Introduction Adolf Hitler What did Hitler want? Nazism Beginning of Nazi Support for the Nazis decline Hitler recognizes Nazis What was the Holocaust? What is Fascism? World War Two Hitler’s death WW2 end in Europe Conclusion Reference
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian -born German political and the leader of Nazi party(1934-1945). The term Nazi was used as derogatory reference to a backwards peasant or, more generally, a foolish, clumsy or awkward person. The world war II started on 1st September 1939 when German invaded Poland and Britain and France declared war on Germany.
He was born on 20th April,1889 and dreamed of being an artist. He became influenced by writings of Karl Laager, the Mayor of Vienna. He developed a deep hatred for the Communists and the Jews. He was associated with the rise of fascism in Europe, World War II and the Holocaust. Hitler served nine months of his 5-year sentence in prison, where he wrote the famous Mein Kampf.
Lebensraum-’’living space”. Annexed Austria in 1938.Militarism-he began rearming Germany breaking the treaty of Versailles.Rhineland-move troops into the Rhineland territory.Hitler promised German stability, job, to end weak democracy and to reverse the Versailles Treaty.
Nazism is ideology and practice of the National Socialist German Workers Party which is also known as Nazi party. They are especially anti-semitism, anti-slavism and belief in the superiority of the Germanic races. Nazism and Communism emerged as two serious contenders for power in Germany after the First World War, particularly as the Weimar Republic became increasingly unstable.
In 1919 Hitler joined the German workers party as a spy for the German government. In 1920 the party changes its name to NSDAP(Nazis) and adopts the 25 points program. Hitler became leader in 1921 and adopted the swastika emblem. He planned to first take the Bavarian government and them march to Berlin.
Germany did well under Stresemann, chancellor of Germany – support for extremists declined. The Nazi party splits and support declined dramatically. In 1924 the Nazis win 24 seats in the Reichstag. In 1928 the Nazis lose more seats and they got 12 seats in the Reichstag. Hitler decided to reform the party to place it under his complete control.
In 1925 Hitler re-launched the NSDAP(Nazi). Power was concentrated in the leader. Hitler decided to use elections and works to exploit the weakness and democracy and the constitution to gain power rather than through revolution. The Nazis work to get support from industrialists both financial and political. Special section set up for students ,teachers, youth and farmers.
Nazi plan to kill all Jews. Why Jews? Anti-Semitism ,Hitlers belief in the master race ,totalitarianism, seen as greedy, evil, backstabbing. 6 million Jews murdered in camps in Europe. 5 million others are killed like gypsies, mentally ill, homosexuals.
Nation comes first. Uses nationalism and racism. Glorifies violence – believes it is needed to “prove” strength of a people. Irrational politics – emphasize street fighting. Dictatorships and Germany became fascist.
Road to WW2What was WW2?How did it start?Who was on each side?Defeating Germany
Hitler believed that Germany could build a great civilization.To do this Germany needed more land.Hitler stops following the Treaty of Versailles and the World does nothing.He believed that the world will not act and becomes bolder.As the time went on the Allied power became more concerned with Hitler being in power.
Hitler demanded land that wasn’t Germany’s and others just gave it to him.He sends troops into the Rhineland which was supposed to remain demilitarized.Appeasement just showed Hitler that he could do whatever he wanted.Germany, Italy and Japan created a military alliance known as the Axis power.
Largest war in human history. Involved countries, colonies and territories around the entire world. By the end, over 70 million were dead. It lasted from 1939 until 1945.
On 1st September 1939, Germany invaded Poland. On 3rd September 1939, Allies declare war on Germany. Hitler defeats Poland in a month. Germany then invades France, Belgium, etc in May 1940. Then Hitler invades Russia.
Axis Powers Allied powersGermany Great BritainItaly Soviet UnionJapan United States Frances - surrendered to Germany in 1940 after 6 weeks.
Towards the end of WW2 Germany’s out looked appeared grim. Hitler refused to give in. Battle of the Bulge resulted when Allied had crossed the German border. Allies proceeded to push Germany further back , German offensive had clearly failed by January 1945.
Hitler was unable to deal with the defeat which killed him mentally. He and his wife Eva Braun committed suicide on April 30, 1945. He shot himself with his own pistol. On May 7, 1945 Germany surrendered unconditionally.
Allies divide Germany between them. - This helps start the cold war. Trials are held in Germany to try the people responsible for the war. Germany surrenders in 1945 after Hitler commits suicide. WW2 cost $330 billion – 10 times the cost of WW1.
The Nazi empire was created by violence, lived by violence and was destroyed by violence. Hitler is remembered in history simply for the fact that he was a tyrant that wanted absolute power. If Hitler had not started the war someone else would have done and so he can’t be the only guilty. It is very difficult to know the exact meaning of Hitler’s statement “ Ever since I was a young boy I knew what I had to do and why I had to do it ’’.