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  • 2. Railways Africa PUBLISHER CONTRIBUTORS SUBSCRIPTIONS Phillippa Fox Richard Ågren Ashley Peter Rates for 10 issues per annum (2010) South Africa R375-50 (incl VAT) John Ashworth Jez Smith EDITOR Africa R379.50 Peter Bagshawe Antonio Teixeira International R946 (incl. Foreign Rollo Dickson Malcolm Bates Jacque Wepener Exchange) DESIGN & LAYOUT John Batwell Paul Kilfoil Send a cheque or money order to: Grazia Muto Boon Boonzaaier Railways Africa Dietmar Fiedel PO Box 4794 ADVERTISING RANDBURG 2125 Grant Fryer Sue Klomp RSA Richard Grönstedt SUBSCRIPTIONS Guy Hausler Or send an email to Kim Bevan Bruno Martin ISSN 1029 - 2756 Rail Link Communications cc The copyright on all material in this magazine is expressly reserved and vested in Rail Link Communications cc, P.O. Box 4794 Randburg 2125 unless otherwise stated. No material may be reproduced in any form, in part or in whole, without the permission of the publishers. Please note that the opinions expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the publishers of Rail Tel: +27 87 940 9278 Link Communications unless otherwise stated. E-mail: Twitter: railwaysafrica Website: Af filiated Associations & Societies RAILWAYS | HARBOURS | INTERMODAL | COMMUTER | MINING 6 – 8 April 2011 EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG Floorplan NOW OPEN! Call for papers. For further information, rates and booking details contact Phillippa Fox Tel: +27 72 340 5621 Email: W W W. R A I LWAY S A N D H A R B O U R S . C O M
  • 3. Comment These have been tough months for the Instead, Metrorail is struggling to of that? Being a magazine dedicated rail industry, but I think there’s light at satisfy suppliers waiting months to the railway scene, I suppose we are the end of the Hex River tunnel - and for their money (never mind poor fortunate there is still a rail industry at let’s hope that’s an oncoming train we commuters waiting for their trains) all - so let’s hope there is a miracle out see! Thankfully there are definite signs while Montana warns of intercity there somewhere. that things are turning round, though passenger services “collapsing” within many enterprises have posted losses - two years, so alarming is the difference On a more positive note, it is a great some very big indeed - and the impact between income and working costs. pleasure to welcome exhibitors and in terms of jobs on our already skills- The Metrorail refurbishing programme delegates to the 16th International strained industry is no joke. has been cut back - yet the age of Wheelset Congress and Exhibition. coaches averages around 40 years, This exclusive technical event takes Rather less amusing is the crisis that with hundreds still inoperable. In fact, place every three years, each time at the Passenger Rail Agency (Prasa) he points out, refurbishing is not a a different world venue, and this is the finds itself in. Regrettably, despite cost-effective business because the first year that it is has been hosted on lengthy conversations with and present rolling stock is obsolete and the African continent. The complete questions sent to several highly-placed badly needs to be replaced with new. congress catalogue has been included communications people at the (There have been no new suburban in this issue of Railways Africa - we did Department of Transport (DoT - to which trains in twenty years). the same for the Railways & Harbours Prasa reports), no useful response has Conference and Exhibition in 2009 - been forthcoming in terms of a tangible Cannot the frequently punted PPP and are sure you will find it useful. rescue plan, nor any other plan for that (Public-Private-Paticipation) concept matter. be brought in here? Government has The next Railways Africa happens to be been patently unable to resolve the all about track, so get your editorial in The unbelievably critical lack of funding growing railway financial impasse by and - yes of course - we would never that CEO Lucky Montana spells out - itself, and only it knows why so many say “no” to some ad-spend (we are blamed squarely on the government, billions are being pumped into projects very reasonable you know!) National Treasury and/or DoT - is like minibus-taxi recapitalisation while especially difficult to understand the trains - the backbone of any “world- following so many often repeated class” city - are left out in the cold. promises that the backlog was going to be fixed by June 2010, that we Maria Ramos did a brilliant job Phillippa Fox were to see “world-class” suburban discarding the loss-making bits at train services in South Africa’s cities, Transnet, like Shosholoza Meyl. But running every few minutes for 16 hours sidetracking this into the DoT stable every day. The word “legacy” featured heaped yet more commitments on top of prominently in these undertakings: Montana’s already overburdened (and June 2010 was not going to be a once- anything but lucky!) encumbrances. off, temporary, put-things-right-for- As for making no provision for picking a-month affair. South Africans were up the intercity service’s financial to enjoy a super-efficient transport obligations when it became part of infrastructure and service for many DoT: c’mon guys - did nobody think CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION CATALOGUE years to come. 15-17 MARCH 2010 | CAPE TOWN INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION CENTRE (CTICC) Contents Transnet Rail Engineering 2 Opinion: Pete the Pundit 6 Africa Update 10 SA Rail News 18 Transnet Rail First Train at Moatize Ringrollers Heat Konkola Deep Mining Project 24 Engineering’s Wheel > Page 12 Treatment Expands Gautrain Update 26 Business > Page 2 > Page 22 Mishaps & Blunders 32 Middle East Update 36 World Miscellany 39 Railway Heritage 40 End of the Line 42 Konkola Deep Mining Gautrain construction Derailment at Project update Pietermaritzburg > Page 24 > Page 26 Station > Page 33 March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 1
  • 4. TRANSNET RAIL ENGINEERING A TOTAL SERVICE SOLUTION Transnet Rail Engineering’s Wheel Business specialises capability to profile 1,435 mm gauge wheel-sets to serve in the refurbishing and assembly of all types of railway Gautrain wheels and other future standard gauge rail wheels for the Southern African region. The business has projects. the capability and facilities to assemble and build up new wheels from components brought in from local and The Wheel Business has the skills and competency to international suppliers. The Wheel Business is managed refurbish old wheels and assemble new wheels. The from its head office situated at Transnet Rail Engineering’s Business has the capacity to produce about 100,000 wheel Koedoespoort depot in Pretoria. The business has seven pairs annually for diesel or electric locomotives, passenger facilities that are strategically located in the Western Cape coaches and freight wagons. As Transnet Rail Engineering (Salt River and Saldanha), Uitenhage, Bloemfontein, Durban, has a history that goes back more than 50 years, it is Johannesburg (Germiston) and Pretoria (Koedoespoort). able to draw on a core of highly experienced staff, that have high levels of competence. The Wheel Business dominates the African wheel market, as it is the only large wheel repair and assembly facility The main activities in the Wheel Business include wheel on the continent. The Business services the rail wheel re-profiling, the machining of axles, centres and tyres requirements for the Transnet Freight Rail fleet (locomotives and the fitting of wheel bearings, driving gears and motor and wagons), PRASA suburban and main-line passenger suspension tubes. coaches, The Blue Train, the Phelophepa Health train, various privately-owned rolling stock as well as the rolling Services offered include: stock of a number of African railway operators. • Ultrasonic axle testing • Axle machining and burnishing The Wheel Business is ISO 9001:2000 certified, and also • Wheel re-profiling complies with the standards laid down by the American • Wheel re-tyring Association of Railroads (AAR). • Making up new and refurbished wheel pairs • Removal and refitting of bearings At its various centres, the Wheel Business is equipped with • Removal, re-qualification and refitting of motor the latest technology, including wheel profiling portal suspension tubes and driving gears lathes and laser beam measuring equipment. The wheels it produces are geared for the 1,067 mm rail gauge. The Transnet Rail Engineering, an operating division of Transnet Business has acquired new portal lathes that have the Limited, is the backbone of South Africa’s railway industry 2 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 5. TRANSNET RAIL ENGINEERING with eight product-focused businesses, 132 depots, is constantly monitored and managed with employees six factories and 13,163 employees countrywide. The receiving regular training in operational health and safety organisation is dedicated to in-service maintenance, repair, awareness. Disabling injury frequency rates are ever upgrade, conversion and manufacture of freight wagons, decreasing and numerous accolades are received including mainline and suburban coaches, diesel and electric the highest safety award, the NOSCAR. locomotives as well as wheels, rotating machines, rolling stock equipment, castings, auxiliary equipment and services. As a responsible corporate citizen, society and the environment are high priorities in the maintenance of A SOLID HISTORY sustainability. Programmes extend to communities and With origins dating back more than a century to the schools, improving the lives of the under-privileged and mechanical engineering department of the former physically challenged through donations of computers, South African Railways and Harbours, this engineering development of sport, occupational therapy and job organisation has actively supported railways in the creation. Being an industrial consumer of electricity and expansion of the country’s economy and over the decades fuel, savings campaigns are maintained for the reduction of has developed some of the most innovative bogies and losses and the efficient use of energy for heating, lighting wagons ever built for 1,067mm track. Through the years, and process power. Transnet Rail Engineering has become the key supplier of customised rolling stock for the coal, iron-ore, intermodal, COMPETENT SUPPLIER - TOTAL SOLUTION agricultural, fuel and cement industries. Transnet Rail Engineering’s competency is based on its sound knowledge of the technologies subsisting in its AFRICAN SOUL – GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE products, supported by ongoing research and development While focus is mainly on the South African market, investment and exceptional product application experience. A in research and development to service the specific demanding standard of precision, combined with integrated maintenance and life-cycle upgrading, ensure a requirements of Africa and the rest of the world has led to comprehensive ‘total-service’ solution for railway operators an ever-expanding range of rolling stock products and a to achieve optimum fleet availability and reliability. All work comprehensive list of satisfied customers, further enhancing is conducted in accordance with railway codes of practice the organisation’s international reputation. The proximity and standards such as those of the American Association of the coastal plants to major ports facilitates the movement of Railroads and all Transnet Rail Engineering depots are of products to and from overseas markets. ISO 9001:2000 accredited. Mobile maintenance teams backed up by a network of support services take the total OUR PEOPLE, OUR COMMUNITIES, OUR FUTURE solution into all operational areas. Rerailing and recovery With its greatest assets being its people and their skills, service completes the support package to regional railway Transnet Rail Engineering is committed to many initiatives operators. such as the talent management programme, relationship building, performance management, transformation, a WORLD CLASS SYSTEMS comprehensive lifestyle well-being programme, as well as The core of Transnet Rail Engineering’s business systems engineering bursaries and apprenticeship training to name is SAP. A Competency Centre based at the corporate but a few. office supports the application modules, being Finance, Controlling (management reporting), Production The organisation takes seriously its moral and legal duty Planning, Sales and Distribution, Human Capital, Material to ensure the health and safety of all employees. This Management, Document Management and Project obligation also extends to clients, the communities in which Systems with Investment Management. The Centre is a it operates and to the protection of the environment. member of the Gartner Best Practices Group and is a well respected member of the SAP community. Architecture Safety has become embedded in the organisation’s includes a portal with a completely duplicated infrastructure culture. Performance achieved through the SHEQ system for disaster recovery. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 3
  • 6. TRANSNET RAIL ENGINEERING Programmes such as Lean Six Sigma, complemented by components, Compliance, Financial Risk Management and agreements with original equipment manufacturers for Enterprise Risk Management. skills and know-how transfer have placed Transnet Rail Engineering firmly on the map as a world class manufacturing SUPPORTING RAILWAYS organisation. Through its comprehensive set of rolling stock products and services, Transnet Rail Engineering is the supplier of DESIGN AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT choice for successful railway operations. Transnet Rail Engineering’s design office makes use of state-of-the-art programmes for computer-aided design, finite element analysis and three-dimensional modelling as well as mechanical and electrical integration software. New products and upgrades of existing products are created by highly qualified and experienced engineers, all specialists in the varied technical disciplines of railway engineering. The design, prototyping, testing, commissioning, industrialisation and production processes are supported by configuration management, project management, quality control, SAP and non-conformance reporting. As the process of manufacture is as important as the products it produces, capital expenditure and maintenance management are equal priorities to ensure modern well serviced equipment, machinery and facilities. PROJECT MANAGEMENT Whether product development or capital expenditure, WE HAVE SEVEN FACILITIES AROUND THE COUNTRY: every project tackled is meticulously analysed using • Salt River and Saldanha – Cape region leading project management methodology. This involves a structured approach in the use of the skills, tools, software • Bloemfontein and techniques throughout the process, from • Germiston - Johannesburg conceptualisation through initiation, planning, execution • Uitenhage and control to close-out. Assisting this process is the • Durban Project Support Office, which acts as a resource centre to • Koedoespoort - Pretoria sustain the project management culture. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE OUR FACILITIES ARE EQUIPPED WITH THE LATEST Transnet Rail Engineering is firmly committed to sound TECHNOLOGY INCLUDING: corporate governance and accountability, having adopted • portal lathes a proactive approach to risk management in line with the • laser measuring machines King II Code of Corporate Governance, the Companies • CNC Axle lathes Act and the Public Finance Management Act. Committees, offices and departments within the organisation manage • CNC Vertical boring mills corporate governance and risk, integrating the three 4 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 7. OPINION PETE THE PUNDIT looks at TRANSPORT COST OVERRUNS, THE COST OF INVESTIGATING IRREGULARITIES and RIFT VALLEY RAILWAY REVELATIONS GAUTRAIN OVERRUN “Of course it’s possible technically - whether 3’6” or standard In a hard-hitting article dealing mainly with Eskom planning gauge, but at what cost? The point is - is it possible for such and shortcomings, the Financial Mail warns : “major capital a service to be a commercial success? The SAR Metroblitz projects like power stations routinely run over budget - just [Pretoria-Johannesburg in 42 minutes in 1984] was excellent look at how the cost of the Gautrain has ballooned.” technically but a marketing disaster. A fortune was spent developing it, then it was put into service on a couple of Memories being short, interested parties may need reminding return runs a day for which you had to pre-book. I did hear that the original estimates for the train were somewhere in that a large part of the patronage was SAR pass-holders. the region of R2 billion, which climbed to R7bn at the time What was needed was a regular-interval service, with tickets when the green flag was waved. That was four years ago, in available on the train - but that was light years ahead of SAR 2005. The current “ceiling” is R25.4 billion. thinking of the day! SA Rail [magazine] at the time likened it to the proverbial local farmer buying a Maserati and then This figure refers only to capital outlay of course. There is using it to take his pigs to market! still performance to be taken into account – performance in “real time” as they say. Unfortunately, the number of people expected to use major new transport projects routinely run below the consultants’ estimates. Thus there may well be shortfalls in operating cost coverage to be met. An example has been seen in Johannesburg very recently, where patronage of the newly opened bus rapid transit (BRT) is far below what was foreseen, and no financial provision was budgeted for such costly daily running expenses. Cape Town contrived a similar, though considerably more costly, analogy. It turns out that the first phase of the city’s BRT scheme is going to need some R3 billion more than South Africa’s Johannesburg-Pretoria-in-42-minutes Metroblitz express (1984). was estimated by the experts. A senior official (who has since “left the council’s employ”) appears to have taken “If anyone seriously believes they can make a TGV the rap, but it seems inexplicable that his own seniors – all [French intercity high-speed train] or similar type service a Very Important Persons – could have accepted, without any commercial success in a suburban or inter-urban setting, I query, calculations flawed to this unbelievable extent. think they need to go back to their economics text books. What might work is a fast (80-100km/h) high-quality light rail This is not the end of this particular story. The wonderful type operation. It has been proved in many cities (particularly new bus system – so Cape Town’s ratepayer millions were in Europe) that if you are going to get people out of their cars assured - would be so viable that it would cover its operating onto public transport the service has to be very high-quality, costs. Well it won’t, it is now conceded – not by a very long fast, reliable and competitive. Whether such a system could chalk - just like its counterpart in Johannesburg. The man be a commercial success under South African economic now in charge thinks about R125 million might just cover one conditions - someone needs to do a serious marketing study year’s operating bills, but warns prudently it might be “quite first - then worry about the technical details!” a bit” more. NIGERIAN SENATE PROBE Back in March 2001, in a discussion on the practicability of Misleading estimates have led many well-meaning Gauteng’s proposed high-speed train, Dr John Middleton (in politicians to spend far beyond their countries’ means. Their his private capacity – he happens to work for the World Bank enterprising (or should we say less honourable) counterparts in Washington DC) offered these views: run up enviable bills at taxpayer expense – on expensive Gautrain – R2bn, then R7bn, now R25bn. Meanwhile, severely underfunded Metrorail has been plunged into what its CEO terms “dire financial straits”. 6 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 8. OPINION motor cars, overseas jaunts and other luxuries not all that concerns in the Senate and raised the political temperature closely connected to the jobs in hand. A third category of of senators is the purported indictment of some former heavy expenditure – one that, like the other two, ought to be and serving public officers and their recommendations for avoidable - concerns the subsequent official investigations various sanctions.” into irregular politically-connected goings on. Like the following example – involving the transport sector in Nigeria – which must be costing the none-too-affluent citizenry a pretty penny: Sufuyan Ojeifo, writing in This Day, published in Lagos, reports: “The report of the Senate Ad-Hoc Committee on Investigation into Nigeria’s Transportation Sector, which indicted some former and current public office holders for allegedly violating due process in payments of contract sums and recommended them for prosecution by the Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC), has raised serious concerns in the Senate.” An immediate logistical problem concerns procedural precedent, in terms of which every senator must get a copy of the copious report (and its annexures and accompanying documents) before the Senate can proceed to consider it. Nigerian railway scene “The totality of the report, as submitted by the committee, RVR CONCESSION STILL IN PLACE can fill a large-sized ‘Ghana-Must-Go’ bag. The feelers,” A late January joint governmental meeting convened in Ojeifo writes, “are that this may dilate the process of Kampala to decide whether to cancel RVR’s concession expeditious consideration of the report. But that, as learnt, resolved after lengthy deliberations that it would not do serves the purpose of the committee: which is to, according so. Had it done otherwise, Jaindi Kisero pointed out in the to sources, put the former and incumbent public officers Saturday Nation, the Transcentury group based in Kenya allegedly indicted on the spot. Significantly, the indictment risked losing “an estimated $9 million it spent on acquiring was not on the basis of funds embezzlement. its 20% stake in RVR as well as shareholder loans it has extended to the consortium in the last two years.” “Specifically, four former ministers of works, four former ministers of state for works and four former permanent Meanwhile the East African press slammed the 25-year secretaries in the ministry who were said to have awarded concession “as the most messy privatisation transaction contracts without budgetary provision in the appropriation in Kenya’s history.” The thrust of the papers’ concern Acts, designs and bills of quantities, were recommended appeared to centre around Transcentury’s representation for prosecution for violation of the ICPC Act and other on the reconstituted RVR Board vis-à-vis that of Egypt’s extant laws. Citadel, to whom South African-based Sheltam, with a 35% stake in the RVR consortium, recently sold 49% of its interest. “The committee also recommended that ‘ministers of Other RVR stakeholders comprise Transcentury (20%), finance and the accountant-general of the federation and Tanzania’s Mirambo Holdings (15%), Prime Fuels of Kenya other officials who authorised payments and released (15%) Babcock Investments Holdings of Australia (10%) funds for the payment of contracts not appropriated by law and Centum Kenya Ltd (5%). and/or released funds above provisions in the appropriation Acts, be prosecuted for violation of extant laws.’ Early in February it was confirmed that RVR had paid the governments of Kenya and Uganda Sh156 million “It further recommended that ‘the director and other officials ($US2 million) and Sh78 million ($US1 million) respectively of the budget monitoring and price intelligence unit (now in outstanding concession fees. The shareholders were bureau of public procurement) who issued certificates of required to put in another $10 million (Sh750 million) by 10 award and payment for contracts not appropriated by law March. be prosecuted for violation of extant laws’. So for the present, RVR’s contentious concession continues “In addition, the committee recommended that ‘the in force, though it was reported on 9 February that engineering representatives and other engineers who issued Kenya’s parliamentary Public Investment Committee had certificates of job completion to contractors when such summoned attorney-general Amos Wako, civil service head jobs had not been completed according to specification Francis Muthaura, transport permanent secretary Cyrus be prosecuted for fraud and accordingly sanctioned by the Njiru and his finance counterpart Joseph Kinyua to appear relevant bodies.’ before it to explain why they saw fit to extend the RVR concession, despite “overwhelming evidence that the “It recommended that ‘the honourable minister of concessionaire had flopped in service provision”, coupled transportation and the permanent secretary who approved with the committee’s specific recommendation that the and transferred N1,210,500,000.00 into the private account concession be terminated “immediately.” of the Digital Toll Gates Company Limited without due process certification and in violation of the terms of concession agreement be prosecuted and this amount be recovered from this private company’. [The minister in question, Mrs Diezani Alison-Madueke is the incumbent minister of solid minerals development]. “There are so many other recommendations that are damningly touching on the integrity of some former and Rift Valley Railways’ concession: Still in force (for now). serving public officers. But the aspect that has created 8 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 9. SAL “THE SUPERIOR” LOCOMOTIVE CONTROL UNIT n The SAL system is applicable to any locomotive produced, n Ancillary hardware exchange within five (5) days. such as GE, GM, Alstom, Bombardier and others. n Applicable to all Multi-Engine (Gen-set) n The Man Machine Interface (MMI) will be programmed to Locomotive Technologies!! display in ANY language. n The SAL system is the most advanced, complete and n The installation of the system will be adapted and designed cost effective Locomotive Intelligent Monitoring system specifically to customers requirements. by Microprocessor and Telemetry through GPRS on the market today! n Installed and operating successfully in Class 1 Railways on EMD & GE locomotives. n Eliminates approximately 85% of relays in Electrical Cabinet. (Subject to locomotive manufacturer) n MU, Control Stand, in engine room located sensors and devices, wiring harnesses are supplied. n Required transducers and mounting hardware kits supplied. n Complete system support by phone, web conference or on site by our Engineers. n 20 years total system support. GM291_AP Presslink SPEED MEASUREMENT AND LIMITING USING TELEMETRY THROUGH GPRS TOTAL LOGIC CONTROL DECREASING NUMBER OF RELAYS UP TO 85%* AXLE GENERATOR * SUBJECT TO LOCOMOTIVE MANUFACTURER DIGITAL EXCITATION CONTROL (MOTORING AND DYNAMIC BREAK) COMPLETE INTELLIGENT MONITORING SYSTEM BY MICROPROCESSOR COMPLETE ENGINE PROTECTION THROUGH SPEED, TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE MONITORING MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE FULL PROTECTION FOR DYNAMIC BREAK GRID zeit EVENT RECORDER DIGITAL COMMUNICATION WITH OPEN PROTOCOL ADHESION CONTROL AND TRACTION MOTORS PROTECTION COMPLETE POWER CONTROL AXLE ALTERNATOR REAL DIESEL FUEL CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT PROTECTION AND CONTROL OF AUXILIARY EQUIPMENTS (COMPRESSOR, BLOWER, AUXILIAR GENERATOR, ETC) Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026 730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada
  • 10. AFRICA UPDATE ALGERIA The entity became state-owned in 2001, on expiry of a 99- CANADA’S DESSAU TO BUILD ALGERIAN LINE year lease held by a British company. Management of the Canadian engineering firm Dessau has won a $US38.8 railway by Transnet, AIM explains, has been the subject of million contract for the preliminary and final design for a discussions in which Angola was represented by the GRN new 170km double track between Algiers and Constantine (National Reconstruction Office) director-general Vieira Dias in Algeria’s north-east. The contract is part of a $US2.3 “Kopelipa”. The rehabilitation of the three railways in Angola billion government project. The contract was awarded has been the direct responsibility of GRN, “which participates by a consortium comprising China Civil Engineering in the China International Fund (CIF).” Construction Corporation (CCECC) and Turkish partner Ozgun Construction. Both freight and passenger services CIF, it is explained, ”has the status of general contractor”. In will use the line, running at a maximum 160km/h. that capacity, it sub-contracted several Chinese companies which are carrying out the reconstruction along different Dessau’s team of 50 Canadian and Algerian engineers will sections of the railway. The work has been delayed by be responsible for designing bridges, viaducts, underpasses “technical and bureaucratic” difficulties, aggravated by the and overpasses, drainage structures, road and railway extent of destruction suffered by the line. It is now expected reconstruction, signalling and telecommunications facilities. that the railway (part of which is currently operational) will reopen throughout in 2011. Founded in 1957, privately owned Dessau is the second- largest engineering construction firm in Quebec. It is the fifth AIM says that “further privatisation” is planned, “and in that largest in Canada and one of the 100 largest in the world, context, investors and Spoornet will become partners of the with 4,300 employees. state. The management of CFB by Spoornet will initially be made by a management contract to come into force by the ANGOLA time of reopening the road. The privatisation process will BENGUELA LINE PROGRESS likely open two years later.” Rehabilitation of Caminhos de ferro de Benguela (CFB), Angola’s line from the Atlantic to the Democratic Republic The report concludes: “The entry of Spoornet into CFB is of Congo (DRC) went ahead during February on the section seen as a reflection of their desire to increase the prominence between Munhango (750km from Lobito) and Luau (1,289km). which already has the organisation and operation of networks The China Railway 20 Bureau Group Corporation (CR-20) is of cross-border rail systems in Southern Africa. Italy’s Tor di employing some 300 Chinese technicians and 300 Angolans Vale (AM 029) was the initially selected partner for the on the project, which began in Chicala. CR-20 official Zhang CFB.” Li Jun told the Angolan News Agency Angop that rails will be in place as far as Luena (990km from Lobito) by May 2010, when the first train is expected to arrive. Tankcar supplied to Angola by the China South works. TRANSNET TO RUN CFB? According to the news agency AIM, “Spoornet” (sic) is to manage the CFB Railway in Angola, once the current DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC) rehabilitation works are complete. No confirmatory SNCC (DRC CONGO) REHABILITATION information has been received from Transnet at this time. AIM On Friday 13 November 2009, DRC President Joseph Kabila says Spoornet is the main rail operator in South Africa, owned officially launched a “titanic” project – the reconstruction by Transnet, “the holding company of the state” It adds: “At of Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Congolais (SNCC a later stage Spoornet will acquire equity stake in the CFB”. – the state railway in the Democratic Republic of Congo). According to the official report: “With 3,641km of track CFB stands for Caminhos de ferro de Benguela, the including 858km electrified and 12,500 employees, the 1,350km railway running from the port of Lobito to Dilolo on SNCC network is equivalent to that in five West African the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). countries totalled together: Camrail in Cameroon, Transrail 10 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 11. AFRICA UPDATE in Sénégal and Mali, and Sitarail in Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina The companies, China Communication Construction Faso.” The infrastructure, both track and rolling stock, is old Company (CCCC), China Railway Group, Overseas and “20 years overdue for investment.” The workforce has Investment Alliance (OIA) from India, and a Russian entity, an average age of 55 years and salary payments are badly are also carrying out studies of their own, ERC director in arrear to the extent of “some $US1.4 billion”. Hailemariam Desalegn told Addis Fortune. “The company that will get the project will be the one that comes with the Following an international tender process, the Belgian firm financing,” Hailemariam said. Vecturis SA was selected to assist in rehabilitating SNCC. “Their technical assistance mission began in July 2009, fully The government decided to build a new railway instead of funded by the World Bank.” continuing with upgrading the existing line because higher speeds would be possible. At present there is no train The chief executive officer of SNCC is Freddy Strumane. service between Addis Abeba and Dire Dawa, and “only very Vincent Tshiongo has been appointed chief technology occasionally” between Dire Dawa and Djibouti. Upgrading officer. Norbert Lubanda is managing director and Faithful of the existing line was initiated at a cost of $US50m “but it Mwamba is chief financial officer. was interrupted for quality reasons,” Addis Fortune was told. In 2009, a $US5.25 million contribution by the government and $14.2 million from the African Development Bank (ADB) maintained stabilising activities at SNCC within the integrated programme of reforms, led by portfolio minister Jeanine Mabunda and Copirep - the Steering Committee of Reforms. However, SNCC is heavily dependent upon financial assistance from outside the DRC. The resources needed to effect complete recovery of the railway are being mobilised by a team led by minister of transport and communications Mpita Mathieu. It is foreseen that $360 million will be needed immediately – “at least” $160 million from the World Bank and $200 million and “Cooperation Sino Congolese”. It is hoped that the bank will assist further in meeting SNCC’s cash deficit. The “massive” envisaged investment programme involves the acquisition of 35 new locomotives, 100 passenger coaches, 200 freight wagons, two electric substations and A train at Dire Dawa, an important station on the 781km Ethio-Djibouti Railway, all the equipment necessary for rehabilitating some 700km of CFDE (Chemin de fer Djibouti-Ethopien). The 473km section west of Dire Dawa is track on the sections Sakania-Lubumbashi-Luambo-Tenke- not currently in operation. Photo: Dietmar Fiedel Kolwezi-Luilu; Kamina-Kipukwe-Lusenji-Kabongo-Kabalo; and Kimanda-Kaniama-Mwene Ditu. KENYA CITADEL ACQUIRES 17.5% OF RVR The financial plan also includes the rehabilitation of 350 existing wagons and 17 locomotives, and provision for pension benefits for employees who will reach retirement age within 5 years. During 2010 it is hoped to start construction on the renewal of track between Tenke and Kisanfu, where many derailments occur. The overhaul of locomotives and 25 passenger coaches is being prioritised. Other work on the programme will be carried out in the period 2011-2014. Nairobi commuter train. Daily Nation file photo Citadel Capital, a leading private equity firm in Africa and the Middle East, with investments totaling $US8.3 billion, confirmed on 22 February that it has acquired a 49% stake in the Sheltam company, the largest single shareholder and lead investor in the Rift Valley Railways (RVR) consortium. Sheltam owns 35% of RVR, holder of a 25-year concession to operate the railway linking Kenya’s Indian Ocean port of Mombasa with the rest of the country as well as Uganda and its capital, Kampala. Effectively, Citadel Capital now holds 17.5% of RVR. “We will look to inject more than $150m in the A former South African Railways class 32.000 (GE U18C1) diesel locomotive that ended its working days on SNCC. Photo: Jean Dulez railway over the coming five years,” managing director Karim Sadek says. ETHIOPIA ETHIOPIAN RAIL STUDY LAUNCHED “The first of several investments we are exploring in East A memorandum of understanding (MoU) has been signed Africa, it is a natural extension of our interest in African by four foreign companies and the Ethiopian Railway transport and logistics. Corporation (ERC) for undertaking a study on the planned construction of a new railway to the border with Djibouti at a “The Kenya-Uganda Railway has immense potential waiting projected cost of $US1.5 billion. to be unlocked through the appropriate deployment of capital March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 11
  • 12. AFRICA UPDATE and management talent,” Sadek explains. “We intend to Tete provincial director of transport Paz Catruza said that acquire 100% of Sheltam, and to pursue other investments in reopening the line would speed production at the coal mines Africa’s promising transport sector.” Transport in East Africa in Moatize, scheduled to start between the end of 2010 and is among the costliest the world, that between Mombasa and early 2011. Equipment needed by the two largest companies Kampala running at more than $0.13 per ton/km. A lack of holding mining concessions - Vale of Brazil and Riversdale of operating capacity has resulted in rail capturing less than Australia – can now be moved in by rail. 10% of the region’s transport market. Rail passenger transport between Beira and Moatize would “An efficient rail network could, in time, bring East African resume shortly, Catruza promised. transport costs down by as much as 50% due to the inherent operational and fuel efficiency of shipping by rail,” Citadel Capital’s managing director Amr El-Barbary says, pointing out that the railway currently hauls just over 1mta of the 16mta being handled in the port of Mombasa. “New investment and a fresh approach to management could see that figure grow to 5mta within five years.” MOROCCO MOROCCAN HIGH-SPEED TRAIN Morocco’s new Tangier-Casablanca high-speed trains will carry 8 million passengers per year, says Office National des Chemins de fer (ONCF – the national railway of Morocco) CEO Mohammed Rabie Khlie. With a capacity of 500 passengers, each trainset will be “accessible to the average citizen” with a departure every hour (every half-hour during periods of heavy traffic). Infrastructural work on the project, scheduled to commence in June 2010, is expected to be complete by the end of 2014, with trains in operation by December 2015. The Tangier-Casablanca section will form the first stage of the country’s high-speed rail master plan, which envisages more than 1,500km of new lines by 2035. The government plans to promote economic and social development through upgrading major infrastructure networks. The project is being funded by the state (4.8 billion dirhams), the Hassan II Fund for Economic and Social Development (1 billion dirhams), French and European donations (1.9 billion dirhams) and loans with favourable terms and conditions (12.3 billion dirhams). Tracklaying machine: Sena line.Photos: Antonio Teixeira. MOZAMBIQUE FIRST TRAIN AT MOATIZE On Saturday 30 January 2010, the first train to arrive at Moatize in the western Mozambican province of Tete in more than two decades was met by an impressive contingent: members of the central committee of the ruling Frelimo resident locally, Frelimo members of parliament, members of the provincial and district governments, and a large crowd of people. According to Moatize district administrator Adelino Andissene, the railway will bring many benefits to the province. He was sure, he said, that people living along the line “will take advantage of this opportunity, by transporting their agricultural surpluses to the commercial centres”. New level crossing under construction near Moatize. Photo: Antonio Teixeira. NIGERIA NEW GE LOCOS FOR NIGERIA On 5 February, it was announced jointly by the Nigerian ministry of transport and GE Transportation that the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC) has taken delivery of the first five new C25 six-axle diesel-electric locomotives. The balance of the order for 25 units, intended for both freight and passenger service, is to be shipped during the second half of 2010. The locomotives were built by GE Transportation South America, GE Transportation’s affiliate facility in Brazil. The locomotives feature GE’s 7FDL12-cylinder, 2,500hp engine supplied by GE Transportation’s diesel engine manufacturing Sleepers laid through Moatize station. Photo: Antonio Teixeira. 12 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
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  • 14. AFRICA UPDATE AFRICA UPDATE TRL director general Narasimhaswami Jayaram said that RVR commercial manager in Kampala, Geoffrey plant in Grove City, USA. The locomotives were designed Corporation (CCECC). While inspecting the work early in two goods trains comprising 23 wagons would be conveying Tindimwebwa says the rates will still be lower than those specifically to accommodate Nigeria’s weight per axle, February, Aliero was quoted saying: “I think it would be various commodities including cement from the Tanga charged by road freight hauliers. “Our rates have been loading gauge and clearance characteristics. wrong for anybody to call this project a white elephant. A Cement Company. steady since last Octobera project that has no direct and the white elephant project is before the fuel prices rose bearing price ofpeoplespiralled,” he to serve.” He said the project is to the steel it is meant points out, whereas the truckers GE Transportation South America has built GE diesel- TAZARA raise rates every time the fuelproblems of ordinary people in meant to solve the transport price changes. “Also, we have electric locomotives including AC44, Dash 9 and the C TAZARAin Brazil since 1967, and has produced more than had Federal Capital Territorythe weakening dollar as that can the a negative result from (FCT). “This is a project most of Series TARIFFS UPPED New fares applicable on the Tanzania-Zambia Railway came our rates are in that currency. Itat once to the city centre, the transport 500 to 1,000 people has been losing value, while 1,000 locomotives, operating in over 15 countries around the into effect on 1 July. Ticket prices on ordinary passenger the prices of our inputs have been going up.” towns.” airport, the industrial park and other satellite world. Altogether, approximately 17,000 GE locomotives are trains as more than 50 Tazara Express went up 20% while in use in well as the countries. parcels and luggage rates rose 30%. Travellers from Dar- ZAMBIA He explained that, to date, the FCT administration had paid es-SalaamandTanzania GEKapiri Mposhi inLorenzo Simonelli President in CEO of to Transportation Zambia now pay RSZ TAKEN TO TASK total cost which amounts to about 15% of the project’s Tsh72,600 ($US72) in “GE experts performed an extensive was quoted saying: first class on the Tazara Express, up In an editorial, The Timesamounts are to be paid soon “to $US840 million. Further of Zambia takes Rail Systems of from Tsh60,500 ($US60). analysis on Nigeria’s narrow-gauge railway network, haulage Zambia (RSZ),project”. speed up the the concessionaire running Zambian Railways, requirements and traffic patterns to determine the best-fit to task for buying “brand new motor vehicles worth $US1.4 To Makambako (Iringa) from Dar-es-Salaam now costs locomotive.” TANZANIA million”, while apparently falling short in service delivery. Tsh29,000 ($US29) instead of Tsh24,200 ($US24). To Rujewa “While theAPPROVE TRL LEASE right to purchase vehicles for IFC MUST company has every CANCELLING (Mbeya) the fare is now Tsh29,900 ($US29) instead of operations, we feel their priorities are misplaced,” Economic Following the decision by Rail India Technical and the paper Tsh24,900 ($US24). Services Ltd (Rites) to offer for sale its 51% stake in the writes. consortium established three years ago to operate Tanzania’s Tazara managing director Clement Subulwa Mwiya points railway, it is understood that the International Finance “Gone are the days,” it laments, “when the railway network out that the company’s policy is to adjust tariffs annually. was the most(IFC) will have of transport in Zambia. “It wasthe Corporation reliable mode the final word in terminating so High operational costs are being experienced, notably in the reliable and cheap, that the According toZambia’s favourite 25-year lease agreement. rail line was The East African, wage bill and the continually rising cost of diesel. Tazara is mode of transport, offloading goodsisand to decide on the published in Nairobi, “the government yet passengers in upgrading its facilities at a cost of $US10 million, he says, remote areas potential legal battles at the international court offer, fearing where roads were inaccessible. and 18 locomotives are being rehabilitated currently of arbitration and problems with the funders of the aborted privatisation process.” “The failure by RSZ to provide safety and reliability has forced UGANDA many Zambians to abandon rail transport in preference for MAIN-LINE AT JINJA REOPENS the faster and more reliablethe shares in Tanzania Railways, The decision to purchase road transport. It was hoped that The main-line to Kampala from Kenya, closed near Jinja on when Zambiainformationwas concessioned to RSZ, subject according to Railways supplied to the paper, “is things 14 May following the collapse of an embankment due to a wouldIFC green light, upon assurances from the government to an change for the better.” as to who is responsible for carrying the debt, amounting to blocked culvert, was reopened to traffic on 16 June. During $US7 million with interest. the of Nigeria’s new GE locomotives. One four weeks that the line remained inoperable, freight was [RSZ inherited a sorely run-down system which is taking a offloaded at Iganga and taken forward by road. According great deal of time and money to put right. The rosy past of to Rift Valley the arrival(RVR) project manager Glenn Kleyn, Speaking at Railways of five new locomotives at berth 19 railways in the country share was used asdays when it was “The Indian firm’s 51% dates back to the a loan guarantee quoted by port, Vision (published in Kampala) a new three- of Apapa New Lagos, early in February, Nigerian minister called Northern Rhodesiafrom the IFC as working capital but to secure $US44 million – but nobody will want to remember of transport Ibrahim Isa Bio announced that 25 drivers are metre diameter galvanised iron culvert has been installed, that.World Bank finance body disbursed only $7 million of the – editor] this amount. to provide adequateAfrica for training “to effectively manage to be sent to South outlet for stormwater to drain into Lake the fleet”. Victoria, about a kilometre downstream. A senior government official told The East African in Dar-es- Salaam that, after eight months of delay, the government told Kleyn said the repair work was being done at help improve He was quoted saying: “These locomotives will mile 323. In 4 - 6 March 2009 the IFC it did not have confidence in the railway consortium’s Cape Town addition, the company isthe railway system of at mile 289 mass transit through investigating a structure movement management, ‘prompting IFC to hold back the rest of the of goods and services and contribute to the economic towards Busembatia. loan.’ The official said that IFC then made a feasibility study development of the country. Government has started the ZIMBABWE and advised the Tanzanian government that of the contract “It (mile modernisation any immediate danger but for are railway 289) is not in project and the contract we the NEW NRZ SERVICE needed an injection of $US100 million, Tanzania Railways investigating andhas been up designs,” he told the paper. standard gauge drawing awarded”. more than twice the proposed loan, and needed Tanzania The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has introduced [GE says the new locos were specially developed for Nigeria’s a new Rites commitment as securityChicualacuala, 500km and weekly passenger service to to release additional UGANDA gauge”. Successive reports speak of the standard RATES INCREASE funds. south-east of Bulawayo on the line to Maputo. The existing “narrow Rift Valley Railways (RVR) has increased freight rates Wednesday train to Chiredzi has been rescheduled to leave gauge project having been scrapped, but the minister seems between Mombasa and Kampala from $US80 per tonne to to think otherwise. - Editor] Bulawayo Tanzania on Wednesday instead of 21:00. Arriving “Instead, at 14:00 told Rites to prepare a business plan to $110. Former managing director Roy Puffet explained in July: at 04:00the extent of the returns at 05:00 needed to revamp decide on Thursday, it working capital to Mbizi junction, “The tariff adjustment was driven by continued upward costs ABUJA LRT BY 2012 and railway. The from parties to Chicualacuala. the business the continues two there failed to agree on Following a of energy, petroleum products and steel. The price of diesel The new light rail system in the Nigerian capital Abuja will 14:00when Rites projected that Tanzania Railways would only plan departure, it runs back to Bulawayo, arriving on Friday has gone up by 24% in the last eight months and there is be in operation by 2012, Senator Adamu Aliero says. The carry 1.7 million tonnes per annum by the year be able The Chiredzi-Bulawayo service retains its former double digit inflation as well as dollar revaluation”. completion date was advanced from 2013 due to good timing while thedays of thegovernment insisted that the line 2015, on other Tanzania week. has the potential of ferrying 10 million tonnes, a stand-off that progress made by the China Civil Engineering Construction created doubts at IFC about the whole deal. Thermitrex (Pty) Ltd Tel: +27 (0)11 914 2540 18 RAILWAYS AFRICA RAILWAYS AFRICA 3 | 2008 March 2010 14
  • 15. AFRICA UPDATE “Hundi Lal Chaudhary, chief executive officer of Tanzania off projects, as well as the creation of investment funds for Railways Ltd, told The East African that negotiations between venture capital. Rites and the Tanzania government for the sale of the 51% shares were ongoing but declined to disclose further details. Minister Zouari stressed the importance of major national companies joining the spin-off programme, as this will boost “MPs are now demanding that the government set a investment and create jobs. Minister Chelbi recalled the timeline for termination of the contract as it is a burden on objectives in this sector focusing on doubling the number the taxpayer, with the government subsidising Tanzania of spin-off projects created from 100 to 200 per year, saying Railways on a monthly basis to enable it to pay the salaries that “according to investigations carried out abroad, the of hundred of workers. chances of success of a new scheme will double if it is created within the framework of a spin-off project”. “Tanzania in 2006 concessioned Tanzania Railways operation and maintenance to the Rites consortium for 25 years, with the IFC providing the working capital. The seed capital from the consortium was $US20 million and IFC was to provide $US44 million.” FUNDING FOR TANZANIAN-RWANDA STUDY Tunisian push-pull train bound for Hammarmet and Nabeul at Bir Bou Regba. Photo Richard Ågren. UGANDA ARMY TO REBUILD UGANDAN RAILWAY Addressing the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) at the Ugandan Parliament in Kampala, President Yoweri Museveni said the poor infrastructure in the region needed immediate attention. “The problem of infrastructure in East Africa is a matter of survival,” he said, “especially electricity, the roads and railway. If we don’t improve, it will lead us into trouble. The Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF), Museveni The African Development Bank (ADB) has agreed to announced, is to rebuild the railway network in the country. provide $US8.15 million to finance the viability study for the proposed new Dar-es-Salaam-Isaka-Kigali-Keza- He told parliament Musongati 1,435mm gauge railway, which will connect that the UPDF had Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda. According to the East set up an engineering African Community (EAC) development programme, the brigade and was railway line is “critical to the reduction of multinational quoted saying: “We poverty through regional infrastructure development.” The shall use them to study will provide the governments of Tanzania, Rwanda build the railway. I and Burundi with data and decision-making tools “to facilitate talked to the army the mobilisation of financing, project implementation and engineers and they railway management.” Diesel loco in Uganda. said it is okay”. The colonialists, he said, used “rudimentary tools” to construct According to The East African (published in Nairobi), axle the railway still in use in East Africa today. By contrast, the loadings of 25 tonnes are foreseen on the new line, with present army was in a much better position and possessed locomotives “pulling 2,000 wagons (sic) at a time”. better technology. TUNISIA Electricity power generation in the region, Museveni added, AIR & RAIL “SPIN-OFFS” IN TUNISIA was too low to sustain development. He gave the assurance Tunisair and Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Tunisiens that even without foreign aid, Uganda could build its own (SNCFT - the Tunisian National Railways) have signed a joint power stations. agreement creating two “spin-off” companies. Minister of transport Abderrahim Zouari; minister of industry, energy ZAMBIA and small and medium enterprises Afif Chelbi; Tunisair ZAMBIAN RAIL ULTIMATUM president and CEO Nabil Chettaoui, and Néjib Fitouri, SNCFT The Zambian parliamentary committee on government CEO Néjib Fitouri were present at the signing ceremony. In assurances has given a 30-day ultimatum to the ministry terms of these agreements, the two “spin-off” companies of communications and transport in which to stipulate the undertake to create an organisational structure, to develop exact duration that will be required to complete the various an annual programme fixing the number and terms of spin- railway development projects in the country. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 15
  • 16. AFRICA UPDATE On 26 January, committee chairman Chishimba Kambwili Track Term 1.2 units installed on locomotives, together with said that in respect of several uncompleted rail projects, the six computer terminals located at the Harare, Dabuka, government keeps giving assurances that they would be Bulawayo, Sawmills and Thompson Junction control developed “soon”. Acting ministry of communications and centres. At these points, continuous visual display updates transport permanent secretary John Chipuwa was before are provided on locomotive positions and speed. Accident the committee. investigation is significantly assisted through the data recording facility, by means of which train movement history Projects listed by Kambwili included Nseluka-Mpulungu, can be replayed and examined. Chipata-Tazara, Mulobezi-Caprivi, Kafue to Lions Den and the Njanji commuter railway. Chipuwa told the committee During recent years, NRZ was forced to fall back on the that the government wanted the Chingola-Lumwana project elementary paper order system of train despatching, to go ahead but this was stalled because of litigation by a following “total collapse” of the railway’s comprehensive prospective developer. centralised traffic control system (CTC) through widespread vandalism. Regarding the Njanji commuter line. He said that only one bid had been received. This is under consideration by the CTC was originally installed by the former Rhodesian Zambia Development Agency. Railways in 1951, at which time it was one of the first systems in the world to do so along the entire length of its main-lines. NRZ INTENSIFIES SECURITY The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has revamped security standards to combat theft, vandalism and related crime which has cost the organisation millions of dollars. Following the graduating of professionally trained dog handler security officers at a pass-out parade at Westgate Dog Training School, NRZ increased its recruitment drive. Security officers undergo 12 weeks of extensive training in basic dog handling, obedience, guard-dog and obstacle training handling and drill, kennel management and apprehension technique. Lineside scene in Zambia. Photo: Dietmar Fiedel. Fuel storage tanks, copper warehouses and other facilities ZIMBABWE which have been targets for theft and vandalism are now GPS INAUGURATED AT NRZ accorded heavy security, augmented by dog patrols The Global Positioning System (GPS) recently inaugurated searching for substances such as drugs and explosives. by the National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) comprises Star Tel: +27 (0)12 653-4595 PO Box 9375, Centurion 105 Theuns St. , Hennopspark, Fax: +27 (0)12 653-6841 0046, South Africa Centurion, 0157, South Africa 16 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
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  • 18. SA RAIL NEWS South African Rail News TRANSPORT COMMAND AND CALL CENTRE Though there is awareness of Transnet’s “multibillion Rand A transport command and call centre will come into operation investment scheme, Barloworld Logistics marketing general in March 2010, to serve as the central hub of co-ordination manager Kate Stubbs said nobody perceives much in the for transport operations during the forthcoming Fifa Soccer way of visible improvement – neither in operating nor in World Cup. infrastructure. “The centre will enable the Department of Transport Of the 377 respondents that participated in the survey to maintain overall command, control and co-ordinate – 16% of them managing directors or CEOs and 13% transport operations across the country, including host general managers – most feel “an urgent need for public- cities and provinces,” transport minister Sibusiso Ndebele private cooperation in the freight rail sector at a strategic told local organising committee CEO Danny Jordaan during and decision-making level”. An opinion widely held is that a meeting held to provide an update on transport plans for the sector could do with significant private sector direct the World Cup. investment. Stubbs was quoted saying: “There is a huge, desperate need for public-private cooperation to improve The centre will provide live, real-time information that infrastructure.” will also facilitate quick decision-making and responses to incidents. Travellers will be able to access relevant More than 20% of the survey participants indicated that they transport information through the call centre and a central spend more than 10% of the cost of their goods on transport. website. One of the aims is to ensure that visitors to the country have a central point of call, where they can be TRANSNET LOCOMOTIVES: 30 YEAR AVERAGE AGE provided with travel planning information and assistance. Transnet acting chief executive officer Chris Wells told Parliament’s portfolio committee on communications on South Africa is expecting approximately 450,000 visitors 3 February that the country’s locomotives are on average to descend on the country for the football spectacle which 30 years old. Sapa quoted him saying that the fleet totals kicks off on 11 June. some 2,000: “We haven’t purchased a new locomotive for well over ten years, which has caused a lot of problems in NO PLANS TO CHANGE SA GAUGE performance”. However he said, “By the end of March 2011, There are no plans to change the gauge of South Africa’s some 10% of our rail fleet should be brand new. That is very railways from the existing 1,067mm “Cape Gauge” to the 1.435 significant for performance going forward.” metre “Standard Gauge”, Transnet acting chief executive officer Chris Wells told Parliament’s portfolio committee on communications on 3 February. He was quoted saying it is not thought “appropriate” to change the network in the medium term. “There has been a lot of discussion of moving to standard gauge, which will allow faster speeds,” he said. “We don’t believe it appropriate. Unfortunately, we are all on the rail gauge known as Cape Gauge”. While there have indeed been new electric locos very recently (and before that numbers in the eighties and early nineties), there have been no completely new main-line diesels since the last class 37 in 1982 – ie almost 30 years ago. Guy Hausler took this photo of 37.100 in February 2007 at Dullstroom (on the Steelpoort branch in Mpumalanga). TRANSNET ON THE PORTS “No plans to change the gauge” – Transnet acting CEO Chris Wells. Photo: Richard Grönstedt Aerial view of the port of Richards Bay. SA FREIGHT TRANSPORT HEADACHES “Our new port at Coega is well-placed to be the midway A good 80% of companies taking part in this year’s between the large ships from the east to offload at that Barloworld logistics supply-chain foresight survey said that port and then return back and with short sea shipping under 10% of their goods are transported by rail. No less up the coast of Africa or inland to South Africa,” Transnet than 46% of the companies surveyed thought they might acting chief executive officer Chris Wells told Parliament’s use rail for more than 20% of their freight – if “adequate” communications portfolio committee on 3 February. Near railway capacity existed. Nearly half the entities polled were Port Elizabeth, Coega is “well positioned” to be a trans- unhappy with the service given by rail. 18 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 19. SA RAIL NEWS shipment port between Asia and South America, Sapa GE AND BBBEE quoted him saying. In December 2008, GE Transportation signed an agreement with South African Broad-Based Black Economic Transnet is cooperating with port authorities in Luanda, Empowerment (BBBEE) Mineworkers Investment Company Angola, Wells told the committee, to assist in “congestion” (MIC), to establish the subsidiary GE South Africa and “the utilisation of the Coega facilities in that regard”. Technologies (Pty) Limited (GESAT), allowing the company to actively participate in South Africa’s social and economic Plans are also under way to expand the coal port of Richard’s transformation in the rail industry. Bay, which is operating at a capacity of 90 million tons per annum but possesses the infrastructural capacity for only Commenting on the announcement of the contract for 70 million tons. “We are working with industry on planning 100 new GE locos, MIC executive director Tshidi Madima, to increase that to 81 million tons in the medium term. The said, “We are delighted that GESAT has been successful long-term view is it should be 90 million tons plus.” in winning this Transnet Freight Rail contract. This is an excellent example of the type of participation in the South NEW GE DIESELS FOR SOUTH AFRICA African economy that was anticipated in the creation of Details of GE Transportation’s 100 new diesel-electric GESAT 12 months ago.” locomotives for Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) are as follows: GE’s model C30ACi, the first AC diesel electric locomotive to be introduced to sub-Saharan Africa, will have an engine that delivers 3,300 gross horsepower (GHP) using an electronic fuel-injection system that automatically supplies the exact amount of fuel needed for optimal engine efficiency. The locomotives will also feature GE’s unique AC propulsion technology and dynamic braking. The first locomotives and kits are scheduled to be delivered in early 2011; locomotive assembly at Transnet Rail Engineering (TRE), using kits from GE’s Erie plant and engines from that at Grove City, should begin at the end of 2010. GE Transportation explains that “the addition of these new locomotives, which will be used to haul freight and coal, will decrease life-cycle costs, improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.” On 27 May 2008, Jacque Wepener photographed 34.058 at Willemsrus on the OFS branch to Bultfontein. This GE U26C dates from the early seventies. GE Transportation has an installed base of some 1,200 GE locomotives in Africa some 900 of which are in South Africa. CASH-FLOW PROBLEMS AT METRORAIL In 2008, the company points out, “GE Transportation took During January, Business Day reported, East Rand-based South Africa’s Western Cape Orex line to the next level with Sinqobile Equestrian Security Services was forced to take the longest production train in the world, made possible Metrorail to court to try to recover R2.4 million owed. It lost through the LOCOTROL technology solution. This distributed the case, with the North Gauteng High Court decreeing power system - a first in South Africa - allows longer, safer that non-payment is “a normal commercial risk”. However, trains on the critical Western Cape Saldanha Bay iron ore the company has since managed to recoup R1.5m and was export line. Orex is the only heavy-haul iron-ore railway line promised the balance “over the next couple of months”. in South Africa and the second-longest iron-ore railway line in the world at some 861km. It feeds the port of Saldanha “We supply about 450 security guards to Metrorail, of which Bay, for export to a global market hungry for South African about 80 are mounted. So far we have managed to feed the iron ore. Until now, the carrying capacity of the line itself horses and pay the guards,” Sinqobile director Andries de has been a major barrier to increasing economy-boosting Klerk told the paper. iron ore exports. Member of Parliament Manny de Freitas quoted from a “GE worked closely with TRE to develop a comprehensive letter written by B Sithole, described as a Metrorail financial localisation plan that complements local strengths and manager in KwaZulu-Natal, saying that supplier payments transfers world-class skills and technology where applicable. were being delayed due to Metrorail “experiencing cash flow challenges in meeting its financial obligations”. “I have more evidence of non-payment of invoices by Metrorail and I am sorry to say it is mainly smaller black economic empowerment companies that are being hardest hit,” de Freitas said. Metrorail has serious cash-flow problems. During February, Malcolm Bates A 2,750hp class 34.9xx GE type U26C, new in 1980, heads the Trans-Karoo express photographed the Strand Business Express (deputising for its Southern Suburbs at Kimberley in June 1994. counterpart) near Plumstead. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 19
  • 20. SA RAIL NEWS PRASA LAYS IT ON THE LINE Freight Rail (TFR). The situation mirrors a long-standing The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (Prasa) puts headache in the USA, where government-owned passenger the blame for its financial woes squarely on underfunding train delays are routinely attributed to the separately-owned from the Department of Transport (DoT), but also cites “poor freight lines over which they run. The difference in South performance” by managerial staff Africa is that the same government owns and runs both passenger and freight services, whereas in America most of Prasa CEO Lucky Montana, in a Business Day half-page the tracks are owned and operated by private companies. advertisement “open letter” to the Democratic Alliance’s (DA’s) Manny de Freitas, said a due-diligence report on The local press has not helped anyone comprehend the intercity subsidiary Shosholoza Meyl revealed that it needed complicated relationship recently contrived between the about R1.4 billion annually to operate “effectively”. However, now separate state departments by sensational reporting DoT provides only R450m. Prasa he explained is “grappling claiming huge delays to “luxury” trains when in fact the with high operating costs and dwindling revenue.” early February delays affected trains that fell into anything but the luxury category. As a TFR spokesman explained, Most of commuter rail subsidiary Metrorail’s past deficits, the 10-hour delay affected an “economy class” service Montana said, had been funded from the “huge reserves from Cape Town to Durban, “economy” being the current that we have built over the years”. On the other hand, euphemism for what used to be called third class. Our own Metrorail had not been allowed to raise fares for more than investigations suggest that a pantograph tangling in the five years despite “ballooning” operating costs. “This simply Free State overhead started this particular train’s means that Metrorail services have become uneconomical,” misfortunes. Many hours passed before diesel locomotives he said, and liabilities related to pension, medical aid and could be sourced to rescue the stranded express. staff leave remained “largely unfunded”. The tourist industry is particularly worried about the Asked by journalists whether adequate funding was being problems with Shosholoza Meyl’s Premier Classe, which provided to Prasa, DoT said allocations are “in line with the promises five-star service. Thornybush CEO Nic Griffin was medium-term expenditure framework.” quoted saying that while service on board is “impeccable”, delays attributed to TFR would ultimately lead to the failure Montana’s open letter, the DA suggests, is a “fairly ingenious of the facility: “The parastatal appears to be bogged down piece of political communication” because, under the guise by poor maintenance and security, lack of infrastructure of a letter to the DA, Montana has achieved “a methodical investment and weak management. We have chartered and quite powerful plea to the minister of transport for more both the Premiere Classe and the Blue Train in the last four money”. months at huge expense, but on each occasion the train has run between three and nine hours late. The overseas market Montana refuted claims by the DA that Prasa had wasted simply will not support this poor service. The worst part is money. He was referring to the party’s complaining about “a that nobody apologises or seems to care.” blatant wasteful expenditure of R584,810.92 by Metrorail for a Women’s Day celebration held in August 2009.” Certain managers at Metrorail, Montana said, had been instructed to repay “wasteful expenditure” linked to the Women’s Day celebration. The acting CEO of Shosholoza Meyl, Viwe Mlenzana, was suspended late in January pending the outcome of a disciplinary hearing on “serious breaches” of the Public Finance Management Act. Metrorail CEO Sisa Mtwa has been asked to explain his “failure to manage controllable costs within Metrorail”, as well as “poor train service performance”. Montana promised action against managers in the engineering department “who may have exceeded budgets for capital projects” without obtaining prior approval. Jez Smith photographed 35.214 at Beaconsfield, Kimberley, in January, resplendent in purple- the new Shosholoza Meyl loco livery. LATEST ON SIMON’S TOWN There have been no trains on the 6.3km final section of the Cape Town suburban line south of Fish Hoek since early November, when unusually high tides piled heaps of sand on the line and caused serious damage beyond Glencairn, where structure beneath the track was undermined. Repairs, certain to be costly, are unlikely to be completed for several months. As far as Glencairn however (3.6km beyond Fish Hoek), the track has been cleared, test runs were satisfactory and public service was restored late in February. Premier Classe train at Boughton near Pietermaritzburg. Shosholoza Meyl needs about R1.4bn annually to operate “effectively”, says parent Prasa’s CEO, but DoT Fish Hoek resident Paul Kilfoil reports: “There has been provides only R450m. At this rate, how long can intercity expresses survive? major congestion at Fish Hoek station, not only with the Photo: Grant Fryer. buses going to Simon’s Town but also with trains jostling for platform space in the station. Fish Hoek station has SHOSHOLOZA MEYL BLAMES TFR four parking spaces for trains, but only three passenger A succession of really serious delays to long-distance platforms. In the past, every second or third train went on passenger trains recently – one involving a 10-hour late to Simon’s Town. So trains have been frequently delayed arrival – have been blamed by Shosholoza Meyl on Transnet north of Fish Hoek (usually at the old abandoned Clovelly 20 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 21. SAL A TECNOLOGIA SUPERIOR EM CONTROLE DE LOCOMOTIVAS n Sistema SAL pode ser aplicado em qualquer marca ou n Aplicável em locomotivas de múltiplos motores modelo de locomotiva, como GE, GM, Alstom, Bombardier (Gen-set)!! entre outras. n Sistema SAL é hoje no mercado o mais completo, n A Interface Homem Máquina pode ser programada em avançado e econômico controle de locomotivas baseado qualquer idioma. em Microprocessador, incluindo monitoramento por telemetria GPRS! n A instalação do sistema SAL é flexível e pode ser adaptada conforme os requisitos do cliente. n Instalado e operacional em importantes ferrovias. n Elimina aproximadamente 85% dos relés do armário elétrico. (Sujeito a marca/modelo da locomotiva) n Painéis elétricos pré-montados, bases, suportes assim como cabeamento de controle é totalmente fornecido. n Fornecimento dos transdutores e kit de instalação. n Nossa engenharia fornece total suporte técnico por telefone, web ou local nas oficinas. n 20 anos de total suporte ao sistema. GM314_AP Presslink n Peças de reposição tipicamente fornecidas em 5 dias úteis. MEDIÇÃO DE VELOCIDADE VIA GPS TELEMETRIA GPRS CONTROLE LÓGICO TOTAL E REDUÇÃO DE RELÉS* OU TACOGERADOR * REDUÇÃO DE ATÉ 85% DEPENDENDO DO FABRICANTE CONTROLE DE EXCITAÇÃO DIGITAL (TRAÇÃO E DINÂMICO) SISTEMA DE VIGILÂNCIA INTELIGENTE PROTEÇÃO TOTAL DO MOTOR DIESEL MONITORAMENTO DE PRESSÕES E TEMPERATURAS INTERFACE HOMEM-MÁQUINA PROTEÇÃO DAS RESISTÊNCIAS DE GRADE zeit REGISTRADOR DE EVENTOS COMUNICAÇÃO DIGITAL COM PROTOCOLO ABERTO CONTROLE DE ADERÊNCIA E PROTEÇÃO DOS MOTORES DE TRAÇÃO CONTROLE DA POTÊNCIA REAL TACOGERADOR MEDIÇÃO REAL DO CONSUMO DE DIESEL ACIONAMENTO, PROTEÇÃO E CONTROLE DOS AUXILIARES (COMPRESSOR, SOPRADOR, VENTILADORES, GERADOR AUXILIAR, ETC) Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026 730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada
  • 22. SA RAIL NEWS station, now a derelict, rusting hulk), sometimes for 10 minutes or more, if all three spaces in Fish Hoek are taken. RINGROLLERS HEAT TREATMENT EXPANDS Only when one of these trains leaves heading north can Increased demand, coupled with the need to reduce lead the southbound train move in. times to market, has seen Ringrollers, a DCD-Dorbyl Group company, invest in new equipment and processes. “We “Extending trains on to Glencairn makes a lot of sense, as embarked on a phased expansion programme in 2007 and it will free up space in Fish Hoek. I cannot believe it will at the end of July 2009 we commissioned our new heat ever be a permanent solution, because the line between treatment facility as one of the phases,” general manager Fish Hoek and Simon’s Town is single-track all the way until Stephen Nel explains. “This is a significant investment and Simon’s Town station itself. There are no sidings, so there is in line with our drive to provide better service and lead is only room for one train at a time, unless they get parked times to customers.” “in tandem” (which seems unlikely). Simon’s Town station is like Fish Hoek - four tracks and three platforms, so there is Research into the heat treatment plant started five years ago plenty of parking space. These spaces were used overnight because Ringrollers wanted to move away from the traditional in the past to park trains in readiness for the early-morning oil quenching process. “The primary considerations for this commuter rush in to Cape Town.” move were environmental and safety but repeatability, and therefore enhanced quality, also played a role,” Nel says. Ringrollers extended its facility by an additional 500m2 at the end of 2008 to accommodate the new heat treatment facility. To facilitate the movement of materials, a 20 ton overhead crane was installed. “We identified specialist international polymer heat treatment systems company, Houghton, as the preferred supplier for the polymer quenching technology,” Nel says. “Use of this technology in South Africa has been limited, so Houghton was the ideal supplier.” Houghton assisted Ringrollers in identifying a company able to design and build the furnaces and the associated infrastructure and equipment. “They recommended Hi-Tech from Turin in Italy as their preferred supplier. Apart from being a leader in the design of high-efficiency furnaces, Hi-Tech also has some unique material handing solutions,” Nel says. An order for furnaces and materials handling equipment was placed with Hi-Tech in March 2008, while Fish Hoek station (“3 metres above sea level”), showing the three platform faces. Houghton designed the quench tank and the agitators, the latter being essential to the polymer quenching process. TRANSNET BRANCH-LINE CONCESSIONING Tender notice in Johannesburg Sunday Times, 14 February “Previously residual stresses were problematic and the 2010: new plant ensures that rings are kept flat during the entire process, which will allow us to deliver rings without residual “Transnet: Request for proposal - provision of transaction stresses. This will ensure rings do not distort during the advisor to branch-line concessioning. subsequent machining process,” Nel says. “Transnet is seeking a transaction advisor to assist in the Ringrollers, the largest manufacturer of rings in the Southern concessioning of branch lines to private operators. The skills Hemisphere, is ISO 9001:2000 and OHSAS 18001 accredited and experience required covers a wide range of disciplines, and also carries accreditation from British Rail and Deutsche including but not limited to project planning, financial Bahn, as well as approved supplier status from numerous analysis and modelling, rail infrastructure and operations, domestic and international companies. BBBEE and negotiations. “ [For the benefit of non-South African readers – BBBEE stands for Broad-based Black Empowerment Enterprises. – Editor] Free State branch-line: Fouriesburg,253km north-east of Bloemfontein. A large ring being removed from the heat treatment furnace. Photo: Jacque Wepener. 22 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 23. CONSTRUCCIONES Y AUXILIAR DE FERROCARRILES, S.A. J.Mº Iturrioz, 26 20200 BEASAIN GUIPUZCOA SPAIN TFNO: +34.943.880.100 FAX: +34.943.189.120
  • 24. FEATURE FLINT CONSTRUCTION (PTY) LIMITED equips the KONKOLA COPPER MINES (KCM) – KONKOLA DEEP MINING PROJECT (KDMP) – HIGH- SPEED, HIGH-CAPACITY TRAMMING SYSTEM – 875m LEVEL Flint Construction (Pty) Limited via its Zambian subsidiary Some of the salient features of the project are: Railcon Zambia Limited was privileged to be chosen as the preferred rail contractor on the above project by Konkola • Total length of haulage – 11.6km Copper Mines (KCM) • Depth below shaft bank – 875m (2,900 feet) • Maximum design tramming speed - 20km/h Flint Construction (Pty) Ltd managing director Keith Flint • Maximum design load per train – 300 tons believes the company was chosen on the basis of its long • Tramming capacity design limit – 6,000,000tpa history of producing quality workmanship and maintaining • Permanent way – 40kg/m (continuously thermit welded) the high safety standards set by KCM. Having started at on 12 ton pre-stressed concrete sleepers at 750mm KCM in 2000, Flint rehabilitated some 17km of underground spacing on crushed stone ballast, all behind a concrete haulage on the Konkola Mine in Chililabombwe and its retaining wall sister mine Nchanga in Chingola, while the mines were still • All ballast and concrete stone required for the project part of the Anglo American group. was crushed underground on site • OHTE – suspended from hanging wall Flint’s Railcon presently has a workforce of some 210 people • Installation of lighting system, mini subs and on site of whom only 7 are expatriates - which is indicative transformers of the good skills levels of the Zambian workforce on the • Installation of service pipes Copperbelt. As KDMP is essentially a “Brownfield’s” project with a The project differs somewhat from the typical South African newer/deeper mine being constructed over the existing underground track laying project in that Flint had to supply infrastructure, there have been severe logistical constraints, its own locomotives and rolling stock, a lamp room for given that three major projects are all vying for shaft time, 250 personnel and change houses, as well as operating namely the shaft sinking contractor, the developing (mining) and maintaining two crushers underground to produce contractor and Railcon, with KCM still trying to maintain a sized stone. level of ore production from the shaft. With roughly 50% of Flint Construction’s site office. 24 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 25. FEATURE the proposed new rail system being installed in the new abandoned. Our understanding from Rail Systems of haulage, the balance of the system will be constructed Zambia (the present operator of Zambian Railways) is that in the existing haulage which still needs to be slyped to the section of track from Chingola to Chililabombwe is in accommodate the bigger rolling stock. The existing haulage poor condition. Konkola Copper Mines’ management has is presently being used as an access and service route with expressed interest however in using the line to move product the first of the completed track being in the new haulage. from Konkola to Chingola. For anyone who drives the length of the copper belt and is subjected to the heavy road Due to delays in the new haulage development ends (mining freight traffic, this would surely be a welcome move. side), only some 10% of the project has been completed to date. Project roll-out should accelerate in the second quarter Of interest to anybody using the level crossing at Konkola of 2010, as the mining contractor hands over completed Copper Mine, the rail installed by Lennings Rail Services haulage to Railcon. when upgrading this section of track was purchased via a third party from stock which Flint Construction (Pty) Ltd Since the inception of the KDMP high-speed project, the KCM uplifted from the Hlobane-Natal Ammonium (Nyati) Colliery management has elected to award Railcon Zambia Limited rail link in Northern KwaZulu Natal, which was closed in the contract to maintain the entire mine’s underground rail 1998/1999. system on no 1 shaft. As a company, Railcon now has personnel working 24/7 on Some of the major supporting suppliers of major plant all levels of the mine and has managed not only to reduce equipment for this project included: the number of derailments substantially but also increase tramming efficiencies on the shaft. • Gallison – ore cars, rock flow tips and chutes On a sadder note it is recorded that the surface rail system • Trident – locomotives and transformers is no longer in use. Konkola used to receive acid tankcars • Thermitrex – Thermit welding equipment (one every month or so) - the last being some eighteen • VAE – Turnouts months ago. Though the feeder line from the Chililabombwe • Murganite – OTHE equipment station to the mine is still in good condition, most yard • Duraset – Prestressed concrete sleepers tracks within the mine’s premises have been lifted or Hi speed haulage at 800m North. Hi speed haulage at 900m North. Hi speed haulage at 1000m North. Hi speed haulage at 1200m North. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 25
  • 26. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK GAUTRAIN CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS PARK STATION TO ROSEBANK located at the bottom of the shaft continues. Construction of PARK STATION the surface head-house structure is to commence shortly. The station roof and concourse slabs as well as the platforms are all substantially complete. Internal brickwork and Emergency shaft E2 (the Wilds, Houghton): plastering is well advanced at both concourse and platform Excavation of the shaft to its final depth of approximately 50 levels. Good progress is being made with wall tiling, together metres is complete, as is the 236 metre adit (cross passage). with mechanical and electrical (M&E) installations. Three of Construction works continue in the safe haven and technical the six levels of deck slabs have been cast at the parkade rooms at the bottom of the shaft. structure. Emergency shaft E3 (Riviera): Reinstatement of Wolmarans Street is complete and the road Shaft construction is complete. The head-house structure was reopened to traffic on 16 January 2010. Preparations for on the surface is well advanced and M&E installations are reinstatement of utilities and roadworks at Smit Street have in progress. Being a shallow shaft with direct access to the commenced. surface, there is no safe haven necessary at the bottom. Tunnel excavation from Park Station is complete, with Emergency shaft E4 (Houghton): breakthrough to the tunnel from shaft E2 achieved on 11 Shaft construction is complete. The head-house structure September. This significant milestone marked the completion on the surface is well advanced and M&E installations will – in 2½ years - of almost 16km of tunnel excavation on the commence shortly. Being a shallow shaft, 16m deep, with project. Civil works in this section of tunnel continue. direct access to the surface, there is no safe haven necessary at the bottom All tunnel excavation - a total length of approximately 15.5km from Park Station to Marlboro Portal - was completed in ROSEBANK STATION September 2009. Civil works and tracklaying within the Backfilling over the station-top slab and the adjacent cut-and- tunnels between the portal and Sandton Station are complete cover at the northern end is in progress. Reinstatement of and installation of associated electrical and mechanical Oxford Road above the station structure will follow in the next infrastructure is well advanced. Within the remaining tunnel few months. Platform structures, brickwork and plastering section to Park Station, civil works continue, including final are all substantially complete, with painting and plumbing at lining, invert slabs, cable duct installation and walkways. both platform and concourse levels well advanced. Wall tiling continues within the station. Elevators have been positioned The underground works include the construction of seven within the station box and M&E installations are in progress. emergency access shafts at intervals along the single-track rail tunnel between Park Station and Sandton. These shafts will provide access by emergency services personnel to the tunnels below. At the bottom of some shafts, safe havens are being constructed where passengers can detrain and gather in the event of an emergency. Work is still in progress at each of these shafts. Emergency shaft E1 (Hillbrow): Excavation and shaft lining at shaft E1 (80 metres deep) has been completed. Work in the safe haven and technical rooms Preparing to reinstate Oxford Road : backfilling above the Rosebank Station roof-slab. 26 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 27. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK At the parkade structure on the corner of Oxford Road and substantially complete, apart from some finishing works and Baker Street, columns and beams are being cast for the first landscaping. floor of the parking deck. MARLBORO STATION ROSEBANK-SANDTON-MARLBORO Emergency shafts E5 (Dunkeld, Rosebank), E6 (Illovo) and E7 (Rivonia Road, Sandton): Construction is in progress on the technical rooms at the bottom of these shafts, and also on the safe haven at the foot of Shaft E5. SANDTON STATION At 45 metres (15 storeys) below ground level, Sandton station is Gautrain’s deepest. Station construction work is well advanced in the cavern section between the south and north shafts, as well as within the shafts themselves. This includes construction of the various platforms, the technical rooms and operational rooms, together with the escalator and lift shafts and stairways located within the shafts. M&E installations are in progress and escalators linking the station entrance to the underground platforms have been Testing of the electronic display boards at Marlboro Station. installed. Tracklaying within the station is complete and tiling of platforms has commenced. At the end of January, erection At Marlboro Station, concrete works, brickwork, painting, commenced on the structural steelwork frame that is to structural steel, roof cladding and platform parapets are form the station entrance structure on the corner of Rivonia all complete. Internal finishes are well advanced, including Road and West Street. floor and wall tiling and painting, as well as glazing of the external walls of the concourse and over-platform links. Tiling Construction continues on the adjacent multi-level parkade of the platforms has begun. The electronic display boards structure. are being tested, and ticket vending machines installed. Track has been laid through the station and installation of associated railway equipment is in progress. Work continues at the bus terminal. On the parking deck, kerb laying is in progress, together with construction of the boundary around the station site. Construction and backfilling has been completed on a series of underpasses where the two pairs of railway tunnels cross beneath the N3 highway alongside the Marlboro Drive bridge - just to the north of Marlboro station, both carriageways of the N3 have been reinstated to their original positions. Reinstatement of temporary access ramps, closure of the additional bridge span and landscaping remains to be completed. Tunnel from Marlboro Portal at Sandton Station. MARLBORO-DEPOT-MIDRAND Viaduct 2 over the Modderfontein Spruit and two adjacent MUSHROOM FARM PARK bridges over the future Frankenwald and Maxwell Roads are The temporary shaft at Mushroom Farm Park was provided complete, together with the erection of noise barriers along to give access for tunnel construction in both north and this section. Track and overhead electrification is in position south directions. All work carried out from this shaft has on all three structures. been completed and site establishment facilities have been removed. Backfilling of the shaft has been completed, Midrand Depot and the community park reinstated, landscaped and The administration buildings for both train and bus depots upgraded. are finished and the installation of equipment for the operations control centre in the train depot administration MARLBORO PORTAL building has been completed. This will manage signalling, Tracklaying within the dual tunnel section linking Marlboro telecommunications, automatic fare collection, traction Portal to Sandton Station is complete and the installation power and overhead distribution, cctv cameras and of associated railway infrastructure, such as signalling and maintenance, using high technology systems. The train communications, is well advanced. maintenance workshops, including electrical and mechanical installations, are all complete, as are other depot facilities, MARLBORO PORTAL EASTWARDS including the washbay for cleaning the trains, sand-filling Viaducts 1A and 11 crossing the Jukskei River and Far East equipment, stabling platforms, track lighting and entry gates. Bank Drive are both complete, with track and catenary in position. Construction is in progress on the bus maintenance depot, located in the area previously occupied by the precast yard Between Marlboro Portal and the N3, the various culverts, (now dismantled). Construction of the workshop, canteen, retaining walls, the three bridges over Zinnia Drive and final vehicle wash facility, fuel bay and apron slabs is in hand, layerworks are all complete and track has been laid. together with refurbishment of the bus administration building - previously used as site offices for the precast yard. Construction work and railway installations in this area are March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 27
  • 28. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK Tracklaying continue. The laying of stabling sidings at the depot, including overhead electrification and all associated railway installations, From the Midrand area northwards, civil construction up to such as the signalling system, is complete, energised and the Technopark area at Centurion is approaching completion. operational. Main-line tracklaying and ballasting, together Drainage, layer works, duct installation, noise barriers and with catenary installation, is proceeding northwards from fencing continue. All these works are well advanced along the depot, using specialised, highly mechanised equipment. extended lengths of the alignment. Catenary masts have Rails are welded into 216 metre lengths and transported been erected and tracklaying is progressing northwards on specially equipped wagons. Once placed in position from Midrand Station. on concrete sleepers, they are welded together to form a continuous rail. VIADUCT 4 Viaduct 4, which crosses Rietspruit and Olifantsfontein Road Tracklaying is complete from Sandton Station to the airport South, is complete. on the east-west line and to Dale Road in Midrand on the north-south line. The surface sections of these have been CENTURION AREA energised electrically and are fully operational. VIADUCT 5 OVER THE N1 & BEN SCHOEMAN Viaduct 5 carries the elevated line through Centurion, forming the link between the balanced cantilever viaducts crossing the N1 highway at John Vorster interchange in the south and the Ben Schoeman highway at the Jean Avenue interchange in the north. It supports the elevated Centurion station platforms, located approximately midway along its length. The deck spans of this viaduct comprise precast concrete segments, erected using purpose-built steel launching girders and then stressed together to form the deck spans. During January 2010, the final span at the southern end of Viaduct 5c was completed, linking this to the balanced cantilever viaduct at John Vorster interchange. At the northern end of Viaduct 5c, where construction of the two remaining piers is in progress, erection of the ten remaining deck spans will continue once these piers have been completed. Temporary butt-welding yard on the alignment between the Midrand and Construction of supporting piers and abutments at both the Centurion stations. John Vorster and Jean Avenue balanced cantilever viaducts Rolling stock assembly and testing is complete. Work on the in-situ balanced cantilever deck Following a specialised construction and assembly process sections on top of the piers at each of these viaducts is in at Bombardier Transportation’s facility in Derby, UK, progress. Gautrain’s first shipment of two completed rail coaches arrived in Durban on 29 November 2008. After further deliveries, testing of the first complete four-car trainset began during February 2009. The first 15 coaches, together with body shells and major components for the rest of the fleet, were manufactured in Derby, and all have been despatched to South Africa. Following a successful skills transfer programme, local technicians are working on the assembly of the remaining 81 coaches at the Union Carriage and Wagon Partnership in Nigel. By the end of January 2010, 49 vehicles had been delivered to the Gautrain depot. Dynamic testing of trains has been under way during the past year on the approximately 7km from behind Linbro Park to Midrand, which has served as a test track. Test running commenced recently on the airport branch. MIDRAND-CENTURION-PRETORIA VIADUCT 3 North of the depot, Viaduct 3 over Allandale Road and the adjacent bridge over the future K60 road are both complete, Aerial view of Centurion Station on top of Viaduct 5. as are all other bridges, construction works and railway installations up to Dale Road in Midrand, with only minor CENTURION STATION The elevated Centurion station platforms are located on finishing works outstanding. Viaduct 5, immediately adjacent and parallel to West Street. The concourse buildings and parking area are at ground MIDRAND STATION level. The viaduct piers and deck spans on which the station At Midrand, station building work is well advanced. Roof platforms are being constructed have been completed. cladding to the platforms is substantially complete and is in progress above the concourse. Interior tiling and finishing Erection of the precast platforms and parapets on the works continue, together with M&E installations. Platforms viaduct is finished and platform roof cladding is well are substantially complete and tracklaying is in progress. advanced. Station building works, platform access stairs and lift shaft construction are all substantially complete. Retaining walls, earthworks and drainage for the parking The structural steel curtain-wall framing to the concourse areas are well advanced and layerworks and surfacing area is in progress. Finishing trades within the concourse 28 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 29. SAL L’UNITÉ DE CONTRÔLE “SUPÉRIEURE” DE LA LOCOMOTIVE n Le système SAL s’installe sur n’importe qu’elle locomotive n La quincaillerie subordonnée est échangée en moins de construites tel que GE, GM, Alstom, Bombardier & autres. 5 jours. n L’interface Homme Machine (MMI) sera programmée pour n Applicable à tous les technologies de Locomotive Moteur- afficher n’importe quel langage. Multi (Groupe électrogène). n L’installation du système sera adaptée et dessinée n Le SAL est le système le plus avancé et complet, et à spécifiquement aux demandes du client. coût effectif de système de surveillance intelligent de locomotive par microprocesseur et Télémétrie avec GPRS n Installé dans les Chemins de fer de Classe 1 sur des sur le marché aujourd’hui! locomotives EMD & GE il fonctionne avec succès. n Il élimine approximativement 85% des relais. (Selon le manufacturier de la locomotive) n UM, pupitre de commande, des capteurs pour la chambre du moteur, des dispositifs et les ensembles de filage sont fournis. n Les transducteurs et la quincaillerie requis pour le montage sont fournis en ensembles. n Un système de support complet par téléphone, conférence web ou sur place avec notre ingénierie. GM321_AP Presslink n Un support total de 20 années. MESURE DE LA VITESSE ET LIMITATION UTILISANT GPS TÉLÉMÉTRIES PAR GPRS LE CONTROL LOGIQUE TOTAL DÉCROIT LE NOMBRE DE RELAIS JUSQU’À 85%* ET/OU UN GÉNÉRATEUR D’ESSIEUX * SUJET AU MANUFACTURIER DE LA LOCOMOTIVE CONTROL D’EXCITATION DIGITAL (DURANT LA CHARGE ET LE FREINAGE RHÉOSTATIQUE) SYSTÈME DE SURVEILLANCE INTELLIGENT COMPLET PAR MICROPROCESSEUR. PROTECTION COMPLÈTE DE SURVITESSE DU MOTEUR, SURVEILLANCE DE LA TEMPÉRATURE ET DE LA PRESSION INTERFACE HOMME - MACHINE PROTECTION COMPLÈTE DES GRILLES DE FREINAGE RHÉOSTATIQUE zeit ENREGISTREUR D’ÉVÈNEMENTS SYSTÈME DE COMMUNICATION DIGITAL AVEC UN PROTOCOLE OUVERT CONTRÔLE D’ADHÉSION ET PROTECTION DES CONTROL COMPLET DE MOTEURS DE TRACTION LA PUISSANCE ALTERNATEUR D’ESSIEU MESURE LA CONSOMMATION RÉEL DE CARBURANT DIESEL PROTECTION ET CONTRÔLE DES ÉQUIPEMENTS AUXILIAIRES, (COMPRESSEUR, VENTILATEUR, GÉNÉRATEUR AUXILIAIRE, ETC) Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026 730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada
  • 30. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK have commenced, while mechanical and electrical At the adjacent parkade structure, most of the final eighth- installations inside the technical rooms continue. Earthworks level deck had been cast by the end of January. Parapet wall and dynamic compaction of the parking area are in hand and installation to the perimeter of the structure is in hand. layer works are in progress. MARLBORO-AIRPORT VIADUCT 6 OVER EEUFEES ROAD At Viaduct 6, piling at the southern abutment is in hand, and four of the six deck spans have been completed. SALVOKOP AND PRETORIA Near Salvokop at the approach to Pretoria, construction of the cut-and-cover structure crossing beneath the Ben Schoeman highway is complete. PRETORIA STATION Concrete and building works at Pretoria station are well advanced, with work on the associated technical and operational facilities in progress. Internal finishing work continues. Platform construction is finished. The platform and concourse roof cladding is substantially complete. Curtain wall framing and glazing are approaching completion. Mechanical and electrical installations have commenced. Parking area construction has started in the Hatfield Station under construction. area formerly occupied by the McCarthy building, which has been demolished. Refurbishing of the coach washing shed, Civil construction work is complete along the whole of the which has historic significance, is to commence shortly. airport branch. This includes eleven bridges, three viaducts and a number of other structures, including the platforms for PRETORIA-HATFIELD VIADUCT 7 a future station at Modderfontein. Remaining work is limited The deck to the section that will carry the Gautrain lines across to final finishing and landscaping in some places. Nelson Mandela Boulevard is well advanced and parapet erection is in progress. Pier and trestle beam construction VIADUCTS 13 & 14 continues on the remaining sections of this “Y-shaped” Viaduct 13 over Centenary Way in Modderfontein and Viaduct structure that crosses above the existing Metrorail tracks, 14 over Zuurfontein Road are both finished, with trackwork together with placing of the M-beams for the bridge decks. and catenary in place on both. Between Gautrain’s Pretoria and Hatfield stations, a number By the end of January, twin-track lines were in place along of road bridges crossing the existing Metrorail railway have the entire length of the east-west route from behind Linbro been lengthened, to accommodate the new tracks which Park to the airport station. Electrification was complete and will run parallel. These include bridges at Ridge Road, operational. Grosvenor Road, Cilliers Street, Bourke Street, Walker Street, Walton Jameson Road, and Lynnwood Road. VIADUCT 15 & RHODESFIELD STATION Finishing work continues on some of these. Extensive lateral At 1.5km, Viaduct 15 – now complete - is the longest on the support work in the cuttings, together with the earthworks east-west line. It supports both the Rhodesfield and airport and construction of retaining structures necessary to widen station platforms and carries the double track over the the existing embankments, are in hand. R21/R24 road network. Tracklaying and overhead catenary provision are complete. HATFIELD STATION Lateral support and excavation of the southern embankment The Rhodesfield station platforms are elevated, located is complete, and construction of the station itself has approximately one third of the way along Viaduct 15, directly commenced. Foundation construction and structural works above the existing Metrorail lines running between Isando for the concourse and platform areas is in hand, together and Kempton Park. with work on the concourse slab that will extend above the platforms. 6 – 8 April 2011 EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG WWW.RAILWAYSANDHARBOURS.COM 30 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 31. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK The track slab, platform structure and platform roof at O R TAMBO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT STATION Rhodesfield are complete, including cladding. The station The platform structures, structural steel platform canopies entrance, concourse and parking area are at ground and roof cladding are complete, including the installation level on the eastern side of the existing lines. Concourse of tinted glass closure screens. Construction proceeds on building works and platform accessways are substantially three sets of emergency access stairways at the ends of the complete, escalators have been positioned and installation platforms. Finishing work within the station concourse shell of equipment in the technical rooms is in progress. Internal is substantially complete, as are electrical and mechanical finishes are well advanced and technical equipment and M&E installations. Platform tiling is to commence shortly. The installations are in progress. Platform tiling will commence public address system, ticket vending machines and fare shortly and installation of the glazed facades is in hand. gates have been installed and are being tested. Track Work on the parking area continues and construction of the through the station as well as overhead electrification is stormwater attenuation pond is finished. Tracklaying and complete, and trainset test running has begun. overhead catenary provision are complete. The station concourse is located at the eastern end of viaduct 15 and is directly linked to the departures level of the adjacent new central terminal building, one level below. Rhodesfield Station on Viaduct 15. Foundation construction and columns for a new Metrorail station, immediately adjacent to the Gautrain facility, is in progress and track has been laid. This will provide commuters with a convenient transfer link between the Gautrain test running: trains arriving at the airport station. Gautrain and Metrorail systems. In the heat of the moment Think Coogar® Our service has been specifically designed to cater for our customer’s needs. Gas companies are not the same. Air Products provides a level of support that can help you stay ahead. So for uninterrupted gas supply, trust Air Products to deliver. If you are ready for a change and want to experience a superior customer service, contact us today! Contact Gavin Bryson National Sales Manager Packaged Gases Tel: 011 977 6400 Email: GM284_AP Presslink March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 31
  • 32. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS One objective of our regular feature reporting and commenting on rail mishaps is to provide information and object lessons from Africa and abroad, in the hope that – in some cases at least - this might help avoid recurrences. FATAL DERAILMENT NEAR BRUSSELS at the site of the accident and were expected to remain so On 15 February, two peak-hour Belgian electric commuter for several more days. As a result, no long-distance train trains collided head-on near the station at Buizingen in the services were able to run in the immediate area. However, Halle district, south-west of Brussels. Altogether 18 people a limited bus service was available between Brussels and were confirmed dead, 55 badly hurt and 89 with minor Lille, in northern France, where passengers could board injuries. London-bound trains. The high-speed service to and from Amsterdam remained suspended and only a handful of One train was from Leuven, travelling to Braine-le-Comte. trains ran to and from Paris. The other was from Quievrain, en route to Liege. Altogether, about 300 people were on board the trains. It was speculated According to press reports, it was Belgium’s worst rail crash that one of the two ran a red signal. Light snow was falling since 1954. In a similar head-on collision between two at the time. Extensive damage was caused to track and commuter trains near Brussels in 2001, in which eight people overhead, resulting in widespread disruption, with many died, it was speculated that “language problems” between long-distance services in Western Europe delayed. Trains to Flemish and French-speaking signalmen may have been a south-western Belgium, Paris and London were cancelled. factor. All services on the affected line as well as nearby lines, US RAIL HARD HIT BY WEATHER including the Eurostar to and from London, Thalys services Railways in the north-east of the United States were from Paris, and trains to south-western Belgium, were brought to a halt in early February by the worst weather in cancelled for the day due to the extent of the wreckage. decades. Washington’s metropolitan system closed down all surface portions of its system, retaining service only on the underground sections. Amtrak cancelled 18 intercity trains between Washington and New York, and also between Washington and various destinations in the south. Maryland also reported major disruptions in its metro subway system. BUSINESS CLASS TRAINS ATTACKED Windows were smashed when the Pretoria-Johannesburg “Tshwane Business Express” was stoned at Kempton Park, apparently because it was given priority over ordinary Metrorail commuter trains following a power failure. In another incident, angry commuters forced their way into the Business Express when there were problems with the regular suburban trains, which were running late. According to a press report, they “packed the Business Express like sardines.” Services were further dislocated when drivers embarked on wildcat strike action, alleging the accident was due to “poor working conditions”. By 17 February, international rail services to and from Belgium were still disrupted though local lines were running almost normally. Eurostar said the emergency services and investigation team were still Metrorail’s Business Express. 32 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 33. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS FATAL DRIVE OFF CAPE TOWN BRIDGE ONTO RAILWAY purposes and unique to the railways. If found at a scrap On 7 February, two men in a bakkie travelling on the N1 in yard, the police are immediately aware that it is stolen. the direction of Cape Town are thought to have swerved Cunning thieves confine their attention to the ungrooved to avoid hitting a vagrant. The vehicle hurtled through a feeder cables. large gap in a bridge railing near the Joostenberg Vlakte off-ramp and flew through the air for several metres before STELLENBOSCH CYCLIST SURVIVES SPAT WITH TRAIN landing on its roof on the main-line electric railway. Both A 20-year-old University of Cape Town student from America men are believed to have died instantly. According to a was hit (from behind) by a Metrorail commuter train near press report: “The vehicle was completely squashed by the Stellenbosch. She was cycling with friends at a crossing impact and rescue workers had to cut the bodies out of the near Lynedoch about 11:00 on 6 February. Somehow she mangled wreckage.” failed to see the train pulling away from the station. SANTA FE: 22 OFF Tasso Steyn, head of operations and logistics at the On 18 February, 22 wagons in a freight train on the Burlington Stellenbosch Fire and Rescue Department - the first rescue Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) railway derailed near the city worker to arrive, along with a paramedic – said: “She’s really hall in Santa Fe (New Mexico, USA). Ten were tankcars, very lucky. I’ve never in my life met someone who was hit some of which were carrying propane. Two tankcars were by a train and lived to tell the tale.” The student sustained a punctured, spilling an “asphalt-based oil” and solid waste, badly broken arm in the accident, but no other injuries. and residents in the area were evacuated as a precaution. MARITZBURG AFTERMATH The city’s mayor says he is concerned at the speed of In a November 2009 derailment at Pietermaritzburg station, trains through the municipality, recalling that 12 wagons three electric locomotives overturned and 18 wagons left of the Union Pacific Railroad derailed in August 2009, only the rails, causing extensive damage to track and overhead 10km to the west of the present incident. The cargo included infrastructure. Every line through the station was affected, toxic chemicals. blocking all traffic on the KwaZulu-Natal main-line. During cleanup operations, two rerailed wagons ran away and The municipality received a letter some years ago, in which derailed further down the line. After 24 hours’ work, one track BNSF said it intended to increase train speed through the was reopened and traffic movement resumed. town to 90km/h. BNSF spokesman Joe Faust told the press that rail speed limits are set by the Federal Railroad Administration, but pointed out that trains do not necessarily travel at this figure. CAR ABANDONED ON TRACKS: DRIVER JAILED A resident of Beaver Dam, Kentucky, who drove onto the railway on 29 January, abandoned her vehicle when it became stuck on the track. Within minutes it was hit by a train. Kentucky State Police arrested 37-year-old Christina Moore, charged her with DUI (driving under the influence) and found accommodation for her in the Ohio County Jail. Three months after the accident at Pietermaritzburg, derailed wagons still litter the scene. Eight empty Union Pacific wagons went off the line during shunting operations in Salt Lake City, Utah, early one day in November. WARRENTON DERAILMENT DIVERTS BLUE TRAIN On 11 February, the Blue Train and two other Cape main- line passenger expresses were diverted via Bloemfontein due to a goods train derailment at Warrenton, 70km north of Kimberley. The Blue was held for some time at Hennenman, 42km south of Kroonstad, due to catenary theft. Eventually diesel locomotives took it forward. During the previous week, catenary theft occurred between Hennenman and Geneva, also between Whites and Welgelee, affecting both Up and Down lines. In the Bosrand area, wires were stolen on the Up line. According to our correspondent, the thieves avoid taking Vegetation growing through wagons derailed at Pietermaritzburg last November. the actual contact wire which is grooved for attachment Both photos: Grant Fryer. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 33
  • 34. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS RODENT’S MEAL DELAYS 99 UK TRAINS During January, a rodent that chewed through a one-inch high-voltage cable on Britain’s west coast main-line delayed 99 trains. Twenty services had to be cancelled. Network Rail has embarked on a two-year program to strengthen the railway’s rodent defence system by laying armoured steel replacement cables. [The journalist who reported this commented: Maybe some cats would be a cheaper option! – Editor] INDIAN DERAILMENTS FOLLOW BLASTS On 10 February, rail lines were blown up in India’s Sundargarh district for the second time in 48 hours, derailing eight wagons of a goods train. The rebels responsible are fighting for communist rule in a number of Indian states. On 8 February, the line was blown up between Bhalulata and Jareikela stations, derailing two wagons of a goods train, disrupting train services between Howrah and Mumbai. The Utkal Express, Mumbai-Howrah Mail, Azad Hind Express, Five loaded coal wagons came off the track on 12 November in Richmond, Gitanjali Express, Ahmedabad Express, Sambaleswari Virginia. Amtrak passenger service between Newport News and Richmond Express and Tata-Alleppey Express were all halted by the was disrupted. incident, according to the Times of India WEATHER CLOSES PERUVIAN LINE EUROSTAR’S CHRISTMAS BREAKDOWNS Peru’s popular tourist railway to Machu Picchu is to be Kevin Smith, reporting in the International Railway Journal closed for at least two months following torrential rain and (IRJ), has explained what went wrong beneath the English mudslides. Late in January, many tourists were stranded after Channel on 18 December: the line was washed away in eight places. Though the line is privately owned and operated, the government is to help “Extreme weather conditions in northern France caused with repairs. The train to the city of Cuzco is the only means five trains to malfunction inside the tunnel that evening. A of transport on the last leg of the trip to the Machu Picchu ‘unique’ fine and dry snow is believed to have penetrated ruins, and closure of the line and the resultant decrease in the power cars’ door screens and seals before melting in tourist traffic could cost Peru’s economy as much as $US800 the tunnel’s 25oC environment and interfering with the million, equivalent to 0.63% of gross domestic product. trains’ electrics. TIED TO LINE: LOSES LEG “Problems escalated while the 19:37 Eurostar service from Carolyn Frost, editor of The Bolander (Western Cape) was Disneyland, the first failure, was removed from the tunnel outraged. Maybe you will be too: “The inhumane dumping of by special Eurotunnel diesel locomotives. With only one a pregnant dog, found tied to railroad tracks near Wellington line through the tunnel in operation, snow collected on the last Friday, has resulted in a wave of outrage nationally (and roofs of four subsequent trains while they were held open to it wouldn’t surprise me if it has made international ripples the elements at Calais. They also broke down shortly after as well). It defies comprehension that a person could take entering the tunnel. (presumably) a pet, and try to solve an unwanted pregnancy in this heinous manner. “Described by both Eurostar and Eurotunnel as an ‘unprecedented event in the 15 years of Channel Tunnel “The two people who discovered the hapless dog (having rail services,’ 1,364 passengers on two of the incapacitated just come from doing volunteer work at the local SPCA), trains were eventually evacuated through the service tunnel. rescued her moments before another train thundered over Thousands more passengers were left waiting at London the spot where she had been tethered. One of her front legs St Pancras, Brussels and Paris as 146 Channel Tunnel train had already been severed, but other than that, she was services, capable of carrying 700 passengers each, were intact. suspended over the next three days (19-21 December). “Fortunately she’s in good hands - a private vet in Wellington “After the trains were tested to ensure their suitability to is seeing to her wellbeing and restoration to health. The run, limited operations were instituted between 20 and 24 National Council of SPCAs has emphasised that if an animal December. No new tickets were issued, and many travellers is no longer wanted, it can be brought to them with no were advised to stay away as Eurostar attempted to clear the questions asked.” backlog of frustrated passengers hoping to complete their journeys in time for Christmas. “Many questions still remain unanswered,” IRJ’s Smith continues, “about exactly what happened that evening and why, and whether the response of Eurostar staff to the breakdowns, which has been publicly criticised by Eurotunnel officials, was appropriate. “With a report on the incident from an independent inquiry, headed by former Eurotunnel commercial director Christopher Garnett, expected to be published by the end of January, senior press officer for Eurostar communications Richard Holligan declined to comment on accusations from This previous derailment at Pietermaritzburg station occurred on 3 April 2007. Eurotunnel that the response of train staff was inadequate and that safety rules were ignored. 34 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 35. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS “Holligan did, however, admit that the train’s ‘winterisation’ “Keefe says that it took approximately 30-60 minutes for system failed and that modifications have since been the emergency evacuation procedure to be completed made to prevent similar breakdowns in the future. He because only two doors were used to exit the train. He was also defended Eurostar’s response to the situation and though critical of Eurostar staff who allowed passengers the treatment of the stranded passengers. The company on one of the trains to take their luggage with them during announced on 19 January that it would pay up to £10 million the evacuation. This he says inevitably delayed the process in compensation to around 100,000 passengers caught up and caused further confusion at Folkestone when a bag in the fiasco, including a full refund, additional free journey, check was undertaken by police as passengers were £150 in cash and any reasonable expenses.” transferred to an unstaffed Eurostar train to complete their journey to St Pancras. ‘While the disruption was ongoing, passengers without a place to stay who were away from home were able to ‘We were supposed to evacuate people, not suitcases,’ Keefe claim for a three-star hotel and reasonable out-of-pocket says. ‘There were 640 people on that train, all situated in a expenses,’ Holligan says. ‘We ensured we took care of our confined space. The consequences of that were increases most vulnerable passengers and repatriated 7,200 using in the amount of time it took people to get off the train. The chartered coaches and ferries. We were consistent in our last thing we wanted was for cross passengers to be held up message throughout the disruption - that if people did not as people carried their luggage up and down stairs, which have to travel they should not, and that they would receive can be enormously difficult.’ an exchange or refund of their tickets.’ “Keefe says that Eurotunnel has cooperated fully with the “While Eurostar oversaw the handling of passengers inquiry, including holding regular meetings with Garnett during the incident, Eurotunnel, as the tunnel operator, and, like Eurostar, submitted a log of the evening’s events, was responsible for the technical aspects of the incident. It including all the information about the breakdown of the presided over the rescue operation, including the removal trains and the response of staff. As the operator awaits details of each of the Eurostar trains, and worked closely with of the inquiry’s findings, he says that Eurotunnel hopes any emergency services personnel who led the passenger recommendations made will prevent a similar incident in the evacuation process. future.” ‘It is in everyone’s interests to find out what happened and why Eurostar trains broke down to prevent this from happening again,’ Keefe says. ‘Eurostar is our biggest customer so it is not in our interest for them to be unable to provide an adequate service for passengers.’ - Kevin Smith, reporting in the International Railway Journal (IRJ). AMTRAK STUCK IN SNOW At about 02:40 on Friday 5 February, Amtrak’s Capitol Limited - bound for Chicago from Washington with 115 passengers - made an unscheduled stop outside Connellsville, Pennsylvania, a former coal-mining town 91km south-east of Pittsburgh. This followed a “powerful mid-Atlantic storm” that grounded flights, shut down highways, and left downed trees and power lines blocking the line. There was a further problem: the crew had worked its maximum allowable hours, but highway closures prevented replacements from reaching the train. Exceptionally bleak weather was a challenge to UK train operations at Christmas. The coaches had heat, electricity and food to last until “Spokesperson for Eurotunnel John Keefe said that it Saturday lunch. After that, Amtrak sent out to the nearest took longer than expected to implement the emergency Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant, which supplied dinner evacuation procedure because the five trains broke down for the passengers. The dining car chef meanwhile stocked almost simultaneously with each having to be removed one up at a local grocery. at a time. Some distance behind the passenger express, a freight train However, he dismissed claims made in some media outlets derailed in Cumberland, Pennsylvania. that people were stuck in the tunnel for 15 hours as ‘rubbish’ saying that such estimates of time might only be contrived from overall delays of the trains travelling between Paris and London. “Keefe says that an evacuation is only considered ‘when conditions on the train are no longer sustainable for passengers,’ and that every effort was made to restore power on the trains before passengers were removed. ‘On the second Eurostar that broke down at 21:40 GMT, those passengers were only stopped in the tunnel for around an hour and a half before the evacuation process began. The driver initially tried to repair the train with the technical procedures on board. When they then lost power just after 23:00, the driver requested evacuation at that stage.’ Amtrak passengers at a station stop in the Rockies. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 35
  • 36. MIDDLE EAST UPDATE Middle East Update SAUDI HARAMAIN PROJECT ON TRACK total high-speed investment by 2010 is seen at almost $12 The Haramain railway project is on track, the Saudi Railway billion,” Kantarci says. Organisation (SRO) says, following the completion of procedures to invite tenders to begin the second and final DUBAI METRO CARRIES 7M IN 4 MONTHS phase of the project. This covers the construction of the The Dubai Metro carried 7,592,066 passengers in the four 450km electric railway, signal and communication systems months following its launch in September 2009, according and the supply of high-speed trains, as well as operation to the latest statistics released by the Roads and Transport and maintenance of the line. A spokesman said SRO Authority (RTA). expected to receive technical and financial offers from five prequalified consortia. Ramadan Abdullah, director of the rail operation department at the rail agency, said Dubai Mall station opened on 3 MAJOR TURKISH RAIL INVESTMENT January, one day before the official inauguration of the Torkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryollari (TCDD – the Turkish tallest tower in the world. Ramadan said the Mall of the State Railway) plans to invest about $US12 billion over the Emirates was the most used station, recording 1,265,646 next decade in constructing its high-speed rail network, a passengers between 9 September 2009 and 1 January major aim being to shift more traffic off the roads. 2010. The second most utilised station was Khalid bin Al Waleed with 1,111,301. Al Ittihad Station followed next with 1,007,564, Al Rashidiya with 766,908, Nakheel Harbour and Tower Station with 766,472, Deira City Centre with 749,930, Financial Centre with 652,149, Al Rigga with 539,692, Al Jafiliya with 407,878, Airport Terminal One of the Dubai metro’s 3 with 294,004 and Dubai impressive stations. Mall with 30,522. The Metro has experienced high usage on Fridays, official holidays and public events such as the two Eids and National Day celebrations. SAUDI LRT PLANS The Arriyadh Development Authority (ADA), Saudi Arabia, is planning to launch tenders for the construction of a $US3 billion, 39km light rail network early in 2010. The system is to be built in two phases, in the form of two separate lines, and is scheduled for completion by 2017. The first will extend 25km north to south with 23 stations. The second, 14km, will run east-west with 13 stations. Construction has started, with site clearing and excavation for both lines already done. Turkey’s high-speed lines: existing and planned. Map courtesy Railway Gazette International. Consultancy teams working on the project include Beirut- based Dar al-Handasah, France-based Semaly, Omrania Board director of TCDD’s vehicle-production unit Muammer and Associates of Saudi Arabia and Canada-based IBI Kantarci says rail currently carries 3% of passenger traffic Group. In November 2009, a $US163 million contract for the and 5% of freight traffic. The country’s first high-speed supply of rolling stock was awarded to Compañía Auxiliar railway, a $US4 billion electrified double line that links the de Ferrocarriles (CAF) of Spain. capital Ankara to the western city of Eskisehir, opened in March 2009. Construction of a further high-speed link (from AMBITIOUS ISRAELI TRANSPORT PLANS Eskisehir to Istanbul, costed at $1.27 billion) has begun. A The lack of fast, efficient transport from Tel Aviv to other Chinese consortium won the tender. Altogether, a 2,297km parts of Israel has long been recognised as hampering high-speed network is planned, representing an investment the country’s economic growth. The government, it is of $10.4 billion. “Together with 74 items of rolling stock, the understood, is expected to announce an ambitious Railways Africa / / / 36 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
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  • 38. MIDDLE EAST UPDATE programme shortly that will involve spending some $US13.5 integrated public transportation networks,” the Saudi firm billion on roads and railways over the next 20 years. said in a statement on the bourse website. Existing train services are good along the heavily-populated The two firms are to bid for projects in Saudi metropoles coast, but inland the situation is very different. The new such as Mecca, Riyadh and Medina as well as in cities that line to Jerusalem, originally scheduled to open in 2013, is are under construction. unlikely to be operational before 2018 at the earliest. The light rail system in that city is running about four years TURKEY TO IRAN TO PAKISTAN behindhand. Turkey and Pakistan have agreed to a $US20 billion upgrading of a lengthy international rail route to improve BOSPHOROUS TUNNEL freight transport between the two countries as well as on Torkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryollari (TCDD – the Turkish to Europe. The five-year scheme aims to cut travel time State Railway) is seeking consultants to analyse options between Islamabad and Istanbul via Tehran from 11 days or for freight traffic that will run between Europe and Asia more to three or four. The existing 6,566km track requires through the newly constructed Marmaray tunnel beneath considerable upgrading, comprising 1,990km in Pakistan, the Bosphorus, the waterway connecting the Mediterranean 2,570km in Iran and 2,006km in Turkey. to the Black Sea. An August 2009 container train trial trip from Islamabad IRAN-IRAQ LINK took two weeks to reach Istanbul, running via the south- A new 51km railway linking Khorramshahr in south-western western Pakistani province of Balochistan, then Iran. Iran with the southern Iraqi city of Basra is under construction. Islamabad hopes it will be possible to start passenger Rahahane Djjomhouriye Eslami Iran (RAI – the Islamic Iranian service on the route. Republic Railways) director general for international affairs Abbas Nazari told the Mehr news agency on 30 January $US3BN IRAQI RAILWAY PROJECT that nearly 90% of the first phase of the project inside The Iraqi transport ministry is to invite foreign companies Iran (about 16km) has been completed. He said the to build a $US3 billion rail network around Baghdad. It project will allow for improved travel routes and transport intends to revive a 1980s plan by an Italian company to of goods between Iraq and the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan build a loop line around the city, and construct two principal and Pakistan. passenger stations. RATP TO ASSIST SAUDI ARABIA Head of the state railway’s projects department Hilal al- The Saudi Public Transport Company (Saptco) has teamed Quraishi, says the work will take four years: “It is a huge up with an affiliate of France’s Regie Autonome des project. It will connect all the lines heading to the provinces Transports Parisiens [RATP] to bid for public transport and neighbouring countries. Freight trains will not enter projects, it has been announced. On 30 January, Saptco Baghdad itself but load and unload a short distance south signed a “strategic cooperation agreement” with RATP of the capital at a dry port.” Developpement that would “enhance the two firms’ competitiveness in operating and the maintenance of integrated public transportation networks.” In its statement, Saptco added that this “is in preparation for existing and future opportunities and projects in the kingdom and in Gulf countries which are witnessing a growing development in the field of public transportation.” CAF of Spain has supplied 14 light rail vehicles for the new 11km tramway in Antalya, a Turkish town on the Mediterranean. The line connects at Ismetpasa with the city’s original tram system. Two main passenger stations will be built as part of the project, one in the west and one in the east of Baghdad. The planned capacity of the network will be 23 million The Saudi Railways Organisation has ordered eight 200km/h diesel multiple- passengers per year and 46 million tonnes of freight. unit sets from Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles SA (CAF) in Spain. DUBAI AIMS TO UP RAIL’S MARKET SHARE Saudi Arabia is spending $US400 billion in the five years Dubai is determined to increase the number of people who to 2013 on development projects which include several use public transport from the current 6% to 30% by 2020. involved in transport -- notably tramway, high-speed trains and metros -- in existing or planned cities in the kingdom. To realise this aim, continuous improvement is planned for all modes of transport including the Dubai metro, trams, Saptco has signed a “strategic cooperation agreement” buses, taxis and marine transport. with RATP Developpement that would “enhance the two firms’ competitiveness in operating and the maintenance of 38 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 39. WORLD MISCELLANY Topical items from around the world COMPETITION FROM CHINA LOSES AUSTRALIAN JOBS LONDON TUBE: POOR MANAGEMENT BLAMED Bradken, a rail industry supplier, is to close its manufacturing According to the House of Commons Public Accounts facility in Australia’s Newcastle on 9 April. The country’s Committee in the British parliament, “poor and inadequate” strong currency coupled with competition from China are management by the Department for Transport (DfT) of given as the reasons for the plant running out of work. The Metronet - the company contracted to do maintenance decision came as a shock to the firm’s employees and the on large parts of London’s underground railway - cost Australian Manufacturing Workers’ Union. “There was no taxpayers hundreds of millions. A warning in 2004 by the warning this was coming,” Union organiser Daniel Wallace National Audit Office (NAO) about overseeing tube was quoted saying. upgrade work was ignored, MPs were told. Metronet, which wasresponsible for maintaining nine underground lines, The Bradken group’s rail administration and engineering went into administration in 2007. division is not affected by the decision. Chairman of the committee Edward Leigh was quoted “The facility was originally set up to do maintenance but saying: “The taxpayer has lost up to £410m as a result of we have been doing project work during the past few the DfT’s inadequate management of the risks arising from years, including some involving Queensland coal wagons,” the Metronet contracts for upgrading the infrastructure of Bradken rail general manager Andrew Allen explained. the underground. This committee finds it unacceptable “Before Christmas we were unsuccessful in two major that the department ignored the warning by the National contracts, which we lost to China. One was for coal wagons Audit Office in 2004 to avoid a hands-off approach to in the Hunter Valley and the other for iron ore wagons in overseeing the upgrades. Western Australia. “The department’s assumptions were flawed from the “The Australian dollar has been quite strong for some outset. It was naive in assuming that Metronet would time and that makes it harder to compete with overseas establish strong financial management and corporate contenders. The contracts we were doing ran out, and it governance. And its assumption that Metronet’s lenders made no sense to keep on with an operation of that size would exert strong influence on Metronet’s governance when we have larger operations elsewhere in Australia.” and financial health in order to protect their investment was The lease on the premises expires in March and a decision undermined because the department shouldered 95% of was taken to “hand it back to the owner”. Some employees the lenders’ risks,” he added. would be offered other work in the group so the final number of redundancies was uncertain. The way Metronet was handled by the DfT exposed it to “big financial risks”, Leigh said. “These mistakes must never GAUGE CONVERSIONS IN INDIA be repeated on future large contracts and government On 24 February, India’s minister for railways Mamta departments must establish and exercise the right to Banerjee announced a target for gauge conversion projects intervene where problems of this magnitude occur.” totalling 800km during the next financial year. Unlike the situation in several African countries, where 1,435mm “standard” gauge is the objective of ambitious politicians, AFRICAN SIDELINE India does not use 1,435mm anywhere. The projects in this year’s pipeline all involve changing mostly metre-gauge sections to the unusually wide 1,676mm, which is the Indian norm. The lines planned for changeover are: 1. Barddhaman - Balgona of Barddhaman - Katwa; 2. Krishnanagar - Santipur; 3. Tirunelveli - Tenkasi of Quilon - Tiruchendur and Tenkasi - Virudunagar; 4. Mayiladuturai - Thiruvarur of Mayiladuturai - Karaikkudi; 5. Bharuch - Samni - Dahej; 6. Aluabari - Siliguri; 7. Dindigul - Palani of Dindigul - Pollachi - Palakkad; 8. Anandpuram - Talguppa of Shimoga - Talguppa; 9. Chintamani - Chikballapur of Kolar - Chikballapur; 10. Kaptanganj - Thawe of Kaptanganj - Thawe - Chhapra; 11. Ratangarh - Bikaner of Sadulpur - Bikaner; 12. Mavli - Nathdwara; 13. Katihar - Tejnarayanpur; 14. Sitamarhi - Bairgania of Jaynagar - Darbhanga - Narkatiaganj; 15. Bodeli - Chotta Udepur of Pratapnagar - Chotta Udepur. As well as these, the minister said, the following conversions are proposed: 16. Chhindwara - Nainpur - Mandla Fort; “This is the third train we’ve overtaken today”. 17. Gwalior - Sheopurkalan with extension to Kota; Photo: Richard Grönstedt. 18. Dholpur - Sirmutra with an extension to Gangapur city. March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 39
  • 40. RAILWAY HERITAGE Preservation is an essential part of the picture... by J. Batwell REEFSTEAMERS, GERMISTON ZIMBABWE TOUR 2010 This Germiston club is looking for big funding. Class UK operator Geoff’s Trains has firmed up its operational 15F no 3052 needs 25 boiler tubes replaced, at a cost of routes in Zimbabwe for the winter of 2010. NRZ Garratts R40,000. Class 15CA no 2056 faces a bill of R200,000 of three different classes (14A, 15 and 16A) are being – for full replacement of all 30 flues. Meanwhile, former requested. Steam will head the safari train on the Bulawayo- Springs-shedded prestige class 15F 4-8-2 no 3135 is now Cement and Bulawayo-Plumtree lines. A class 15 will be safe at Reefsteamers’ depot, but is far from looking like a in charge to Victoria Falls, where the Victoria Falls Safari “prestigious” locomotive today! Express will steam up its class 14A Garratt alongside. The tour managers are Geoff and Sheelagh Cooke (husband During November, class 12AR no 1535 and class 25NC no and wife), names synonymous with steam tours in Southern 3472, the club’s only working locos, undertook the steam Africa since the 1980s. Hopefully the new government of workings in the Free State on the occasion of the popular national unity in Zimbabwe will ensure sufficient political annual Cherry Festival. Subsequent to the festival, loco no stability to encourage enthusiasts to book out this tour. 1535 blew a small tube on a Magaliesburg working leaving the club at the year-end with only 25NC no 3472 operable SOUTH AFRICAN ENTHUSIASTS’ TOUR for its own as well as SANRASM’s country trains. The GMAM Geoff’s Trains is marketing an 11-day South African tour Garratt no 4079, on loan from Sandstone, has its regulator embracing both 1,067mm and 610mm gauge steam traction out. Reefsteamers is setting its sights on putting class 15F during May 2010, beginning along the Cullinan branch no 3046 into service in 2010. with Friends of The Rail and the use of class 15F no 3117. Reefsteamers plan to run class 25NC 4-8-4 no 3472 to Magaliesburg. The tour is visiting Sandstone Trust’s narrow gauge farm railway and also taking in Paton’s Country Railway with its mixture of narrow and Cape gauge workings in KwaZulu Natal. An optional tour extension until 5 June - trips with the Eastern Cape’s Apple Express up the Langkloof (hopefully as far as Louterwater and including the Patensie branch) - will probably use two class NG15 locomotives, nos 119 and 124. At times the train is to run in two sections. Travelling outwards on one and returning on the other (a mixed in authentic SAR colours) will provide a maximum of photographic opportunities over four days. The George- Mossel Bay run is built in too. Class 15F no 3135, a long-time Springs loco, is now in safe-keeping at UMGENI STEAM RAILWAY (USR) PIETERMARITZBURG Reefsteamers, Germiston. Photo: D Sanderson. Work on class GMAM no 4074 had to include the removal of the boiler for complete retubing with new elements and stays. As so often happens with major repair work, it turned out to be a bigger job than first thought. One of the tube plates was found to be dangerously cracked. The only way in which the cost of some R3.4 million could be raised was by donating the Garratt to the Ingwe municipal council, which is using foreign-sponsored funding on the project. A strict legal agreement stipulates that no 4074 must be returned to USR should it no longer be required on Creighton train operations at Paton’s Country Railway. This Garratt is due to be ready for Geoff Cooke’s tour. Meanwhile, Wilf Mole of Sandstone may help USR in rescuing valuable assets stranded at Hilton. An estimated Reefsteamers is looking for R200, 000 for a full flue replacement of all 30 flues on R245, 000 would be needed to reinstate the Cedara-Hilton loco no 2056. Photo: A McCarthy. line (about 8km), relocate the larger locos and steam crane to Pietermaritzburg by rail and the smaller ones by road. USR GARRATTS AT SELEBI PHIKWE members have been moving important fittings and pipe work It is reported that a New Zealand consortium (a break-away from the Hilton collection, which was originally intended to from Main Line Steam Trust) has expressed interest in the two form the nucleus of a Natal Railway Museum. surviving ex-NRZ class 14A Garratt locos at the Bamangwato Concessions Ltd depot in Selebi Phikwe, Botswana. DURBAN AND THE 150TH ANNIVERSARY To recognise the 150th anniversary of the first train to run KENYAN STEAM LOCOS SAFELY SHEDDED in South Africa (at Durban Although steam safari operations in Kenya came to an abrupt in 1860), the City Council halt in 2006 when the railway was concessioned to Rift Valley is keen to relocate the Railways, the surviving working locomotives - 4-8-2 + 2-8-4 original locomotive class 59 no 5918, 2-8-4 class 30 no 3020, and 4-8-0 class 24 “Natal” from the main no 2409 - are safely housed under cover at the main works station concourse to the shed in Nairobi for (hopefully) further runs in years to come. International Convention Meanwhile, the North British Locomotive Preservation Group Centre, and also perhaps (NBLPG) in the UK indicates in its newsletter that it would Dübs-built class H2 tank like to ensure the safe-keeping and on-going preservation of locomotive no 329 (of 1901) 2-8-2 “River” class no 2927 named “Suk”, currently located from Hilton, both for static at Dar-es-Salaam in neighbouring Tanzania. Seen working a display. Characteristic of 2005 safari in our July issue, it was one of 11 class 29 locos the area for more than “Natal”, the locomotive that made transport built at the North British Hyde Park Works in Glasgow in seven decades, the last H2 history in South Africa 150 years ago. 1955, under order no L45 for the East African Railways & locos were only withdrawn Harbours Administration. These engines were very similar to from shunting duty in 1975. the Nigerian Railways “River” class. 40 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
  • 41. SPECIALIST CASTINGS FOR THE RAILROAD INDUSTRY Fabform Graphics cc (011) 622-9917 The Scaw Metals Group (Scaw) is an international group, manufacturing a diverse range of steel products. Its principal operations are located in South Africa, South America, Canada and Australia. Smaller operations are in Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia. Scaw’s specialist castings for the railroad industry include bogies used in freight cars, locomotives and passenger cars. Other products manufactured include: Freight car castings: Scaw has produced castings for the railroad industry since 1921 • Side Frames • Bolsters and is a technological leader in this field and has participated in the • Yokes • Cast steel monobloc wheels development of unique designs such as the cast adaptor sub-frame • Draw-gear components assembly used in the “Scheffel” radial axle truck. • Centre plates Scaw manufactures castings under licence to various licensors, but Cast steel frames for locomotives: is an open foundry with the capability to undertake work according • Steerable locomotive frames to individual customer requirements. The company has produced • Mounting for electrical parking brakes and brakehangers • Traction motor end shields and suspension tubes in cast thousands of sets of steel castings for freight cars for both the local steel, manufactured to customer requirements and export markets. These include side frames and bolsters that have been approved by the Association of American Railroads for Passenger car castings: use on North American railroads. • High speed, high stability radial axle bogies for motored and unmotored passenger vehicles Scaw supplies globally and also offers nationwide distribution • Self steering bogies in South Africa through its strategically located branches • Fully machined frames ready for assembly into bogies, throughout the country. including the fitting of bushings and wear plates • Integrally cast brake hanger brackets and mounting for auxiliary equipment Tel: +27 11 842-9303 • Fax: +27 11 842-9710 SCAW METALS Website: GROUP
  • 42. END OF THE LINE CORRESPONDENCE MAGADI SODA GAUGE QUESTION Dear editor NRZ SAFARI EXCURSIONS Dear editor Reading the on-going details in the magazine of Kenya Yes, a very noble idea from NRZ. I would like to believe that Railways throwing its weight behind the idea of a new the Safari Train will be targeted to high-bracket tourists. 1,435mm gauge arterial railway, one presumes the likes of What about the locals, including those from neighbouring such a change in gauge would embrace the Magadi branch countries? The right to host the world soccer tournament line to avoid transhipping? The Magadi Soda Company, which was announced years ago. NRZ should have started is Africa’s largest soda ash manufacturer, is one of Kenya’s preparations then. It should have put in place special leading export earners. The company recovers trona from tournament trains from Zimbabwe as well as Zambia, the one of the purest Magadi Soda Company locomotive. DRC, Tanzania…… surface deposits in the base of the Rift Imagine the revenue which could have been collected. NRZ Valley and converts could have argued it did not have the cash outlay. Well it into sodium public-private initiatives could have been sought. BBR [the carbonate (soda privately run Beitbridge-Bulawayo railway] could have done this without problems. It just shows that forward thinking ash) which it moves in terms of infrastructure development and identifying on its own 150km potential is lacking in the planning department of NRZ. railway to access the Hopefully this is a wake-up call. Meantime one hopes the Nairobi-Mombasa main-line, in order to reach the port. World Cup excursion trains are successful. Lastly the - John Batwell, Roosevelt Park country is unique in that it still has steam locos. Why not expand the rail safaris to the maximum? - Samuel Mudehwe (by e-mail) COMMUTER GRIEF NIGERIA’S NEW LINE TO ABUJA Dear editor (According to Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa CEO Lucky While Nigeria’s proposed conversion to standard gauge Montana, the trains are old, no fare adjustments have been allowed seems dead in the water, that does not mean that it is a silly in five years and underfunding has left the railway in “dire financial idea to use dual-gauge sleepers on the new line to Abuja to straits”.) allow future conversion to this gauge. Nigeria already has one short branch from IIRC Port Harcourt with dual-gauge He said to me: “The train is late”. sleepers. The isolated Warri line is already standard gauge. “So what is new?” I asked: Should these lines ever link up, and lines to neighbouring The rolling stock is getting on - countries be built, including an ambitious line across the Its sell-by date’s long past.” Sahara from Libya, then gauge rationalisation should be given careful consideration. “Too true,” he said, “but even if Its hard to keep to time As noted in previous issues of Railways Africa, triple-gauge You’d think they’d make a better job sleepers are practical for the three most common gauges Of cleaning off the grime.” found in Africa, 1,000mm, 1,067mm and 1,435mm. - Shall Ford (Australia) Transparency is all the rage Except inside the trains. 1,435mm (4’8.5”) The windows are no longer glass - 368mm 1.067mm (3’ 6”) One can’t see through the panes. 1,000mm 435mm Even the graffiti’s old (At best it’s uninspired). The koki scrawls are wearing thin Diagram showing how four of the rail gauges used in different countries on the They’re out of date - and tired. African continent can be arranged to use the same route by laying four rails on the same set of sleepers. By this means the expense of changing the gauge of Metrorail, its chief confides, a railway and its rolling stock is avoided. Is heading for a fall. Unless the government coughs up cash GAUGE WIDENING Dire writing’s on the wall. Dear editor A realignment of tracks, cutting out sharpish curves, more - LRD tunnels and bridges (instead of hugging the landscape) would probably achieve the same results as a shift to standard gauge - and cost much less. The main advantage of broader gauges is surely the ability to go double-deck or double-stack with greater stability. - Phil Collins (by e-mail) NIGERIAN RAIL CONSTRUCTION Dear editor is all words and no actions...I think from concession stages to actualisations of the project....the Chinese should handle them...because no one trusts these government officials who parade themselves in Abuja...all they do is loot the treasury ..... not a committed one among them...I just pray the project is realised and managed by the Chinese because Nigerians lack maintenance culture in all the projects executed in the past. - Isaac Ade (by e-mail) 42 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010
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