Railways Africa March 2010


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Railways Africa March 2010

  2. 2. Railways Africa PUBLISHER CONTRIBUTORS SUBSCRIPTIONS Phillippa Fox Richard Ågren Ashley Peter Rates for 10 issues per annum (2010) South Africa R375-50 (incl VAT) John Ashworth Jez Smith EDITOR Africa R379.50 Peter Bagshawe Antonio Teixeira International R946 (incl. Foreign Rollo Dickson Malcolm Bates Jacque Wepener Exchange) DESIGN & LAYOUT John Batwell Paul Kilfoil Send a cheque or money order to: Grazia Muto Boon Boonzaaier Railways Africa Dietmar Fiedel PO Box 4794 ADVERTISING RANDBURG 2125 Grant Fryer Sue Klomp RSA Richard Grönstedt SUBSCRIPTIONS Guy Hausler Or send an email to Kim Bevan Bruno Martin stationmaster@railwaysafrica.com ISSN 1029 - 2756 Rail Link Communications cc The copyright on all material in this magazine is expressly reserved and vested in Rail Link Communications cc, P.O. Box 4794 Randburg 2125 unless otherwise stated. No material may be reproduced in any form, in part or in whole, without the permission of the publishers. Please note that the opinions expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the publishers of Rail Tel: +27 87 940 9278 Link Communications unless otherwise stated. E-mail: stationmaster@railwaysafrica.com Twitter: railwaysafrica Website: www.railwaysafrica.com Af filiated Associations & Societies RAILWAYS | HARBOURS | INTERMODAL | COMMUTER | MINING 6 – 8 April 2011 EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG Floorplan NOW OPEN! Call for papers. For further information, rates and booking details contact Phillippa Fox Tel: +27 72 340 5621 Email: phillippa@railwaysafrica.com W W W. R A I LWAY S A N D H A R B O U R S . C O M
  3. 3. Comment These have been tough months for the Instead, Metrorail is struggling to of that? Being a magazine dedicated rail industry, but I think there’s light at satisfy suppliers waiting months to the railway scene, I suppose we are the end of the Hex River tunnel - and for their money (never mind poor fortunate there is still a rail industry at let’s hope that’s an oncoming train we commuters waiting for their trains) all - so let’s hope there is a miracle out see! Thankfully there are definite signs while Montana warns of intercity there somewhere. that things are turning round, though passenger services “collapsing” within many enterprises have posted losses - two years, so alarming is the difference On a more positive note, it is a great some very big indeed - and the impact between income and working costs. pleasure to welcome exhibitors and in terms of jobs on our already skills- The Metrorail refurbishing programme delegates to the 16th International strained industry is no joke. has been cut back - yet the age of Wheelset Congress and Exhibition. coaches averages around 40 years, This exclusive technical event takes Rather less amusing is the crisis that with hundreds still inoperable. In fact, place every three years, each time at the Passenger Rail Agency (Prasa) he points out, refurbishing is not a a different world venue, and this is the finds itself in. Regrettably, despite cost-effective business because the first year that it is has been hosted on lengthy conversations with and present rolling stock is obsolete and the African continent. The complete questions sent to several highly-placed badly needs to be replaced with new. congress catalogue has been included communications people at the (There have been no new suburban in this issue of Railways Africa - we did Department of Transport (DoT - to which trains in twenty years). the same for the Railways & Harbours Prasa reports), no useful response has Conference and Exhibition in 2009 - been forthcoming in terms of a tangible Cannot the frequently punted PPP and are sure you will find it useful. rescue plan, nor any other plan for that (Public-Private-Paticipation) concept matter. be brought in here? Government has The next Railways Africa happens to be been patently unable to resolve the all about track, so get your editorial in The unbelievably critical lack of funding growing railway financial impasse by and - yes of course - we would never that CEO Lucky Montana spells out - itself, and only it knows why so many say “no” to some ad-spend (we are blamed squarely on the government, billions are being pumped into projects very reasonable you know!) National Treasury and/or DoT - is like minibus-taxi recapitalisation while especially difficult to understand the trains - the backbone of any “world- following so many often repeated class” city - are left out in the cold. promises that the backlog was going to be fixed by June 2010, that we Maria Ramos did a brilliant job Phillippa Fox were to see “world-class” suburban discarding the loss-making bits at train services in South Africa’s cities, Transnet, like Shosholoza Meyl. But running every few minutes for 16 hours sidetracking this into the DoT stable every day. The word “legacy” featured heaped yet more commitments on top of prominently in these undertakings: Montana’s already overburdened (and June 2010 was not going to be a once- anything but lucky!) encumbrances. off, temporary, put-things-right-for- As for making no provision for picking a-month affair. South Africans were up the intercity service’s financial to enjoy a super-efficient transport obligations when it became part of infrastructure and service for many DoT: c’mon guys - did nobody think CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION CATALOGUE years to come. 15-17 MARCH 2010 | CAPE TOWN INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION CENTRE (CTICC) Contents Transnet Rail Engineering 2 Opinion: Pete the Pundit 6 Africa Update 10 SA Rail News 18 Transnet Rail First Train at Moatize Ringrollers Heat Konkola Deep Mining Project 24 Engineering’s Wheel > Page 12 Treatment Expands Gautrain Update 26 Business > Page 2 > Page 22 Mishaps & Blunders 32 Middle East Update 36 World Miscellany 39 Railway Heritage 40 End of the Line 42 Konkola Deep Mining Gautrain construction Derailment at Project update Pietermaritzburg > Page 24 > Page 26 Station > Page 33 www.railwaysafrica.com March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 1
  4. 4. TRANSNET RAIL ENGINEERING A TOTAL SERVICE SOLUTION Transnet Rail Engineering’s Wheel Business specialises capability to profile 1,435 mm gauge wheel-sets to serve in the refurbishing and assembly of all types of railway Gautrain wheels and other future standard gauge rail wheels for the Southern African region. The business has projects. the capability and facilities to assemble and build up new wheels from components brought in from local and The Wheel Business has the skills and competency to international suppliers. The Wheel Business is managed refurbish old wheels and assemble new wheels. The from its head office situated at Transnet Rail Engineering’s Business has the capacity to produce about 100,000 wheel Koedoespoort depot in Pretoria. The business has seven pairs annually for diesel or electric locomotives, passenger facilities that are strategically located in the Western Cape coaches and freight wagons. As Transnet Rail Engineering (Salt River and Saldanha), Uitenhage, Bloemfontein, Durban, has a history that goes back more than 50 years, it is Johannesburg (Germiston) and Pretoria (Koedoespoort). able to draw on a core of highly experienced staff, that have high levels of competence. The Wheel Business dominates the African wheel market, as it is the only large wheel repair and assembly facility The main activities in the Wheel Business include wheel on the continent. The Business services the rail wheel re-profiling, the machining of axles, centres and tyres requirements for the Transnet Freight Rail fleet (locomotives and the fitting of wheel bearings, driving gears and motor and wagons), PRASA suburban and main-line passenger suspension tubes. coaches, The Blue Train, the Phelophepa Health train, various privately-owned rolling stock as well as the rolling Services offered include: stock of a number of African railway operators. • Ultrasonic axle testing • Axle machining and burnishing The Wheel Business is ISO 9001:2000 certified, and also • Wheel re-profiling complies with the standards laid down by the American • Wheel re-tyring Association of Railroads (AAR). • Making up new and refurbished wheel pairs • Removal and refitting of bearings At its various centres, the Wheel Business is equipped with • Removal, re-qualification and refitting of motor the latest technology, including wheel profiling portal suspension tubes and driving gears lathes and laser beam measuring equipment. The wheels it produces are geared for the 1,067 mm rail gauge. The Transnet Rail Engineering, an operating division of Transnet Business has acquired new portal lathes that have the Limited, is the backbone of South Africa’s railway industry 2 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
  5. 5. TRANSNET RAIL ENGINEERING with eight product-focused businesses, 132 depots, is constantly monitored and managed with employees six factories and 13,163 employees countrywide. The receiving regular training in operational health and safety organisation is dedicated to in-service maintenance, repair, awareness. Disabling injury frequency rates are ever upgrade, conversion and manufacture of freight wagons, decreasing and numerous accolades are received including mainline and suburban coaches, diesel and electric the highest safety award, the NOSCAR. locomotives as well as wheels, rotating machines, rolling stock equipment, castings, auxiliary equipment and services. As a responsible corporate citizen, society and the environment are high priorities in the maintenance of A SOLID HISTORY sustainability. Programmes extend to communities and With origins dating back more than a century to the schools, improving the lives of the under-privileged and mechanical engineering department of the former physically challenged through donations of computers, South African Railways and Harbours, this engineering development of sport, occupational therapy and job organisation has actively supported railways in the creation. Being an industrial consumer of electricity and expansion of the country’s economy and over the decades fuel, savings campaigns are maintained for the reduction of has developed some of the most innovative bogies and losses and the efficient use of energy for heating, lighting wagons ever built for 1,067mm track. Through the years, and process power. Transnet Rail Engineering has become the key supplier of customised rolling stock for the coal, iron-ore, intermodal, COMPETENT SUPPLIER - TOTAL SOLUTION agricultural, fuel and cement industries. Transnet Rail Engineering’s competency is based on its sound knowledge of the technologies subsisting in its AFRICAN SOUL – GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE products, supported by ongoing research and development While focus is mainly on the South African market, investment and exceptional product application experience. A in research and development to service the specific demanding standard of precision, combined with integrated maintenance and life-cycle upgrading, ensure a requirements of Africa and the rest of the world has led to comprehensive ‘total-service’ solution for railway operators an ever-expanding range of rolling stock products and a to achieve optimum fleet availability and reliability. All work comprehensive list of satisfied customers, further enhancing is conducted in accordance with railway codes of practice the organisation’s international reputation. The proximity and standards such as those of the American Association of the coastal plants to major ports facilitates the movement of Railroads and all Transnet Rail Engineering depots are of products to and from overseas markets. ISO 9001:2000 accredited. Mobile maintenance teams backed up by a network of support services take the total OUR PEOPLE, OUR COMMUNITIES, OUR FUTURE solution into all operational areas. Rerailing and recovery With its greatest assets being its people and their skills, service completes the support package to regional railway Transnet Rail Engineering is committed to many initiatives operators. such as the talent management programme, relationship building, performance management, transformation, a WORLD CLASS SYSTEMS comprehensive lifestyle well-being programme, as well as The core of Transnet Rail Engineering’s business systems engineering bursaries and apprenticeship training to name is SAP. A Competency Centre based at the corporate but a few. office supports the application modules, being Finance, Controlling (management reporting), Production The organisation takes seriously its moral and legal duty Planning, Sales and Distribution, Human Capital, Material to ensure the health and safety of all employees. This Management, Document Management and Project obligation also extends to clients, the communities in which Systems with Investment Management. The Centre is a it operates and to the protection of the environment. member of the Gartner Best Practices Group and is a well respected member of the SAP community. Architecture Safety has become embedded in the organisation’s includes a portal with a completely duplicated infrastructure culture. Performance achieved through the SHEQ system for disaster recovery. www.railwaysafrica.com March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 3
  6. 6. TRANSNET RAIL ENGINEERING Programmes such as Lean Six Sigma, complemented by components, Compliance, Financial Risk Management and agreements with original equipment manufacturers for Enterprise Risk Management. skills and know-how transfer have placed Transnet Rail Engineering firmly on the map as a world class manufacturing SUPPORTING RAILWAYS organisation. Through its comprehensive set of rolling stock products and services, Transnet Rail Engineering is the supplier of DESIGN AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT choice for successful railway operations. Transnet Rail Engineering’s design office makes use of state-of-the-art programmes for computer-aided design, finite element analysis and three-dimensional modelling as well as mechanical and electrical integration software. New products and upgrades of existing products are created by highly qualified and experienced engineers, all specialists in the varied technical disciplines of railway engineering. The design, prototyping, testing, commissioning, industrialisation and production processes are supported by configuration management, project management, quality control, SAP and non-conformance reporting. As the process of manufacture is as important as the products it produces, capital expenditure and maintenance management are equal priorities to ensure modern well serviced equipment, machinery and facilities. PROJECT MANAGEMENT Whether product development or capital expenditure, WE HAVE SEVEN FACILITIES AROUND THE COUNTRY: every project tackled is meticulously analysed using • Salt River and Saldanha – Cape region leading project management methodology. This involves a structured approach in the use of the skills, tools, software • Bloemfontein and techniques throughout the process, from • Germiston - Johannesburg conceptualisation through initiation, planning, execution • Uitenhage and control to close-out. Assisting this process is the • Durban Project Support Office, which acts as a resource centre to • Koedoespoort - Pretoria sustain the project management culture. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE OUR FACILITIES ARE EQUIPPED WITH THE LATEST Transnet Rail Engineering is firmly committed to sound TECHNOLOGY INCLUDING: corporate governance and accountability, having adopted • portal lathes a proactive approach to risk management in line with the • laser measuring machines King II Code of Corporate Governance, the Companies • CNC Axle lathes Act and the Public Finance Management Act. Committees, offices and departments within the organisation manage • CNC Vertical boring mills corporate governance and risk, integrating the three 4 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
  7. 7. OPINION PETE THE PUNDIT looks at TRANSPORT COST OVERRUNS, THE COST OF INVESTIGATING IRREGULARITIES and RIFT VALLEY RAILWAY REVELATIONS GAUTRAIN OVERRUN “Of course it’s possible technically - whether 3’6” or standard In a hard-hitting article dealing mainly with Eskom planning gauge, but at what cost? The point is - is it possible for such and shortcomings, the Financial Mail warns : “major capital a service to be a commercial success? The SAR Metroblitz projects like power stations routinely run over budget - just [Pretoria-Johannesburg in 42 minutes in 1984] was excellent look at how the cost of the Gautrain has ballooned.” technically but a marketing disaster. A fortune was spent developing it, then it was put into service on a couple of Memories being short, interested parties may need reminding return runs a day for which you had to pre-book. I did hear that the original estimates for the train were somewhere in that a large part of the patronage was SAR pass-holders. the region of R2 billion, which climbed to R7bn at the time What was needed was a regular-interval service, with tickets when the green flag was waved. That was four years ago, in available on the train - but that was light years ahead of SAR 2005. The current “ceiling” is R25.4 billion. thinking of the day! SA Rail [magazine] at the time likened it to the proverbial local farmer buying a Maserati and then This figure refers only to capital outlay of course. There is using it to take his pigs to market! still performance to be taken into account – performance in “real time” as they say. Unfortunately, the number of people expected to use major new transport projects routinely run below the consultants’ estimates. Thus there may well be shortfalls in operating cost coverage to be met. An example has been seen in Johannesburg very recently, where patronage of the newly opened bus rapid transit (BRT) is far below what was foreseen, and no financial provision was budgeted for such costly daily running expenses. Cape Town contrived a similar, though considerably more costly, analogy. It turns out that the first phase of the city’s BRT scheme is going to need some R3 billion more than South Africa’s Johannesburg-Pretoria-in-42-minutes Metroblitz express (1984). was estimated by the experts. A senior official (who has since “left the council’s employ”) appears to have taken “If anyone seriously believes they can make a TGV the rap, but it seems inexplicable that his own seniors – all [French intercity high-speed train] or similar type service a Very Important Persons – could have accepted, without any commercial success in a suburban or inter-urban setting, I query, calculations flawed to this unbelievable extent. think they need to go back to their economics text books. What might work is a fast (80-100km/h) high-quality light rail This is not the end of this particular story. The wonderful type operation. It has been proved in many cities (particularly new bus system – so Cape Town’s ratepayer millions were in Europe) that if you are going to get people out of their cars assured - would be so viable that it would cover its operating onto public transport the service has to be very high-quality, costs. Well it won’t, it is now conceded – not by a very long fast, reliable and competitive. Whether such a system could chalk - just like its counterpart in Johannesburg. The man be a commercial success under South African economic now in charge thinks about R125 million might just cover one conditions - someone needs to do a serious marketing study year’s operating bills, but warns prudently it might be “quite first - then worry about the technical details!” a bit” more. NIGERIAN SENATE PROBE Back in March 2001, in a discussion on the practicability of Misleading estimates have led many well-meaning Gauteng’s proposed high-speed train, Dr John Middleton (in politicians to spend far beyond their countries’ means. Their his private capacity – he happens to work for the World Bank enterprising (or should we say less honourable) counterparts in Washington DC) offered these views: run up enviable bills at taxpayer expense – on expensive Gautrain – R2bn, then R7bn, now R25bn. Meanwhile, severely underfunded Metrorail has been plunged into what its CEO terms “dire financial straits”. 6 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
  8. 8. OPINION motor cars, overseas jaunts and other luxuries not all that concerns in the Senate and raised the political temperature closely connected to the jobs in hand. A third category of of senators is the purported indictment of some former heavy expenditure – one that, like the other two, ought to be and serving public officers and their recommendations for avoidable - concerns the subsequent official investigations various sanctions.” into irregular politically-connected goings on. Like the following example – involving the transport sector in Nigeria – which must be costing the none-too-affluent citizenry a pretty penny: Sufuyan Ojeifo, writing in This Day, published in Lagos, reports: “The report of the Senate Ad-Hoc Committee on Investigation into Nigeria’s Transportation Sector, which indicted some former and current public office holders for allegedly violating due process in payments of contract sums and recommended them for prosecution by the Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC), has raised serious concerns in the Senate.” An immediate logistical problem concerns procedural precedent, in terms of which every senator must get a copy of the copious report (and its annexures and accompanying documents) before the Senate can proceed to consider it. Nigerian railway scene “The totality of the report, as submitted by the committee, RVR CONCESSION STILL IN PLACE can fill a large-sized ‘Ghana-Must-Go’ bag. The feelers,” A late January joint governmental meeting convened in Ojeifo writes, “are that this may dilate the process of Kampala to decide whether to cancel RVR’s concession expeditious consideration of the report. But that, as learnt, resolved after lengthy deliberations that it would not do serves the purpose of the committee: which is to, according so. Had it done otherwise, Jaindi Kisero pointed out in the to sources, put the former and incumbent public officers Saturday Nation, the Transcentury group based in Kenya allegedly indicted on the spot. Significantly, the indictment risked losing “an estimated $9 million it spent on acquiring was not on the basis of funds embezzlement. its 20% stake in RVR as well as shareholder loans it has extended to the consortium in the last two years.” “Specifically, four former ministers of works, four former ministers of state for works and four former permanent Meanwhile the East African press slammed the 25-year secretaries in the ministry who were said to have awarded concession “as the most messy privatisation transaction contracts without budgetary provision in the appropriation in Kenya’s history.” The thrust of the papers’ concern Acts, designs and bills of quantities, were recommended appeared to centre around Transcentury’s representation for prosecution for violation of the ICPC Act and other on the reconstituted RVR Board vis-à-vis that of Egypt’s extant laws. Citadel, to whom South African-based Sheltam, with a 35% stake in the RVR consortium, recently sold 49% of its interest. “The committee also recommended that ‘ministers of Other RVR stakeholders comprise Transcentury (20%), finance and the accountant-general of the federation and Tanzania’s Mirambo Holdings (15%), Prime Fuels of Kenya other officials who authorised payments and released (15%) Babcock Investments Holdings of Australia (10%) funds for the payment of contracts not appropriated by law and Centum Kenya Ltd (5%). and/or released funds above provisions in the appropriation Acts, be prosecuted for violation of extant laws.’ Early in February it was confirmed that RVR had paid the governments of Kenya and Uganda Sh156 million “It further recommended that ‘the director and other officials ($US2 million) and Sh78 million ($US1 million) respectively of the budget monitoring and price intelligence unit (now in outstanding concession fees. The shareholders were bureau of public procurement) who issued certificates of required to put in another $10 million (Sh750 million) by 10 award and payment for contracts not appropriated by law March. be prosecuted for violation of extant laws’. So for the present, RVR’s contentious concession continues “In addition, the committee recommended that ‘the in force, though it was reported on 9 February that engineering representatives and other engineers who issued Kenya’s parliamentary Public Investment Committee had certificates of job completion to contractors when such summoned attorney-general Amos Wako, civil service head jobs had not been completed according to specification Francis Muthaura, transport permanent secretary Cyrus be prosecuted for fraud and accordingly sanctioned by the Njiru and his finance counterpart Joseph Kinyua to appear relevant bodies.’ before it to explain why they saw fit to extend the RVR concession, despite “overwhelming evidence that the “It recommended that ‘the honourable minister of concessionaire had flopped in service provision”, coupled transportation and the permanent secretary who approved with the committee’s specific recommendation that the and transferred N1,210,500,000.00 into the private account concession be terminated “immediately.” of the Digital Toll Gates Company Limited without due process certification and in violation of the terms of concession agreement be prosecuted and this amount be recovered from this private company’. [The minister in question, Mrs Diezani Alison-Madueke is the incumbent minister of solid minerals development]. “There are so many other recommendations that are damningly touching on the integrity of some former and Rift Valley Railways’ concession: Still in force (for now). serving public officers. But the aspect that has created 8 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
  9. 9. SAL “THE SUPERIOR” LOCOMOTIVE CONTROL UNIT n The SAL system is applicable to any locomotive produced, n Ancillary hardware exchange within five (5) days. such as GE, GM, Alstom, Bombardier and others. n Applicable to all Multi-Engine (Gen-set) n The Man Machine Interface (MMI) will be programmed to Locomotive Technologies!! display in ANY language. n The SAL system is the most advanced, complete and n The installation of the system will be adapted and designed cost effective Locomotive Intelligent Monitoring system specifically to customers requirements. by Microprocessor and Telemetry through GPRS on the market today! n Installed and operating successfully in Class 1 Railways on EMD & GE locomotives. n Eliminates approximately 85% of relays in Electrical Cabinet. (Subject to locomotive manufacturer) n MU, Control Stand, in engine room located sensors and devices, wiring harnesses are supplied. n Required transducers and mounting hardware kits supplied. n Complete system support by phone, web conference or on site by our Engineers. n 20 years total system support. GM291_AP Presslink SPEED MEASUREMENT AND LIMITING USING TELEMETRY THROUGH GPRS TOTAL LOGIC CONTROL DECREASING NUMBER OF RELAYS UP TO 85%* AXLE GENERATOR * SUBJECT TO LOCOMOTIVE MANUFACTURER DIGITAL EXCITATION CONTROL (MOTORING AND DYNAMIC BREAK) COMPLETE INTELLIGENT MONITORING SYSTEM BY MICROPROCESSOR COMPLETE ENGINE PROTECTION THROUGH SPEED, TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE MONITORING MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE FULL PROTECTION FOR DYNAMIC BREAK GRID zeit EVENT RECORDER DIGITAL COMMUNICATION WITH OPEN PROTOCOL ADHESION CONTROL AND TRACTION MOTORS PROTECTION COMPLETE POWER CONTROL AXLE ALTERNATOR REAL DIESEL FUEL CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT PROTECTION AND CONTROL OF AUXILIARY EQUIPMENTS (COMPRESSOR, BLOWER, AUXILIAR GENERATOR, ETC) Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026 730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada info.rmr@railroadbusiness.com www.railroadbusiness.com
  10. 10. AFRICA UPDATE ALGERIA The entity became state-owned in 2001, on expiry of a 99- CANADA’S DESSAU TO BUILD ALGERIAN LINE year lease held by a British company. Management of the Canadian engineering firm Dessau has won a $US38.8 railway by Transnet, AIM explains, has been the subject of million contract for the preliminary and final design for a discussions in which Angola was represented by the GRN new 170km double track between Algiers and Constantine (National Reconstruction Office) director-general Vieira Dias in Algeria’s north-east. The contract is part of a $US2.3 “Kopelipa”. The rehabilitation of the three railways in Angola billion government project. The contract was awarded has been the direct responsibility of GRN, “which participates by a consortium comprising China Civil Engineering in the China International Fund (CIF).” Construction Corporation (CCECC) and Turkish partner Ozgun Construction. Both freight and passenger services CIF, it is explained, ”has the status of general contractor”. In will use the line, running at a maximum 160km/h. that capacity, it sub-contracted several Chinese companies which are carrying out the reconstruction along different Dessau’s team of 50 Canadian and Algerian engineers will sections of the railway. The work has been delayed by be responsible for designing bridges, viaducts, underpasses “technical and bureaucratic” difficulties, aggravated by the and overpasses, drainage structures, road and railway extent of destruction suffered by the line. It is now expected reconstruction, signalling and telecommunications facilities. that the railway (part of which is currently operational) will reopen throughout in 2011. Founded in 1957, privately owned Dessau is the second- largest engineering construction firm in Quebec. It is the fifth AIM says that “further privatisation” is planned, “and in that largest in Canada and one of the 100 largest in the world, context, investors and Spoornet will become partners of the with 4,300 employees. state. The management of CFB by Spoornet will initially be made by a management contract to come into force by the ANGOLA time of reopening the road. The privatisation process will BENGUELA LINE PROGRESS likely open two years later.” Rehabilitation of Caminhos de ferro de Benguela (CFB), Angola’s line from the Atlantic to the Democratic Republic The report concludes: “The entry of Spoornet into CFB is of Congo (DRC) went ahead during February on the section seen as a reflection of their desire to increase the prominence between Munhango (750km from Lobito) and Luau (1,289km). which already has the organisation and operation of networks The China Railway 20 Bureau Group Corporation (CR-20) is of cross-border rail systems in Southern Africa. Italy’s Tor di employing some 300 Chinese technicians and 300 Angolans Vale (AM 029) was the initially selected partner for the on the project, which began in Chicala. CR-20 official Zhang CFB.” Li Jun told the Angolan News Agency Angop that rails will be in place as far as Luena (990km from Lobito) by May 2010, when the first train is expected to arrive. Tankcar supplied to Angola by the China South works. TRANSNET TO RUN CFB? According to the news agency AIM, “Spoornet” (sic) is to manage the CFB Railway in Angola, once the current DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC) rehabilitation works are complete. No confirmatory SNCC (DRC CONGO) REHABILITATION information has been received from Transnet at this time. AIM On Friday 13 November 2009, DRC President Joseph Kabila says Spoornet is the main rail operator in South Africa, owned officially launched a “titanic” project – the reconstruction by Transnet, “the holding company of the state” It adds: “At of Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Congolais (SNCC a later stage Spoornet will acquire equity stake in the CFB”. – the state railway in the Democratic Republic of Congo). According to the official report: “With 3,641km of track CFB stands for Caminhos de ferro de Benguela, the including 858km electrified and 12,500 employees, the 1,350km railway running from the port of Lobito to Dilolo on SNCC network is equivalent to that in five West African the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). countries totalled together: Camrail in Cameroon, Transrail 10 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
  11. 11. AFRICA UPDATE in Sénégal and Mali, and Sitarail in Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina The companies, China Communication Construction Faso.” The infrastructure, both track and rolling stock, is old Company (CCCC), China Railway Group, Overseas and “20 years overdue for investment.” The workforce has Investment Alliance (OIA) from India, and a Russian entity, an average age of 55 years and salary payments are badly are also carrying out studies of their own, ERC director in arrear to the extent of “some $US1.4 billion”. Hailemariam Desalegn told Addis Fortune. “The company that will get the project will be the one that comes with the Following an international tender process, the Belgian firm financing,” Hailemariam said. Vecturis SA was selected to assist in rehabilitating SNCC. “Their technical assistance mission began in July 2009, fully The government decided to build a new railway instead of funded by the World Bank.” continuing with upgrading the existing line because higher speeds would be possible. At present there is no train The chief executive officer of SNCC is Freddy Strumane. service between Addis Abeba and Dire Dawa, and “only very Vincent Tshiongo has been appointed chief technology occasionally” between Dire Dawa and Djibouti. Upgrading officer. Norbert Lubanda is managing director and Faithful of the existing line was initiated at a cost of $US50m “but it Mwamba is chief financial officer. was interrupted for quality reasons,” Addis Fortune was told. In 2009, a $US5.25 million contribution by the government and $14.2 million from the African Development Bank (ADB) maintained stabilising activities at SNCC within the integrated programme of reforms, led by portfolio minister Jeanine Mabunda and Copirep - the Steering Committee of Reforms. However, SNCC is heavily dependent upon financial assistance from outside the DRC. The resources needed to effect complete recovery of the railway are being mobilised by a team led by minister of transport and communications Mpita Mathieu. It is foreseen that $360 million will be needed immediately – “at least” $160 million from the World Bank and $200 million and “Cooperation Sino Congolese”. It is hoped that the bank will assist further in meeting SNCC’s cash deficit. The “massive” envisaged investment programme involves the acquisition of 35 new locomotives, 100 passenger coaches, 200 freight wagons, two electric substations and A train at Dire Dawa, an important station on the 781km Ethio-Djibouti Railway, all the equipment necessary for rehabilitating some 700km of CFDE (Chemin de fer Djibouti-Ethopien). The 473km section west of Dire Dawa is track on the sections Sakania-Lubumbashi-Luambo-Tenke- not currently in operation. Photo: Dietmar Fiedel Kolwezi-Luilu; Kamina-Kipukwe-Lusenji-Kabongo-Kabalo; and Kimanda-Kaniama-Mwene Ditu. KENYA CITADEL ACQUIRES 17.5% OF RVR The financial plan also includes the rehabilitation of 350 existing wagons and 17 locomotives, and provision for pension benefits for employees who will reach retirement age within 5 years. During 2010 it is hoped to start construction on the renewal of track between Tenke and Kisanfu, where many derailments occur. The overhaul of locomotives and 25 passenger coaches is being prioritised. Other work on the programme will be carried out in the period 2011-2014. Nairobi commuter train. Daily Nation file photo Citadel Capital, a leading private equity firm in Africa and the Middle East, with investments totaling $US8.3 billion, confirmed on 22 February that it has acquired a 49% stake in the Sheltam company, the largest single shareholder and lead investor in the Rift Valley Railways (RVR) consortium. Sheltam owns 35% of RVR, holder of a 25-year concession to operate the railway linking Kenya’s Indian Ocean port of Mombasa with the rest of the country as well as Uganda and its capital, Kampala. Effectively, Citadel Capital now holds 17.5% of RVR. “We will look to inject more than $150m in the A former South African Railways class 32.000 (GE U18C1) diesel locomotive that ended its working days on SNCC. Photo: Jean Dulez railway over the coming five years,” managing director Karim Sadek says. ETHIOPIA ETHIOPIAN RAIL STUDY LAUNCHED “The first of several investments we are exploring in East A memorandum of understanding (MoU) has been signed Africa, it is a natural extension of our interest in African by four foreign companies and the Ethiopian Railway transport and logistics. Corporation (ERC) for undertaking a study on the planned construction of a new railway to the border with Djibouti at a “The Kenya-Uganda Railway has immense potential waiting projected cost of $US1.5 billion. to be unlocked through the appropriate deployment of capital www.railwaysafrica.com March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 11
  12. 12. AFRICA UPDATE and management talent,” Sadek explains. “We intend to Tete provincial director of transport Paz Catruza said that acquire 100% of Sheltam, and to pursue other investments in reopening the line would speed production at the coal mines Africa’s promising transport sector.” Transport in East Africa in Moatize, scheduled to start between the end of 2010 and is among the costliest the world, that between Mombasa and early 2011. Equipment needed by the two largest companies Kampala running at more than $0.13 per ton/km. A lack of holding mining concessions - Vale of Brazil and Riversdale of operating capacity has resulted in rail capturing less than Australia – can now be moved in by rail. 10% of the region’s transport market. Rail passenger transport between Beira and Moatize would “An efficient rail network could, in time, bring East African resume shortly, Catruza promised. transport costs down by as much as 50% due to the inherent operational and fuel efficiency of shipping by rail,” Citadel Capital’s managing director Amr El-Barbary says, pointing out that the railway currently hauls just over 1mta of the 16mta being handled in the port of Mombasa. “New investment and a fresh approach to management could see that figure grow to 5mta within five years.” MOROCCO MOROCCAN HIGH-SPEED TRAIN Morocco’s new Tangier-Casablanca high-speed trains will carry 8 million passengers per year, says Office National des Chemins de fer (ONCF – the national railway of Morocco) CEO Mohammed Rabie Khlie. With a capacity of 500 passengers, each trainset will be “accessible to the average citizen” with a departure every hour (every half-hour during periods of heavy traffic). Infrastructural work on the project, scheduled to commence in June 2010, is expected to be complete by the end of 2014, with trains in operation by December 2015. The Tangier-Casablanca section will form the first stage of the country’s high-speed rail master plan, which envisages more than 1,500km of new lines by 2035. The government plans to promote economic and social development through upgrading major infrastructure networks. The project is being funded by the state (4.8 billion dirhams), the Hassan II Fund for Economic and Social Development (1 billion dirhams), French and European donations (1.9 billion dirhams) and loans with favourable terms and conditions (12.3 billion dirhams). Tracklaying machine: Sena line.Photos: Antonio Teixeira. MOZAMBIQUE FIRST TRAIN AT MOATIZE On Saturday 30 January 2010, the first train to arrive at Moatize in the western Mozambican province of Tete in more than two decades was met by an impressive contingent: members of the central committee of the ruling Frelimo resident locally, Frelimo members of parliament, members of the provincial and district governments, and a large crowd of people. According to Moatize district administrator Adelino Andissene, the railway will bring many benefits to the province. He was sure, he said, that people living along the line “will take advantage of this opportunity, by transporting their agricultural surpluses to the commercial centres”. New level crossing under construction near Moatize. Photo: Antonio Teixeira. NIGERIA NEW GE LOCOS FOR NIGERIA On 5 February, it was announced jointly by the Nigerian ministry of transport and GE Transportation that the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC) has taken delivery of the first five new C25 six-axle diesel-electric locomotives. The balance of the order for 25 units, intended for both freight and passenger service, is to be shipped during the second half of 2010. The locomotives were built by GE Transportation South America, GE Transportation’s affiliate facility in Brazil. The locomotives feature GE’s 7FDL12-cylinder, 2,500hp engine supplied by GE Transportation’s diesel engine manufacturing Sleepers laid through Moatize station. Photo: Antonio Teixeira. 12 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
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  14. 14. AFRICA UPDATE AFRICA UPDATE TRL director general Narasimhaswami Jayaram said that RVR commercial manager in Kampala, Geoffrey plant in Grove City, USA. The locomotives were designed Corporation (CCECC). While inspecting the work early in two goods trains comprising 23 wagons would be conveying Tindimwebwa says the rates will still be lower than those specifically to accommodate Nigeria’s weight per axle, February, Aliero was quoted saying: “I think it would be various commodities including cement from the Tanga charged by road freight hauliers. “Our rates have been loading gauge and clearance characteristics. wrong for anybody to call this project a white elephant. A Cement Company. steady since last Octobera project that has no direct and the white elephant project is before the fuel prices rose bearing price ofpeoplespiralled,” he to serve.” He said the project is to the steel it is meant points out, whereas the truckers GE Transportation South America has built GE diesel- TAZARA raise rates every time the fuelproblems of ordinary people in meant to solve the transport price changes. “Also, we have electric locomotives including AC44, Dash 9 and the C TAZARAin Brazil since 1967, and has produced more than had Federal Capital Territorythe weakening dollar as that can the a negative result from (FCT). “This is a project most of Series TARIFFS UPPED New fares applicable on the Tanzania-Zambia Railway came our rates are in that currency. Itat once to the city centre, the transport 500 to 1,000 people has been losing value, while 1,000 locomotives, operating in over 15 countries around the into effect on 1 July. Ticket prices on ordinary passenger the prices of our inputs have been going up.” towns.” airport, the industrial park and other satellite world. Altogether, approximately 17,000 GE locomotives are trains as more than 50 Tazara Express went up 20% while in use in well as the countries. parcels and luggage rates rose 30%. Travellers from Dar- ZAMBIA He explained that, to date, the FCT administration had paid es-SalaamandTanzania GEKapiri Mposhi inLorenzo Simonelli President in CEO of to Transportation Zambia now pay RSZ TAKEN TO TASK total cost which amounts to about 15% of the project’s Tsh72,600 ($US72) in “GE experts performed an extensive was quoted saying: first class on the Tazara Express, up In an editorial, The Timesamounts are to be paid soon “to $US840 million. Further of Zambia takes Rail Systems of from Tsh60,500 ($US60). analysis on Nigeria’s narrow-gauge railway network, haulage Zambia (RSZ),project”. speed up the the concessionaire running Zambian Railways, requirements and traffic patterns to determine the best-fit to task for buying “brand new motor vehicles worth $US1.4 To Makambako (Iringa) from Dar-es-Salaam now costs locomotive.” TANZANIA million”, while apparently falling short in service delivery. Tsh29,000 ($US29) instead of Tsh24,200 ($US24). To Rujewa “While theAPPROVE TRL LEASE right to purchase vehicles for IFC MUST company has every CANCELLING (Mbeya) the fare is now Tsh29,900 ($US29) instead of operations, we feel their priorities are misplaced,” Economic Following the decision by Rail India Technical and the paper Tsh24,900 ($US24). Services Ltd (Rites) to offer for sale its 51% stake in the writes. consortium established three years ago to operate Tanzania’s Tazara managing director Clement Subulwa Mwiya points railway, it is understood that the International Finance “Gone are the days,” it laments, “when the railway network out that the company’s policy is to adjust tariffs annually. was the most(IFC) will have of transport in Zambia. “It wasthe Corporation reliable mode the final word in terminating so High operational costs are being experienced, notably in the reliable and cheap, that the According toZambia’s favourite 25-year lease agreement. rail line was The East African, wage bill and the continually rising cost of diesel. Tazara is mode of transport, offloading goodsisand to decide on the published in Nairobi, “the government yet passengers in upgrading its facilities at a cost of $US10 million, he says, remote areas potential legal battles at the international court offer, fearing where roads were inaccessible. and 18 locomotives are being rehabilitated currently of arbitration and problems with the funders of the aborted privatisation process.” “The failure by RSZ to provide safety and reliability has forced UGANDA many Zambians to abandon rail transport in preference for MAIN-LINE AT JINJA REOPENS the faster and more reliablethe shares in Tanzania Railways, The decision to purchase road transport. It was hoped that The main-line to Kampala from Kenya, closed near Jinja on when Zambiainformationwas concessioned to RSZ, subject according to Railways supplied to the paper, “is things 14 May following the collapse of an embankment due to a wouldIFC green light, upon assurances from the government to an change for the better.” as to who is responsible for carrying the debt, amounting to blocked culvert, was reopened to traffic on 16 June. During $US7 million with interest. the of Nigeria’s new GE locomotives. One four weeks that the line remained inoperable, freight was [RSZ inherited a sorely run-down system which is taking a offloaded at Iganga and taken forward by road. According great deal of time and money to put right. The rosy past of to Rift Valley the arrival(RVR) project manager Glenn Kleyn, Speaking at Railways of five new locomotives at berth 19 railways in the country share was used asdays when it was “The Indian firm’s 51% dates back to the a loan guarantee quoted by port, Vision (published in Kampala) a new three- of Apapa New Lagos, early in February, Nigerian minister called Northern Rhodesiafrom the IFC as working capital but to secure $US44 million – but nobody will want to remember of transport Ibrahim Isa Bio announced that 25 drivers are metre diameter galvanised iron culvert has been installed, that.World Bank finance body disbursed only $7 million of the – editor] this amount. to provide adequateAfrica for training “to effectively manage to be sent to South outlet for stormwater to drain into Lake the fleet”. Victoria, about a kilometre downstream. A senior government official told The East African in Dar-es- Salaam that, after eight months of delay, the government told Kleyn said the repair work was being done at help improve He was quoted saying: “These locomotives will mile 323. In 4 - 6 March 2009 the IFC it did not have confidence in the railway consortium’s Cape Town addition, the company isthe railway system of at mile 289 mass transit through investigating a structure movement management, ‘prompting IFC to hold back the rest of the of goods and services and contribute to the economic towards Busembatia. loan.’ The official said that IFC then made a feasibility study development of the country. Government has started the ZIMBABWE and advised the Tanzanian government that of the contract “It (mile modernisation any immediate danger but for are railway 289) is not in project and the contract we the NEW NRZ SERVICE needed an injection of $US100 million, Tanzania Railways investigating andhas been up designs,” he told the paper. standard gauge drawing awarded”. more than twice the proposed loan, and needed Tanzania The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has introduced [GE says the new locos were specially developed for Nigeria’s a new Rites commitment as securityChicualacuala, 500km and weekly passenger service to to release additional UGANDA gauge”. Successive reports speak of the standard RATES INCREASE funds. south-east of Bulawayo on the line to Maputo. The existing “narrow Rift Valley Railways (RVR) has increased freight rates Wednesday train to Chiredzi has been rescheduled to leave gauge project having been scrapped, but the minister seems between Mombasa and Kampala from $US80 per tonne to to think otherwise. - Editor] Bulawayo Tanzania on Wednesday instead of 21:00. Arriving “Instead, at 14:00 told Rites to prepare a business plan to $110. Former managing director Roy Puffet explained in July: at 04:00the extent of the returns at 05:00 needed to revamp decide on Thursday, it working capital to Mbizi junction, “The tariff adjustment was driven by continued upward costs ABUJA LRT BY 2012 and railway. The from parties to Chicualacuala. the business the continues two there failed to agree on Following a of energy, petroleum products and steel. The price of diesel The new light rail system in the Nigerian capital Abuja will 14:00when Rites projected that Tanzania Railways would only plan departure, it runs back to Bulawayo, arriving on Friday has gone up by 24% in the last eight months and there is be in operation by 2012, Senator Adamu Aliero says. The morning.to carry 1.7 million tonnes per annum by the year be able The Chiredzi-Bulawayo service retains its former double digit inflation as well as dollar revaluation”. completion date was advanced from 2013 due to good timing while thedays of thegovernment insisted that the line 2015, on other Tanzania week. has the potential of ferrying 10 million tonnes, a stand-off that progress made by the China Civil Engineering Construction created doubts at IFC about the whole deal. Thermitrex (Pty) Ltd Tel: +27 (0)11 914 2540 www.thermitrex.co.za 18 RAILWAYS AFRICA RAILWAYS AFRICA 3 | 2008 March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com www.railwaysafrica.com 14
  15. 15. AFRICA UPDATE “Hundi Lal Chaudhary, chief executive officer of Tanzania off projects, as well as the creation of investment funds for Railways Ltd, told The East African that negotiations between venture capital. Rites and the Tanzania government for the sale of the 51% shares were ongoing but declined to disclose further details. Minister Zouari stressed the importance of major national companies joining the spin-off programme, as this will boost “MPs are now demanding that the government set a investment and create jobs. Minister Chelbi recalled the timeline for termination of the contract as it is a burden on objectives in this sector focusing on doubling the number the taxpayer, with the government subsidising Tanzania of spin-off projects created from 100 to 200 per year, saying Railways on a monthly basis to enable it to pay the salaries that “according to investigations carried out abroad, the of hundred of workers. chances of success of a new scheme will double if it is created within the framework of a spin-off project”. “Tanzania in 2006 concessioned Tanzania Railways operation and maintenance to the Rites consortium for 25 years, with the IFC providing the working capital. The seed capital from the consortium was $US20 million and IFC was to provide $US44 million.” FUNDING FOR TANZANIAN-RWANDA STUDY Tunisian push-pull train bound for Hammarmet and Nabeul at Bir Bou Regba. Photo Richard Ågren. UGANDA ARMY TO REBUILD UGANDAN RAILWAY Addressing the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) at the Ugandan Parliament in Kampala, President Yoweri Museveni said the poor infrastructure in the region needed immediate attention. “The problem of infrastructure in East Africa is a matter of survival,” he said, “especially electricity, the roads and railway. If we don’t improve, it will lead us into trouble. The Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF), Museveni The African Development Bank (ADB) has agreed to announced, is to rebuild the railway network in the country. provide $US8.15 million to finance the viability study for the proposed new Dar-es-Salaam-Isaka-Kigali-Keza- He told parliament Musongati 1,435mm gauge railway, which will connect that the UPDF had Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda. According to the East set up an engineering African Community (EAC) development programme, the brigade and was railway line is “critical to the reduction of multinational quoted saying: “We poverty through regional infrastructure development.” The shall use them to study will provide the governments of Tanzania, Rwanda build the railway. I and Burundi with data and decision-making tools “to facilitate talked to the army the mobilisation of financing, project implementation and engineers and they railway management.” Diesel loco in Uganda. said it is okay”. The colonialists, he said, used “rudimentary tools” to construct According to The East African (published in Nairobi), axle the railway still in use in East Africa today. By contrast, the loadings of 25 tonnes are foreseen on the new line, with present army was in a much better position and possessed locomotives “pulling 2,000 wagons (sic) at a time”. better technology. TUNISIA Electricity power generation in the region, Museveni added, AIR & RAIL “SPIN-OFFS” IN TUNISIA was too low to sustain development. He gave the assurance Tunisair and Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Tunisiens that even without foreign aid, Uganda could build its own (SNCFT - the Tunisian National Railways) have signed a joint power stations. agreement creating two “spin-off” companies. Minister of transport Abderrahim Zouari; minister of industry, energy ZAMBIA and small and medium enterprises Afif Chelbi; Tunisair ZAMBIAN RAIL ULTIMATUM president and CEO Nabil Chettaoui, and Néjib Fitouri, SNCFT The Zambian parliamentary committee on government CEO Néjib Fitouri were present at the signing ceremony. In assurances has given a 30-day ultimatum to the ministry terms of these agreements, the two “spin-off” companies of communications and transport in which to stipulate the undertake to create an organisational structure, to develop exact duration that will be required to complete the various an annual programme fixing the number and terms of spin- railway development projects in the country. www.railwaysafrica.com March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 15
  16. 16. AFRICA UPDATE On 26 January, committee chairman Chishimba Kambwili Track Term 1.2 units installed on locomotives, together with said that in respect of several uncompleted rail projects, the six computer terminals located at the Harare, Dabuka, government keeps giving assurances that they would be Bulawayo, Sawmills and Thompson Junction control developed “soon”. Acting ministry of communications and centres. At these points, continuous visual display updates transport permanent secretary John Chipuwa was before are provided on locomotive positions and speed. Accident the committee. investigation is significantly assisted through the data recording facility, by means of which train movement history Projects listed by Kambwili included Nseluka-Mpulungu, can be replayed and examined. Chipata-Tazara, Mulobezi-Caprivi, Kafue to Lions Den and the Njanji commuter railway. Chipuwa told the committee During recent years, NRZ was forced to fall back on the that the government wanted the Chingola-Lumwana project elementary paper order system of train despatching, to go ahead but this was stalled because of litigation by a following “total collapse” of the railway’s comprehensive prospective developer. centralised traffic control system (CTC) through widespread vandalism. Regarding the Njanji commuter line. He said that only one bid had been received. This is under consideration by the CTC was originally installed by the former Rhodesian Zambia Development Agency. Railways in 1951, at which time it was one of the first systems in the world to do so along the entire length of its main-lines. NRZ INTENSIFIES SECURITY The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has revamped security standards to combat theft, vandalism and related crime which has cost the organisation millions of dollars. Following the graduating of professionally trained dog handler security officers at a pass-out parade at Westgate Dog Training School, NRZ increased its recruitment drive. Security officers undergo 12 weeks of extensive training in basic dog handling, obedience, guard-dog and obstacle training handling and drill, kennel management and apprehension technique. Lineside scene in Zambia. Photo: Dietmar Fiedel. Fuel storage tanks, copper warehouses and other facilities ZIMBABWE which have been targets for theft and vandalism are now GPS INAUGURATED AT NRZ accorded heavy security, augmented by dog patrols The Global Positioning System (GPS) recently inaugurated searching for substances such as drugs and explosives. by the National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) comprises Star Tel: +27 (0)12 653-4595 PO Box 9375, Centurion 105 Theuns St. , Hennopspark, Fax: +27 (0)12 653-6841 0046, South Africa Centurion, 0157, South Africa www.vherail.co.za 16 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
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  18. 18. SA RAIL NEWS South African Rail News TRANSPORT COMMAND AND CALL CENTRE Though there is awareness of Transnet’s “multibillion Rand A transport command and call centre will come into operation investment scheme, Barloworld Logistics marketing general in March 2010, to serve as the central hub of co-ordination manager Kate Stubbs said nobody perceives much in the for transport operations during the forthcoming Fifa Soccer way of visible improvement – neither in operating nor in World Cup. infrastructure. “The centre will enable the Department of Transport Of the 377 respondents that participated in the survey to maintain overall command, control and co-ordinate – 16% of them managing directors or CEOs and 13% transport operations across the country, including host general managers – most feel “an urgent need for public- cities and provinces,” transport minister Sibusiso Ndebele private cooperation in the freight rail sector at a strategic told local organising committee CEO Danny Jordaan during and decision-making level”. An opinion widely held is that a meeting held to provide an update on transport plans for the sector could do with significant private sector direct the World Cup. investment. Stubbs was quoted saying: “There is a huge, desperate need for public-private cooperation to improve The centre will provide live, real-time information that infrastructure.” will also facilitate quick decision-making and responses to incidents. Travellers will be able to access relevant More than 20% of the survey participants indicated that they transport information through the call centre and a central spend more than 10% of the cost of their goods on transport. website. One of the aims is to ensure that visitors to the country have a central point of call, where they can be TRANSNET LOCOMOTIVES: 30 YEAR AVERAGE AGE provided with travel planning information and assistance. Transnet acting chief executive officer Chris Wells told Parliament’s portfolio committee on communications on South Africa is expecting approximately 450,000 visitors 3 February that the country’s locomotives are on average to descend on the country for the football spectacle which 30 years old. Sapa quoted him saying that the fleet totals kicks off on 11 June. some 2,000: “We haven’t purchased a new locomotive for well over ten years, which has caused a lot of problems in NO PLANS TO CHANGE SA GAUGE performance”. However he said, “By the end of March 2011, There are no plans to change the gauge of South Africa’s some 10% of our rail fleet should be brand new. That is very railways from the existing 1,067mm “Cape Gauge” to the 1.435 significant for performance going forward.” metre “Standard Gauge”, Transnet acting chief executive officer Chris Wells told Parliament’s portfolio committee on communications on 3 February. He was quoted saying it is not thought “appropriate” to change the network in the medium term. “There has been a lot of discussion of moving to standard gauge, which will allow faster speeds,” he said. “We don’t believe it appropriate. Unfortunately, we are all on the rail gauge known as Cape Gauge”. While there have indeed been new electric locos very recently (and before that numbers in the eighties and early nineties), there have been no completely new main-line diesels since the last class 37 in 1982 – ie almost 30 years ago. Guy Hausler took this photo of 37.100 in February 2007 at Dullstroom (on the Steelpoort branch in Mpumalanga). TRANSNET ON THE PORTS “No plans to change the gauge” – Transnet acting CEO Chris Wells. Photo: Richard Grönstedt Aerial view of the port of Richards Bay. SA FREIGHT TRANSPORT HEADACHES “Our new port at Coega is well-placed to be the midway A good 80% of companies taking part in this year’s between the large ships from the east to offload at that Barloworld logistics supply-chain foresight survey said that port and then return back and with short sea shipping under 10% of their goods are transported by rail. No less up the coast of Africa or inland to South Africa,” Transnet than 46% of the companies surveyed thought they might acting chief executive officer Chris Wells told Parliament’s use rail for more than 20% of their freight – if “adequate” communications portfolio committee on 3 February. Near railway capacity existed. Nearly half the entities polled were Port Elizabeth, Coega is “well positioned” to be a trans- unhappy with the service given by rail. 18 RAILWAYS AFRICA March 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
  19. 19. SA RAIL NEWS shipment port between Asia and South America, Sapa GE AND BBBEE quoted him saying. In December 2008, GE Transportation signed an agreement with South African Broad-Based Black Economic Transnet is cooperating with port authorities in Luanda, Empowerment (BBBEE) Mineworkers Investment Company Angola, Wells told the committee, to assist in “congestion” (MIC), to establish the subsidiary GE South Africa and “the utilisation of the Coega facilities in that regard”. Technologies (Pty) Limited (GESAT), allowing the company to actively participate in South Africa’s social and economic Plans are also under way to expand the coal port of Richard’s transformation in the rail industry. Bay, which is operating at a capacity of 90 million tons per annum but possesses the infrastructural capacity for only Commenting on the announcement of the contract for 70 million tons. “We are working with industry on planning 100 new GE locos, MIC executive director Tshidi Madima, to increase that to 81 million tons in the medium term. The said, “We are delighted that GESAT has been successful long-term view is it should be 90 million tons plus.” in winning this Transnet Freight Rail contract. This is an excellent example of the type of participation in the South NEW GE DIESELS FOR SOUTH AFRICA African economy that was anticipated in the creation of Details of GE Transportation’s 100 new diesel-electric GESAT 12 months ago.” locomotives for Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) are as follows: GE’s model C30ACi, the first AC diesel electric locomotive to be introduced to sub-Saharan Africa, will have an engine that delivers 3,300 gross horsepower (GHP) using an electronic fuel-injection system that automatically supplies the exact amount of fuel needed for optimal engine efficiency. The locomotives will also feature GE’s unique AC propulsion technology and dynamic braking. The first locomotives and kits are scheduled to be delivered in early 2011; locomotive assembly at Transnet Rail Engineering (TRE), using kits from GE’s Erie plant and engines from that at Grove City, should begin at the end of 2010. GE Transportation explains that “the addition of these new locomotives, which will be used to haul freight and coal, will decrease life-cycle costs, improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.” On 27 May 2008, Jacque Wepener photographed 34.058 at Willemsrus on the OFS branch to Bultfontein. This GE U26C dates from the early seventies. GE Transportation has an installed base of some 1,200 GE locomotives in Africa some 900 of which are in South Africa. CASH-FLOW PROBLEMS AT METRORAIL In 2008, the company points out, “GE Transportation took During January, Business Day reported, East Rand-based South Africa’s Western Cape Orex line to the next level with Sinqobile Equestrian Security Services was forced to take the longest production train in the world, made possible Metrorail to court to try to recover R2.4 million owed. It lost through the LOCOTROL technology solution. This distributed the case, with the North Gauteng High Court decreeing power system - a first in South Africa - allows longer, safer that non-payment is “a normal commercial risk”. However, trains on the critical Western Cape Saldanha Bay iron ore the company has since managed to recoup R1.5m and was export line. Orex is the only heavy-haul iron-ore railway line promised the balance “over the next couple of months”. in South Africa and the second-longest iron-ore railway line in the world at some 861km. It feeds the port of Saldanha “We supply about 450 security guards to Metrorail, of which Bay, for export to a global market hungry for South African about 80 are mounted. So far we have managed to feed the iron ore. Until now, the carrying capacity of the line itself horses and pay the guards,” Sinqobile director Andries de has been a major barrier to increasing economy-boosting Klerk told the paper. iron ore exports. Member of Parliament Manny de Freitas quoted from a “GE worked closely with TRE to develop a comprehensive letter written by B Sithole, described as a Metrorail financial localisation plan that complements local strengths and manager in KwaZulu-Natal, saying that supplier payments transfers world-class skills and technology where applicable. were being delayed due to Metrorail “experiencing cash flow challenges in meeting its financial obligations”. “I have more evidence of non-payment of invoices by Metrorail and I am sorry to say it is mainly smaller black economic empowerment companies that are being hardest hit,” de Freitas said. Metrorail has serious cash-flow problems. During February, Malcolm Bates A 2,750hp class 34.9xx GE type U26C, new in 1980, heads the Trans-Karoo express photographed the Strand Business Express (deputising for its Southern Suburbs at Kimberley in June 1994. counterpart) near Plumstead. www.railwaysafrica.com March 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 19