Ram

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poverty in India

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Ram

  1. 1. Poverty in India “By” Akanksha singh
  2. 2.  Poverty: Deprivation of well being. Deprivation of well being means the inability to satisfy one’s basic needs or necessities. Basic needs includes: >food >shelter >clothing >education , etc.Introduction …
  3. 3. Absolute Poverty Relative PovertySituation of severe Refers to being belowdeprivation of basic some relative human needs. income threshold.Types of Poverty…
  4. 4. Causes of poverty in IndiaCauses of poverty in indiaCauses of poverty in india >Economics. >Economics.>Economics. >Governance. >Governance.>Governance. and social >Demographic and social >Demographic factors.>Demographic and social factors. >Environmental factors. factors. >Environmental factors.>Environmental factors.
  5. 5.  Unemployment. Unfair terms of trade. Tax havens which tax their own citizens. Unequal distribution of lands. Increased farming for use in bio fuels, along with world oil prices.Economical factorsthat effects poverty…
  6. 6.  Lacking democracy in poor countries. Weak rule of law can discourage investment and thus perpetuate poverty. Poor management of resources revenues. High level of corruption. Failure of govt. to provide essential infrastructure worsens poverty.Governance factorseffecting poverty…
  7. 7.  Overpopulation and lack of access to birth control methods. Crime including violent gangs and drug cartels. Historical factors for eg: imperialism, colonialism and post communism. Cultural causes. Discrimination Health care Disease similarly substance abuse like cigarette, alcohol. Individual beliefs, action and choices.Demographic and socialfactors…
  8. 8. >Geographic factors eg: access to fertile land, fresh water, minerals, and other natural resources.>Drought and water crisis.>Erosion.>Deforestation.Environmentalfactors…
  9. 9. Effects of poverty prevailingin India …>inequalities>increase in drug abuse, terrorism.>social isolation>child labour.>illiteracy>physical disabilities.
  10. 10.  Vicious cycle of poverty is the another term used for poverty. Itis the “set of factors or events by which poverty once started is likely to continue unless there is outside intervention.”Vicious cycle ofpoverty…
  11. 11.  Even after more than 60 years of independence government has done many poverty alleviation programs and upto some extent they have succeeded but still OF ITS 1 BILLION OF INHABITANTS, 350-400 MILLION ARE BELOW THE POVERTY LINE. 75% of the total population under poverty belongs to rural area. More than 20% of the Indian population is under poverty line. Government study fixes poverty line at Rs66 for cities and Rs35 for villages.Facts…
  12. 12. Thank you

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