Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Political parties and election systems
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Political parties and election systems

426

Published on

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
426
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. POLITICS AND ADMINISTRATION GMGG 5124 Political Parties and Election Systems Presented by: R A JA A B U M A N S H U R M AT R I D I 810083 ARVIN A/L POOBALAN 812442 NURIZYAN BINTI SAMSUDIN 812475 SRI LEDANG ROOM, MARCH 24, 2013
  • 2. Outlines Political Parties and Electoral Systems1 Political Parties2 Party Functions3 Type of Political Parties4 Electoral Systems5 Categories of Electoral Systems6 Example in Southeast Asia Countries SRI LEDANG, MARCH 24, 2013
  • 3. Political PartiesPoliticsPartyPolitical Parties•
  • 4. Party Functions Organizing the election Facilitating voter choice Recruiting candidatesMichael P. Fix, 2009. Screening candidates Organizing a complex government Aggregating interest Educating citizens Ensuring accountability Promoting civic performance
  • 5. Type of Political PartiesThe One Party or No Party Systems• A party system in which one political party controls the government and voters have no option to choose an opposition party.One-Party Dominant Systems• A party system in which one large party direct the political system, but small parties exist and may compete in election.The Two-Party Systems• A party system in which two main parties compete for majority control of the government; small parties exist but play no role in national electoral outcomesTwo and a half party systems• A party system in which to large parties exist alongside a third party that recieves a smaller but notable share of the national voteMulti-Party Systems• A party system with several important political parties, none of which generally gains majority of the seats in the national legislature.All Party Systems• A party system in which every party will get a power-sharing based on the achievement of results. Emerson,2012. Barrington.,2013.
  • 6. Electoral system• The set of rules that structure how votes are cast at elections for a representative assembly and how these votes are then converted into seats in that assembly• E.g. Ease of access to the ballot for would-be candidates, the right vote, the fairness of the administration of the election, the transparency of the counting of the votes. Michael Gallagher & Paul Mitchell, 2008
  • 7. Categories of Electoral system Broad Category Specific TypesSingle-Member Single-Member Plurality (SMP) Constituency System Alternative vote (AV) Two-Round system (2SR)Mixed System Mixed Compensatory Mixed paralelClosed-List System -Preferential List System Open List Flexible ListPR-STV -Michael Gallagher & Paul Mitchell, 2008
  • 8. EXAMPLE MALAYSIA SINGAPOREConsortium for Elections and Political Process Consortium for Elections and Political Process Strengthening (CEPPS) 2012. Strengthening (CEPPS),2011. The Sultan is elected by The President is elected by hereditary state rulers plurality vote The Prime Minister is appointed by The Prime Minister is the President designated by parliament The Parliament:  9 members are elected by The Senate: plurality vote  44 members are appointed 75 members are elected through by the monarch a group representation constituency The House of Representatives:  9 members are nominated by  222 members are elected by the President plurality vote  9 members are appointed from a national compensatory list
  • 9. CONTINUE INDONESIA THAILANDConsortium for Elections and Political Process Consortium for Elections and Political Process Strengthening (CEPPS), 2010. Strengthening (CEPPS), 2011 The President is elected by The King is the hereditary head of absolute majority state The Prime Minister is appointed by The Regional Representative the monarch Council: The Senate: 132 members are elected by 74 members are appointed and single non transferable vote 76 members are elected by single non-transferable vote. The House of Representatives: The House of Representatives: 560 members are elected by 375 members are elected by open list proportional plurality vote representation 125 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation
  • 10. COGNITIVE T Y PP R O A F H AP E O C ELECTION SYSTEM PLURALITYMALAYSIA VOTING PLURALITYSINGAPORE VOTING PROPOTIONALINDONESIA VOTING (OPEN-List) PROPOTIONALTHAILAND VOTING (CLOSED-list)
  • 11. POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATION (GMGG 5124):POLITICAL PARTIES AND ELECTION SYSTEM Thank you

×