Prepositions2.) Prepositions – TimeEnglish Usage Exampleon days of the week on Mondayinmonths / seasonstime of dayyearafter a certain period of time(when?)in August / in winterin the morningin 2006in an houratfor nightfor weekenda certain point of time(when?)at nightat the weekendat half past ninesincefrom a certain point of time(past till now)since 1980forover a certain period of time(past till now)for 2 yearsago a certain time in the past 2 years agobeforeearlier than a certain point oftimebefore 2004to telling the time ten to six (5:50)past telling the time ten past six (6:10)to / till /untilmarking the beginning andend of a period of timefrom Monday to/till Fridaytill / untilin the sense of how longsomething is going to lastHe is on holiday until Friday.byin the sense of at the latestup to a certain timeI will be back by 6 o’clock.By 11 oclock, I had read fivepages.
PrepositionsPrepositions – Place (Position and Direction)English Usage Exampleinroom, building, street, town,countrybook, paper etc.car, taxipicture, worldin the kitchen, in Londonin the bookin the car, in a taxiin the picture, in the worldatmeaning next to, by anobjectfor tablefor eventsplace where you are to dosomething typical (watch afilm, study, work)at the door, at the stationat the tableat a concert, at the partyat the cinema, at school, atworkonattachedfor a place with a riverbeing on a surfacefor a certain side (left, right)for a floor in a housefor public transportfor television, radiothe picture on the wallLondon lies on the Thames.on the tableon the lefton the first flooron the bus, on a planeon TV, on the radioby, next to,besideleft or right of somebody orsomethingJane is standing by / nextto / beside the car.underon the ground, lower than(or covered by) somethingelsethe bag is under the tablebelowlower than something elsebut above groundthe fish are below thesurfaceovercovered by something elsemeaning more thangetting to the other side(also across)overcoming an obstacleput a jacket over your shirtover 16 years of agewalk over the bridgeclimb over the wallabovehigher than something else,a path above the lake
PrepositionsEnglish Usage Examplebut not directly over itacrossgetting to the other side(also over)getting to the other sidewalk across the bridgeswim across the lakethroughsomething with limits ontop, bottom and the sidesdrive through the tunneltomovement to person orbuildingmovement to a place orcountryfor bedgo to the cinemago to London / Irelandgo to bedinto enter a room / a buildinggo into the kitchen / thehousetowardsmovement in the directionof something (but notdirectly to it)go 5 steps towards the houseontomovement to the top ofsomethingjump onto the tablefrom in the sense of where from a flower from the gardenOther important PrepositionsEnglish Usage Examplefrom who gave it a present from Janeofwho/what does it belong towhat does it showa page of the bookthe picture of a palaceby who made it a book by Mark Twainonwalking or riding onhorsebackentering a public transporton foot, on horsebackget on the bus
PrepositionsEnglish Usage Examplevehiclein entering a car / Taxi get in the caroffleaving a public transportvehicleget off the trainout of leaving a car / Taxi get out of the taxibyrise or fall of somethingtravelling (other than walkingor horseriding)prices have risen by 10percentby car, by busat for age she learned Russian at 45aboutfor topics, meaning whataboutwe were talking about you1.) Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes alsoin front of gerund verbs).Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually notpossible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending onthe situation.There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learnprepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English (literature) and learninguseful phrases off by heart (study tips).The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English: