One has to look after the following strategies before preparing themselves to listen:
What do you think of the subject matter?
Is it new or have you a lot of experience with it?
Will it be difficult to understand, or simple?
Is it important to you, or just fun?
Is the speaker experienced or nervous?
What are the non-verbal cues of the speaker?
What frame of mind is he or she?
How personable, threatening, intelligent, etc.?
Is the message illustrated with visuals or examples?
Is technology used effectively?
Are concepts introduced incrementally, or with examples?
Is the space conducive to listening?
Or to interaction or exchange with the speaker?
Are there avoidable distractions?
1.Combative Listening happens when we are more interested in promoting our own point of view than in understanding or exploring someone else’s view. 2. Attentive Listening we are genuinely interested in hearing and understanding the other person’s point of view. 3. Reflective Listening is the single most useful and important listening skill. In active listening we are also genuinely interested in understanding what the other person is thinking, feeling, wanting or what the message means, and we are active in checking out our understanding before we respond with our own new message.
The average college student spends about 14 hours per week in class listening (or perhaps I should say " hearing"-- there is a difference!) to lectures. See if you can improve your listening skills by following some of the strategies below:
Maintain eye contact with the instructor. An eye contact with the speaker is very essential to improve listening efficiency
Focus on content, not delivery. Have you ever counted the number of times a teacher clears his/her throat in a fifteen minute period? If so, you weren't focusing on content.
Avoid emotional involvement. Try to remain objective and open-minded.
Avoid distractions . Don't let your mind wander or be distracted by the person shuffling papers near you.
Treat listening as a challenging mental task . Listening to an academic lecture is not a passive act--at least it shouldn't be.
Stay active by asking mental questions. Active listening keeps you on your toes. You can ask yourself ask a few questions as you listen.
Use the gap between the rate of speech and your rate of thought . You can think faster than the lecturer can talk. That's one reason your mind may tend to wander.
The one skill you'll use most in college is the skill to listen . Yet how many of us have ever taken a "course" in listening? There are strategies to consider that can improve your ability to "hear" a lecture and interact with communicated instructional material.
Listen and Learn - Modern research has revealed that although we spend a large percentage of our time listening; only a small amount of what we have heard actually registers in our brain. The development of active listening skills has become an increasingly recognized part of study and communication skills
Attentive and Critical Listening
In the Classroom - Listening and Note-taking
Listening Skill- H ere's a great quote - "We were given two ears but only one mouth. This is because God knew that listening was twice as hard as talking."
Listening is not the same as hearing. Your skill as a listener can make or break your success in leadership, teams, customer relationships, and negotiation. Listening is a communication skill that takes practice. By becoming a better listener in class, you will become a better note taker and a successful student. After reading this information about listening skills and after doing the other assignments about listening, you should be able to:
identify six problems that result from poor listening skills;
apply four positive steps to become a better listener;
understand strategies to improve listening skills;
explain why the difference between speaking and listening speeds can be a potential listening problem.
Check your listening behavior often. Here are some positive steps to take to help improve your listening skills:
Prepare to listen. Your attitude in attending class is important. If you feel that a particular class is generally a waste of your time, you obviously won't be in a good mood to listen
Watch the speaker. Don't take your eyes off the speaker! Eye contact is a very important part of the active listening process. You have to listen with your eyes and your ears!
Note questions. If you listen with a questioning attitude, learning will be easier for you. When the instructor asks a question, pay close attention.
Listen creatively. You should not be listening and thinking about other things at the same time, but you should be evaluating and organizing the speaker's words by taking notes. Listening is a prime source of information in college .
There are several simple steps you can take to overcome these listening problems and improve our listening efficiency.
The quality of information exchanged, your own experience as a listener, the experience of the person you are listening to, and your relationship with the listener will all benefit.
The steps are:
Get Over Yourself, Give Them A Solo.
Use Connecting Words.
Use Body Language.
The way the poor listeners behave are as follows:
Just Keep Talking .
When you're not talking, think about what you're going to say next .
Interrupt Frequently .
Never, ever, ask clarifying questions
Your tutees may give several reasons for why they don't take notes. Perhaps their instructor talks too fast or lectures directly from the book. Don't accept these excuses. The advantages of taking notes always outweigh the disadvantages.
Requires organization on the part of the student.
Requires critical thinking.
Develops active listening skills.
Provides a record of what was discussed.
Aids student in determining what the instructor thinks is important.
Strengthens some learning styles.
The act of listening requires more than just hearing words being spoken. In a college classroom, listening is an "active learning strategy."
To strengthen listening skills the following strategies are suggested.
Sit at the front of the room where you will be able to focus on the professor and the board. In this position you will be less likely to be distracted. Your attention will be focused on the instructor and the presentation of information.
Train yourself to stay focused on the material being presented. To keep your interest in the topic, make the information relevant to you, thereby making it more memorable .
Listen for verbal clues. Many professors will give clues signifying important, relevant information. There are specific words and phrases to listen for. Asking questions about the material in the lecture will help you focus on the topic.
4.Listen closely to questions asked by other students. Often classmates may have the same doubts about information as you. If another student asks a question listen carefully, write down the question and the correct answer. 5.Be interested in the topic. Developing an interest in new information will show your professor that you care about the class and that you are eager to acquire new information. 6.Practice staying focused when your attention slips. When you find your attention wandering, bring yourself back to the present. Sit up straighter. Put both feet flat on the floor. 7.Repetition, Repetition, Repetition. Practice your listening skills. When you are studying, study aloud and repeat the material several times. Over learning is one way of making sure information travels from your short-term memory to your long-term memory.
Do you know how much time do you spend listening? It is estimated that half of our time is spent listening.
Good listening is an essential part of active communication and makes us better managers, customers, coworkers, supervisors, parents and mates.
Most of us aren't good listeners; however, listening is a skill that you can always improve.
Focus on the speaker and let them know you are listening by giving verbal cues such as, 'yes', ' I see' and non-verbal cues such as, nodding, leaning forward and smiling. Give the speaker your full attention
Make eye contact , look at the person you are speaking to or who is speaking to you.
Avoid interrupting. It's rude and you cannot talk and listen at the same time. If you assume what people are going to say before they say it and then interrupt to respond to your assumptions, you will annoy the person you are talking with and you will miss the real message.
4. Ask questions and try to see the other person's point-of-view. Don't assume that you know what the person saying if things are not making sense for you. If you are unsure of the meaning ask for clarification and then if you are still not sure repeat it back to them. 5. Acknowledge the other person's feelings; make them feel like you understand and that it is okay to feel the way they do. 6.Be patient when you don't understand; getting upset won't solve any problems but will only create more. 7.Express your point-of-view and make a conscious choice about your response.
Listening effectively is difficult because people vary in their communication skills and in how clearly they express themselves, and often has different needs, wants and purposes for interacting.
The different types of interaction or levels of communication also add to the difficulty.
The four different types or levels are.
Thoughts and beliefs.
Feelings and emotions .
As a listener we attend to the level that we think is most important. Failing to recognize the level most relevant and important to the speaker can lead to a kind of crossed wires where the two people are not on the same wavelength
To paraphrase, one simply rewords what another individual has said.
An open question explores a person's statement without requiring a simple ``yes'' or ``no'' answer. The basic difference between an open question and a closed question is what they provide the person being asked. When you are asked an open question it helps you think more about an issue. A closed question will not do that. It may force you to answer before you are ready, or require a ``yes'' or ``no'' answer that doesn't allow more thinking about the issue.
Feeling reflection is a response in which you express a feeling or emotion you have experienced in reference to a particular statement.
To make the other person feel important and recognized
To be sure you both are on the same wavelength
To be sure you both are focused on the same topic
To check that you are both are on target with one another
Interpersonal Communication: Listening Skills teaches you how to develop the skills you need to be a critical listener and how to respond appropriately to speakers. In this training program, you will have the opportunity to visit with a listening expert and practice skills in a work environment. Both activities will help you improve your listening skills and decrease listening problems in the workplace.
To improve Interpersonal Communication Learn To:
Identify the difference between hearing and listening.
Effective listening begins with recognizing how poor we really are at listening, and with developing a determination to work hard to improve our listening skills.
We need to develop an attitude that says, "I'm going to get something out of this lecture that I can use no matter what it takes."
Here are a few suggestions that will help you improve your listening skills. First, work hard to keep your focus on the message and make a determined effort to return to focus when your mind begins to wonder.
To help in maintaining focus, make mental summaries of the speaker's main ideas. Second, try to predict the speaker's next main idea.
These two hints will help to keep you actively involved in what the speaker is saying.
Listening is a very difficult and an active process.
Listening is just plain hard work.
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