CELLONICSCELLONICS
A Technical Seminar Presentation
By
Hariharan S.
Under the guidance of
Prof. M. S. Sowmyashree
Departme...
 “ ”NECESSITY IS THE MOTHER OF INVENTION
the saying goes.. Lets now see what this current
invention of CELLONICS was for...
INTRODUCTION
Cellonics allow modem speeds 1,000 times
faster than our present modems.
It is based on the way biological ...
INTRODUCTION

The ASCII uses a combination of ones and
zeros to display a single letter of the
alphabet. The data is the...
INTRODUCTION
Nonlinear Dynamical Systems (NDS) are the
mathematical formulations required to
simulate the cell responses....
PRINCIPLE OF
CELLONICS
TECHNOLOGY

Cellonics - Electronic cells.
It has the ability to encode, transmit and
decode digi...
Measured ß-cell
Response
Leech & Nociceptor
The Cellonics technology is a fundamental
modulation and demodulation technique.
The Cellonics receivers generate pulses
...
CELLONICS CIRCUITS
S-curve transfer
characteristics
The transfer characteristic consists of three
different regions.
The two lines at the top and bottom have
positive slope...
The rate of change of signal voltage ‘Vs’ is
equal to ‘V0’ which is dependent upon the
slope of the input triangular wave...
N-curve transfer
characteristics
The transfer function of a Tunnel diode
exhibits the “N- curve”.
By connecting an induc...
PERFORMANCE OF
CELLONICS RECEIVER :
A) BER Performance in
a Narrowband
Communication
System
The performance of the Cellonics
modulation is able to match the
...
B) BER Performance in
an Ultra Wideband

UWB is a new radio system that occupies
an ultra wide bandwidth and it uses ver...
PROOF OF CONCEPT
- DEMONSTRATION
ON SYSTEMS
Narrowband
Communication
System
Transmitter and receiver comprise of
three modules:

1. The PC/DSP module :
 This module provides a high-speed data
tr...
Ultra Wideband Video
System
Transmits real-time video images at a data
rate of 12Mbps wirelessly to a video
monitor.
A simple web camera is used as ...
CELLONICS
ADVANTAGES
New Life to Communication Devices.
Savings on Chip/ PCB Real Estate.
Savings on Power.
Savings in...
CONCUSIONThe Cellonics communication method is one inspired by
how biological cells signal. It is a fresh and novel look
...
BIBLIOGRAPHY
www.cellonics.com
www.future20hottechnologies.com
www.wikipedia.com
www.google.com
www.scribd.com
www.b...
THANK YOU
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  1. 1. CELLONICSCELLONICS A Technical Seminar Presentation By Hariharan S. Under the guidance of Prof. M. S. Sowmyashree Department of Telecommunication
  2. 2.  “ ”NECESSITY IS THE MOTHER OF INVENTION the saying goes.. Lets now see what this current invention of CELLONICS was for. 
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Cellonics allow modem speeds 1,000 times faster than our present modems. It is based on the way biological cells communicate with each other and nonlinear dynamical systems (NDS). Benefits are incredible speed, simplicity, and robustness. 
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION  The ASCII uses a combination of ones and zeros to display a single letter of the alphabet. The data is then sent over radio frequency cycle to its destination where it is then decoded. Human cells respond to stimuli and generate waveforms that consist of a continuous line of pulses separated by periods of silence. The Cellonics technology uses these pulse signals and apply them to the communications
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION Nonlinear Dynamical Systems (NDS) are the mathematical formulations required to simulate the cell responses. It uses portable devices, and provide these devices with faster, better data for longer periods of time. It consumes very little power. 
  6. 6. PRINCIPLE OF CELLONICS TECHNOLOGY  Cellonics - Electronic cells. It has the ability to encode, transmit and decode digital information over a variety of physical channels. Wired and wireless communications are possible. 
  7. 7. Measured ß-cell Response
  8. 8. Leech & Nociceptor
  9. 9. The Cellonics technology is a fundamental modulation and demodulation technique. The Cellonics receivers generate pulses from the received analog signal and performs demodulation based on pulse counting and related algorithms. The study of biological cell behavior is only an inspiration to the invention of Cellonics circuits. The Cellonics technology is not related to any neural network communications or neurophomic electronics. Slow waveforms: Analogue waveforms that vary slowly with time. These waveforms can be in any arbitrary shape. Fast waveforms/fast pulse trains: Waveform in the shape of pulses that
  10. 10. CELLONICS CIRCUITS
  11. 11. S-curve transfer characteristics
  12. 12. The transfer characteristic consists of three different regions. The two lines at the top and bottom have positive slope ‘1/RF’. They represent the regions in which the Op- Amp is operating in the saturated (nonlinear) mode. The middle segment has a negative slope(Op-Amp operate linearly). 
  13. 13. The rate of change of signal voltage ‘Vs’ is equal to ‘V0’ which is dependent upon the slope of the input triangular waveform. When the slope is positive, the Op-Amp is stable and outputs a constant saturation voltage. When slope is negative, the Op-Amp is unstable and the output would be oscillating. By controlling the duration of the negative slope, the number of pulses to be produced at the output of the Op-Amp can be controlled.
  14. 14. N-curve transfer characteristics The transfer function of a Tunnel diode exhibits the “N- curve”. By connecting an inductor and a tunnel diode in series, we can produce pulses that are separated by periods of silence. That would mimic the behavior of cells.
  15. 15. PERFORMANCE OF CELLONICS RECEIVER :
  16. 16. A) BER Performance in a Narrowband Communication System The performance of the Cellonics modulation is able to match the theoretical optimal BPSK modulation scheme . Cellonics receiver will have less implementation losses 
  17. 17. B) BER Performance in an Ultra Wideband  UWB is a new radio system that occupies an ultra wide bandwidth and it uses very short impulses of radio energy. It will cause little interference to the existing spectrum users. 
  18. 18. PROOF OF CONCEPT - DEMONSTRATION ON SYSTEMS
  19. 19. Narrowband Communication System
  20. 20. Transmitter and receiver comprise of three modules:  1. The PC/DSP module :  This module provides a high-speed data transmission interface with the transmit/receive PC . 2. The Base band transceiver module:  The transceiver converts these data from the DSP into FSK-like waveforms. 3. The RF transmit/receive module:  This part of the circuitry down converts the received signal using an AM envelope detector. 
  21. 21. Ultra Wideband Video System
  22. 22. Transmits real-time video images at a data rate of 12Mbps wirelessly to a video monitor. A simple web camera is used as the video capture source. The digital video information is fed into a pulse position modulation processing board (a Field Programmable Gate Array or FPGA board) via a USB connection before being frequency translated to a higher frequency band at a transmitter for sending over the air. The airborne signals are then detected by a UWB receiver and pulse position demodulated back into digital video information for display at a video monitor. In both instances, an ultra simple Cellonics Transmitter and a simple Cellonics receiver
  23. 23. CELLONICS ADVANTAGES New Life to Communication Devices. Savings on Chip/ PCB Real Estate. Savings on Power. Savings in Implementation Time. Build or Rejuvenate your Products with Cellonics. 
  24. 24. CONCUSIONThe Cellonics communication method is one inspired by how biological cells signal. It is a fresh and novel look at how digital signals may be conveyed. In this digital day and age, it is timely; current digital communication designs are mostly derived from old analog signal methods. With the Cellonics method, much of the sub-systems in a traditional communication system are not required. Noise-generating and power-consuming systems such as voltage-controlled oscillators, PLLs, mixers, power amplifiers, etc., are eliminated. To a communications engineer, this is unheard off. One just doesn’t build a communication device without an oscillator, mixer, or…. Such is the revolutionary impact of Cellonics. Engineers will have to reform their thinking- that such a simple
  25. 25. BIBLIOGRAPHY www.cellonics.com www.future20hottechnologies.com www.wikipedia.com www.google.com www.scribd.com www.britannica.com “Book of Cells” by Koenard Elst. “Art of Electronics” by Legard,2001. 
  26. 26. THANK YOU
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