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Good Governance Features in Kerala Local Government System

Good Governance Features in Kerala Local Government System



A presentation on Good Goverance by K Rajasekharan (KILA) and Dr Jos Chathukulam (CRM),

A presentation on Good Goverance by K Rajasekharan (KILA) and Dr Jos Chathukulam (CRM),



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    Good Governance Features in Kerala Local Government System Good Governance Features in Kerala Local Government System Presentation Transcript

    • Good Governance Features in Kerala Local Government System A Presentation by K Rajasekharan KILA, Thrissur & Jos Chathukulam CRM, Kottayam
    • What is Governance ?
      • Governance is the process of decision making and the process of implementing or not implementing the decisions
      • It refers to the management of public affairs & resources (power)
      • It is a process of policy making aiming at welfare of all and happiness for all (inclusion)
    • What is Good Governance
      • Right, just, fair & moral governance
      • The Governance that provides greatest good of the greatest number of people
      • Good governance aims at re-inventing government, re-positioning bureaucracy and re-invigorating non govt. sectors
      • The Governance that works less machine like , having less hierarchical systems and with lesser procedures
      • Governance that has a missionary zeal , egalitarian values and that works in an energized manner ,
      • It implies plurality of decision centres , multiplicity of actors in decision making and less formal modes of decision making
      • Amartya Sen’s Concept of Social Justice and its
      • implications on Good Governance
      • Arrangement focused view of Justice
      • Realisation focused understanding of Justice
      • Sen gives distinction between two concepts of
      • ‘ Niti’ & ‘Nyaya’ and Its Implication on Good Governance
    • Means of Bringing in Good Governance to Local Govts in Kerala
      • Devolved functions, functionaries & funds
      • Regular audit of local govts. to avoid misuse
      • Reserved seats for women & marginalized classes
      • Provided training for capacity development
      • Ensured transparency & accountability measures
      • Citizens Charter for bettering services
      • Instituted Ombudsman to curb corruption & Tribunal to resolve conflicts
      • Ensured appropriate structures & enabling environment for participatory decision making
    • Excellent Legal Framework
      • Indian Constitution – provided framework
      • Kerala Panchayat raj /Municipal Acts – amended several times for improvement
      • Allied Acts – around 40 in numbers
      • Other General Acts – appropriately intertwined with local govt. acts
      • Rules/ orders/circulars – issued whenever needed
    • Division of Powers & Responsibilities
      • Transferred Functionaries, Functions & Funds to local govts. Followed Principle of Subsidiarity
      • Funds divided in tune with quantum of functions / population
      • Mandatory functions done only by lower tier local govts.
      • Development projects need to aim at economic development & social justice
      • Transferred institutions or functionaries to be managed by local govt. and technically controlled by Depts
    • Ensured Sufficient Funds
      • Ensured own taxes for lower tier govts.
      • Provides Fund for traditional functions
      • Provides Fund for maintenance of transferred institutions & Roads separately
      • Local govts. can collect donations
      • have discretion in deciding expenditure items
    • Meetings Ensure Good Governance
      • Multi-level committee system increases actors in decision making
      • President & Officers are partners in conduct of meetings
      • All meeting are transparent
      • Members can ask questions & can present a resolution in local govt. committee
      • Agenda & Minutes of local govt. committee need to be published on the notice board
    • Role of Officials & Elected Functionaries
      • Policy & political decision making by elected functionaries
      • Officers have professional freedom & advisory role
      • Elected Functionaries have control over officials
      • Mutual respect to be followed in words & deeds
    • Planning Ensures Participation
      • Need Identification through grama sabha
      • Situation Analysis by working groups
      • Strategy setting in development seminars
      • Projectisation by working groups
      • Plan finalization
      • Plan Vetting
      • Plan approval
    • Less Control by Govt. over Local Govts. to Ensure Self Discipline
      • Govt. can ask for any information & examine records
      • Govt. can issue general guidelines
      • Govt. can conduct enquiry
      • Govt. can stop implementation of a resolution temporarily
      • Can dissolve a local body / resolution on receipt of opinion from Ombudsman
    • Budget for Planning Actions
      • Budget should be the action plan for the activities of the ensuing year
      • Budget to be passed before every financial year
      • Budget should be surplus with 5 per cent excess
      • Govt. can dissolve a local govt. for not passing a budget
    • Accounting to Ensure Better Financial Management
      • New accounting system implemented since April 2004
      • Cash based single entry system
      • Monthly and Annual Financial Statements need to be reconciled
      • Local govts. follow Account heads of the State Govt.
    • Social Audit to Ensure Social Control
      • Exercise of control by people
      • Committee systems, Grama sabha and monitoring committees make social audit effective
      • Right to information is a good tool for social audit
    • Performance Audit to Ensure Better Performance
      • Team of 3 persons visit local body every 3 months and suggest advisory remarks
      • It is a sort of internal audit
      • They cannot fine or issue penal action
      • A consolidated report will be submitted to govt.
      • Their role is performance evaluation & outcome assessment
    • Local Fund Audit to Avoid Financial Discipline
      • Statutory audit and done every year
      • Local govt. to discuss the report after one month
      • Submit a rectification report after two months
      • Both reports to be published in the notice board and Grama sabha
    • Citizens Charter to Improve Services
      • The charter includes services, conditions for obtaining the services and the minimum time to give the services
      • To be published before six months on assuming office, in consultation with officers
      • Renewed every year
      • Citizen can complaint on non enforcement
    • Ombudsman to Reduce Corruption
      • Quasi- judicial body to minimize corruption and mal- administration
      • Citizens can submit cost free (Rs 10) complaints
      • Can compensate the loss or punish the responsible
      • Rectify the defects in mal-administration
      • Can order other remedial measure
    • Ombudsman deals with
      • Abuse of positions /corrupt or improper actions
      • Corruption/nepotism/favouritism
      • Make loss /waste /mis-application of money/property
      • Excessive use of power
      • Un-reasonable/oppressive/discriminatory actions
      • Actions causing delay/loss / waste of money
    • Tribunal for Conflict Redressal
      • Can decide appeals and revisions against decisions of local govts
      • Chaired by a District Judge
      • Simple procedures followed
      • Can advise govt. on legality of any decision of local govt.
    • Right to Information to Ensure Transparency
      • Any one can have the right to obtain any unclassified documents (since 1984)
      • Submit application in the prescribed format along with Rs10
      • Secretary will give copy within 30 days on payment of fee
      • Appeal/second appeal can be made
      • Fine /punishment etc will be imposed on delinquency
    • Other Matters to be Implemented
      • Each local body to prepare a vision document and Annual plan/ Five year plan and 15 years plan
      • Need to improve the quality of services
      • The laws & rules need to be enforced
      • Functionaries are to be made servants of the people
      • Need to ensure Governance by the people, of the people & for the people
    • Thank You