Historial Development Of Hrm In India Final


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Historial Development Of Hrm In India Final

  1. 1. Amit Sharma PGM-07060595 MBA-GM
  2. 2. AGENDA: <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: HR Functions </li></ul><ul><li>HR in a nutshell </li></ul><ul><li>Role of HR department </li></ul><ul><li>HR Function and their concern </li></ul><ul><li>HR History: India </li></ul><ul><li>HR past and present </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution of HR in India </li></ul><ul><li>HR future </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>06/02/09
  3. 3. DEFINITION: HR FUNCTIONS <ul><li>HR functions refer to task performed in an organization to provide for and coordinate human resources. </li></ul><ul><li>HRM: The design of formal systems in an organization to ensure the effective and efficient use of human talent to accomplish the organizational goals. </li></ul>06/02/09
  4. 4. HR FUNCTION AND THEIR CONCERN: <ul><li>Equal employment opportunities for all. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying out job analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Forecasting the human resource requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment and Selection. </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation and training of the employees. </li></ul><ul><li>Designing and implementing management and organizational development programmes. </li></ul>06/02/09
  5. 5. <ul><li>Performance appraisal. </li></ul><ul><li>Training and development </li></ul><ul><li>Career management and succession planning </li></ul><ul><li>Managing employee relationship </li></ul><ul><li>industrial relations </li></ul><ul><li>Managing employee welfare and social security </li></ul><ul><li>Managing change and developing organization </li></ul>
  6. 6. HR IN A NUTSHELL: 06/02/09
  7. 7. <ul><li>In 50’s – Employees were recruited not to question ‘WHY’ but only ‘To do’. </li></ul><ul><li>In 60’s – Terms like manpower, staff and personnel came to used. </li></ul><ul><li>In Late 70’s – People realized that beyond a point, productivity depended on people. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Evolution Of HR in India Period Development status Emphasis Role 1920s-1930s Beginning Welfare clerical stroke disciplinary ,dismissal of workers] 1940s-1960s Struggling for Recognition Introduction to HR techniques and IR Administrative [leave, bonus, retirement etc] 1970s-1980s Strong industrial relations and disputes,Regulatory Managerial [housing, medical leave etc] 1990s Promising Human values, productivity through people Executive [formulating policies, T&D programs, MDPs etc] and managerial role
  9. 9. <ul><li>The world’s first management book, titled ‘Arlhashastra’, written three millennium before Christ, codified many aspects of human resource practices in Ancient India. </li></ul><ul><li>John Patterson, the president of the company, formed a personnel department to manage the griefs of workers after a bitter union strike in 1901. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The first Factories Act was adopted in 1881 . The Factory Commission was appointed in 1885 . The Factories Act, 1948 (Amended On 1987). </li></ul><ul><li>In 1929 – Royal commission of labour in India . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1931 – J . H . Whitely recommended the abolition of ‘ JOBBER SYSTEM ’ and the appointment of labour officers in industrial enterprises . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The scope of the function of labour officer was widened during the second world war such facilities as housing, medical etc. </li></ul><ul><li> Labour officer <=> Welfare Officer </li></ul><ul><li> Under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1946. </li></ul><ul><li>Formulating policies on human resource planning, recruitment and selection , training and development etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare Officer <=> Personnel officer </li></ul><ul><li> Under section 49 of factories Act, 1948. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In 1948 - Indian Institute Of Personal Management (IIPM) at Kolkata . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1950 - The National Institute Of Labour Management (NILM) at Mumbai. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1980 – These two professional bodies merged together and formed ‘ National Institute Of Personnel Management ’ (NIPM) headquartered at Kolkata. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1990 – Milestone was achieved by renaming of American ‘Society For Personnel Administration ’ (ASPA) as the ‘ Society For Human Resource Management’ </li></ul><ul><li> (SHRM). </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>The Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950. </li></ul><ul><li>The Part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (3 of 1951). </li></ul><ul><li>The Industrial Disputes (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1956 (36 of 1956). </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Amendment Act, 1961 (16 of 1961) . </li></ul><ul><li>The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Amendment Act, 1963 (39 of 1963). </li></ul><ul><li>The Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1970 (51 of 1970). </li></ul><ul><li>The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Amendment Act, 1982 (18 of 1982). </li></ul>
  15. 15. HR PAST AND PRESENT: 06/02/09