
      • Enterprise Integration website.
      • ARIS - BPM Platform from IDS Scheer AG (Best Seller)
      • CimTool - Tool for Business Process Modelling (system requirements modeling, BPR, Concurrent Engineering, Activity-based Accounting Management)
      • IBM FlowMark - IBM’s Business Integration Tool
    • MODELMOSIAC
      • In order to overcome the challenges, Dursun Delen (AP, DMSIS, Oklahama State University, Tulsa) , Nikunj P. Dalal (AoP, DMSIS, Perakath C. Benjamin have come up with an integrated modeling environment that supports the capture, representation, storage and interlinking of a variety of model types with seamless integration and correlation.
      • MODELMOSIAC is an software application that provides for an integrated modeling environment.
      • This application provides an integrated suite of enterprise modeling tools and extensible environment for enterprise analysis.
      • The information captured in various model types which constitute the enterprise model set is stored in a single integrated information base.
      • These models can be viewed and manipulated concurrently via a common GUI.
    • Conceptual Architecture behind MODELMOSIAC Integration Knowledgebase Model Repository ER Win Petri Net Queuing Optimization CUSTOM EXTENSIONS Simulations BPR ABC SmartER PLUG-IN APPLICATIONS A10 Win ProSlim PrOnto ProCost Cost Ontology Process Function Data CORE COMPONENTS GUI Shell DB Services Integration Rules MODELERS
    • Conceptual Architecture behind MODELMOSIAC
      • Modelers
      • The first echelon of the architecture contains various models, called modelers which supports the creation and management of a single model type.
      • The modelers are separate, complete components that interface with the core through the common database and common user interface.
      • Each modeler requests the core component to create the necessary database tables and entries for data management.
      • The modular construction allows new modelers to be added to the environment without disturbing the structure of the database.
      • Plug-in Applications
      • Another level of functionality and integration.
      • This echelon facilitates the development of enterprise model compilers to create bridges between basic modelers and a variety of analysis tools.
      • They extend the environment on the core component and one or more of the modelers.
      • Custom Extensions
      • The goal is to make it easy for end users to extend the modeling environment.
      • Gives unlimited extensibility while maintaining the integrity and consistency of the formal technologies supported by the tool.