Indo Us Necular Deal


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Indo Us Necular Deal

  1. 3. <ul><li>The Indo- U.S. civilian nuclear agreement is the name commonly attributed to a bilateral agreement on nuclear co- operation between the United States of America and the Republic of India. </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>The agreement not to hinder or </li></ul><ul><li>interfere with India's nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>programme for military purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>US will help India negotiate with the </li></ul><ul><li>IAEA for an India-specific fuel supply agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>Washington will support New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>develop strategic reserves of nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>fuel to guard against future disruption </li></ul><ul><li>of supply. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Both the countries agree to facilitate </li></ul><ul><li>nuclear trade between themselves in the </li></ul><ul><li>interest of respective industries and consumers. </li></ul><ul><li>India and the US agree to transfer nuclear material, non-nuclear material, equipment and components. </li></ul><ul><li>Any special fissionable material transferred under the agreement shall be low enriched uranium. </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Indian National Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Samajwadi Party </li></ul><ul><li>Dravida Munnetra kazhagam </li></ul><ul><li>Rashtriya Janta Dal </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Bhartiya Janta Party </li></ul><ul><li>Left Front </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Australia, China and Canada supporting the deal when India asks NSG. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Estimated annual Uranium production ~ 300 tons. </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated annual Uranium consumption ~ 450 tons. </li></ul><ul><li>CURRENT CAPACITY : </li></ul><ul><li>Installed Nuclear Capacity = 3310 MW </li></ul><ul><li>Almost Commissioned = 540 MW </li></ul><ul><li>Under construction = 3380 MW </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>India cannot use the nuclear technology for </li></ul><ul><li>military purpose (Making Nuclear Bombs) </li></ul><ul><li>India commits to strengthening the </li></ul><ul><li>security of its nuclear arsenals. </li></ul><ul><li>The companies from U.S and NSG </li></ul><ul><li>countries will be allowed to build nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>reactors in India and provide nuclear fuel </li></ul><ul><li>for its civilian energy program </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>India would be eligible to buy nuclear technology from NSG countries which includes the USA. (There are 45 countries in nuclear suppliers group) </li></ul><ul><li>India will get Nuclear reactors and Fuel for making power for energy hungry India </li></ul><ul><li>India will become the only one country that gets Nuclear technology without signing NPT. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ( NPT ) </li></ul><ul><li>is a treaty to limit the spread of nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>weapons, There are currently 189 </li></ul><ul><li>countries signed the treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>Five of which have nuclear weapons: the US, </li></ul><ul><li>UK, France Russia, and China </li></ul><ul><li>Only four recognized sovereign states are not parties to the treaty: India, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>1950:The United States helped India develop nuclear energy under the Atoms for Peace program. </li></ul><ul><li>1968: India refused to sign the NPT, claiming it was biased. (only 3 countries in the world never signed NPT. they are India, Pakistan, and Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>1974: India tested its first nuclear bomb Which was made by the materials from the Canadian reactor in tarapur which supposed to be used only for civilian purpose. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>After our first Nuclear bomb test, Canada,and US stopped selling nuclear fuel for Tarapur reactor. </li></ul><ul><li>United States and other NSG countries isolated India for three decades, refusing nuclear cooperation and trying to convince other countries to do the same </li></ul><ul><li>2000: The United States has moved to build a &quot;strategic partnership&quot; with India </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>The Indian government has planned to go </li></ul><ul><li>ahead with this Nuclear deal . </li></ul><ul><li>India’s economical growth is 8-10% a year </li></ul><ul><li>and in 10 years we won’t be able to keep up without clean Nuclear energy. </li></ul><ul><li>In order for India to become a developed </li></ul><ul><li>nation, we must have Nuclear energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable power brings more foreign </li></ul><ul><li>investments to India just like our reliable </li></ul><ul><li>I.T firms bringing Billions of rupees. </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>We want to be the world’s manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>like China. </li></ul><ul><li>This will bring more and more job </li></ul><ul><li>opportunities to India </li></ul><ul><li>No power means no factories, no </li></ul><ul><li>manufacturing plants, no growth, and no </li></ul><ul><li>job. </li></ul><ul><li>This agreement makes the world to accept </li></ul><ul><li>India as a Nuclear power. </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Communist party claims, This agreement make India to change its foreign policy and lean more towards America. They are scared of an alliance with USA. </li></ul><ul><li>They also claims India cannot make more nuclear bombs. In fact India’s Military reactors are not affected by this agreement. India can still make as many bombs as they want but only using our technology not foreign. </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>U.S. expects that such a deal could spur India's economic growth and bring in $150 billion in the next decade for nuclear power plants, of which the US wants a share. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. also expects India’s economic growth will make a counterweight to China. </li></ul><ul><li>All in all the oldest democracy wants a strategic partnership with the largest democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>In the best interest of U.S to secure its energy needs of coal, crude oil and natural gas </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>India’s economical growth is 8-10% p.a. and in 10 years we won’t be able to keep up without clean Nuclear energy. In order for India to become a developed nation, we must have Nuclear energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Reliable power brings more foreign investments to India. </li></ul><ul><li>No power means no factories, no manufacturing plants, no growth and no jobs. Thus it will bring more and more job opportunities to India. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>India will have to disclose its all Nuclear power plant secrets and also agree to 14 of our Nuclear power plants to be under the scanner of International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA). </li></ul><ul><li>If India does Nuclear test, then this agreement gets cancelled. & USA will take back all the machinery/ equipment/ technology supplied to India thus far. </li></ul><ul><li>Those 14 power plants will continue to be under the scanner of IAEA irrespective of the status of the agreement. </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Thanks to diplomatic and political skills of President Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh , we have a deal which could lift India into the Trillion-dollar club, faster. They both have worked hard. Ten years from now when ELECTRICITY SUPPLY situation in India’s households, industry and farms will be significantly better, we have to thank them both. Thank God, we are not struck with in one sided, Iran - Pakistan – India pipeline deal. This would have held India permanently hostage to Pakistan. & HELP INDIA TO PROGRESS LIKE AN BETTER COUNTRY.... </li></ul>