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Group formation

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  • 1.  GROUP DYNAMICS IS CONCERNED WITH THE INTERACTION OF INDIVIDUALS IN A FACE TO FACE RELATIONSHIP.
  • 2. INFORMALFORMAL GROUP GROUPSGROUP
  • 3.  DELEBRATELY CREATED PATTERN OF COMMUNICATION AND THE RULES PERMANENT
  • 4. A. COMMAND GROUP: RELATIVELY PERMANENT. IT INVOLVES MANAGER, SUPERVISORS, AND SUBORDINATES, WHO MEET REGULARLY TO DISCUSS GENERAL AND SPECIFIC IDEAS TO IMPROVE PRODUCT OR SERVICES.B. TASK GROUP: EMPLOYEES ARE WORKING TOGETHER TO COMPLETE A JOB TASK OR PARTICULAR PROJECT.C. COMMITTEES: IT CAN BE PERMANENT OR TEMPERORY.THEY ARE SET FOR SOME SPECIAL PROJECTS.
  • 5.  FORMED BY THE MEMBERS AND NOT BY THE MANAGEMENT. ARISE SPONTANEOUSLY. FLEXIBLE. HAVE OWN STRUCTURE. HAVE UNWRITTEN RULES AND A CODE OF CONDUCT.
  • 6. • INTEREST AND FRIENDSHIP GROUPS:INTERST- PEOPLE WHO MAY OR MAY NOT BE ALIGNED INTO COMMON COMMAND OR TASK GROUPS MAY BE AFFILIATED TO ATTAIN A SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE WITH WHICH EACH IS CONCERNED.FRIENDSHIP- THESE GROUPS FREQUENTLY EXTEND OUTSIDE THE WORK STATION.• CLIQUES:THESE GROUPS CONSIST OF COLLEAGUES OR THOSE WHO COMMONLY ASSOCIATE WITH EACH OTHER AND OBSERVE CERTAIN SOCIAL NORMS AND STANDARDS.• SUB CLIQUES:THESE GROUPS CONSIST OF MEMBERS OF A CLIQUE INSIDE THE ORGANISATION FORMING A GROUP ALONG WITH PERSONS OUTSIDE THE ORGANISATION.
  • 7. FROM MEMBERS POINT OF FROM THE ORAGANISATION VIEW: POINT OF VIEW: COMPANINONSHIP  LIGHTENING OF IDENTITY RESPONSIBILITY INFORMATION  FILLING OF GAPS SECURITY  POTENTIAL FORMAL SENSE OF BELONGINGNESS MANAGERS. NEW IDEAS  PROPER AND CAREFUL JOB SATISFACTION PLANNING POWER.  INFORMATION
  • 8. FACTORS AFFECTING GROUP PERFORMANCE GROUP STRUCTURE INTERNAL GROUP GROUP EXTERNAL PERFORMANCECONDITIONS CONDITIONS PROCESS GROUP RESOURCES
  • 9. EXTERNAL CONIDITIONSA GROUP HAS TO WORK WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK PROVIDED BY THE ORGANISATION. THE EXTERNAL CONDITIONS ARE: THE ORGANISATIONAL’S STRATEGY, ITS RULES, REGULATION, ITS CULTURE,ETC. GROUP STRUCTURE GROUPS HAVE STRUCTURE THAT SHAPES THE BEHAVIOUR OF ITS MEMBERS AND MAKE IT POSSIBLE TO PERDICT AND EXPLAIN THE INDIVIDUAL WITHIN THE GROUP AS WELL AS THE PERFORMANCE OF THE GROUP AS A WHOLE. 1. GROUP SIZE 2. GROUP COMPOSITION 3. GROUP STATUS 4. GROUP NORMS 5. GROUP ROLES 6. CONFORMITY 7. GROUP COHESIVENESS.
  • 10. GROUP RESOURCESBY THE TERM GROUP RESOURCES WE MEAN THE RESOURCES THAT AN INDIVIDUAL MEMBER BRINGS TO THE GROUP. GROUP PROCESSA PROCESS CAN SIMPLY BE DEFINED AS A SYSTAMETIC METHOD OF HANDLING ACTIVITIES. GROUP PERFORMANCE THE OUTCOME OF VARIOUS FACTORS ON THE MEMBERS OF THE GROUP.
  • 11.  MAKE SMALLER GROUPS ENCOURAGE AGREEMENT WITH GROUP GOALS. INCREASE THE TIME MEMBERS SPEND TOGETHER. STIMULATE COMPETITION WITH OTHER GROUPS. GIVE REWARDS TO THE GROUP RATHER THAN TO MEMBERS. INCREASE INTERACTION AMONG INDIVIDUALS.
  • 12. An organisation will functionbest when its personnel function not as individuals but asmembers of highly effective work group with high performance goals.