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  • 1. Railways Africa PUBLISHERS CONTRIBUTORS SUBSCRIPTIONS Phillippa Dean Andrew Lanham Paul Kilfoil Rates for 10 issues per annum (2010) Barbara Sheat South Africa R464-75 (incl VAT) Ashley Peter Richard Grönstedt Africa R593.35 EDITOR Boon Boonzaaier Shall Ford International R1 229.80 Rollo Dickson Dave van der Meulen (incl. Foreign Exchange) Dietmar Fiedel DESIGN & LAYOUT Send a cheque or money order to: Dylan Knott Railways Africa Grazia Muto Geoff Cooke PO Box 4794 Jacque Wepener RANDBURG 2125 ADVERTISING RSA Sue Klomp Jean Dulez John Batwell Or send an email to SUBSCRIPTIONS Malcolm Bates Kim Bevan ISSN 1029 - 2756 Rail Link Communications cc The copyright on all material in this magazine is expressly reserved and vested in Rail Link Communications cc, P.O. Box 4794 Randburg 2125 unless otherwise stated. No material may be reproduced in any form, in part or in whole, without the permission of the publishers. Please note that the opinions expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the publishers of Rail Tel: +27 87 940 9278 Link Communications unless otherwise stated. E-mail: Twitter: railwaysafrica Website: Af filiated Associations & Societies RAILWAYS | HARBOURS | INTERMODAL | COMMUTER | MINING 6 – 8 April 2011 EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG Floorplan NOW OPEN! Call for papers. For further information, rates and booking details contact Phillippa Dean Tel: +27 72 340 5621 Email: W W W. R A I LWAY S A N D H A R B O U R S . C O M
  • 2. Comment The 18-day freight rail strike during strike is supposedly over they remain loosened on curves, for instance – May and the largely parallel passenger basically in the same position”. probably account for something like disruption – which began a week later Obviously, he concluded, this is R70 million in making good damage. but took until 1 June before services going to cause job losses - and that’s Four burned out coaches set Prasa normalised – pushed South Africa back an interesting point. Strike-makers back by almost R20 million alone. a great deal more than most people see only today’s paypacket, not the seem to realise. For the first time in diminished number of paypackets Which brings us to the sting in the tail. 150 years, no passenger trains ran tomorrow – nor the inflated cost of South African Transport and Allied anywhere in the entire country. That every commodity, six months down Workers’ Union (Satawu) general went on for seven consecutive days, the line. Raise the price of transport secretary, Zenzo Mahlangu, is quoted causing unprecedented hardship to drastically – by three times the rate of saying the “large increase” has created thousands who could not get to work, inflation, for example - and up goes a basis from which “fair wage deals severely impacting on industry and the price of everything on the table could be signed in future negotiations”. commerce. Agriculture reported severe likewise; costing that much more just to How’s that for some pretty clear writing transport dislocation. The inevitable live, with jobs down and the country’s on the wall? consequence is reduced confidence in economy roundly hammered. the railway and more traffic lost to the road. Where is government to find massive unbudgeted millions, the sort of money Some things are lost forever. Seven needed to meet the huge adjustments days’ worth of seats unsold on agreed (like 12% at Prasa; even more passenger trains, for instance, must at Transnet)? What is the effect going Phillippa Dean represent a small fortune in revenue to be on Prasa, repeatedly bewailing that can never be recovered (not to its desperate shortage of funding, Footnote: Politicians in London are pressing for mention the effect of a further two its antiquated rolling stock? Recent total driverless train operation, to remove what weeks’ very restricted service on many warnings say intercity service will they term the unions’ “stranglehold” and their routes). collapse within two years, failing radical ability to bring the city to a standstill. (See Pete the action. How many jobs are at risk in a Pundit on page 6). South African Shippers’ Council pending Shosholoza Meyl demise – executive director, L M Pelser, listed and what will 12% pay increases be some costly post-strike port realities worth then? (notably at Durban), such as ships offloading containers but sailing minus That isn’t all, of course. To achieve the export boxes that did not make it settlement, the negotiators had their into the vessel-stack on time. arms twisted to grant a R1,000 one- off payment to every employee, “to “Cargo owners,” Pelser was quoted compensate for pay lost during the saying, “could not export or import strike”. On top of that, dirty tricks during during the strike and now that the the strike – derailments caused by rails Contents Gautrain 2 Racec 4 Opinion: Pete the Pundit 6 Industry Comment 8 Comfortable, quiet, New CEO for Cape Town station Africa Update 10 fast – and now legal RACEC revamped & Century SA Rail News 14 > Page 2 > Page 4 City opens > Page 14 Gautrain Update 18 Mishaps & Blunders 24 Stamp Special 30 Review 32 Railway Heritage 34 End of the Line 36 Gautrain construction Derailments during Zambia’s Bushtracks update transnet strike changes loco > Page 18 > Page 24 > Page 34 May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 1
  • 3. GAUTRAIN GAUTRAIN : Comfortable, quiet, fast – and now legal On 2 June, Railways Africa had a second opportunity to “We have done it just in time, with eight days to go to the start ride Gautrain: a comfortable, quiet and fast seven minutes of the 2010 Fifa World Cup,” deputy minister Cronin pointed from Marlboro to OR Tambo International. The occasion was out, but emphasised that the Gautrain contract had been a function in the airport station, where Bombela Operating signed before the event was awarded to South Africa, and Company CEO, Alain Esteve, received the Railway Safety had never been a World Cup project. Regulator’s safety permit from deputy minister of transport Jeremy Cronin. He quoted Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (Prasa) CEO Lucky Montana’s observation that South Africa had “This is the critical moment when Gautrain graduates from missed out on several technical “renaissances” in the world its construction phase to being an operating railway,” Cronin of transport. With initiatives such as Gautrain, however, the explained. Conceding that he had been critical of the project country could begin to catch up. in the past and had some “minor reservations”, he said he was not going to be a “party pooper” at this stage: “I share MORE GAUTRAINS ELSEWHERE? along with all of you the excitement at what we are doing here People from elsewhere in South Africa can be expected to with Gautrain and the steps we are taking with the project.” want similar “wonderful coaches” in their own areas, Cronin said and he saw no reason why similar levels of technology A “FANTASTIC RIDE” could not be implemented elsewhere. Cronin commented on the train’s ability to travel at 160km/h and said it was a “fantastic ride”, adding: “The Gautrain A spokesman for the Railway Safety Regulator (RSR) agency has driven this with tremendous passion and skill.” explained that although physically Gautrain differs from other rail systems in South Africa, the standards set for it are There were many positive things that could be said about just as stringent. the project, he continued. It is probably the largest public- private-participation programme happening in South Africa, RSR CEO, Mosenngwa Mofi, congratulated Bombela on and everyone involved had learned a lot: “Clearly, in the fulfilling its legal obligations including the approved safety provision of major infrastructure, this is the way we have to management system. He said: “We remain positive that our go, so in this, Gautrain has played a pioneering role”. collective efforts at improving safety will lead to a Gautrain that is safe, secure and on track.” Authorising the system to carry fare-paying passengers meant that Gautrain was now up and running – and fully legal 2 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 4. GAUTRAIN Deputy transport minister Jeremy Cronin and Alain Esteve, CEO of the Bombela Operating Company proudly display Gautrain's Railway Safety certificate. Railways Africa / / / May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 3
  • 5. RACEC New CEO for RACEC On 31 May 2010, Charles John Harrod retired as chief Gary Lee Harrod executive officer of Racec Group Ltd. He has held this position since 2002 and steps down after a long and successful career with the company spanning 31 years. Charles Harrod began his career at the South African Transport Services (Sats – now Transnet Freight Rail) in 1966 as draughtsman in the chief electrical engineer’s office. He left Sats in 1975 and joined the electrical contracting division of Racec four years later, in Johannesburg. His responsibilities were primarily railway electrification design and construction projects, later expanded into township reticulation, transmission line erection and underground locomotive line projects. Charles Harrod set up Racec‘s electrical division in 1987, which afterwards expanded into the Eastern Cape and subsequently became Racec Electrification. GROWTH WITH STABILITY Racec Electrification has grown into the major electrical reticulation contractor in the Western and Southern Cape, as well as being an important contributor to the success of the Racec group. In December 1988, Charles Harrod, together with key members of management, supported by Standard Corporate and Merchant Bank, successfully achieved a management buy-out of the group from Metkor. going ahead in the near future. “So projects are coming together, and even during the tough economic times, we Charles was instrumental in Racec’s listing on the JSE have managed to retain our skills. Racec has a reputation to Alternative Exchange in 2007. His successful conclusion be proud of; we deliver on time and our quality is excellent,” of several acquisitions since listing has added significant he says. value to Racec. During this time, the group has diversified its activities from pure platelaying into the electrification ABOUT GARY LEE HARROD: sector and has broadened its presence throughout South Gary Harrod was granted a Grinaker bursary in 1990 Africa and into Africa. to study at the University of Cape Town. He holds a BSc in construction management and has completed a Charles will continue to serve as a non-executive director construction management programme at the University of of Racec, consulting on strategic and operational matters. Stellenbosch MBA School. He is married with two children. IN SAFE HANDS Joining Racec Electrification in 1998 as contracts manager, Gary Lee Harrod succeeds Charles, his appointment Gary was responsible for the supervision and co-ordination becoming effective on 1 June 2010. “I am looking forward of multiple construction projects, and the implementation to the future. While we haven’t been left unscathed by the of newly legislated government and company policies. He recession and it’s by no means over, the future is looking has been actively involved in the overall management of much better.” Reflecting on his career at Racec, Gary, the Racec group, of which he has been a director (as well concludes there have been a number of highlights, but he as managing director of subsidiary Racec Electrification) is particular proud of his involvement in the listing process. since 2002. A number of infrastructure projects, previously on hold, are 4 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 6. SAL “THE SUPERIOR” LOCOMOTIVE CONTROL UNIT n The SAL system is applicable to any locomotive produced, n Ancillary hardware exchange within five (5) days. such as GE, GM, Alstom, Bombardier and others. n Applicable to all Multi-Engine (Gen-set) n The Man Machine Interface (MMI) will be programmed to Locomotive Technologies!! display in ANY language. n The SAL system is the most advanced, complete and n The installation of the system will be adapted and designed cost effective Locomotive Intelligent Monitoring system specifically to customers requirements. by Microprocessor and Telemetry through GPRS on the market today! n Installed and operating successfully in Class 1 Railways on EMD & GE locomotives. n Eliminates approximately 85% of relays in Electrical Cabinet. (Subject to locomotive manufacturer) n MU, Control Stand, in engine room located sensors and devices, wiring harnesses are supplied. n Required transducers and mounting hardware kits supplied. n Complete system support by phone, web conference or on site by our Engineers. n 20 years total system support. GM291_AP Presslink SPEED MEASUREMENT AND LIMITING USING TELEMETRY THROUGH GPRS TOTAL LOGIC CONTROL DECREASING NUMBER OF RELAYS UP TO 85%* AXLE GENERATOR * SUBJECT TO LOCOMOTIVE MANUFACTURER DIGITAL EXCITATION CONTROL (MOTORING AND DYNAMIC BREAK) COMPLETE INTELLIGENT MONITORING SYSTEM BY MICROPROCESSOR COMPLETE ENGINE PROTECTION THROUGH SPEED, TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE MONITORING MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE FULL PROTECTION FOR DYNAMIC BREAK GRID zeit EVENT RECORDER DIGITAL COMMUNICATION WITH OPEN PROTOCOL ADHESION CONTROL AND TRACTION MOTORS PROTECTION COMPLETE POWER CONTROL AXLE ALTERNATOR REAL DIESEL FUEL CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT PROTECTION AND CONTROL OF AUXILIARY EQUIPMENTS (COMPRESSOR, BLOWER, AUXILIAR GENERATOR, ETC) Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026 730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada
  • 7. OPINION PETE THE PUNDIT at the RAILWAY SALE-ROOMS, ABOARD THE FASTEST TRAIN IN AFRICA AND ON THE DOWNSIDE OF STRIKES It isn’t every day you can buy locomotives, passenger Its cruel, that’s what it is, and chanting “the right to strike coaches, freight wagons and other railway items too is enshrined in the constitution” rubs salt into an already numerous to mention on auction. However, once a month nasty wound. for auctioning off desirable railway assets isn’t bad going. In fact, it’s good to know that people still pay money for At the other end of the scale, there are well-to-do entities railway artefacts; far too many go out at night and help bearing the brunt of weeks of determined inaction that themselves. has absolutely nothing to do with them. Such as Rovos Rail, in which one man (who invested all he had in what started For instance, all 382 wagons on offer at Transnet Freight out as a pipe-dream) has single-handedly done more for Rail’s sale that closed on 13 April were sold, Peter South African tourism than almost anyone we know. Bagshawe tells us. There was a loco too - class 14E 14- 102 - though little more than a body-shell and frames were According to Rohan Vos, who has single-handedly created left, this being an accident casualty. The interior had been employment for hundreds, “The strike cost us dearly. We gutted and bogies were not included. had to cancel two complete journeys to Cape Town. We had to leave trains in Kimberley and fly people out. That Other bargain lots included happened to two trains. And we had to leave a train in seven Toyota rail trolleys, Durban.” This was due to Transnet staff not coming to work a Suzuki Samurai road/rail and locomotives not being available. “Signals were not trolley (all non-runners) and working, all sorts of things. It’s been a hugely difficult time a working Plasser SBR7411 for us,” Vos told the press. rail ballast regulator with spares. A 1979 Funkey According to a Sapa report, Vos said the company had inspection trolley remained received numerous claims for costs, which it was honouring. unsold. At the auction which Loco 14-102 at Deelfontein on 26 October closed on 27 May 2010, 60 2005, after the Blue Train and the Trans- Perhaps we should be grateful to Maria Ramos for taking wagons went for R1,520,000, Karoo went bump in the night. SAA out of Transnet – otherwise the planes wouldn’t have together with an historic Photo: Die Burger. been flying either. (though burned out) 1937 2M1 motor coach converted for driver training. Two 1958 LOOK MA, NO DRIVERS - AND NO STRIKES class 31 (GE U12B) diesel locos - 31-025 and 041 - are Recalling there were 20 days of UK rail strikes between 31 believed to have fetched R131,000. December 2005 and 23 December 2009, the Conservative group on the London Assembly has made a proposal to city Eight L1T coaches were knocked down for R175,000. executive mayor Boris Johnson: Make all the London tube trains driverless, fire all the drivers (thereby avoiding strike disruptions) and save £141 million annually in wages. The Victoria and Central lines already use driverless technology, it is pointed out – as well as London’s Docklands Light Rail system. Removing drivers on other lines, it is suggested “would end the stranglehold militant unions have on the city’s tube network and seriously curtail their ability to bring London to a standstill. Driverless trains offer a safer, faster, more efficient level of service.” FASTEST TRAIN IN AFRICA The L1T coaches were part of the mid-eighties’ “Metroblitz” trains which linked Pretoria and Johannesburg in 42 minutes, reaching speeds of 160km/h. By way of comparison, Gautrain is to link Pretoria and Johannesburg in 42 minutes, reaching speeds of 160km/h. Snap! TRANSNET STRIKE COSTS ROVOS One can understand workers wanting to strike over differences with their employers. A growing number of people, however, find it difficult to reconcile so-called industrial action when it brings unimaginable hardship to innocent people who do not deserve its consequences. This is especially the case when hundreds of thousands Sorry guys: At 160km/h, Gautrain is not the fastest in are prevented from getting to work. Most victims are from Africa: all those press stories got it wrong. Alstom Prima II the poorest sector of the population, those to whom finding locomotives like this have been hauling 15-car Moroccan extra travelling money means even less on a table that trains at 160km/h since around 2008. Typical schedule: may be little more than bare at the best of times. And Rabat 13:25, Casablanca (91km) 14:30. Average 140km/h. adding an hour or two to an already overlong daily journey Current construction envisages TGV-type trains running at makes life just that much more unbearable. 320km/h by 2015. 6 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 8. INDUSTRY COMMENT Railway logistics Dave van der Meulen, managing member, Railway Corporate Strategy CC TYPES OF FREIGHT logistics. Their fixed guideways Freight falls into two fundamental categories. First there is constrain the scope of movements in low-value, high-density freight, typically bulk agricultural which they can naturally participate: or mineral commodities prior to beneficiation. If the vehicle Participation at higher levels is profile is sufficiently large, it achieves heavy axle load on therefore at the discretion of logistics rail with relative ease. Secondly there is high value, low- integrators at these levels. density freight, typically intermediate or finished goods. As a rule, the higher the value added, the less dense the Consider now the time value of common bulk commodities. goods, though display and protective packaging contribute Prices per ton range from iron ore @ $US100-110, coal @ to reducing density. It is often challenging to achieve a $150-200, to maize @ $150-300, while real discount rates heavy axle load on rail with high value-added freight. range from 3% to 5% per annum. The time value per hour is therefore (discount rate)/(24x365): Dividing any discount In South Africa, and seemingly only in South Africa as a rate by 8,760 renders it negligible - a small fraction of one Google search will show, one comes across the term rail- cent per ton per hour, even at maximum price and rate. Such friendly freight. What does it mean? Freight is lifeless and freight typically moves from stockpile to stockpile, or silo to therefore cannot be friendly: Only people can be friendly. In silo, at the natural speed of the applicable transport mode. logistics, the freight owner or his agent is the customer, and the railway is a service provider. By the nature of business It is thus natural that heavy-haul railways should align relationships, the customer’s friendliness will recognise the themselves to business that demands a comparatively supplier with the best offering. Disappointingly, one seldom low level of logistics integration. Other than occasional comes across the reciprocal term, logistics-friendly rail. It is opportunities for direct loading to vessels, rail transport therefore useful to reflect on how freight railways relate to of bulk commodities is therefore largely decoupled from freight logistics. other activities in the logistics chain. Possibly lumpy integration can work because the time value of commodities RAILWAYS IN THE WORLD OF LOGISTICS transported in this way is low. Consider first the logistics industry hierarchy from the perspective of the level of integration provided by its Furthermore, volumes are so large that direct rail access members. First party logistics concerns the consignor at the points of origin and destination is taken for granted. or consignee, one of which owns the freight and possibly Such “door-to-door” rail service is frequently difficult to the means of transport as well. A second party logistics realise with high-value freight, which therefore gravitates to provider is an asset-based carrier that actually owns the road - unless the axle load is sufficiently high, and the haul means of transport, and which may offer limited value-added distance sufficiently long, to offset the cost of intermodal services such as track-and-trace. A third party logistics transshipment to or from rail at one or more intermediate provider, in addition to transport, offers basic value- nodes. added services, such as warehousing, pick-and-pack, and distribution. It owns at least one of them, and may contract IMPLICATIONS FOR RAIL the remainder to other parties, but it is not independent. A How does one achieve fundamental railway competitiveness, fourth party logistics provider is an independent, non-asset- and how does it relate to the logistics industry? Consider based integrator of a client’s supply and demand chains. now the degrees of freedom of movement of transport modes, ie on how many mutually perpendicular axes a The more a logistics service provider is asset-based, the mode can move simultaneously. lower its level of integration; and the less a logistics service provider is asset-based, the higher its level of integration. Air transport supports three degrees of freedom of The implications for railways are clear: Their asset movement - forward, lateral, and vertical. At a price, it can intensiveness naturally positions them in second party offer high origin-destination flexibility and short journey SISHEN (861 km) VAAL RIVER times. The latter stem not only from its inherently high KARASBURG speed, but also from its ability to minimise route distance by UPINGTON VROLIK (791 km) ROOILYF VAAL RIVER KIMBERLEY flying great circle routes over natural obstacles, eg Chicago to Delhi over the Arctic Ocean. Hence, air transport ideally ORANGE RIVER AGGENEYS PADDAGAT ORANGE RIVER KOLKE (531 KM) complements high-integration logistics management for high-value freight. Surface transport sacrifices the vertical PRIESKA ORANGE RIVER HALFWEG (445 KM) SOUS (371 KM) degree of freedom of movement. In so doing, it reduces BITTERFONTEIN KANAKIES (274 KM) CARNARVON DE AAR the cost of transport, but the remaining two degrees of ATLANTIC CALVINIA ROSMEAD freedom, forward and lateral, require it to overcome surface OCEAN KNERSVLAK (183 KM) obstacles, eg circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope between Europe and Asia, and passing mountain ranges LAMBERTS BAY KREEFBAAI (91 KM) OLIFANTS RIVER BEAUFORT WEST ELANDS BAY DWARSKERSBOS (41 KM) and bridging watercourses over land. This pitches surface SALDANHA BAY PIKETBERG transport at lower value freight, or tends to confine its WORCESTER OUDTSHOORN contribution to high-integration logistics management for high-value freight to local collection or delivery. Guided ROBERTSON PORT ELIZABETH RIVERSDALE GEORGE CAPETOWN PAARL MOSSEL BAY INDIAN OCEAN surface transport further sacrifices the lateral degree of freedom of movement - the remaining single degree of freedom only allows a vehicle to move forward (and SISHEN - SALDANHALINE OTHER RAILWAYS backward) on its guideway. This constrains the amount of value that high-integration logistics management can add, KM 100 200 400 but can deliver lowest transport cost in high volume corridors. South Africa’s 861km heavy-haul export iron ore line from Sishen to Saldanha. 8 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 9. INDUSTRY COMMENT A natural affinity between the degrees of freedom of movement of a transport mode, and the level of logistics The only intermodal integration that it can support, is therefore evident. load unit that has gained critical mass in global KEY QUESTIONS logistics thus far is the Confinement to a guideway is not necessarily insur- container, usually to ISO mountable. Indeed, while a fixed guideway does challenge standards. Note, however, the logistics of high-value freight movements, it concurrently that the North American offers attractive opportunities in particular applications. market considers 40-foot The presence of a guideway supports precise application ISO containers small, Bi-modal: a “Roadrailer” in Australia. of wheel loads, secure lateral direction, and combination hence emergence there of vehicles into trains. These characteristics underlie the of the larger 48-foot and 53-foot US domestic genetic technologies bearing, guiding, and coupling, that containers. ISO containers have a lock on the maritime give railways an unbeatable competitive advantage in market, so will likely prevail there for a long time. However, particular market spaces. as continental and intercontinental rail landbridges have emerged, and continue to emerge, it will be interesting to Regarding freight rail, bearing and coupling support heavy observe whether US domestic containers become a global haul. Bearing, coupling, and guiding support double- railway standard on routes that have no maritime sector. stacked containers (think of it as heavy-haul with a dash of speed). Two other prominent combinations are high-speed intercity and urban rail, but passenger rail is outside the scope of this piece. Heavy-haul has already made its mark in South Africa, and to a lesser extent elsewhere in Africa. Double-stacking of containers is at once conspicuous by its absence from Africa, and an opportunity to enter a logistics market space where rail walks tall. South African container train near Swartruggens. Photo: Eugene Armer. Double-stacking of containers in the USA: a concept conspicuous by its CONCLUSION absence from Africa. Where is rail logistics in South Africa headed? Most high- value freight has already left rail. Judging by the number SOME CRITICAL INSIGHTS of side-tipper interlinks seen on the roads, even heavy The foregoing analysis has not introduced any novel bulk commodities are moving to road. The fundamentals concepts, but simply set out to explore effective of logistics are not going to adapt to suit railways in Africa. railway positioning from a logistics perspective, so that Can the converse happen, ie can railways in Africa become stakeholders may direct their aspirations and efforts logistics-friendly? appropriately. As a caution, it is worth noting that over the years there have been several attempts, possibly The foregoing discussion has indicated how railways can misguided, to re-jig the natural relation between logistics fit into a national freight logistics task, or relate even and railways. In principle, they have sought to combine further afield to continental and intercontinental horizons. the origin-destination flexibility of road with the long-haul Freight railways need to align the category of traffic they economy of rail. convey with an appropriate level of logistics integration. The strong performance of heavy-haul and double-stacking in They include bi-modal systems such as RoadRailer and the global railway renaissance rests on mutually supportive RailRunner (United States), multiple units for containers alignment between level of logistics integration and rail such as CargoSprinter (diesel, Germany) and Super Rail competitiveness. Cargo (electric, Japan), automated single vehicles such as CargoMover (Germany), and swap bodies (Europe). Bi- That does not mean that there are no other areas of rail modal systems tend to need fixed routes with balanced logistics that could work. It does however suggest that traffic flows to ensure that bogie or vehicle turnaround areas exist where natural rail competitiveness is not a cycles remain balanced. However, for this reason they are good fit with the logistics challenges at hand. Before not as flexible as many lay people believe: not one has yet attempting to position freight railways where they could developed critical mass in mainstream logistics. not compete effectively, stakeholders would do well to recall Emerson’s assertion that nothing great was ever Reflection on the relation between level of logistics achieved without great enthusiasm. As yet, there is no integration and degrees of freedom of movement suggests empirical evidence in Africa of enthusiasm for a new take where proponents of the above mentioned concepts may on aligning logistics and railways. have lost the plot. Logistically, they try to elevate rail service beyond its natural level of integration. Technically, they fail It would therefore be useful to recognise the inherent to achieve axle loads significantly higher than road, which is limitations and opportunities of competitive railway logistics not a sound foundation for rail competitiveness. While other and then take the fight to issues that can potentially explanations may exist, it is evident that there is prima facie reposition freight railways in Africa and South Africa for mismatch between their level of logistics integration and competitiveness and sustainability. railway competitiveness. May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 9
  • 10. AFRICA UPDATE ALGERIA various regions of the country. Replying to suggestions that ALGERIAN 5-YEAR RAIL PROGRAMME many construction projects undertaken by China in Africa Nearly $US38 billion has been allocated as part of Algeria’s have run into problems, Shen Jiru of the Chinese Academy public investment programme for 2010-2014 to promote of Social Sciences is quoted saying: “We are providing overall development in the transport sector. The main free-interest loans and aid, and we are a reliable backup for objective is to upgrade and extend the railway network Africa’s economic development.” between 2012 and 2015. Electric tramways are to be built in 14 towns. Part of the national reconstruction process Ethiopian President Meles Zenawi defends the railway deal, launched ten years ago, the complete programme involves saying “It’s in their (China’s) interest to spend tens of billions a budget of $US286 billion for 2010-2014. of dollars in Africa and it’s in our interest to have access to those tens of billions of dollars.” BOTSWANA TRANS-KALAHARI RAILWAY Consultants undertaking a pre-feasibility study into the proposed 1,500km Trans-Kalahari Railway (TKR) are expected to report by October. It is now suggested that the line should start at Lobatse and run through western Botswana to Walvis Bay in Namibia. The World Bank and the governments of Botswana and Namibia are involved, but it is expected that the $US1.4 billion project will be funded mainly by the private sector. Entities interested in the scheme include Canada’s Hana Mining, whose Ghantsi project has impressive resources in copper and silver. Its plans for commercial production in 2015 would prefer a cost-effective route to an Atlantic port. Locos at Dire Dawa on the existing 781km metre-gauge Ethio-Djibouti Railway, Australian company Discovery Metals Limited (DML), which CFDE (Chemin de fer Djibouti-Ethopien). Photo: Dietmar Fiedel. is developing its Boseto Copper Project, would also use the proposed line as an export route. It foresees producing 3m GHANA tonnes of copper annually, starting in December 2011. GHANA: TEMA RAIL ON TARGET Current upgrading of the 10km Accra-Tema line should CIC Energy, which is developing an export coal mine and be completed by July 2010, says resident engineer Enyo coal-fired power station in eastern Botswana, hopes to Matrevi. Work is about 50% finished (as far as Asoprochona), produce between 16 million and 17 million tonnes of export with the team working “round the clock” to meet the quality coal for the European market. schedule. The project, transport minister Mike Hamah explains, is in line with government plans to improve the EGYPT country’s railway, an important objective being to ease EGYPT TO SPEND E£40BN traffic congestion. Extension of the suburban lines to A 10-year plan has been launched by the Egyptian Railway include the Accra-Winneba, Achimota and Nsawam sections Authority (ERA) involving development projects worth E£40 is also set down as part of the immediate to medium-term billion over the period 2011-2020. These are to include the phase. building of several new lines, according to a report in the Al-Mal newspaper, which points out that the existing network A feasibility study is being undertaken to extend – in the is focused on the Nile delta area. Essentially, most lines long term - the western line northwards to Paga on the radiate from Cairo. border with Burkina Faso. More than $US2 billion is to be injected into the rail system to facilitate the movement of goods along the 306km Accra-Koforidua-Kumasi line. KENYA KENYA RE-TENDERS BUILDING OF THE NEW RAILWAY The first attempt by Kenya Railways Corporation to appoint experts to design the proposed new standard gauge line failed because their quotations exceeded the amount budgeted by government. According to press reports, “the project to design a new railway between Mombasa and Malaba with a branch line to Kisumu attracted interest Egyptian train at a station in Cairo. from 16 firms.” A tender was in fact accepted and a contract ETHIOPIA awarded to the Italian firm Italferr but it was cancelled soon CHINESE HELP FOR RAIL BUILDING IN ETHIOPIA afterwards, “when the corporation realised the successful A loan of more than $US100 million from China is to help bid at Sh1.2 billion was above the government’s Sh700 Ethiopia build railways linking the capital, Addis Abeba, to million-budget.” 10 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 11. AFRICA UPDATE AFRICA UPDATE TRL director general Narasimhaswami Jayaram company According to the same source, “A South Korean said that RVR commercial manager new diesel-electric Geoffrey including the acquisition of 40 in Kampala, multiple- two goods trains comprising 23 wagons would be conveying was awarded the tender by an evaluation committee but Tindimwebwa saysthis, rates will still would be than those unit trainsets. Of the $200 million be lower raised by various commodities including second team that gave the that decision was quashed by a cement from the Tanga charged an infrastructure bond and“Our rest would come issuing by road freight hauliers. the rates have been Cement Company. contract to the Italians.” steady since last October before the fuel prices rose andnew from the government’s annual budget. The design of a the price of steel spiralled,” he points out, whereas the truckers line linking Jomo Kenyatta International Airport to the city TAZARA The parliamentary committee on infrastructure and raise rates every time the fuel price changes. “Also, we have centre is complete. transport chaired by Matungu MP, David Were, it is reported, TAZARA TARIFFS UPPED had a negative result from the weakening dollar as most of New investigate the legality of the cancellation. is to fares applicable on the Tanzania-Zambia Railway came our rates are in that currency. It has been losing value, while into effect on 1 July. Ticket prices on ordinary passenger the prices of our inputs have been going up.” An official who did not want to be quoted told Business trains as well as the Tazara Express went up 20% while parcels and luggage rates that out of the 16 bidsfrom Dar- Daily (published in Nairobi) rose 30%. Travellers received, ZAMBIA es-Salaam in Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi in “Some of thepay only two firms met KRC’s requirements. Zambia now 14 RSZ TAKEN TO TASK Tsh72,600 ($US72) questioned the the Tazara Express, up bidders, however, in first class on integrity of the tender In an editorial, The Times of Zambia takes Rail Systems of evaluation process, claiming that their financial bid from Tsh60,500 ($US60). Zambia (RSZ), the concessionaire running Zambian Railways, documents had been tampered with even after they were to task for buying “brand new motor vehicles worth $US1.4 To Makambako (Iringa) from stages. ‘I received a costs eliminated in the preliminary Dar-es-Salaam now letter million”, while apparently falling short in service delivery. Tsh29,000 me that instead ofhad been unsuccessful,’ said informing ($US29) my bid Tsh24,200 ($US24). To Rujewa “While the company has every right to purchase vehicles for a bidder who cannot be named because he plans to take (Mbeya) the fare is now Tsh29,900 ($US29) instead of operations, we feel their priorities are misplaced,” the paper part in future tendering. What surprised me was that our Tsh24,900 ($US24). writes. financial bid envelope appeared to have been opened after we had been disqualified.’” Tazara managing director Clement Subulwa Mwiya points “Gone are the days,”Nairobi commuter train. the railway network it laments, “when out thatMay company’s policy is to adjust tariffs project is On 18 the it was announced that the design annually. was the most reliable mode of transport in Zambia. “It was so GUINEA High operational costs are beinguntil 25 June to makein the being retendered. Bidders had experienced, notably their reliable SERVICE ON GUINEA LINEline was Zambia’s favourite PUBLIC and cheap, that the rail REVIVED wage bill and A notice in local newspapersdiesel. Tazara is submissions. the continually rising cost of said the tender mode of transport, offloadingand Liberia have agreed to The governments of Guinea goods and passengers in upgrading its facilities at a cost of $US10 million, he says, is for preliminary design, environmental and social impact remote BSG Resources (Guinea) Ltd mining joint venture to permit areas where roads were inaccessible. and 18 locomotives are for the proposed currently whose assessment services being rehabilitated railway, build a new iron ore export line from the Simandou area of construction is to begin in 2012. “The failure Guinea to provide safetyLiberian coast. In return, south-east by RSZ to Didia on the and reliability has forced UGANDA many Zambians to abandon rail transport in general freight the firm has agreed to revive passenger and preference for MAIN-LINE AT JINJA REOPENS RAILWAY SQUATTERS OBSTRUCT NAIROBI the faster and more reliable road transport. ItChemins dethat service on the 662km metre-gauge line of was hoped fer The main-line to around NairobiKenya, closed near JinjaRift slum area Kampala from is a huge problem to on when Zambia Railways was concessioned to RSZ, things de Guinée (CFG). 14 May following the collapse of an in the way of ambitious Valley Railways (RVR) – and stands embankment due to a would change for the better.” government plans to provide a fast, substantially upgraded blocked culvert, was reopened to traffic on 16 June. During Brazilian mining firm Vale announced a $US2.5bn deal in the four weeks that thepresent, trains inoperable, freight was commuter service. At line remained cannot move safely at [RSZ in terms of sorely run-down system a 51% is taking in April inherited a which it has acquired which interest a speeds above 20km/h. offloaded at Iganga and taken forward by road. According great deal of holds and money to put right. Theto significant BSG, which time half the concession rights rosy past of to Rift Valley Railways (RVR) project manager Glenn Kleyn, railways in thesources dates back to the days when it was undeveloped country of high-grade iron ore that could quoted by New Vision (published in Kampala) RVR general The Nation, published in the city, quotes a new three- called Northern Rhodesia – but nobody Though Simandou is support a long-term mining project. will want to remember manager for the eastern region, James Nyambari, saying metre diameter galvanised iron culvert has been installed, that. – editor] nearest access to the Atlantic is the coast in Guinea, the to provide adequate outlet the stormwater togarbage on the “the biggest headache is for dumping of drain into Lake of Liberia. Victoria, about a kilometre downstream. to remove the trash track. People are employed almost daily from the railway and then wagons are used to take it away.” The CFG line connects the capital Conakry on the coast Kleyn said the repair work was being done at mile 323. In to 4 - 6 March 2009 the Upper Niger and Kankan regions. The first 36km of Cape Town addition, overflows onto investigating a structure at mile 289 Sewage the company is the track in some areas, making route out of Conakry has seen occasional use but the towards Busembatia. resulting in wheel slip. Sometimes, it muddy and slippery, remainder has seen no service in 15 years. Additional rights because of this, RVR has to double up locomotives to ZIMBABWE at Simandou are held by Rio Tinto, which to exploit ore “It (mile 289) is not in any alternatively, trains but we are obtain sufficient traction or immediate danger have to be signed a “non-binding” memorandum of understanding NEW Chinalco in March 2010, agreeing to establish a joint investigating and drawing up designs,” he told the issued by split in two at Kibera station. A 30-day deadline paper. with NRZ SERVICE the government on 21 March, requiring people to move The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has introduced venture covering the development and operation of mines from railway property, came and went. Kenyan director of a new weekly passenger service to Chicualacuala, 500km plus associated rail and port infrastructure. UGANDA RATES INCREASE Amnesty International, Justus Nyang’aya, estimating that south-east of Bulawayo on the line to Maputo. The existing Rift Valley Railways (RVR) asked increased freight rates 50,000 people are involved, has for an extension saying: Wednesday train to Chiredzi has been rescheduled to leave MOZAMBIQUE between Mombasa and Kampala proposed mass evictions “Without proper safeguards, the from $US80 per tonne to Bulawayo at 14:00 on Wednesday instead of 21:00. Arriving MOZAMBIQUE RAILWAY MUSEUM $110.have a managing director Roy Puffet explained in July: will Former devastating impact on people’s access to at 04:00 on Thursday, it the World 05:00 torecently visited Dr John Middleton of returns at Bank Mbizi junction, “The tariff adjustment was driven by continued upward costs water, sanitation, food and schools and could well create a and continues from there to Chicualacuala. Following a Maputo and Moatize on business. He reported on sar-L: of energy, petroleum products and steel. The price of diesel humanitarian emergency.” 14:00 station at Maputoback to Bulawayo, arriving clean but “The departure, it runs always seems neat and on Friday has gone up by 24% in the last eight months and there is morning. The Chiredzi-Bulawayo April wasretains its former a pleasant surprise found on 18 service the construction double digit inflation as well as dollar revaluation”. managing A recently completed study, says Kenya Railways timing on railway museum, although this has not yet opened. of a CFM other days of the week. director Nduva Muli, established it will cost about $US250 It is being created on the four bay-platform tracks at the million to revamp the commuter rail service in Nairobi, west end of the station. All four are under the overall roof Thermitrex (Pty) Ltd Tel: +27 (0)11 914 2540 18 RAILWAYS AFRICA 3 | 2008 May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 11
  • 12. AFRICA UPDATE with the inner two within a building. Various hoardings of the new GE locomotives at Kano. He was quoted saying: have been erected describing the work and the overall “The arrival of the locomotive engine in Kano signifies the impression is of a well thought-out project. So far the success of the first steps in our efforts towards launching a only large exhibits are three magnificently restored teak new era in rail transport system in Nigeria.” bodied coaches and a van. Staff at the station indicated that locomotives would also be included and this probably The delivery of the unit from Lagos - one of five received explains why Henschel Garratt 972 was brought down from by the NRC recently - was in preparation for launching a Gondola to Maputo. Standing outside the museum was a Challowa-Kano passenger service. Refurbished coaches are complete Hitachi railcar. being supplied from Zaria. “Apart from the new line laid into Moatize station, the derelict The loco, writes Phillip Oladunjoye in the Daily Independent, locomotives there do not appear to have been touched. quoting Sijuwade, is a 2,500hp General Electric 7FDL12- The survival of the two Mallets is remarkable and given the cylinder C25-EMPD model weighing 105.9 metric tons, with scrapping of all SAR Mallets, they should be preserved, the a maximum speed capability of 103km/h. “The robustly perfect place being the new CFM museum.” built locomotive has design adaptability to the corporation’s existing 1,067mm cape gauge. All C25-EMPD locomotive engines were specifically manufactured to be resilient and dependable in tropical domain such as ours. They comply with Nigeria’s weight per axle and clearance characteristics.” In readiness for the Kano launch, Sijuwade said the corporation has completed construction of two new halt stations with platforms in Gandu-Albasa and Zawa-ciki. Signal and telecommunication facilities have been provided between Challowa and Kano, and six level crossings have been equipped with barriers. Preserved loco at Maputo station. NAMIBIA TRANSNET STRIKE CRIPPLED TRANSNAMIB Struggling as it is with serious financial problems, TransNamib – the national railway of Namibia – was said to be losing N$500,000 every day as a result of the 18-day Transnet wage strike in South Africa during May 2010. It had a “paralysing impact” on building and mining, with supplies of cement and ammonia brought in from South Africa at a standstill. New Nigerian GE loco. Under normal circumstances, TransNamib spokesperson, Ailly Hangula-Paulino, was quoted saying, between 300 SUDAN and 400 Transnet wagons are to be found on the Namibian NILE VALLEY RAILWAYS rail system. While the strike continued, this rolling stock Citadel Capital, a leading private equity firm in the Middle could not be moved back to South Africa, carrying cargo East and Africa with $US8.3 billion in investments in 15 such as zinc concentrate from Namibian mines. This resulted industries spanning 14 countries, has signed a right-of-way in “very substantial” losses and commodity shortages. agreement with the Sudanese Railway Corporation (SRC), the first step in fledgling rail operator Nile Valley Railways’ NIGERIA (NVR) entry into the promising Sudanese market. The PLIGHT OF NIGERIA’S RAIL PENSIONERS agreement will allow NVR to offer freight services on SRC According to Nigerian Railways Corporation (NRC) managing lines under a revenue-sharing agreement. SRC operates director, Adeseyi Sijuwade, the verification of pensioners more than 4,500km of route linking the key coastal city begun in November 2009 has created a dependable of Port Sudan to Khartoum, Wadi Halfa on the Egyptian database reflecting the numerical strength of retirees border and to South Sudan. (19,033) and the financial implications of their unpaid pensions. Those who have died were included, through TANZANIA verification of their next-of-kin. He appealed to the TRL OPERATIONS RESUME government to facilitate the payment of arrear railway Tanzania’s 2,706km Central Line has resumed operations, pensions by means of legislation and appropriation during after completion of emergency repairs following huge the second quarter of 2010. damage caused by the El Nino rains that fell towards the end of 2009. Minister for infrastructure, Dr Shukuru President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, Sijuwade said, is Kawambwa, was quoted by East African Business Week favourably disposed to finding lasting solutions to the plight saying that repairs cost some $US11 million). of railway pensioners and hoped that arrears would be paid off by the end of 2010. The matter has been dragging on for LOANS TO TANZANIA many years, causing great hardship to retirees. Hundreds, The African Development Bank (AfDB) has lent Tanzania according to representatives struggling on their behalf, died $US235.45 million to finance infrastructure projects, in the interim without seeing monies due to them. including a feasibility study on the proposed Tanzania- Rwanda-Burundi standard-gauge railway. Senior finance NEW GE LOCO ARRIVES IN KANO ministry official, Ramadhani Kijjah, was quoted saying: Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC) managing director “The construction of the Isaka-Kigali line in Rwanda and Adeseyi Sijuwade has welcomed the safe arrival of the first Keza-Musongati line in Burundi will contribute to the 12 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 13. AFRICA UPDATE implementation of an efficient and low cost transport treasury Likolo Ndalamei, work has been done on 3km system which will promote regional integration, development of line in the shunting yard, and on the terminal building, of areas of high mining, industrial and agricultural potential”. which includes offices for the stationmaster, police, Zambia He explains that “East Africa’s railways have suffered years Revenue Authority and the department of immigration. Water of mismanagement and underinvestment by government, and power utilities have been connected, landscaping has leaving them dilapidated, inefficient and costly to run.” commenced and all the level crossings have been completed. Preliminary discussions on train services have been held with government officials from Malawi and Central East African Railways, (Cear), the concessionaire that runs the Malawi railway network. ZIMBABWE CHINESE LOCOS FOR ZIMBABWE The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has signed a deal with China North for the supply of 14 diesel-electric locomotives. “We are still to finalise payment modalities for the company to start manufacturing,” NRZ public relations manager Fanuel Masikati told the Xinhua news agency at the end of May. There are also “long-term plans” to buy passenger coaches from China. These would be used on routes Derelict coaches at Dar-es-Salaam. Photo: Richard Grönstedt. linking Harare-Bulawayo, Bulawayo-Beitbridge, Harare- TUNISIA Bindura and Harare-Chinhoyi. MAGHREB RAIL CONFERENCE IN TUNIS Representatives of railway companies from the five STEAM TO PLUMTREE Maghreb countries - Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania On 9 May, according to the Chronicle (published in and Tunisia – participated in a conference in Tunis at the Bulawayo), more than 300 people, about 250 of them local end of May whose theme was “The railway as a vehicle for tourists, boarded a special steam safari train on a trial run Maghreb integration”. from Bulawayo to Plumtree. “The train departed from Bulawayo main railway station at 10:00 amid pomp and Transport minister, Abderrahim fanfare,” the paper reported. “The tourists were offered Zouari, called for unifying technical world-class treatment by the well-organised railway staff. choices in the Maghreb railway and high-speed train projects, and “The train arrived in Plumtree at 14:00, where tourists were recommended the creation of a treated to a sumptuous lunch which included a braai. Maghreb institute for the exchange of Guests were treated to entertainment punctuated with information and sharing of expertise. refreshments and at 15:30 it was time for departure back to Bulawayo where it docked at 19:00.” Arab Maghreb Union (Amu) secretary- general, Habib Ben Yahia, said that the extension of the Maghreb railway network, to ultimately link the Libyan city of Tobruk with the Mauritanian Signal technicians at work capital Nouakchott, has always been in Tunisia. among the Maghreb’s unification Photo: Richard Grönstedt projects. UGANDA RVR IMPROVES FREIGHT SECURITY Rift Valley Railways (RVR) is enhancing security measures to ensure safer movement of containers to the inland container depots (ICD) at Nairobi and Kampala. To date, RVR acting chief marketing and commercial manager, James Nganga, explains, 81 container wagons have been fitted with protective steel bars, including a complete train of 40 vehicles. Garratt taking water at Bulawayo. Photo: NRZ. Theft from containers in transit, according to the Kenya international freight and warehousing association (Kifwa) National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) public relations and the Kenya shippers’ agents’ association, is masterminded manager Fanuel Masikati said this was a trial run ahead by a cartel that manipulates port clearing systems and of the 2010 Soccer World Cup in South Africa: “Steam breaks into containers. Recent investigations by Kifwa engines are popular with tourists and we are going to run indicate that containers destined for Uganda, Rwanda and them more often. The response has been overwhelming as Burundi are most at risk because of the lengthy time they we had people from as far as Harare who came to board are in transit. the train. It is also popular with visitors from the United Kingdom, Unites States of America, New Zealand and ZAMBIA Australia.” He said there were about 50 bookings from CHIPATA RAILWAY outside the country from tourists who were coming for the The Zambian government has not yet released the World Cup. K5 billion to the ministry of works and supply which is needed to continue construction on the new Chipata- Currently NRZ has three operable steam locomotives. It is Mchinji (Malawi) railway. According to secretary to the looking to refurbish seven others. May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 13
  • 14. SA RAIL NEWS South African Rail News TRANSNET RESULTS newly revamped at a cost in excess of R300 million, by Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) achieved better-than-expected acting Metrorail regional manager Lindelo Matya. The VIPs results in the financial year to 31 March, despite a decline then travelled by train to Century City, 9km to the east, in export coal traffic and general freight. Revenues rose where a R450m newly constructed station was officially by 11.8% to R20.6 billion in the year ending 31 March, helped opened on the Monte Vista-Bellville line. The facility is by an increased share of the intermodal market and rising serving as one of several specially designated park-and- bulk volumes towards the end of the period. ride sites during the 2010 Fifa Soccer World Cup events. Export coal volumes decreased by 0.2% to 61.8 million tonnes, principally because of operational issues on the railway. However, export iron-ore volumes continued strongly upwards, rising 21.5% to 44.7 million tonnes - a 41% increase over 2005 levels. General freight declined from 78.4 to 72.1mt. A successful cost cutting campaign saw operating expenses rising only 3.2% to R13.4 billion. CONCESSIONING THE BRANCH LINES TFR has confirmed plans to concession under-utilised routes to private operators. Expressions of interest were invited recently for the operation of 7,300km of branch lines, only 3,928km of which are currently operational. Cape Town station – revamped at a cost of more than R300 million. Each concessionaire will be required to make the necessary investment, maintain the lines to agreed standards, and operate rail services, which might be freight or passenger, or a combination. The possibility of leasing rolling stock to concessionaires is being looked at. Allen Jorgensen, media and research officer at the Railroad Association of SA, was quoted saying: “The conditions attached to the concessions have to be attractive enough to warrant the extensive capital spend needed to achieve commercial viability. In some cases, kilometres of track have been stolen and the operators would virtually have to build from scratch.” New R450m station at Century City, Cape Town. Note overhead concourse. Photo: Metrorail. Jorgensen pointed to the dependence of many lines on connectivity with the main-lines: “If your service cannot STATION OPENS AT MOSES MABHIDA STADIUM connect with the Transnet service then your business could On 7 June, a R140 million new station was opened at collapse.” Appointment of a regulator to ensure fairness of Durban’s Moses Mabhida stadium by transport minister competition, he feels, would be “a vital precursor to entering Sbu Ndebele and KwaZulu-Natal transport MEC Willies such private-sector partnerships.” Mchunu. Construction began in July 2009. The station will also serve the Absa rugby stadium nearby. [Jorgensen, who has published extensively on railways, was a director of the former Alfred County Railway (ACR) running inland from Port Shepstone - South Africa’s first CLASS 91 DIESELS IN THE OFS experiment (1988) at independent operation of a branch line. It closed some years ago and ACR was liquidated in 2004, in the face of untenable competition from heavy rigs on the road – and other reasons which make for uncomfortable reading. - Editor] Two class 91 diesel locomotives have been acquired by Rail Road Logistics (RRL) in the OFS, Jacque Wepener reports from Welkom. They were formerly Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) nos 91-011 and 91-012, now RRL 91-01 and 91-02 respectively. The original 610mm gauge bogies are still in use – apparently ACR’s popular Banana Express. they were cut in half and widened to suit 1,067mm. Each class 91 (GE 700hp type UM6B, 1973) was seen hauling eight loaded hopper cars – about 672 CAPE TOWN STATION REVAMPED & CENTURY CITY OPENS tons altogether - but appeared to be “struggling”. Photo: Jacque Wepener. On 8 June, VIPs, including transport minister Sbu Ndebele, [Subsequently it was reported that at least one reworked axle had failed in service. - Editor] were welcomed to an inspection of Cape Town main station, 14 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 15. SA RAIL NEWS GLENCAIRN & SIMON’S TOWN - not yet back on the map Early in November 2009, exceptional spring tides under- “Rock is being sourced from Somerset West and we are mined Cape Town’s scenic coastal railway to Simon’s Town. negotiating with Transnet Freight Rail to convey the material The 6.3km of single track south of Fish Hoek had to be to Simon’s Town. It is hoped to re-open the line during May”. closed to traffic, with buses substituting for the trains. During much of May, unfortunately, railway staff went out on strike and the line is still not open. Monday 15 March 2010: 10M3 set “H” - one of the first trains to approach Glencairn in nearly four months. The train-replacement bus to Simon’s Town can be seen on the road above. Photo: Malcolm Bates. Flashback: the line near Glencairn at Christmas 2009. Photo: Malcolm Bates. Damage was less extensive along the first 3.6km to the little station at Glencairn. During February 2010, piles of seasand End of the line for now: the view south from Glencairn’s single platform. covering much of the track were removed and test running Photo: Paul Kilfoil. between Fish Hoek to Glencairn commenced. At the time of going to press, it had not been decided when public service to Glencairn was to be resumed, but a trainset has been parked at Glencairn at weekends, Repairs to the line nearer Simon’s Town will take somewhat longer, with the cost estimated in the region of R10 million. On 30 March, Metrorail’s Riana Scott told Railways Africa: “Approval in principle has been provided to fund the rehabilitation. The consulting engineers have completed the design and tenders for the work are in progress. The work entails repairs to the walls and track formation, concrete sealing/infill of voids under the wall foundation caused through scouring by wave action and the provision of a rock revetment to protect the walls and wall foundations from Map courtesy of Metrorail. wave action. COMPELLING INSIGHT FROM ORIGINAL RESEARCH May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 15
  • 16. SA RAIL NEWS Upgrading Athlone, Heideveld and Langa stations in Cape Town: A 2010 World Cup Project In February 2007 Jeffares & Green (J&G) were appointed lead consultant in a professional team consortium for upgrading three suburban rail stations - Athlone, Heideveld and Langa - in the Cape Town metropolitan area. In initial extensive studies to determine spatial requirements, J&G’s traffic engineers projected anticipated commuter volumes to the year 2025. Financial constraints resulted in the project being split into two phases, with work in phase 1 concentrated on Langa station (with the greatest number of users), and much reduced schemes at Heideveld and Athlone. Construction began during the first half of 2009 at Langa, followed by Heideveld and finally Athlone, at budgets of approximately R50m, R20m and R5m respectively. As the footbridge is being adapted to provide a “skywalk” facility work involved the rebuilding of existing stations, commuter for pedestrian movement between west Heideveld and east and train movements had to be accommodated at all times Gugulethu. As with Langa station, the structure comprises with a minimum of disruption. At both Langa and Heideveld, pre-cast beams and slabs to ensure minimal interruption to all beams and slabs spanning tracks were precast and rail operations during construction. superstructure consists of prefabricated structural steel. ATHLONE LANGA This station lies between the Athlone CBD to the east and a residential area on the west. Due to budget constraints, phase 1 only allowed the construction of a small ticket office on the eastern side, together with 2m ramps up to the platform. When phase 2 is implemented, commuters will cross from one side of the station to the other on an enclosed steel bridge. It is intended that the western stair/ramp system will be accommodated within a retail development. The Heideveld and Athlone phase 1 upgrades were due for completion before June 2010. Completion of the Langa project is scheduled for September 2010. Should all stations move into phase 2 then the overall The station lies between the sprawling residential area (on estimated project budget including professional fees will the south) and Epping 1 Industrial area (to the north). An be R290m. inadequate existing pedestrian subway connecting the two areas is being replaced with a 10m wide “skywalk” bridge structure. Its 100m length provides not only for the present railway but also a possible future airport line, as well as a Bellville bus rapid transport route on the northern side. In addition Langa to stairways, ramps are provided for special needs CAPE passengers (SNPs). TOWN Athlone Heideveld A 1,500m² ticket and circulation concourse is being constructed above the main platforms. Wynberg Nyanga HEIDEVELD In phase 1 at Heideveld, SNP access via ramps is being provided to the outer platforms as well as a 4m wide bridge Philippi Khay- structure carrying them, via lifts, to the other platforms. elitsha Stairs leading across the same structure are provided for all other passengers. The phase 1 budget did not allow for Retreat Kapteinsklip a concourse, but provision has been made for this, should phase 2 proceed. To the north, an existing Metrorail steel Railways Africa / / / 16 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 17. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK GAUTRAIN CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS Gautrain’s Sandton-airport branch opened for public service layerworks are all complete, including track and catenary. on 8 June 2010, with crowds of local residents literally Construction and rail-related installations in this area are swamping the stations for a chance to ride substantially complete, apart from some finishing work and landscaping. MARLBORO STATION At Marlboro Station, internal finishes (including floor and wall tiling and painting, as well as glazing of the external walls of the concourse and over-platform links) and curtain wall glazing were well advanced at mid-April. Concrete and brickwork, painting, structural steel, roof cladding and platform parapets were all complete. Internal finishes were well advanced, and tiling of the platforms was approaching completion. The electronic display boards were being tested, and ticket vending machines installed. Track was in position through the station and used daily for test running. The station was opened for public use on 8 June. Work continued at the bus terminal, including kerb laying on the parking deck. Brickwork and plastering for the station Test train at Rhodesfield Station. perimeter wall was complete and installation of the steel palisade infill sections had started. Erection of shade cloth SANDTON-MARLBORO carpark canopies was substantially complete. SANDTON STATION At 45 metres (15 storeys) below ground level, Sandton station is Gautrain’s deepest. Work rescheduling foresaw the station opening for public use on 8 June, in time to convey spectators arriving by air for the 2010 Fifa Soccer World Cup. At mid-April, construction was well advanced in the cavern section between the south and north shafts, as well as within the shafts themselves. This included construction of the various platforms, technical and operational rooms, together with the escalator and lift shafts and stairways located within the shafts. M&E installations were in progress and escalators linking the station entrance to the underground platforms had been installed. Tracklaying within the station was complete and operational. Tiling of platforms was well advanced and wall tiling to the platform areas was in progress. Erection of structural steelwork frame forming Bus terminus at Marlboro Station. the station entrance structure on the corner of Rivonia Road and West Street was in hand. Construction and backfilling had been completed on a series of underpasses where the two pairs of railway tunnels Construction continued on the adjacent multi-level parkade cross beneath the N3 highway alongside the Marlboro structure. Brickwork, plastering and M&E installations within Drive bridge - just to the north of Marlboro station, both the completed areas was in progress. carriageways of the N3 had been reinstated to their original positions. Reinstatement of temporary access ramps, Civil works, tracklaying and associated electrical & closure of the additional bridge span and landscaping mechanical railway infrastructure works within the tunnels remained to be completed. between Marlboro Portal and Sandton Station were all complete, with Electrostar trainsets test-running to and from MARLBORO-AIRPORT the airport on a regular basis. Civil construction work is complete along the whole of this section which includes eleven bridges, three viaducts and MUSHROOM FARM PARK a number of other structures, including the platforms for a The temporary shaft at Mushroom Farm Park was provided future station at Modderfontein. Remaining work is limited to to give access for tunnel construction in both north and final finishing and landscaping in some places. south directions. All work carried out from this shaft has been completed and site establishment facilities have been VIADUCTS 13 & 14 removed. Backfilling of the shaft has been completed, and Viaduct 13 over Centenary Way in Modderfontein and Viaduct the community park reinstated, landscaped and upgraded. 14 over Zuurfontein Road are both finished, with trackwork and catenary in place on both, and operational. MARLBORO PORTAL Apart from final finishing and some landscaping, work in this By the end of January 2010, twin-track lines were in place area is complete. along the entire length of the east-west route from behind Linbro Park to the airport station. Electrification was complete MARLBORO PORTAL EASTWARDS and operational Viaducts 1A and 11 crossing the Jukskei River and Far East Bank Drive are both complete, including track and catenary. VIADUCT 15 & RHODESFIELD STATION Between Marlboro Portal and the N3, the various culverts, At 1.5km, Viaduct 15 – now complete - is the longest on the retaining walls, the three bridges over Zinnia Drive and final east-west line. It supports both the Rhodesfield and airport 18 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 18. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK station platforms and carries the double track over the mechanical installations. Platform tiling was in hand. The R21/R24 road network. Tracklaying and overhead catenary public address system, ticket vending machines and fare provision are complete and operational. gates had been installed and were undergoing final testing. Track through the station as well as overhead electrification The Rhodesfield station platforms are elevated, located was complete, and trainset test running continued on a daily approximately one third of the way along Viaduct 15, directly basis. above the existing Metrorail lines running between Isando and Kempton Park. The station was fully functional and open to the public from 8 June. PARK STATION TO SANDTON PARK STATION At mid-April 2010, the station roof and concourse slabs as well as the platforms were all substantially complete. Internal brickwork and plastering was well advanced at both concourse and platform levels. Good progress is being made with wall tiling, together with mechanical and electrical (M&E) installations, including the escalators. At the parkade structure, work is in progress on the final (sixth) leveldeck slab. Erection of precast parapets on the lower levels has commenced. Rhodesfield Station on Viaduct 15. The Rhodesfield station entrance, concourse and parking area are at ground level on the eastern side of the existing railway. Construction of the station were approaching completion at mid-April. The platforms, access ways and the station buildings were all substantially complete as were internal finishes and the installation of technical equipment. Tiling to both platforms was approaching completion and the station was opened for public use on 8 June. Externally, the stormwater attenuation pond was complete and parking area construction, apart from the area Parkade at Park Station. immediately surrounding the station concourse, was well advanced. Bus canopy structures were approaching Reinstatement of Wolmarans Street is complete; the road completion and erection of carport structural steelwork was was reopened to traffic on 16 January 2010. Earthworks for in progress. On the western side of the elevated station, reinstatement of Smit Street are in progress, together with emergency escape staircases had been installed. preparations for the remaining utility relocations in this area. Construction on a new Metrorail station, immediately Construction of the cut-and-cover section linking the northern adjacent to the Gautrain facility, was virtually complete, with end of the station box to the tunnel portal is in progress track in position. It will provide commuters with a convenient transfer link between the Gautrain and Metrorail systems. All tunnel excavation - a total length of approximately 15.5km from Park Station to Marlboro Portal - was completed O R TAMBO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT STATION in September 2009. Civil works and tracklaying within the tunnels between the portal and Sandton Station are complete, as is the installation of associated electrical and mechanical infrastructure. Within the remaining tunnel section to Park Station, civil works continue, including final lining, invert slabs, cable duct installation and walkways, together with the installation of mechanical and electrical equipment. Tracklaying southwards from Sandton Station has begun. The underground works include the construction of seven emergency access shafts at intervals along the single-track rail tunnel between Park Station and Sandton. These shafts will provide access by emergency services personnel to the tunnels below. At the bottom of some shafts, safe havens are being constructed where passengers can detrain and Ticket readers at platform access point. gather in the event of an emergency. Work continues at each The platform structures, structural steel platform canopies of these shafts. and roof cladding were all finished by mid-April, including the installation of tinted glass closure screens. Erection of the EMERGENCY SHAFT E1 (HILLBROW) three sets of emergency evacuation staircases at the ends of Excavation and shaft lining at shaft E1 (80 metres deep) has the platforms was complete. Finishing work within the station been completed. Work in the safe haven and technical rooms concourse shell was almost finished, as were electrical and located at the bottom of the shaft continues. Construction of the surface head-house structure is in progress. May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 19
  • 19. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK EMERGENCY SHAFT E2 (THE WILDS, HOUGHTON) TRACKLAYING Excavation of the shaft to its final depth of approximately 50 The laying of stabling sidings at the depot, including overhead metres is complete, as is the 236 metre adit (cross passage). electrification and all associated railway installations, Construction works continue in the safe haven and technical such as the signalling system, is complete, energised and rooms at the bottom of the shaft. operational. Main-line tracklaying and ballasting, together with catenary installation, is proceeding northwards from EMERGENCY SHAFT E3 (RIVIERA) the depot, using specialised, highly mechanised equipment. Shaft construction work and the head-house structure on the Rails are welded into 216 metre lengths and transported surface are substantially complete, and M&E installations on specially equipped wagons. Once placed in position are in progress. Being a shallow shaft with direct access to on concrete sleepers, they are welded together to form a the surface, there is no safe haven necessary at the bottom. continuous rail. EMERGENCY SHAFT E4 (HOUGHTON) Tracklaying is complete from Sandton Station to Dale Road Shaft construction and the head-house structure on the in Midrand on the north-south line. It has been energised surface are substantially complete and M&E installations electrically and is fully operational. Tracklaying from Dale are in progress. Being a shallow shaft, 16m deep, with direct Road northwards commenced late in 2009. By the end of access to the surface, there is no safe haven necessary at March 2010, tracklaying had progressed to the vicinity of the the bottom. Samrand Road Bridge, to the north of Midrand Station. ROSEBANK STATION ROLLING STOCK ASSEMBLY AND TESTING Backfilling over the station-top slab is approaching Following a specialised construction and assembly process completion, and continues over the cut-and-cover structure at Bombardier Transportation’s facility in Derby, UK, at the northern end. Oxford Road above the station structure Gautrain’s first shipment of two completed rail coaches is to be reinstated within the next few months. Platform arrived in Durban on 29 November 2008. After further structures, brickwork and plastering are all substantially deliveries, testing of the first complete four-car trainset complete, with painting and plumbing at both platform began during February 2009. and concourse levels well advanced. Wall tiling continues within the station. Elevators have been positioned within the The first 15 coaches, together with body shells and major station box and M&E installations are in progress. components for the rest of the fleet, were manufactured in Derby, and all have been despatched to South Africa. At the parkade structure on the corner of Oxford Road and Following a successful skills transfer programme, local Baker Street, foundations and retaining walls are complete. technicians are working on the assembly of the remaining Placing of precast slabs to the first floor deck is under way. 81 coaches at the Union Carriage and Wagon Partnership Preparations are in hand for casting of the ground floor in Nigel. By the end of March 2010, 66 vehicles had been surface bed within the parkade, and erection of precast delivered to the Gautrain depot. This equates to 16 complete parapets has commenced. four-car trains. EMERGENCY SHAFTS E5 (DUNKELD, ROSEBANK), E6 Dynamic testing of trains has been under way during the (ILLOVO) AND E7 (RIVONIA ROAD, SANDTON) past year on the approximately 7km from behind Linbro Park Construction is in progress on the technical rooms at the to Midrand, which has served as a test track. Test running bottom of these shafts, and also on the safe haven at the was later extended to Sandton station, as well as on the foot of Shaft E5. entire airport branch. MARLBORO-DEPOT-MIDRAND MIDRAND-CENTURION-PRETORIA Viaduct 2 over the Modderfontein Spruit and two adjacent VIADUCT 3 bridges over the future Frankenwald and Maxwell Roads are North of the depot, Viaduct 3 over Allandale Road and the complete, together with the erection of noise barriers along adjacent bridge over the future K60 road are both complete, this section. Track and overhead electrification is operational as are all other bridges, construction works and railway on all three structures installations up to Dale Road in Midrand, with only minor finishing works outstanding. MIDRAND DEPOT The administration buildings for both train and bus depots MIDRAND STATION are finished and the installation of equipment for the operations control centre in the train depot administration building has been completed. This will manage signalling, telecommunications, automatic fare collection, traction power and overhead distribution, cctv cameras and maintenance, using high technology systems. The train maintenance workshops, including electrical and mechanical installations, are all complete, as are other depot facilities, including the washbay for cleaning the trains, sand-filling equipment, stabling platforms, track lighting and entry gates. Construction is in progress on the bus maintenance depot, located in the area previously occupied by the precast Track laying equipment at Midrand Station.The European-style buffers and yard (now dismantled). Construction of the workshop, couplings will be noted. canteen, vehicle wash facility, fuel bay and apron slabs is in hand, while refurbishment of the bus administration building At Midrand station, roof cladding to the platforms and over - previously used as site offices for the precast yard – is the concourse is complete. Interior tiling and finishing finished. External concrete apron slabs and roadworks are works, together with M&E installations, are well advanced. also substantially complete. Platforms are substantially complete and platform tiling is to commence shortly. Interior tiling and finishing works 20 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 20. The EMD 710ECO ™ See us at Hall 2.2, Stand 121 21. - 24. September 2010 / Berlin Two strokes of genius. lower maintenance costs • fewer parts • lower exhaust emissions lower fuel consumption • faster engine response repower solution for older locomotives • lower overall life-cycle cost complies with EU Stage IIIA & USA EPA Tier II exhaust emissions Technology designed for locomotives. EMDLC (Pty) P Box 66028 Woodhill 0076, Pretoria South Africa +27 (0) 71.419.6512 / EMD (USA) +1.708.387.5853 .O.
  • 21. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK continue, together with M&E installations. Platforms are At the John Vorster Viaduct, a significant achievement has substantially complete and tracklaying is in progress. been the casting of the final pair of balanced cantilever deck closure segments. Deck construction at this viaduct is now The upper car parking area has been surfaced and carport complete. Cable trough construction, parapet erection and structures are being placed in position. Earthworks continue finishing works continue. At the Jean Avenue Viaduct, deck on the lower level bus terminal area, where canopy and construction is approaching completion. The final pair of walkway structural steelwork erection is well advanced. deck segments has been cast, with completion of the last Layerworks on the new section of Grand Central Boulevard, pair of closure sections to follow during April 2010. Cable which forms the access road into the station, is in hand. trough construction is in hand, parapet erection has commenced and finishing works are in progress. From Midrand Station to the Technopark area at Centurion, civil works are approaching completion. Fencing, Construction of supporting piers and abutments at both the landscaping and finishing work continue. Catenary masts John Vorster and Jean Avenue balanced cantilever viaducts have been erected along most of this section and tracklaying is complete. reached the vicinity of the Samrand Road Bridge by the end of March. CENTURION STATION The elevated Centurion station platforms are located on VIADUCT 4 Viaduct 5, immediately adjacent and parallel to West Street. Viaduct 4, which crosses Rietspruit and Olifantsfontein Road The concourse buildings and parking area are at ground South, is complete. level. The viaduct piers and deck spans on which the station platforms are being constructed have been completed. CENTURION AREA VIADUCT 5 OVER THE N1 & BEN SCHOEMAN The station building works, including platform access Viaduct 5 carries the elevated line through Centurion, forming stairway and lift shaft construction, are substantially the link between the balanced cantilever viaducts crossing complete. Reinforced concrete escape stairs are being the N1 highway at John Vorster interchange in the south and constructed. Platform and concourse roof cladding is the Ben Schoeman highway at the Jean Avenue interchange complete, as is erection of curtain wall framing to the in the north. It supports the elevated Centurion station concourse area. Glazing of the West Street façade is in platforms, located approximately midway along its length. hand. Within the concourse, M&E installations and finishing The deck spans of this viaduct comprise precast concrete trades are in progress, with floor tiling well advanced and segments, erected using purpose-built steel launching wall tiling in hand. girders and then stressed together to form the deck spans. At the end of March, four spans remained to be completed at the northern end. Erection of segments at the remaining spans of Viaduct 5c are continuing, to link it to the balanced cantilever viaduct over Jean Avenue. Construction of the in-situ balanced cantilever deck sections at both the John Vorster and Jean Avenue Viaducts is progressing steadily. Glazing of the West Street and parking area façades at Centurion Station. Earthworks and layer works continue in the parking and bus terminus areas. Construction of the bus terminus buildings has commenced. VIADUCT 6 OVER EEUFEES ROAD At Viaduct 6, piling at the southern abutment is finished and five of the six deck spans are in position. Viaduct 5 crossing John Vorster Avenue in Centurion. SALVOKOP AND PRETORIA Near Salvokop at the approach to Pretoria, construction of the cut-and-cover structure crossing beneath the Ben Schoeman highway is complete. PRETORIA STATION Buildings and platforms at Pretoria station are substantially complete, with work on the associated technical and operational facilities in progress. Internal finishing work continues, while curtain wall framing and glazing are approaching completion. Parking area construction continues in the area formerly occupied by the McCarthy building, which has been demolished. Refurbishing of the coach washing shed has begun. This structure, which has historic significance, has Construction of the in-situ balanced cantilever deck over Jean Avenue. been incorporated in the station design. 22 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 22. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK and construction of retaining structures necessary to widen the existing embankments, are in hand. HATFIELD STATION At Hatfield, lateral support and excavation of the southern embankment is complete, and construction of the station itself is in progress. The concourse slab extending over both the existing Metrorail tracks and the future Gautrain lines has been completed. Preparations are in hand for platform construction below the concourse level, and erection of structural steelwork for the concourse building to be located on top of this slab is in progress. All eight levels of the parkade structure have been cast, precast parapet erection is well advanced and the adjacent lift shaft is approaching completion. M&E works within the parkade structure are in Concourse and ticket offices at Pretoria Station. progress. PRETORIA-HATFIELD At the Grosvenor Street bridge, the final deck span has been VIADUCT 7 cast. Construction of management facilities within the bus The deck to the section that will carry the Gautrain lines terminus area is in hand. across Nelson Mandela Boulevard is well advanced and parapet erection is in progress. Pier and trestle beam construction is finished on the remaining sections of this “Y-shaped” structure that crosses above the existing Metrorail tracks, together with placing of the M-beams for the bridge decks. Between Gautrain’s Pretoria and Hatfield stations, a number of road bridges crossing the existing Metrorail railway have been lengthened, to accommodate the new tracks which will run parallel. These include bridges at Ridge Road, Grosvenor Road, Cilliers Street, Bourke Street, Walker Street, Walton Jameson Avenue, and Lynnwood Road. Finishing work continues on some of these. Extensive lateral support work in the cuttings, together with the earthworks Hatfield Station parkade: Metrorail lines in foreground. IS SHUNTING AND TRACK SWITCHING A PROBLEM? Surtees Railways Supplies, has the solution Trackmobile Railcar, bi-model, road and rail movers have all the required safety features to conform to your Railway Safety needs: >> Up to 19250 kg tractive effort >> Tier 3 electronic diesel engine >> Hydraulic rail & road brakes >> Vacuum train brake controls >> 16 CFM engine drive train air brakes - optional to 100 CFM >> Power steering / Automatic 4 speed transmission >> Air operated coupler release >> Fully enclosed cab with controls integrated into the driver’s seat >> Excellent entry level costs with low operational costs CD464_SURTEES_Presslink SURTEES RAIL GROUP - HEAD OFFICE P.O Box 40178, Cleveland, 2022, Republic of South Africa 93 Whitworth Road, Heriotdale, Johannesburg, Gauteng, Republic of South Africa Tel: +27 11 626-3516 Fax: +27 11 626-1171/28 SERVICING THE RAILROAD INDUSTRY IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
  • 23. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS One objective of our regular feature reporting and commenting on rail mishaps is to provide information and object lessons from Africa and abroad, in the hope that – in some cases at least - this might help avoid recurrences. RAISED TIPPER DOWNS WIRES curve between Isipingo and Umbogintwini on the KZN South A truck with its tipper raised tore down the catenary wires at Coast. Blackheath level crossing between Bellville and Eersterivier on 28 May, halting all trains on the Strand and Stellenbosch On 25 May, three suburban electric trailers and a motor lines. Technicians managed to restore the overhead in time coach were gutted in the yards at Braamfontein after dark in for the Friday afternoon peak period, with buses filling in an unexplainable fire that was probably arson. during the interim. MUIZENBERG BRIDGE DRAMA On 3 June, 15 people were hurt, one badly, when an Africa Travel company touring coach turned from Main Road, Muizenberg, into Atlantic Road and jammed under the railway bridge. The driver was arrested for reckless driving as the height of the bridge is clearly marked with advance warning signs. Passengers on board, en route from Cape Point to central Cape Town, included 14 German tourists and one Austrian. Those injured were taken to hospital and their consulates were notified. INDIAN COLLISION KILLS 70 After Maoist extremists in India called for a series of “black days” starting on 28 May, the South Eastern Railway took precautionary measures including running a light engine Track sabotage derailed a complete Speno rail grinding train at Tinley Manor, over a threatened section of line in West Bengal prior to its 60km north of Durban. use by five trains. Immediately afterwards, the Jnaneshwari Express bound for Mumbai derailed. A freight train then ploughed into the coaches, killing “at least 70” and injuring nearly 150. Passenger train operations were immediately suspended on the sections Kharagpur-Rourkela and Kharagpur-Adra between 22:00 and 05:00 daily. DERAILMENTS DURING TRANSNET STRIKE The locomotives and five wagons of a westbound fuel oil train derailed on the main-line near Burlington about 20km west of Durban at 03:30 on 12 May, during the Transnet strike. According to the Rail Safety Regulator (RSR), rail clips had been loosened along some 100 metres of track, pointing to deliberate sabotage and suggesting that specialised knowledge – and equipment – played a part. On 10 May, 13 people were arrested in Durban for public violence and intimidation, in connection with the strike. During the same week there were other derailments - near TRAIN ALIGHT NEAR DURBAN Witbank and Empangeni - under suspicious circumstances, On 9 May, a suspected overhead wire break set a motor and on 18 May the entire privately-operated Speno rail coach alight on a Metrorail commuter train travelling from grinding train derailed at Tinley Manor on the Natal North KwaDukuza (Stanger) to Durban. Metrorail spokeswoman, Coast after rail clips had been removed from about 70m of Thandi Mkhize, was quoted saying there was an explosion track on a sharp curve. Some of the specialised vehicles in the coach’s overhead traction equipment. The driver turned over. “Damage is estimated at between R23 million stopped the train on a bridge near Effingham Road and R40 million,” our correspondent reports, “but the real station, and panic-stricken passengers started to jump off, problem is that this critical piece of track maintenance many sustaining injuries. Reports of people jumping from equipment will be out of service for at least six months, so a moving train, Metrorail said, were incorrect. Altogether 38 the effect will be felt countrywide for the next year or more.” were admitted to hospital, four reportedly hurt seriously. A further attempt at sabotage was thwarted when a security An official was quoted saying that circuit breakers which patrol found that track clips had been removed from a should have cut power when the catenary grounded onto 24 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 24. SAL “EL SISTEMA SUPERIOR” DE CONTROL DE LA LOCOMOTORA n El sistema SAL es aplicable a cualquier locomotora, tal n Cambios de hardware adicional dentro de 5 días. como GE, GM, Alstom & Bombardier entre otros. n Aplicable a toda Locomotora con tecnología Multi-motor n La interfaz hombre-maquina (MMI) será programada para (Gen-set)!! visualizar la información en cualquier idioma. n El sistema SAL es el sistema de monitoreo inteligente n La instalación del sistema será adaptada y diseñada por Microprocesador y telemetría a través de GPRS mas específicamente de acuerdo a los requerimientos avanzado, completo y eficiente para locomotoras en el del cliente. mercado hoy! n El sistema ha sido instalado y operando con éxito en los Ferrocarriles Clase 1 en locomotoras EMD y GE. n Elimina aproximadamente 85% de los relevadores en el gabinete eléctrico. (sujeto al fabricante de la locomotora) n Se suministra con el equipo el MU, estación de control, sensores del cuarto de maquinas, aparatos y arnés del cableado. n El kit de transductores y hardware para montaje son suministrados. n Sistema de asistencia completa por teléfono, video conferencia o en el sitio por nuestros Ingenieros. GM315_AP Presslink n Sistema de asistencia total durante 20 años. MEDICIÓN Y LÍMITE DE VELOCIDAD USANDO TELEMETRÍA A TRAVÉS DE GPRS CONTROL LÓGICO TOTAL DISMINUYENDO EL NÚMERO DE RELEVADORES/RELÉ HASTA EN UN 85%* GPS Y/O GENERADOR DEL EJE * SUJETA AL FABRICANTE DE LA LOCOMOTORA CONTROL DIGITAL DE LA EXCITACIÓN (ACELERACIÓN Y FRENO DINÁMICO) SISTEMA COMPLETO DE MONITOREO INTELIGENTE POR MICROPROCESADOR PROTECCIÓN COMPLETA DEL MOTOR A TRAVÉS DEL MONITOREO DE VELOCIDAD, TEMPERATURA Y PRESIÓN INTERFAZ HOMBRE –MAQUINA PROTECCIÓN TOTAL PARA LAS PARRILLAS DE FRENO DINÁMICO zeit GRABADORA DE EVENTOS COMUNICACIÓN DIGITAL CON PROTOCOLO ABIERTO PROTECCIÓN DE MOTORES DE CONTROL COMPLETO DEL TRACCIÓN Y CONTROL DE ADHESIÓN SUMINISTRO DE ENERGÍA ALTERNADOR DEL EJE MEDICIÓN REAL DEL CONSUMO DE COMBUSTIBLE DIESEL PROTECCIÓN Y CONTROL DE EQUIPOS AUXILIARES (COMPRESOR, SOPLADOR, GENERADOR AUXILIAR, ETC) Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026 730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada
  • 25. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS the train failed to do so, as a result of which “massive sparking and arcing” took place, burning holes in the roof. MOSES LAKE DERAILMENT TRAIN ON FIRE: RANDFONTEIN Cable theft during the night of 3-4 June stranded an early Friday morning Metrorail electric commuter train at Randfontein, 45km west of Johannesburg. Angry passengers, realising they would be late for work, set two coaches on fire. Metrorail spokeswoman, Nana Zenani, said the passengers’ behaviour had put assets and employees at risk. “This means that as from this afternoon [Friday 4 June], Prasa will suspend train operations on that line until further notice.” On 6 March, 25 wagons loaded with grain derailed near Wilson Creek, about TRAINS COLLIDE: KEMPTON PARK 30km north of Moses Lake in Washington State. The 110-wagon train was on Shortly before 21:00 on 5 June, a goods train derailed after its way to Seattle from Florence, Minnesota. Though nobody was hurt, the running into a passenger set in Kempton Park. Netcare911 derailment blocked the single track, used by about 20 freight and Amtrak spokesman, Chris Botha, was quoted saying that two people trains every day. Freight traffic between Seattle and Spokane was rerouted sustained minor injuries and 18 “miraculously escaped and Amtrak used buses to carry passengers between Seattle and Spokane. unharmed.” INDIANA DERAILMENT CLASS 34 DERAILED AT ALLANRIDGE A 128-wagon Norfolk Southern coal train headed from At about 05:00 on 2 June, main-line diesel-electric 34 058 Chicago to Monroe, Michigan, derailed 38 vehicles in – en route to shunt silos at Allanridge, OFS - ran onto the Waterloo, about 80km east of Elkhart, on 27 March. ground. Running hood-first, and in the dark, the crew did Hundreds of tons of coal spilled onto the track and adjacent not notice that the rails had been stolen during the night. ground. Extensive disruption was caused, with Amtrak The big unit ploughed into the ballast, burying itself up to cancelling two intercity passenger trains and detouring the running board. The Kroonstad breakdown crew attended others via alternative routes. Freight traffic was badly and 34 067 came 29km from the Welkom shunt to assist affected, as about 100 trains use the route every day. in recovering the loco. MOSCOW UNDERGROUND BOMBS KILL 38 CANADIAN DERAILMENT According to an Associated Press report, “female suicide bombers” were responsible for massive blasts at two central Moscow underground stations on 29 March. The bloodbath left “at least” 38 people dead and more than 60 hurt. The first explosion occurred shortly before 08:00 at the Lubyanka station, situated under the headquarters of the Federal Security Service, the KGB’s main successor agency. About 40 minutes later, a second explosion hit Park Kuitury station near Gorky Park. In both cases, the bombs went off as trains were pulling in with doors opening. Associated Press continued: “The carnage, blamed on On 30 March, three locomotives and nine freight wagons derailed in Oshawa, rebels from the Caucasus region, follows the killings of 60km east of Toronto. All trains travelling between Toronto, Ottawa and several high-profile Islamic militant leaders there. The blasts Montreal were disrupted and a number of passenger services were cancelled. come six years after Islamic separatists from the southern Nobody was injured. Russian region carried out a pair of deadly Moscow subway strikes. DERAILMENT WEST OF SPOKANE The derailing of 16 empty freight wagons at Edwall, about Chechen rebels claimed responsibility for the bombing 45km west of Spokane in Washington state on 1 June, last year on a passenger train en route from Moscow to St blocked the main-line to Seattle. Some 300 metres of Petersburg”. track were damaged as the train pulled out of the siding, disrupting both Amtrak passenger services and goods The Moscow underground is the world’s second busiest trains. Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) spokesman, after Tokyo, used by seven million commuters every weekday. Gus Melonas, was quoted saying that the wagons remained upright and that nothing hazardous spilled. METRORAIL BREAKDOWN: TRAIN PELTED WITH ROCKS Just after 07:00 on 30 April, two crowded trains were pelted LANDSLIDE CAUSES FATAL CHINESE PILE-UP with ballast stones by angry commuters whose own train At least 19 people died broke down, leaving them stranded near Ysterplaat station, and 71 were injured on 23 5km east of Cape Town’s main station. Nine passengers May when a Shanghai- were injured. Guilin passenger train derailed at Jiangxi in CHINA: TUNNEL COLLAPSES south-east China, after Rescuers were working around the clock on 26 March in a running into a mass of search for 10 workers trapped in a collapsed railway tunnel dirt and debris brought in North China’s Inner Mongolia region, some 400km from down in a landslide Beijing. An estimated 2,000m3 of rocks and dirt caved following heavy rain. in. The tunnel forms part of a railway being built to link The locomotive and Ulanqab City’s Jining District and Baotou City. eight of the 17 coaches overturned in the crash, near the city of Fuzhou. Some 2,000 rescuers including 26 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 26. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS fire-fighters, police and soldiers worked through the Department, told the press: “He saw some lights in the area night to free survivors and extract bodies, using heavy where he was and thought it would be a safe place to land cutting equipment. More than 280 were evacuated from the plane.” the train and 53 were freed from the wreckage. About 8,000m3 of mud and rock had been cleared from the In fact Helmuth – who was uninjured - made his emergency track by 24 May. Over 40,000 residents in the area were landing in a bus lane. The plane’s wing clipped a small evacuated as a result of the flooding. tree and came within 10 metres of 800,000-volt high- voltage overhead wires that feed to the light rail line. A LOWBED GROUNDED ON CROSSING DERAILS EXPRESS call reporting a plane in the parking lot of the Fairview On 13 May, a lowbed trailer carrying a bulldozer grounded Heights MetroLink Station was received by the sheriff’s on the rails at a crossing in Mebane, North Carolina. department at 22:45, Johnson said. Vehicles parked nearby Southbound Amtrak train 73 ran into the obstruction at were undamaged. an estimated 100km/h, derailing the locomotive and three coaches. The locomotive fuel tanks ruptured and caught SPECTACULAR DERAILMENT IN WIND RIVER CANYON fire, and one coach was also involved. Thirteen people On 12 May, both locomotives of a 63-wagon train were injured. “At least” 8,000 litres of diesel fuel leaked conveying general freight derailed about 8km south of out following the crash, but hazmat teams were able to Thermopolis at the north end of the Wind River Canyon in contain the spill. Wyoming. The lead unit, which ran into a boulder “the size of a pickup truck”, landed up in the river, with the following Upon impact, the lowbed engine halfway down the 15 metre embankment on its side. rolled over several times Both crew members were and its cargo was tossed taken to a local hospital to the side as the train for observation. derailed. Firefighters used foam to put out the blaze. Burlington Northern The force of the crash Santa Fe Railway (BNSF) tore down power lines, spokesman, Gus Melonas, trees, and smashed the told press representatives Crossing collision at Mebane, crossing gate equipment. that the cargo included North Carolina. paper products and LOCO & 20 OFF IN KENTUCKY lumber, but that 17 On 23 May, a locomotive and 20 vehicles in a 90-wagon wagons had been empty. Wind River Canyon derailment in Wyoming. train en route from Salem, Illinois to Nashville, Tennessee derailed while rounding a curve near a level crossing in DERAILMENT NEAR SMITHS FALLS IN CANADA Robards, Kentucky. CSX crews worked quickly to reopen The 12 May derailing of a Canadian Pacific (CP) freight the line, as traffic on one of the company’s main-lines was train near Smiths Falls in Ontario caused extensive track brought to a standstill. damage, resulting in Via Rail passenger traffic being diverted to buses. Travellers bound for Ottawa from AMTRAK FUEL SPILL DISRUPTION Toronto to Ottawa were taken by train as far as Brockville, On 16 May, the fuel tank on the locomotive of a westbound where they transferred to road transport. Altogether seven Amtrak passenger train was punctured in Whitestown, just wagons left the rails. Track repairs were expected to take west of Utica in central New York state. About 4,000 litres at least two days, according to Via Rail spokesperson, of diesel fuel spilled from the locomotive and all rail service Catherine Kaloutsky. Intending passengers in possession of was shut down. CSX spokesman, Gary Sease, said the tickets were offered their money back. There were no injuries damage was caused by an extension arm of a maintenance in the accident, CP spokesperson, Breanne Feigel said. train on the adjacent track, which was extended too far. Crews cleaning up the spill were expected to be there “all OSLO TRAIN RUNAWAY week”. Train runaways don’t only happen at Centurion. On 24 March, three dock workers were killed when 16 wagons Some of the approximately broke loose at a freight terminal in Oslo, Norway and 100 passengers on the careened downhill for 5km. Derailing, they slammed into Amtrak train say they a building. The Norwegian Accident Investigation Board heard a loud noise and blames both terminal workers and railway officials for the saw flames before the accident, citing their failure to anticipate and prepare for train was stopped and the possibility of a runaway train. The report says terminal they were evacuated. No workers did not secure the wagon brakes, and it criticised one was injured. Buses railway officials for failing to put in place “acceptable transported passengers strategies” for stopping runaway trains. to the Utica station to Unusual incident at Whitestown, await other trains. New York state. DURBAN SKYCAR BROKEN AGAIN At Easter, the “skycar” - a funicular CESSNA STOPS BY AT METROLINK STATION that climbs an arch more than 100m A pilot from Ohio thought he was having engine trouble high and 350m across at Durban’s when he put his light plane down at the Fairview Heights new R3.1 billion Moses Mabhida MetroLink station in St Louis on 2 May. It turns out he had stadium - stopped working again, this run out of fuel, authorities said. time due to a fault in the data cable. “Unfortunately we have to order a Darrick Helmuth, 27, was flying a company Cessna from replacement from overseas,” Julie- Ohio to Oklahoma and was going to land at St Louis May Ellingson, the head of Durban’s Downtown-Parks Airport in Cahokia for a stopover. But strategic project unit and 2010 before reaching the airport he started to have engine programme, explained. “Regrettably, Durban’s funicular “skycar”. trouble and told the control tower he wouldn’t make it. Steve delivery has been significantly Johnson, chief investigator with the St Clair County Sheriff’s delayed due to the Icelandic volcanic eruption which May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 27
  • 27. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS prevented flights from Europe from operating.” The skycar has broken down several times since its launch in CULLINAN STEAM TRAIN DERAILED November. Sightseers left stranded have had to face “an arduous and terrifying climb” down the structure which has no handrails, FATAL DERAILMENT AT WASHBURN On 25 March, two of five Dakota, Missouri Valley & Western Railroad locomotives heading north about 5km south of Washburn, Wisconsin, derailed on the banks of Turtle Creek when the ground beneath the track gave way. One crew member was trapped in the wreck and died at the scene. The other was taken to a Bismarck hospital. Railway personnel worked to contain fuel leaking from one of the engines, to keep it from spilling into the creek. CHATTANOOGA DERAILMENT On 23 May, 28 wagons in a CSX train derailed in Class 15F no 3117 heading a steam-hauled excursion derailed in a cutting Chattanooga, Tennessee. The city’s fire department was on 20 June, due to the theft of some 30 sleepers. There were more than 600 quickly on the scene. According to the department’s passengers on board the run from Pretoria to Cullinan operated by Friends information officer, Bruce Garner, “these trains often will of the Rail (FOTR). Fortunately the train was running very slowly on the carry large quantities of hazardous materials, so it’s certainly approach to Cullinan station - otherwise the consequences might have been a concern for us.” much more serious. The loco, tender and water tankcar toppled sideways but no injuries were reported. Retrieving the engine posed a number of logistical This time no evacuations were necessary since the only problems and the extent of repair needed has yet to be ascertained. substance spilled was ferrous sulfate, a chemical used in water treatment plants which is not hazardous to people. Gary Sease, of CSX, said the derailment involved two “high volume” lines. One was re-opened late on 24 May but it was expected that the other would remain unusable for some time. KHAYELITSHA DERAILMENT On 11 June, the first day of the Soccer World Cup, part of a 12-coach 8M commuter train derailed on the Khayelitsha line between the Philippi and Stock Road stations in Cape Town. The set was split to remove the non-derailed coaches but some three hours elapsed before normal service resumed. NIGERIAN DERAILMENT Soon after leaving Kano station en route to Nguru in Yobe state, a passenger train derailed on 10 June. No serious took place at a crossing loop where the points were injuries were reported but some 400 passengers were incorrectly set. left stranded and several nearby roads were blocked. The police together with the Nigeria Security and Civil “Hundreds of migrants from Central America,” the BBC Defence Corps (NSCDC) were deployed at the scene and explained, “risk their lives to travel across Mexico by rail, a recovery team from Zaria attended to clear the line. hoping to cross illegally into the US. Many hitch rides on cargo trains, sometimes falling to their deaths.” MEXICAN CRASH KILLS 13 On 15 June, according to a BBC report, “at least 13” people MEXICAN MANAGERS STOLE RAIL LINES were killed when a freight train ran into another in north- Five “mid-level” managers at Mexico’s state railway, which western Mexico. “TV footage showed dozens of wrecked is facing liquidation, have been accused of stealing nearly train carriages that had been burnt in a fire caused by 600km of railway and selling the material to help settle the initial crash. Officials said most of the victims were company debts. Between 2003 and 2005, apparently, the undocumented migrants hitching lifts on the trains, and parastatal was unable to deliver all the scrap it promised that at least five more people had been injured. One of the to four companies following a public auction – hence trains was carrying a cargo of corn, which was scattered (says secretary for public administration, Salvador Vega across the accident scene.” Casillas) -the managers ordered that the lines be lifted. The material, comprising “mainly high-grade steel rail scrap” A government official told Reuters that “someone didn’t weighing about 52,000 tons, was worth $US140 million – change the tracks correctly,” suggesting that the collision considerably more than the debt – yet there is no record of money changing hands. Railways Africa / / / 28 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 28. Committed to our clients’ success • Rail Planing • Turnout Replacements • Ballast Tamping, Open Line and Turnouts • Track Condition Measuring and Recording • Ballast Cleaning, Open Line and Turnouts • Track Condition Evaluation and Analysis • Formation Rehabilitation • Track Construction • Ballast Profiling • Track Renewal • Rail Welding 20 Lautre Rd, Stormill, Roodepoort PO Box 103 Maraisburg, 1700 Tel: (011) 761-2400 Fax: (011) 474-3582 Email:
  • 29. SPECIAL STAMP ISSUE SOUTH AFRICAN RAILWAYS 150TH YEAR STAMPS A suggestion by Boon Boonzaaier - a special issue of stamps to mark the 150th anniversary of South African railways in June 2010 – was accepted by the post office some months ago. Boon drew up a list of suggested locomotive classes to be represented and in collaboration with Jean Dulez, photographic and other material was submitted from which designs could be prepared. 6. Between 1953 and 1958, 120 class GMA and GMAM 4-8-2+2-8-4 locomotives were acquired, effectively the ultimate South African Garratt design. For some thirty years they were widely used on both main and branch lines. 7. Between 1972 and 1978, 170 class 35 Co-Co diesel- electric locomotives were supplied by General Electric and 250 by General Motors, to replace steam on branch lines. Rated horsepower varies between 1,600 and 1,650. 8. Between 1978 and 1985, 31 class 9E electric locomotives were built in South Africa for service on the 861km Sishen-Saldanha heavy-haul export ore line, electrified at 50kV AC. These Co-Co units are rated at 5,450hp. 9. Late in 2009, the first of 100 class 19E electric locomotives entered service. These dual-voltage Bo- Bo units for the heavy-haul export coal line run on both 3kV DC (north of Ermelo) and 25kV AC (the rest of the line to Richards Bay). They are rated at 2,940kW continuous power output. 10. The 24 four-car multiple-unit sets for the 160km/h new At the same time, descriptive text was put together and Jean 1,435mm gauge 25kV AC “Gautrain” line being built spent many hours liaising with artist, Hein Botha, finalising between Pretoria and Johannesburg (80km, including the miniature sheet comprising ten stamps, each with a face a branch to the airport) repeat Bombardier’s successful value of R2.40, and two different first-day covers. Electrostar design, extensively used in the UK. The special stamps may be obtained from philatelic MINIATURE SHEET MARGIN: counters at main post offices or by mail (prices on The miniature sheets containing the stamps feature a application; order handling fee of R5.00) from: number of line drawings in the margins. From the top, clockwise: Philatelic services Private Bag X505 Class 4E 1Co-Co1 electric locomotive 0001 Pretoria Between 1952 and 1955, 40 class 4E locomotives (3,030hp, Phone 012 845-2814/5; Fax 012 804-6745; 3kV DC) were built for the 257km Cape Town-Touws River e-mail: section of the main-line to Johannesburg. As the 13km tunnel through the Hex River mountains was not completed THE STAMPS until 1989, these units spent their entire working lives on 1. The first official train to operate in South Africa carried the old pass (25km of 1:40) with its tortuous 100m radius passengers from Durban to the Point (3km) on 26 curves for which they were actually never intended. June 1860, hauled by this diminutive 0-4-0. Named “Natal”, it is displayed today on the city’s main station. Class 15E Co-Co 50kV Locomotive Currently under construction for the 861km Sishen- 2. The 2-6-2+2-6-2 class NGG16 was the final design of Saldanha heavy-haul iron ore line, 44 class 15E 610mm gauge Garratt, built between 1937 and 1968. locomotives (50kV AC) are rated at 4,400kW. 3. In 1948 and 1949, a hundred 2-8-4 class 24 Class NG15 2-8-2 narrow-gauge (610mm) locomotives were built for use on lightly laid track, steam locomotive notably branch lines and also main lines in South West The 21 outside-frame locomotives delivered for the Africa (now Namibia). 610mm-gauge lines in South West Africa (now Namibia) between 1931 and 1957 came to be known as the 4. In 1953 and 1954, ninety 4-8-4 class 25 locomotives “Kalaharis”. Following gauge conversion in 1960, they were entered service. These condensed their own steam for transferred to Port Elizabeth, where two examples remain re-use, enabling them to run long distances in the Karoo in use on “Apple Express” excursions today. where water is scarce. Class 7E Co-Co electric locomotive 5. One of fifty 4-8-4 class 25NC non-condensing locomotives Between 1978 and 1979, 100 class 7E locomotives (4,340hp, that arrived together with the condensers, no 3450 was 25kV AC) were introduced for both freight and passenger rebuilt with a number of refinements including a gas service. Variants classified 7E1 (50), 7E2 (66)and 7E3 producer combustion system that radically improved (85) joined them between 1979 and 1985. operating efficiency. The engine was painted red and dubbed “The Red Devil”. 30 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 30. THE FIRST DAY COVERS SPECIAL STAMP ISSUE Class 23 4-8-2 steam locomotive successively through the rear cylinders and then (at lower Between 1937 and 1939, 136 class 23 steam locomotives pressure) the larger front cylinders. During comparative were introduced. They distinguished themselves hauling tests in 1922, the Garratt principle proved itself beyond passenger and freight trains on the Touws River-Beaufort question, and no further Mallets were ordered. West and De Aar-Klerksdorp sections throughout World War II and after. Displaced by the arrival of the class 25 Class NG15 2-8-2 narrow-gauge steam locomotive between 1953 and 1954, the 23s were transferred to other (Description as above; side elevation shown here) lines, all being withdrawn by the early 1970s. Class 34 Co-Co diesel-electric locomotive Class MH 2-6-6-2 Mallet steam locomotive Between 1971 and 1980, just over 500 class 34 diesel- Just over 50 articulated Mallet locomotives were placed electric locomotives were supplied, 294 by General in service between 1909 and 1918. The largest of these, Electric and 208 by General Motors, to replace steam on the class MH of 1915, were then the most powerful main-lines. Rated horsepower varies between 2,750 and locomotives on 1,067mm gauge in the world. They were 2,875. compounds, high pressure steam from the boiler passing FIRST-DAY COVERS: Germiston-based Reefsteamers preservation group operates this class 12AR 4-8-2 “Susan” on local day trips, mainly as far as Magaliesburg. The class 12s were an early SAR steam design dating back to 1912. This locomotive type underwent boiler modifications in the 1950s and was recently mechanically refurbished. G ermiston based Reefsteamers preservation group operated this class 12AR 4-8-2 'Susan' on local day trips, mainly as far as Magaliesburg. The class 12s were an early SAR steam design dating back to 1912. This locomotive type underwent boiler modifications in the 1950s and has also recently since been mechanically refurbished. The class 6E1 Bo-Bo 3kV DC electric locomotive, of which 960 have been built locally, still provide the mainstay of motive power on Transnet’s electrified main-lines. More 13 than 500 of these have been refurbished as upgraded class 17E and 18E units. Semaphore (mechanical) signals have been largely phased out on the rail network in favour of more modern colour- light signalling or radio-operated traffic control. The write-ups inside the first-day covers were prepared by Jean Dulez. T he class 6E1 Bo-Bo 3kV dc electric locomotive, of which 960 have locally built, still provide the mainstay of motive power on the Transnet main electrified lines. More than 500 of these have now been refurbished into upgraded class 17E and 18E units. The 6 – 8 April 2011 semaphore (mechanical) signals have now largely been phased out of the rail network in favour of more modern colour light signalling or else radio operated traffic control systems. The write-ups, inside the covers and printed herewith, was done by Jean Dulez . EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG WWW.RAILWAYSANDHARBOURS.COM May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 31
  • 31. REVIEW COOKS : THE DEFINITIVE TIMETABLE Cook’s timetables are obtainable from Thomas Cook’s offices in major cities. Prices on application. Intrepid train travellers Sherlock Holmes and his contemporaries in British literature depended heavily on Bradshaw for planning journeys to fashionable weekends (or murder scenes) in obscure country backwaters. Three decades before 1900, Bradshaw’s extremely comprehensive guide already ran to 1,000 pages. In 1873, Cooks – soon to prove a worthy competitor - appeared on the scene. Inaugural editor John Bredall - aiming his format at the traveller rather than regular commuters (or the more casual user of trains) - introduced condensed tables, much easier to read, which omitted smaller place names. The concept, like so many successful ideas, relied largely on simplicity. Bredall* went further, putting in summary tables that linked key continental destinations. Finally, his easily followed diagrammatic maps were winners. This successful formula has been followed ever since, the March 2010 editions using the same computer programme – Advent 3B2 - which together running to very nearly 1,000 pages. was employed for setting tabular matter. Cook’s Continental Timetable became a monthly in 1883. Although Cook’s always concentrated on rail services, airline Always in the forefront, it adopted the 24-hour clock in timings were included until the second world war. After the 1919. The original title was retained until 1977, when – war, ocean steamer tables were transferred to a new Cook’s seeing American train times had been included since 1974 Ocean Steamer List. However, today’s European Timetable – the scope was broadened and it was renamed Cook’s does include 39 pages on marine schedules. International Timetable. In 1981, this was split into separate editions – Continental and Overseas. Today’s titles are Other information that did not survive the war (the space was “Cook’s European Rail Timetable” (which devotes most of its needed) included details of golf links and hints on how to 576 pages to trains) and the 475-page “Overseas Timetable” dress when travelling. Maps printed after the war showed (which recognises rail service shortcomings in many each route numbered correspondingly to the relevant countries – notably in Africa – by usefully listing bus timings). timetable, a very useful idea. Previous issues had referred to tables by page number. While serifed fonts such as Times Roman may be easier to read in ordinary text, sansserif makes for more legible For many older users of the publication, Cook’s timetables tables. Cook’s changed from Times to Gill Sans in 1954, were synonymous with the name J H Price, the editor from then to Univers, then Ariel. From 1981 to the present, the 1952 to 1987. Price, who was widely travelled (including more important changes were in typesetting. This was a South Africa) contributed immense personal knowledge to formidable undertaking in the days of hard metal, involving his work. He brought about many important changes - such thousands of pieces of type, and laborious proofreading. as saving postage costs through the use of 40gsm paper – True, filmsetting was adopted in a small way as far back a tip he learned from an Italian timetable. as 1978, but nothing compares to today’s desk-top facility and the slickness of operation eventually attained through Cook’s is notable not only for its incredibly detailed full computerisation. Vertical lines between tabulated times timetables (and atlas-rivalling index) but for meticulously were abolished in the 1980s, finally achieving the clean, listing distances and fares. How they manage to keep these space-saving effect that characterises Cook’s today. Data up to date in today’s constantly changing scene is difficult is transmitted electronically to the printers, making possible to imagine. The latest monetary conversion tables are not last-minute changes. forgotten, nor matters like climatic conditions. Passport and other travel regulations (for every conceivable country) are a The original founder of the organisation, Thomas Cook special feature in the March/April overseas edition. himself, had been a Baptist preacher. His first essay into organising travel involved hiring a train to carry temperance All contents are updated monthly in the case of the supporters to a meeting in Loughborough, England. Many European tables, every second month for the overseas other organised excusions followed. Before long, food and tables. Africa enjoys a modest show-in within the selection lodging came to be included, with the term “Cook’s tour” of city plans, which show the location of main stations in gaining an entry in the Oxford English dictionary. Cook took Cape Town, Dar-es-Salaam, Tunis and Cairo. his first group to Europe in 1855, but waited for the Suez Canal to open before tackling an eight-month tour of the Contemporary editor Peter Bass can be justly pleased with world. this incomparable, very impressive production. Predecessors Bredall, Price and others would be proud of him. For more than a century, the maps were hand-drawn: - LRD K C Jordan was the artist for many years, followed by his daughter. Eventually, when desk-top publishing arrived, the *The first editor of Cook’s Continental Timetable was paid £25 for issue no 1, staff were enabled to compile and amend maps in-house, plus a penny for each copy sold. 32 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 32. Specialists in maintenance, repair, upgrade, conversion and manufacture of rolling stock, components and rail support services. Tel: +27 (0)12 391 1304 Fax: +27 (0)12 391 1371 Email:
  • 33. RAILWAY HERITAGE Preservation is a vital part of the picture By John Batwell CAPE WESTERN PRESERVATION SOCIETY, CAPE TOWN ZAMBIA’S BUSHTRACKS CHANGES LOCO Work by a small but active core of dedicated members on Earlier this year, this Livingstone-based operator was this group’s on-going project, veteran 4-6-0 class 6J no using veteran 4-8-2 class 10 no 156 on its upmarket dinner 641, is making slow but steady progress despite the usual rail service once again as the 4-8-2 class 12 no 204 was problems - lack of funds and active manpower. Completely undergoing motion repairs. The North British-built class 10, stripped, with all cladding removed and sandblasted, the initially on Rhodesia Railways, is a survivor of the former locomotive is awaiting patch welding and painting. Coupling Zambesi Sawmills Railway. and connecting rods have been removed, the dome taken off for machining/welding, the regulator taken out for final checking and the Stephenson gear removed for inspection and clean-up. A visual boiler check has been done by an inspector. The tender has been completely de-rusted both inside and out, rust-treated and the water tank rubberised. However, all steam chest studs are rusted badly and need to be replaced. REEFSTEAMERS, GERMISTON The class 12AR 4-8-2 no 1535, previously reported with a small tube blown, is back in service. The green-liveried, Sandstone-owned GMAM Garratt no 4079 is due for boiler inspection whilst class 15F no 3046 has undergone a steam test and now returned to service. North British class 10 4-8-2 no 156 is working the Livingstone, Zambia, dinner trains once again along the old logging branch line. Photo: G E Cooke MAIN LINE STEAM TRUST, NEW ZEALAND - ZIMBABWE GARRATT Former National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) 2-6-2 + 2-6-2 class 14A Garratt no 509 was not steamed in late 2009 after all as the rolling stock she was to haul was not refurbished in time. A planned conversion of the loco to air-braking is reported, and possible fire-grate modification, as coal could fall through the (currently) widely spaced bars. Conversion to oil-burning could well be on the cards. Class 16A 2-8-2 + 2-8-2 Garratt no 611 is earmarked to work during Zimbabwe’s HENSCHEL GARRATT FOR NEW MAPUTO MUSEUM winter safari season this year. Photo: G E Cooke Exhibits at a new museum being created at Maputo station by Caminhos de ferro do Moçambique (CFM – the state SANDSTONE HERITAGE NEWS railway & harbours) are to include three magnificently Besides the vandalising of Steamnet 2000 locos at restored teak bodied coaches and a van, together with Kimberley, all brass and copper was hacksawed off 15F no Henschel-built 4-8-2 + 2-8-4 Garratt no 972 which was 2910 and 15CB no 2071 during a break-in at Sandstone’s recently moved down from Gondola depot on the storage shed in Ficksburg. The locomotives had been Machipanda-Beira line. Similar to the South African class complete with all spares and pipes intact, ready to run had GMA/M class and one of five acquired in 1956 (at that time the boiler certificates been renewed. Though five people painted maroon), it was refurbished at Bulawayo’s Zeco were arrested, the loss is estimated at R650,000. Current Works in the 1980s and outshopped in red. A very derelict plans are to close this facility and find a new home for the no 971 was photographed at Gondola by local enthusiasts motive power and rolling stock. two years ago. Meanwhile, in Bloemfontein, work progresses on restoring ‘RED DEVIL’ SECURITY narrow gauge Orenstein & Koppel 0-6-0 (works no 12493), The unique 4-8-4 class 26 loco no 3450 “Red Devil”, stored built in 1934. Being a 500mm gauge locomotive, it will not at Cape Town station, has had its cab “caged” in an effort to be available for local use, but Sandstone hopes to find it a prevent the perennial problem of theft from heritage steam safe home. Rebuilt Cockerill class NGG 16 Garratt no 88 was engines. Loco no 3450 originated as a class 25NC, but was back in steam on the farm in April. much modified by David Wardale on a shoe-string budget. Apple Express double-heading of NG15 2-8-2 no 119 and Sandstone Estates’ Falcon 4-4-0 no 106 took place out of Port Elizabeth during Geoff’s Trains 2010 tour. NRZ PREPARES THREE STEAM LOCOS The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has been preparing classes 16A no 611 and 14A no 525 for safari work, together with class 15 no 395 - using sisters 414 and 424 for spares. Class 15 no 416 is also receiving attention at Bulawayo, using spares off 421, while superheater tubes from class 14A no 519 have been fitted to 525. Loco no 611 was used on a public train to Plumtree in May. Geoff’s Trains will be running in Zimbabwe this winter. German operator Farrail cancelled its planned August tour CFM Henschel-built Garratt no 972, long stored at Gondola, has now found a owing to insufficient bookings. new home in Maputo. Photo: Paul Ash 34 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
  • 34. SPECIALIST CASTINGS FOR THE RAILROAD INDUSTRY Fabform Graphics cc (011) 622-9917 The Scaw Metals Group (Scaw) is an international group, manufacturing a diverse range of steel products. Its principal operations are located in South Africa, South America, Canada and Australia. Smaller operations are in Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia. Scaw’s specialist castings for the railroad industry include bogies used in freight cars, locomotives and passenger cars. Other products manufactured include: Freight car castings: Scaw has produced castings for the railroad industry since 1921 • Side Frames • Bolsters and is a technological leader in this field and has participated in the • Yokes • Cast steel monobloc wheels development of unique designs such as the cast adaptor sub-frame • Draw-gear components assembly used in the “Scheffel” radial axle truck. • Centre plates Scaw manufactures castings under licence to various licensors, but Cast steel frames for locomotives: is an open foundry with the capability to undertake work according • Steerable locomotive frames to individual customer requirements. The company has produced • Mounting for electrical parking brakes and brakehangers • Traction motor end shields and suspension tubes in cast thousands of sets of steel castings for freight cars for both the local steel, manufactured to customer requirements and export markets. These include side frames and bolsters that have been approved by the Association of American Railroads for Passenger car castings: use on North American railroads. • High speed, high stability radial axle bogies for motored and unmotored passenger vehicles Scaw supplies globally and also offers nationwide distribution • Self steering bogies in South Africa through its strategically located branches • Fully machined frames ready for assembly into bogies, throughout the country. including the fitting of bushings and wear plates • Integrally cast brake hanger brackets and mounting for auxiliary equipment Tel: +27 11 842-9303 • Fax: +27 11 842-9710 SCAW METALS Website: GROUP
  • 35. END OF THE LINE CORRESPONDENCE BRANCH LINE REVIVAL SAD SIGHT AT MOSSEL BAY Dear editor We’re going to concession the branch lines; It’s so sad! Drove through Mossel Bay the other day and saw loads of old carriages literally rotting away in a train Can’t think why we didn’t before. “graveyard”. Surely these coaches/carriages and engines True, small fry were way too much bother; should be stored somewhere safer?? ie away from the The Big Time excites us much more. ravages of salty sea air? – Alison (by e-mail) We’re going to concession the branch lines, Though what’s left is a pitiful sight, With the jungle reclaiming its birthright And thieves who lift rails in the night. When one looks at American practice, Instructive examples abound. For years, rural feeders have prospered And everywhere, “shortlines” are found. We’re going to concession the branch lines, Though one can’t see the rails for the trees. Look - reviving rural endeavour Will stimulate SMMEs. The coaches are the last remains of the Union Limited, a priceless heritage train restored at the initiative of Ian Pretorius, and operated under his capable We’re going to concession the branch lines, management on regular “Golden Thread” tours from Cape Town to Oudtshoorn - And meet all the challenges posed lucrative earners of dollars, pounds and Deutchmarks until Spoornet pulled the Like moving the goods from the junctions plug. Photo: Dylan Knott. Should keep TFR on its toes. THE LAWYERS LOOK TO US FOR HELP Dear editor We have received a public notice this morning (7 May 2010) from one of our employees concerning the proposed strike on to other parts of the Joburg network makes much more at Metrorail and Shosholoza Meyl starting 10 May 2010. sense, than an isolated stand-alone system. – Grant Robinson (Australia) From this notice it seems the strike might be for a whole month? Could you please confirm this, in order for the VARIABLE GAUGE AXLES company to make alternative arrangements. Dear editor – Ms B van Zyl, Head: HR Dept, In December 2009, Railway Gazette International had an Smith-Smith Attorneys article about variable gauge axles (VGA) in Japan, allowing a train to move effortlessly from one gauge to another. The [Unfortunately Railways Africa couldn’t help: we mislaid our significance about the Japanese equipment is that it works crystal ball. – Editor] for narrow gauges like those in Southern Africa, There may be a problem with narrow gauge VGA because of lack OMAN RAILWAY PROJECT of space between the wheels for the brakes, the VGA Dear editor, equipment and - in the case of multiple units and Interoperability issues and integration of railway standards locomotives - the traction motors. Broader gauge VGA such and specifications within the planned GCC network is as those found around Europe do not have this problem. essential to ensure optimum construction and operational So while this VGA gear handles 250km/h, it is not clear if it costs. Will the Oman railway project be constructed to can handle 80km/h freight. Neither is it clear if the locking standard 1,435mm as railways are in other Middle East devices on the VGA wheels will handle three gauges at states? There are some reports that the Omani network may the same time, which would be really useful in Africa where be broad gauge - these are presumably incorrect? Please there are three main gauges. VGA systems, mainly for advise. broader gauges, have been around in a quiet way for – John Pearson decades. But mention of this technology in Railways Africa, and the World Bank, which pontificates on what [The proposed railway in Oman is to be an integral part of gauge should go where in Africa, are conspicuous by their the new GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) network, which is absence. VGA is not the only method of overcoming the to extend some 2,000km from Salalah on Oman’s southern break-of-gauge (BOG) quagmire, there are about 10 - albeit coast to Kuwait’s border with Iraq. We understand it is to be ugly - methods in all. But if Africa moves towards standard standard gauge throughout. - Editor] gauge on its new main-lines, such as Dar to Rwanda, having VGA and the other methods in hand provides options, “SOWETO MONORAIL STILL AN OPTION” flexibility and therefore potential cost savings. RA should Dear editor send its ace reporter to investigate! My country lives with break-of-gauge problems. South Africa – Shall Ford (Australia) has started the rot by building the Gautrain at standard gauge instead of Cape narrow gauge. In Queensland and Western Australia we run 140-160km/h trains on Cape narrow. Whyever did Gauteng choose standard gauge? For Soweto, surely it is cheaper to build a new conventional rail line than a non-integrated monorail? A fast Cape narrow gauge service running at 150-160km/h but able to switch Japanese trial VGA bogies. Photos courtesy Railway Gazette International. 36 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010
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