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W W W. R A I LWAY S A N D H A R B O U R S . C O M
The 18-day freight rail strike during strike is supposedly over they remain loosened on curves, for instance –
May and the largely parallel passenger basically in the same position”. probably account for something like
disruption – which began a week later Obviously, he concluded, this is R70 million in making good damage.
but took until 1 June before services going to cause job losses - and that’s Four burned out coaches set Prasa
normalised – pushed South Africa back an interesting point. Strike-makers back by almost R20 million alone.
a great deal more than most people see only today’s paypacket, not the
seem to realise. For the first time in diminished number of paypackets Which brings us to the sting in the tail.
150 years, no passenger trains ran tomorrow – nor the inflated cost of South African Transport and Allied
anywhere in the entire country. That every commodity, six months down Workers’ Union (Satawu) general
went on for seven consecutive days, the line. Raise the price of transport secretary, Zenzo Mahlangu, is quoted
causing unprecedented hardship to drastically – by three times the rate of saying the “large increase” has created
thousands who could not get to work, inflation, for example - and up goes a basis from which “fair wage deals
severely impacting on industry and the price of everything on the table could be signed in future negotiations”.
commerce. Agriculture reported severe likewise; costing that much more just to How’s that for some pretty clear writing
transport dislocation. The inevitable live, with jobs down and the country’s on the wall?
consequence is reduced confidence in economy roundly hammered.
the railway and more traffic lost to the
road. Where is government to find massive
unbudgeted millions, the sort of money
Some things are lost forever. Seven needed to meet the huge adjustments
days’ worth of seats unsold on agreed (like 12% at Prasa; even more
passenger trains, for instance, must at Transnet)? What is the effect going Phillippa Dean
represent a small fortune in revenue to be on Prasa, repeatedly bewailing
that can never be recovered (not to its desperate shortage of funding, Footnote: Politicians in London are pressing for
mention the effect of a further two its antiquated rolling stock? Recent total driverless train operation, to remove what
weeks’ very restricted service on many warnings say intercity service will they term the unions’ “stranglehold” and their
routes). collapse within two years, failing radical ability to bring the city to a standstill. (See Pete the
action. How many jobs are at risk in a Pundit on page 6).
South African Shippers’ Council pending Shosholoza Meyl demise –
executive director, L M Pelser, listed and what will 12% pay increases be
some costly post-strike port realities worth then?
(notably at Durban), such as ships
offloading containers but sailing minus That isn’t all, of course. To achieve
the export boxes that did not make it settlement, the negotiators had their
into the vessel-stack on time. arms twisted to grant a R1,000 one-
off payment to every employee, “to
“Cargo owners,” Pelser was quoted compensate for pay lost during the
saying, “could not export or import strike”. On top of that, dirty tricks during
during the strike and now that the the strike – derailments caused by rails
Opinion: Pete the Pundit 6
Industry Comment 8
Comfortable, quiet, New CEO for Cape Town station
Africa Update 10
fast – and now legal RACEC revamped & Century
SA Rail News 14 > Page 2 > Page 4 City opens
> Page 14
Gautrain Update 18
Mishaps & Blunders 24
Stamp Special 30
Railway Heritage 34
End of the Line 36 Gautrain construction Derailments during Zambia’s Bushtracks
update transnet strike changes loco
> Page 18 > Page 24 > Page 34
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 1
Comfortable, quiet, fast – and now legal
On 2 June, Railways Africa had a second opportunity to “We have done it just in time, with eight days to go to the start
ride Gautrain: a comfortable, quiet and fast seven minutes of the 2010 Fifa World Cup,” deputy minister Cronin pointed
from Marlboro to OR Tambo International. The occasion was out, but emphasised that the Gautrain contract had been
a function in the airport station, where Bombela Operating signed before the event was awarded to South Africa, and
Company CEO, Alain Esteve, received the Railway Safety had never been a World Cup project.
Regulator’s safety permit from deputy minister of transport
Jeremy Cronin. He quoted Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (Prasa)
CEO Lucky Montana’s observation that South Africa had
“This is the critical moment when Gautrain graduates from missed out on several technical “renaissances” in the world
its construction phase to being an operating railway,” Cronin of transport. With initiatives such as Gautrain, however, the
explained. Conceding that he had been critical of the project country could begin to catch up.
in the past and had some “minor reservations”, he said he
was not going to be a “party pooper” at this stage: “I share MORE GAUTRAINS ELSEWHERE?
along with all of you the excitement at what we are doing here People from elsewhere in South Africa can be expected to
with Gautrain and the steps we are taking with the project.” want similar “wonderful coaches” in their own areas, Cronin
said and he saw no reason why similar levels of technology
A “FANTASTIC RIDE” could not be implemented elsewhere.
Cronin commented on the train’s ability to travel at 160km/h
and said it was a “fantastic ride”, adding: “The Gautrain A spokesman for the Railway Safety Regulator (RSR)
agency has driven this with tremendous passion and skill.” explained that although physically Gautrain differs from
other rail systems in South Africa, the standards set for it are
There were many positive things that could be said about just as stringent.
the project, he continued. It is probably the largest public-
private-participation programme happening in South Africa, RSR CEO, Mosenngwa Mofi, congratulated Bombela on
and everyone involved had learned a lot: “Clearly, in the fulfilling its legal obligations including the approved safety
provision of major infrastructure, this is the way we have to management system. He said: “We remain positive that our
go, so in this, Gautrain has played a pioneering role”. collective efforts at improving safety will lead to a Gautrain
that is safe, secure and on track.”
Authorising the system to carry fare-paying
passengers meant that Gautrain was now up
and running – and fully legal
2 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
Deputy transport minister Jeremy Cronin and Alain Esteve, CEO of the Bombela
Operating Company proudly display Gautrain's Railway Safety certificate.
www.railwaysafrica.com / / /
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 3
New CEO for RACEC
On 31 May 2010, Charles John Harrod retired as chief Gary Lee Harrod
executive officer of Racec Group Ltd. He has held this
position since 2002 and steps down after a long and
successful career with the company spanning 31 years.
Charles Harrod began his career at the South African
Transport Services (Sats – now Transnet Freight Rail) in 1966
as draughtsman in the chief electrical engineer’s office. He
left Sats in 1975 and joined the electrical contracting
division of Racec four years later, in Johannesburg. His
responsibilities were primarily railway electrification design
and construction projects, later expanded into township
reticulation, transmission line erection and underground
locomotive line projects. Charles Harrod set up Racec‘s
electrical division in 1987, which afterwards expanded
into the Eastern Cape and subsequently became Racec
GROWTH WITH STABILITY
Racec Electrification has grown into the major electrical
reticulation contractor in the Western and Southern Cape,
as well as being an important contributor to the success
of the Racec group. In December 1988, Charles Harrod,
together with key members of management, supported
by Standard Corporate and Merchant Bank, successfully
achieved a management buy-out of the group from Metkor. going ahead in the near future. “So projects are coming
together, and even during the tough economic times, we
Charles was instrumental in Racec’s listing on the JSE have managed to retain our skills. Racec has a reputation to
Alternative Exchange in 2007. His successful conclusion be proud of; we deliver on time and our quality is excellent,”
of several acquisitions since listing has added significant he says.
value to Racec. During this time, the group has diversified
its activities from pure platelaying into the electrification ABOUT GARY LEE HARROD:
sector and has broadened its presence throughout South Gary Harrod was granted a Grinaker bursary in 1990
Africa and into Africa. to study at the University of Cape Town. He holds a
BSc in construction management and has completed a
Charles will continue to serve as a non-executive director construction management programme at the University of
of Racec, consulting on strategic and operational matters. Stellenbosch MBA School. He is married with two children.
IN SAFE HANDS Joining Racec Electrification in 1998 as contracts manager,
Gary Lee Harrod succeeds Charles, his appointment Gary was responsible for the supervision and co-ordination
becoming effective on 1 June 2010. “I am looking forward of multiple construction projects, and the implementation
to the future. While we haven’t been left unscathed by the of newly legislated government and company policies. He
recession and it’s by no means over, the future is looking has been actively involved in the overall management of
much better.” Reflecting on his career at Racec, Gary, the Racec group, of which he has been a director (as well
concludes there have been a number of highlights, but he as managing director of subsidiary Racec Electrification)
is particular proud of his involvement in the listing process. since 2002.
A number of infrastructure projects, previously on hold, are
4 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
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PETE THE PUNDIT at the
RAILWAY SALE-ROOMS, ABOARD THE FASTEST TRAIN IN
AFRICA AND ON THE DOWNSIDE OF STRIKES
It isn’t every day you can buy locomotives, passenger Its cruel, that’s what it is, and chanting “the right to strike
coaches, freight wagons and other railway items too is enshrined in the constitution” rubs salt into an already
numerous to mention on auction. However, once a month nasty wound.
for auctioning off desirable railway assets isn’t bad going.
In fact, it’s good to know that people still pay money for At the other end of the scale, there are well-to-do entities
railway artefacts; far too many go out at night and help bearing the brunt of weeks of determined inaction that
themselves. has absolutely nothing to do with them. Such as Rovos Rail,
in which one man (who invested all he had in what started
For instance, all 382 wagons on offer at Transnet Freight out as a pipe-dream) has single-handedly done more for
Rail’s sale that closed on 13 April were sold, Peter South African tourism than almost anyone we know.
Bagshawe tells us. There was a loco too - class 14E 14-
102 - though little more than a body-shell and frames were According to Rohan Vos, who has single-handedly created
left, this being an accident casualty. The interior had been employment for hundreds, “The strike cost us dearly. We
gutted and bogies were not included. had to cancel two complete journeys to Cape Town. We
had to leave trains in Kimberley and fly people out. That
Other bargain lots included happened to two trains. And we had to leave a train in
seven Toyota rail trolleys, Durban.” This was due to Transnet staff not coming to work
a Suzuki Samurai road/rail and locomotives not being available. “Signals were not
trolley (all non-runners) and working, all sorts of things. It’s been a hugely difficult time
a working Plasser SBR7411 for us,” Vos told the press.
rail ballast regulator with
spares. A 1979 Funkey According to a Sapa report, Vos said the company had
inspection trolley remained received numerous claims for costs, which it was honouring.
unsold. At the auction which
Loco 14-102 at Deelfontein on 26 October
closed on 27 May 2010, 60 2005, after the Blue Train and the Trans- Perhaps we should be grateful to Maria Ramos for taking
wagons went for R1,520,000, Karoo went bump in the night. SAA out of Transnet – otherwise the planes wouldn’t have
together with an historic Photo: Die Burger. been flying either.
(though burned out) 1937
2M1 motor coach converted for driver training. Two 1958 LOOK MA, NO DRIVERS - AND NO STRIKES
class 31 (GE U12B) diesel locos - 31-025 and 041 - are Recalling there were 20 days of UK rail strikes between 31
believed to have fetched R131,000. December 2005 and 23 December 2009, the Conservative
group on the London Assembly has made a proposal to city
Eight L1T coaches were knocked down for R175,000. executive mayor Boris Johnson: Make all the London tube
trains driverless, fire all the drivers (thereby avoiding strike
disruptions) and save £141 million annually in wages.
The Victoria and Central lines already use driverless
technology, it is pointed out – as well as London’s Docklands
Light Rail system. Removing drivers on other lines, it is
suggested “would end the stranglehold militant unions have
on the city’s tube network and seriously curtail their ability
to bring London to a standstill. Driverless trains offer a safer,
faster, more efficient level of service.”
FASTEST TRAIN IN AFRICA
The L1T coaches were part of the mid-eighties’ “Metroblitz” trains which linked
Pretoria and Johannesburg in 42 minutes, reaching speeds of 160km/h. By way of
comparison, Gautrain is to link Pretoria and Johannesburg in 42 minutes, reaching
speeds of 160km/h. Snap!
TRANSNET STRIKE COSTS ROVOS
One can understand workers wanting to strike over
differences with their employers. A growing number of
people, however, find it difficult to reconcile so-called
industrial action when it brings unimaginable hardship to
innocent people who do not deserve its consequences.
This is especially the case when hundreds of thousands Sorry guys: At 160km/h, Gautrain is not the fastest in
are prevented from getting to work. Most victims are from Africa: all those press stories got it wrong. Alstom Prima II
the poorest sector of the population, those to whom finding locomotives like this have been hauling 15-car Moroccan
extra travelling money means even less on a table that trains at 160km/h since around 2008. Typical schedule:
may be little more than bare at the best of times. And Rabat 13:25, Casablanca (91km) 14:30. Average 140km/h.
adding an hour or two to an already overlong daily journey Current construction envisages TGV-type trains running at
makes life just that much more unbearable. 320km/h by 2015.
6 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
8. INDUSTRY COMMENT
Dave van der Meulen, managing member, Railway Corporate Strategy CC
TYPES OF FREIGHT logistics. Their fixed guideways
Freight falls into two fundamental categories. First there is constrain the scope of movements in
low-value, high-density freight, typically bulk agricultural which they can naturally participate:
or mineral commodities prior to beneficiation. If the vehicle Participation at higher levels is
profile is sufficiently large, it achieves heavy axle load on therefore at the discretion of logistics
rail with relative ease. Secondly there is high value, low- integrators at these levels.
density freight, typically intermediate or finished goods.
As a rule, the higher the value added, the less dense the Consider now the time value of common bulk commodities.
goods, though display and protective packaging contribute Prices per ton range from iron ore @ $US100-110, coal @
to reducing density. It is often challenging to achieve a $150-200, to maize @ $150-300, while real discount rates
heavy axle load on rail with high value-added freight. range from 3% to 5% per annum. The time value per hour
is therefore (discount rate)/(24x365): Dividing any discount
In South Africa, and seemingly only in South Africa as a rate by 8,760 renders it negligible - a small fraction of one
Google search will show, one comes across the term rail- cent per ton per hour, even at maximum price and rate. Such
friendly freight. What does it mean? Freight is lifeless and freight typically moves from stockpile to stockpile, or silo to
therefore cannot be friendly: Only people can be friendly. In silo, at the natural speed of the applicable transport mode.
logistics, the freight owner or his agent is the customer, and
the railway is a service provider. By the nature of business It is thus natural that heavy-haul railways should align
relationships, the customer’s friendliness will recognise the themselves to business that demands a comparatively
supplier with the best offering. Disappointingly, one seldom low level of logistics integration. Other than occasional
comes across the reciprocal term, logistics-friendly rail. It is opportunities for direct loading to vessels, rail transport
therefore useful to reflect on how freight railways relate to of bulk commodities is therefore largely decoupled from
freight logistics. other activities in the logistics chain. Possibly lumpy
integration can work because the time value of commodities
RAILWAYS IN THE WORLD OF LOGISTICS transported in this way is low.
Consider first the logistics industry hierarchy from the
perspective of the level of integration provided by its Furthermore, volumes are so large that direct rail access
members. First party logistics concerns the consignor at the points of origin and destination is taken for granted.
or consignee, one of which owns the freight and possibly Such “door-to-door” rail service is frequently difficult to
the means of transport as well. A second party logistics realise with high-value freight, which therefore gravitates to
provider is an asset-based carrier that actually owns the road - unless the axle load is sufficiently high, and the haul
means of transport, and which may offer limited value-added distance sufficiently long, to offset the cost of intermodal
services such as track-and-trace. A third party logistics transshipment to or from rail at one or more intermediate
provider, in addition to transport, offers basic value- nodes.
added services, such as warehousing, pick-and-pack, and
distribution. It owns at least one of them, and may contract IMPLICATIONS FOR RAIL
the remainder to other parties, but it is not independent. A How does one achieve fundamental railway competitiveness,
fourth party logistics provider is an independent, non-asset- and how does it relate to the logistics industry? Consider
based integrator of a client’s supply and demand chains. now the degrees of freedom of movement of transport
modes, ie on how many mutually perpendicular axes a
The more a logistics service provider is asset-based, the mode can move simultaneously.
lower its level of integration; and the less a logistics service
provider is asset-based, the higher its level of integration. Air transport supports three degrees of freedom of
The implications for railways are clear: Their asset movement - forward, lateral, and vertical. At a price, it can
intensiveness naturally positions them in second party offer high origin-destination flexibility and short journey
SISHEN (861 km)
times. The latter stem not only from its inherently high
speed, but also from its ability to minimise route distance by
UPINGTON VROLIK (791 km)
flying great circle routes over natural obstacles, eg Chicago
to Delhi over the Arctic Ocean. Hence, air transport ideally
AGGENEYS PADDAGAT ORANGE RIVER
KOLKE (531 KM)
complements high-integration logistics management for
high-value freight. Surface transport sacrifices the vertical
HALFWEG (445 KM)
SOUS (371 KM)
degree of freedom of movement. In so doing, it reduces
BITTERFONTEIN KANAKIES (274 KM)
the cost of transport, but the remaining two degrees of
CALVINIA ROSMEAD freedom, forward and lateral, require it to overcome surface
OCEAN KNERSVLAK (183 KM)
obstacles, eg circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope
between Europe and Asia, and passing mountain ranges
KREEFBAAI (91 KM)
OLIFANTS RIVER BEAUFORT WEST
DWARSKERSBOS (41 KM)
and bridging watercourses over land. This pitches surface
transport at lower value freight, or tends to confine its
contribution to high-integration logistics management for
high-value freight to local collection or delivery. Guided
ROBERTSON PORT ELIZABETH
surface transport further sacrifices the lateral degree
of freedom of movement - the remaining single degree
of freedom only allows a vehicle to move forward (and
SISHEN - SALDANHALINE
OTHER RAILWAYS backward) on its guideway. This constrains the amount of
value that high-integration logistics management can add,
100 200 400
but can deliver lowest transport cost in high volume corridors.
South Africa’s 861km heavy-haul export iron ore line from Sishen to Saldanha.
8 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
9. INDUSTRY COMMENT
A natural affinity between the degrees of freedom of
movement of a transport mode, and the level of logistics The only intermodal
integration that it can support, is therefore evident. load unit that has gained
critical mass in global
KEY QUESTIONS logistics thus far is the
Confinement to a guideway is not necessarily insur- container, usually to ISO
mountable. Indeed, while a fixed guideway does challenge standards. Note, however,
the logistics of high-value freight movements, it concurrently that the North American
offers attractive opportunities in particular applications. market considers 40-foot
The presence of a guideway supports precise application ISO containers small, Bi-modal: a “Roadrailer” in Australia.
of wheel loads, secure lateral direction, and combination hence emergence there
of vehicles into trains. These characteristics underlie the of the larger 48-foot and 53-foot US domestic
genetic technologies bearing, guiding, and coupling, that containers. ISO containers have a lock on the maritime
give railways an unbeatable competitive advantage in market, so will likely prevail there for a long time. However,
particular market spaces. as continental and intercontinental rail landbridges have
emerged, and continue to emerge, it will be interesting to
Regarding freight rail, bearing and coupling support heavy observe whether US domestic containers become a global
haul. Bearing, coupling, and guiding support double- railway standard on routes that have no maritime sector.
stacked containers (think of it as heavy-haul with a dash of
speed). Two other prominent combinations are high-speed
intercity and urban rail, but passenger rail is outside the
scope of this piece. Heavy-haul has already made its mark
in South Africa, and to a lesser extent elsewhere in Africa.
Double-stacking of containers is at once conspicuous by
its absence from Africa, and an opportunity to enter a
logistics market space where rail walks tall.
South African container train near Swartruggens. Photo: Eugene Armer.
Double-stacking of containers in the USA: a concept conspicuous by its CONCLUSION
absence from Africa. Where is rail logistics in South Africa headed? Most high-
value freight has already left rail. Judging by the number
SOME CRITICAL INSIGHTS of side-tipper interlinks seen on the roads, even heavy
The foregoing analysis has not introduced any novel bulk commodities are moving to road. The fundamentals
concepts, but simply set out to explore effective of logistics are not going to adapt to suit railways in Africa.
railway positioning from a logistics perspective, so that Can the converse happen, ie can railways in Africa become
stakeholders may direct their aspirations and efforts logistics-friendly?
appropriately. As a caution, it is worth noting that over
the years there have been several attempts, possibly The foregoing discussion has indicated how railways can
misguided, to re-jig the natural relation between logistics fit into a national freight logistics task, or relate even
and railways. In principle, they have sought to combine further afield to continental and intercontinental horizons.
the origin-destination flexibility of road with the long-haul Freight railways need to align the category of traffic they
economy of rail. convey with an appropriate level of logistics integration. The
strong performance of heavy-haul and double-stacking in
They include bi-modal systems such as RoadRailer and the global railway renaissance rests on mutually supportive
RailRunner (United States), multiple units for containers alignment between level of logistics integration and rail
such as CargoSprinter (diesel, Germany) and Super Rail competitiveness.
Cargo (electric, Japan), automated single vehicles such
as CargoMover (Germany), and swap bodies (Europe). Bi- That does not mean that there are no other areas of rail
modal systems tend to need fixed routes with balanced logistics that could work. It does however suggest that
traffic flows to ensure that bogie or vehicle turnaround areas exist where natural rail competitiveness is not a
cycles remain balanced. However, for this reason they are good fit with the logistics challenges at hand. Before
not as flexible as many lay people believe: not one has yet attempting to position freight railways where they could
developed critical mass in mainstream logistics. not compete effectively, stakeholders would do well to
recall Emerson’s assertion that nothing great was ever
Reflection on the relation between level of logistics achieved without great enthusiasm. As yet, there is no
integration and degrees of freedom of movement suggests empirical evidence in Africa of enthusiasm for a new take
where proponents of the above mentioned concepts may on aligning logistics and railways.
have lost the plot. Logistically, they try to elevate rail service
beyond its natural level of integration. Technically, they fail It would therefore be useful to recognise the inherent
to achieve axle loads significantly higher than road, which is limitations and opportunities of competitive railway logistics
not a sound foundation for rail competitiveness. While other and then take the fight to issues that can potentially
explanations may exist, it is evident that there is prima facie reposition freight railways in Africa and South Africa for
mismatch between their level of logistics integration and competitiveness and sustainability.
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 9
10. AFRICA UPDATE
ALGERIA various regions of the country. Replying to suggestions that
ALGERIAN 5-YEAR RAIL PROGRAMME many construction projects undertaken by China in Africa
Nearly $US38 billion has been allocated as part of Algeria’s have run into problems, Shen Jiru of the Chinese Academy
public investment programme for 2010-2014 to promote of Social Sciences is quoted saying: “We are providing
overall development in the transport sector. The main free-interest loans and aid, and we are a reliable backup for
objective is to upgrade and extend the railway network Africa’s economic development.”
between 2012 and 2015. Electric tramways are to be built
in 14 towns. Part of the national reconstruction process Ethiopian President Meles Zenawi defends the railway deal,
launched ten years ago, the complete programme involves saying “It’s in their (China’s) interest to spend tens of billions
a budget of $US286 billion for 2010-2014. of dollars in Africa and it’s in our interest to have access to
those tens of billions of dollars.”
Consultants undertaking a pre-feasibility study into the
proposed 1,500km Trans-Kalahari Railway (TKR) are
expected to report by October. It is now suggested that
the line should start at Lobatse and run through western
Botswana to Walvis Bay in Namibia. The World Bank and the
governments of Botswana and Namibia are involved, but it
is expected that the $US1.4 billion project will be funded
mainly by the private sector.
Entities interested in the scheme include Canada’s Hana
Mining, whose Ghantsi project has impressive resources
in copper and silver. Its plans for commercial production in
2015 would prefer a cost-effective route to an Atlantic port. Locos at Dire Dawa on the existing 781km metre-gauge Ethio-Djibouti Railway,
Australian company Discovery Metals Limited (DML), which CFDE (Chemin de fer Djibouti-Ethopien). Photo: Dietmar Fiedel.
is developing its Boseto Copper Project, would also use the
proposed line as an export route. It foresees producing 3m GHANA
tonnes of copper annually, starting in December 2011. GHANA: TEMA RAIL ON TARGET
Current upgrading of the 10km Accra-Tema line should
CIC Energy, which is developing an export coal mine and be completed by July 2010, says resident engineer Enyo
coal-fired power station in eastern Botswana, hopes to Matrevi. Work is about 50% finished (as far as Asoprochona),
produce between 16 million and 17 million tonnes of export with the team working “round the clock” to meet the
quality coal for the European market. schedule. The project, transport minister Mike Hamah
explains, is in line with government plans to improve the
EGYPT country’s railway, an important objective being to ease
EGYPT TO SPEND E£40BN traffic congestion. Extension of the suburban lines to
A 10-year plan has been launched by the Egyptian Railway include the Accra-Winneba, Achimota and Nsawam sections
Authority (ERA) involving development projects worth E£40 is also set down as part of the immediate to medium-term
billion over the period 2011-2020. These are to include the phase.
building of several new lines, according to a report in the
Al-Mal newspaper, which points out that the existing network A feasibility study is being undertaken to extend – in the
is focused on the Nile delta area. Essentially, most lines long term - the western line northwards to Paga on the
radiate from Cairo. border with Burkina Faso.
More than $US2 billion is to be injected into the rail system
to facilitate the movement of goods along the 306km
KENYA RE-TENDERS BUILDING OF THE NEW RAILWAY
The first attempt by Kenya Railways Corporation to appoint
experts to design the proposed new standard gauge line
failed because their quotations exceeded the amount
budgeted by government. According to press reports,
“the project to design a new railway between Mombasa
and Malaba with a branch line to Kisumu attracted interest
Egyptian train at a station in Cairo.
from 16 firms.” A tender was in fact accepted and a contract
ETHIOPIA awarded to the Italian firm Italferr but it was cancelled soon
CHINESE HELP FOR RAIL BUILDING IN ETHIOPIA afterwards, “when the corporation realised the successful
A loan of more than $US100 million from China is to help bid at Sh1.2 billion was above the government’s Sh700
Ethiopia build railways linking the capital, Addis Abeba, to million-budget.”
10 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
11. AFRICA UPDATE AFRICA UPDATE
TRL director general Narasimhaswami Jayaram company
According to the same source, “A South Korean said that RVR commercial manager new diesel-electric Geoffrey
including the acquisition of 40 in Kampala, multiple-
two goods trains comprising 23 wagons would be conveying
was awarded the tender by an evaluation committee but Tindimwebwa saysthis, rates will still would be than those
unit trainsets. Of the $200 million be lower raised by
various commodities including second team that gave the
that decision was quashed by a cement from the Tanga charged an infrastructure bond and“Our rest would come
issuing by road freight hauliers. the rates have been
contract to the Italians.” steady since last October before the fuel prices rose andnew
from the government’s annual budget. The design of a the
price of steel spiralled,” he points out, whereas the truckers
line linking Jomo Kenyatta International Airport to the city
The parliamentary committee on infrastructure and raise rates every time the fuel price changes. “Also, we have
centre is complete.
transport chaired by Matungu MP, David Were, it is reported,
TAZARA TARIFFS UPPED had a negative result from the weakening dollar as most of
New investigate the legality of the cancellation.
is to fares applicable on the Tanzania-Zambia Railway came our rates are in that currency. It has been losing value, while
into effect on 1 July. Ticket prices on ordinary passenger the prices of our inputs have been going up.”
An official who did not want to be quoted told Business
trains as well as the Tazara Express went up 20% while
parcels and luggage rates that out of the 16 bidsfrom Dar-
Daily (published in Nairobi) rose 30%. Travellers received, ZAMBIA
es-Salaam in Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi in “Some of thepay
only two firms met KRC’s requirements. Zambia now 14 RSZ TAKEN TO TASK
Tsh72,600 ($US72) questioned the the Tazara Express, up
bidders, however, in first class on integrity of the tender In an editorial, The Times of Zambia takes Rail Systems of
evaluation process, claiming that their financial bid
from Tsh60,500 ($US60). Zambia (RSZ), the concessionaire running Zambian Railways,
documents had been tampered with even after they were to task for buying “brand new motor vehicles worth $US1.4
To Makambako (Iringa) from stages. ‘I received a costs
eliminated in the preliminary Dar-es-Salaam now letter million”, while apparently falling short in service delivery.
Tsh29,000 me that instead ofhad been unsuccessful,’ said
informing ($US29) my bid Tsh24,200 ($US24). To Rujewa “While the company has every right to purchase vehicles for
a bidder who cannot be named because he plans to take
(Mbeya) the fare is now Tsh29,900 ($US29) instead of operations, we feel their priorities are misplaced,” the paper
part in future tendering. What surprised me was that our
Tsh24,900 ($US24). writes.
financial bid envelope appeared to have been opened after
we had been disqualified.’”
Tazara managing director Clement Subulwa Mwiya points “Gone are the days,”Nairobi commuter train. the railway network
it laments, “when
out thatMay company’s policy is to adjust tariffs project is
On 18 the it was announced that the design annually. was the most reliable mode of transport in Zambia. “It was so
High operational costs are beinguntil 25 June to makein the
being retendered. Bidders had experienced, notably their reliable SERVICE ON GUINEA LINEline was Zambia’s favourite
PUBLIC and cheap, that the rail REVIVED
wage bill and A notice in local newspapersdiesel. Tazara is
submissions. the continually rising cost of said the tender mode of transport, offloadingand Liberia have agreed to
The governments of Guinea goods and passengers in
upgrading its facilities at a cost of $US10 million, he says,
is for preliminary design, environmental and social impact remote BSG Resources (Guinea) Ltd mining joint venture to
permit areas where roads were inaccessible.
and 18 locomotives are for the proposed currently whose
assessment services being rehabilitated railway, build a new iron ore export line from the Simandou area of
construction is to begin in 2012. “The failure Guinea to provide safetyLiberian coast. In return,
south-east by RSZ to Didia on the and reliability has forced
UGANDA many Zambians to abandon rail transport in general freight
the firm has agreed to revive passenger and preference for
MAIN-LINE AT JINJA REOPENS RAILWAY
SQUATTERS OBSTRUCT NAIROBI the faster and more reliable road transport. ItChemins dethat
service on the 662km metre-gauge line of was hoped fer
The main-line to around NairobiKenya, closed near JinjaRift
slum area Kampala from is a huge problem to on when Zambia Railways was concessioned to RSZ, things
de Guinée (CFG).
14 May following the collapse of an in the way of ambitious
Valley Railways (RVR) – and stands embankment due to a would change for the better.”
government plans to provide a fast, substantially upgraded
blocked culvert, was reopened to traffic on 16 June. During Brazilian mining firm Vale announced a $US2.5bn deal in
the four weeks that thepresent, trains inoperable, freight was
commuter service. At line remained cannot move safely at [RSZ in terms of sorely run-down system a 51% is taking in
April inherited a which it has acquired which interest a
speeds above 20km/h.
offloaded at Iganga and taken forward by road. According great deal of holds and money to put right. Theto significant
BSG, which time half the concession rights rosy past of
to Rift Valley Railways (RVR) project manager Glenn Kleyn, railways in thesources dates back to the days when it was
undeveloped country of high-grade iron ore that could
quoted by New Vision (published in Kampala) RVR general
The Nation, published in the city, quotes a new three- called Northern Rhodesia – but nobody Though Simandou is
support a long-term mining project. will want to remember
manager for the eastern region, James Nyambari, saying
metre diameter galvanised iron culvert has been installed, that. – editor] nearest access to the Atlantic is the coast
in Guinea, the
to provide adequate outlet the stormwater togarbage on the
“the biggest headache is for dumping of drain into Lake of Liberia.
Victoria, about a kilometre downstream. to remove the trash
track. People are employed almost daily
from the railway and then wagons are used to take it away.” The CFG line connects the capital Conakry on the coast
Kleyn said the repair work was being done at mile 323. In to 4 - 6 March 2009
the Upper Niger and Kankan regions. The first 36km of
addition, overflows onto investigating a structure at mile 289
Sewage the company is the track in some areas, making route out of Conakry has seen occasional use but the
towards Busembatia. resulting in wheel slip. Sometimes,
it muddy and slippery, remainder has seen no service in 15 years. Additional rights
because of this, RVR has to double up locomotives to
ZIMBABWE at Simandou are held by Rio Tinto, which
to exploit ore
“It (mile 289) is not in any alternatively, trains but we are
obtain sufficient traction or immediate danger have to be signed a “non-binding” memorandum of understanding
NEW Chinalco in March 2010, agreeing to establish a joint
investigating and drawing up designs,” he told the issued by
split in two at Kibera station. A 30-day deadline paper. with NRZ SERVICE
the government on 21 March, requiring people to move The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has introduced
venture covering the development and operation of mines
from railway property, came and went. Kenyan director of a new weekly passenger service to Chicualacuala, 500km
plus associated rail and port infrastructure.
UGANDA RATES INCREASE
Amnesty International, Justus Nyang’aya, estimating that south-east of Bulawayo on the line to Maputo. The existing
Rift Valley Railways (RVR) asked increased freight rates
50,000 people are involved, has for an extension saying: Wednesday train to Chiredzi has been rescheduled to leave
between Mombasa and Kampala proposed mass evictions
“Without proper safeguards, the from $US80 per tonne to Bulawayo at 14:00 on Wednesday instead of 21:00. Arriving
MOZAMBIQUE RAILWAY MUSEUM
$110.have a managing director Roy Puffet explained in July:
will Former devastating impact on people’s access to at 04:00 on Thursday, it the World 05:00 torecently visited
Dr John Middleton of returns at Bank Mbizi junction,
“The tariff adjustment was driven by continued upward costs
water, sanitation, food and schools and could well create a and continues from there to Chicualacuala. Following a
Maputo and Moatize on business. He reported on sar-L:
of energy, petroleum products and steel. The price of diesel
humanitarian emergency.” 14:00 station at Maputoback to Bulawayo, arriving clean but
“The departure, it runs always seems neat and on Friday
has gone up by 24% in the last eight months and there is morning. The Chiredzi-Bulawayo April wasretains its former
a pleasant surprise found on 18 service the construction
double digit inflation as well as dollar revaluation”. managing
A recently completed study, says Kenya Railways timing on railway museum, although this has not yet opened.
of a CFM other days of the week.
director Nduva Muli, established it will cost about $US250 It is being created on the four bay-platform tracks at the
million to revamp the commuter rail service in Nairobi, west end of the station. All four are under the overall roof
Thermitrex (Pty) Ltd
Tel: +27 (0)11 914 2540
18 RAILWAYS AFRICA 3 | 2008
May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 11
12. AFRICA UPDATE
with the inner two within a building. Various hoardings of the new GE locomotives at Kano. He was quoted saying:
have been erected describing the work and the overall “The arrival of the locomotive engine in Kano signifies the
impression is of a well thought-out project. So far the success of the first steps in our efforts towards launching a
only large exhibits are three magnificently restored teak new era in rail transport system in Nigeria.”
bodied coaches and a van. Staff at the station indicated
that locomotives would also be included and this probably The delivery of the unit from Lagos - one of five received
explains why Henschel Garratt 972 was brought down from by the NRC recently - was in preparation for launching a
Gondola to Maputo. Standing outside the museum was a Challowa-Kano passenger service. Refurbished coaches are
complete Hitachi railcar. being supplied from Zaria.
“Apart from the new line laid into Moatize station, the derelict The loco, writes Phillip Oladunjoye in the Daily Independent,
locomotives there do not appear to have been touched. quoting Sijuwade, is a 2,500hp General Electric 7FDL12-
The survival of the two Mallets is remarkable and given the cylinder C25-EMPD model weighing 105.9 metric tons, with
scrapping of all SAR Mallets, they should be preserved, the a maximum speed capability of 103km/h. “The robustly
perfect place being the new CFM museum.” built locomotive has design adaptability to the corporation’s
existing 1,067mm cape gauge. All C25-EMPD locomotive
engines were specifically manufactured to be resilient and
dependable in tropical domain such as ours. They comply
with Nigeria’s weight per axle and clearance characteristics.”
In readiness for the Kano launch, Sijuwade said the
corporation has completed construction of two new halt
stations with platforms in Gandu-Albasa and Zawa-ciki.
Signal and telecommunication facilities have been provided
between Challowa and Kano, and six level crossings have
been equipped with barriers.
Preserved loco at Maputo station.
TRANSNET STRIKE CRIPPLED TRANSNAMIB
Struggling as it is with serious financial problems,
TransNamib – the national railway of Namibia – was said
to be losing N$500,000 every day as a result of the 18-day
Transnet wage strike in South Africa during May 2010. It
had a “paralysing impact” on building and mining, with
supplies of cement and ammonia brought in from South
Africa at a standstill.
New Nigerian GE loco.
Under normal circumstances, TransNamib spokesperson,
Ailly Hangula-Paulino, was quoted saying, between 300 SUDAN
and 400 Transnet wagons are to be found on the Namibian NILE VALLEY RAILWAYS
rail system. While the strike continued, this rolling stock Citadel Capital, a leading private equity firm in the Middle
could not be moved back to South Africa, carrying cargo East and Africa with $US8.3 billion in investments in 15
such as zinc concentrate from Namibian mines. This resulted industries spanning 14 countries, has signed a right-of-way
in “very substantial” losses and commodity shortages. agreement with the Sudanese Railway Corporation (SRC),
the first step in fledgling rail operator Nile Valley Railways’
NIGERIA (NVR) entry into the promising Sudanese market. The
PLIGHT OF NIGERIA’S RAIL PENSIONERS agreement will allow NVR to offer freight services on SRC
According to Nigerian Railways Corporation (NRC) managing lines under a revenue-sharing agreement. SRC operates
director, Adeseyi Sijuwade, the verification of pensioners more than 4,500km of route linking the key coastal city
begun in November 2009 has created a dependable of Port Sudan to Khartoum, Wadi Halfa on the Egyptian
database reflecting the numerical strength of retirees border and to South Sudan.
(19,033) and the financial implications of their unpaid
pensions. Those who have died were included, through TANZANIA
verification of their next-of-kin. He appealed to the TRL OPERATIONS RESUME
government to facilitate the payment of arrear railway Tanzania’s 2,706km Central Line has resumed operations,
pensions by means of legislation and appropriation during after completion of emergency repairs following huge
the second quarter of 2010. damage caused by the El Nino rains that fell towards the
end of 2009. Minister for infrastructure, Dr Shukuru
President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, Sijuwade said, is Kawambwa, was quoted by East African Business Week
favourably disposed to finding lasting solutions to the plight saying that repairs cost some $US11 million).
of railway pensioners and hoped that arrears would be paid
off by the end of 2010. The matter has been dragging on for LOANS TO TANZANIA
many years, causing great hardship to retirees. Hundreds, The African Development Bank (AfDB) has lent Tanzania
according to representatives struggling on their behalf, died $US235.45 million to finance infrastructure projects,
in the interim without seeing monies due to them. including a feasibility study on the proposed Tanzania-
Rwanda-Burundi standard-gauge railway. Senior finance
NEW GE LOCO ARRIVES IN KANO ministry official, Ramadhani Kijjah, was quoted saying:
Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC) managing director “The construction of the Isaka-Kigali line in Rwanda and
Adeseyi Sijuwade has welcomed the safe arrival of the first Keza-Musongati line in Burundi will contribute to the
12 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
13. AFRICA UPDATE
implementation of an efficient and low cost transport treasury Likolo Ndalamei, work has been done on 3km
system which will promote regional integration, development of line in the shunting yard, and on the terminal building,
of areas of high mining, industrial and agricultural potential”. which includes offices for the stationmaster, police, Zambia
He explains that “East Africa’s railways have suffered years Revenue Authority and the department of immigration. Water
of mismanagement and underinvestment by government, and power utilities have been connected, landscaping has
leaving them dilapidated, inefficient and costly to run.” commenced and all the level crossings have been completed.
Preliminary discussions on train services have been held
with government officials from Malawi and Central East
African Railways, (Cear), the concessionaire that runs the
Malawi railway network.
CHINESE LOCOS FOR ZIMBABWE
The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has signed a
deal with China North for the supply of 14 diesel-electric
“We are still to finalise payment modalities for the company
to start manufacturing,” NRZ public relations manager
Fanuel Masikati told the Xinhua news agency at the end of
May. There are also “long-term plans” to buy passenger
coaches from China. These would be used on routes
Derelict coaches at Dar-es-Salaam. Photo: Richard Grönstedt. linking Harare-Bulawayo, Bulawayo-Beitbridge, Harare-
TUNISIA Bindura and Harare-Chinhoyi.
MAGHREB RAIL CONFERENCE IN TUNIS
Representatives of railway companies from the five STEAM TO PLUMTREE
Maghreb countries - Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania On 9 May, according to the Chronicle (published in
and Tunisia – participated in a conference in Tunis at the Bulawayo), more than 300 people, about 250 of them local
end of May whose theme was “The railway as a vehicle for tourists, boarded a special steam safari train on a trial run
Maghreb integration”. from Bulawayo to Plumtree. “The train departed from
Bulawayo main railway station at 10:00 amid pomp and
Transport minister, Abderrahim fanfare,” the paper reported. “The tourists were offered
Zouari, called for unifying technical world-class treatment by the well-organised railway staff.
choices in the Maghreb railway
and high-speed train projects, and “The train arrived in Plumtree at 14:00, where tourists were
recommended the creation of a treated to a sumptuous lunch which included a braai.
Maghreb institute for the exchange of Guests were treated to entertainment punctuated with
information and sharing of expertise. refreshments and at 15:30 it was time for departure back to
Bulawayo where it docked at 19:00.”
Arab Maghreb Union (Amu) secretary-
general, Habib Ben Yahia, said that
the extension of the Maghreb railway
network, to ultimately link the Libyan
city of Tobruk with the Mauritanian
Signal technicians at work
capital Nouakchott, has always been
among the Maghreb’s unification Photo: Richard Grönstedt
RVR IMPROVES FREIGHT SECURITY
Rift Valley Railways (RVR) is enhancing security
measures to ensure safer movement of containers
to the inland container depots (ICD) at Nairobi and Kampala.
To date, RVR acting chief marketing and commercial
manager, James Nganga, explains, 81 container wagons
have been fitted with protective steel bars, including a
complete train of 40 vehicles.
Garratt taking water at Bulawayo. Photo: NRZ.
Theft from containers in transit, according to the Kenya
international freight and warehousing association (Kifwa) National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) public relations
and the Kenya shippers’ agents’ association, is masterminded manager Fanuel Masikati said this was a trial run ahead
by a cartel that manipulates port clearing systems and of the 2010 Soccer World Cup in South Africa: “Steam
breaks into containers. Recent investigations by Kifwa engines are popular with tourists and we are going to run
indicate that containers destined for Uganda, Rwanda and them more often. The response has been overwhelming as
Burundi are most at risk because of the lengthy time they we had people from as far as Harare who came to board
are in transit. the train. It is also popular with visitors from the United
Kingdom, Unites States of America, New Zealand and
ZAMBIA Australia.” He said there were about 50 bookings from
CHIPATA RAILWAY outside the country from tourists who were coming for the
The Zambian government has not yet released the World Cup.
K5 billion to the ministry of works and supply which is
needed to continue construction on the new Chipata- Currently NRZ has three operable steam locomotives. It is
Mchinji (Malawi) railway. According to secretary to the looking to refurbish seven others.
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 13
14. SA RAIL NEWS
South African Rail News
TRANSNET RESULTS newly revamped at a cost in excess of R300 million, by
Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) achieved better-than-expected acting Metrorail regional manager Lindelo Matya. The VIPs
results in the financial year to 31 March, despite a decline then travelled by train to Century City, 9km to the east,
in export coal traffic and general freight. Revenues rose where a R450m newly constructed station was officially
by 11.8% to R20.6 billion in the year ending 31 March, helped opened on the Monte Vista-Bellville line. The facility is
by an increased share of the intermodal market and rising serving as one of several specially designated park-and-
bulk volumes towards the end of the period. ride sites during the 2010 Fifa Soccer World Cup events.
Export coal volumes decreased by 0.2% to 61.8 million
tonnes, principally because of operational issues on the
railway. However, export iron-ore volumes continued
strongly upwards, rising 21.5% to 44.7 million tonnes - a 41%
increase over 2005 levels. General freight declined from 78.4
A successful cost cutting campaign saw operating expenses
rising only 3.2% to R13.4 billion.
CONCESSIONING THE BRANCH LINES
TFR has confirmed plans to concession under-utilised
routes to private operators. Expressions of interest were
invited recently for the operation of 7,300km of branch lines,
only 3,928km of which are currently operational. Cape Town station – revamped at a cost of more than R300 million.
Each concessionaire will be required to make the necessary
investment, maintain the lines to agreed standards, and
operate rail services, which might be freight or passenger,
or a combination. The possibility of leasing rolling stock to
concessionaires is being looked at.
Allen Jorgensen, media and research officer at the Railroad
Association of SA, was quoted saying: “The conditions
attached to the concessions have to be attractive enough
to warrant the extensive capital spend needed to achieve
commercial viability. In some cases, kilometres of track have
been stolen and the operators would virtually have to build
from scratch.” New R450m station at Century City, Cape Town. Note overhead concourse.
Jorgensen pointed to the dependence of many lines on
connectivity with the main-lines: “If your service cannot STATION OPENS AT MOSES MABHIDA STADIUM
connect with the Transnet service then your business could On 7 June, a R140 million new station was opened at
collapse.” Appointment of a regulator to ensure fairness of Durban’s Moses Mabhida stadium by transport minister
competition, he feels, would be “a vital precursor to entering Sbu Ndebele and KwaZulu-Natal transport MEC Willies
such private-sector partnerships.” Mchunu. Construction began in July 2009. The station
will also serve the Absa rugby stadium nearby.
[Jorgensen, who has published extensively on railways,
was a director of the former Alfred County Railway (ACR)
running inland from Port Shepstone - South Africa’s first CLASS 91 DIESELS IN THE OFS
experiment (1988) at independent operation of a branch
line. It closed some years ago and ACR was liquidated in
2004, in the face of untenable competition from heavy rigs on
the road – and other reasons which make for uncomfortable
reading. - Editor]
Two class 91 diesel locomotives have been acquired by Rail Road Logistics
(RRL) in the OFS, Jacque Wepener reports from Welkom. They were formerly
Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) nos 91-011 and 91-012, now RRL 91-01 and 91-02
respectively. The original 610mm gauge bogies are still in use – apparently
ACR’s popular Banana Express. they were cut in half and widened to suit 1,067mm. Each class 91 (GE 700hp
type UM6B, 1973) was seen hauling eight loaded hopper cars – about 672
CAPE TOWN STATION REVAMPED & CENTURY CITY OPENS tons altogether - but appeared to be “struggling”. Photo: Jacque Wepener.
On 8 June, VIPs, including transport minister Sbu Ndebele, [Subsequently it was reported that at least one reworked axle had failed in
service. - Editor]
were welcomed to an inspection of Cape Town main station,
14 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
15. SA RAIL NEWS
GLENCAIRN & SIMON’S TOWN - not yet back on the map
Early in November 2009, exceptional spring tides under- “Rock is being sourced from Somerset West and we are
mined Cape Town’s scenic coastal railway to Simon’s Town. negotiating with Transnet Freight Rail to convey the material
The 6.3km of single track south of Fish Hoek had to be to Simon’s Town. It is hoped to re-open the line during May”.
closed to traffic, with buses substituting for the trains.
During much of May, unfortunately, railway staff went out on
strike and the line is still not open.
Monday 15 March 2010: 10M3 set “H” - one of the first trains to approach
Glencairn in nearly four months. The train-replacement bus to Simon’s Town
can be seen on the road above. Photo: Malcolm Bates.
Flashback: the line near Glencairn at Christmas 2009. Photo: Malcolm Bates.
Damage was less extensive along the first 3.6km to the little
station at Glencairn. During February 2010, piles of seasand
End of the line for now: the view south from Glencairn’s single platform.
covering much of the track were removed and test running
Photo: Paul Kilfoil.
between Fish Hoek to Glencairn commenced. At the time
of going to press, it had not been decided when public
service to Glencairn was to be resumed, but a trainset has
been parked at Glencairn at weekends, Repairs to the line
nearer Simon’s Town will take somewhat longer, with the
cost estimated in the region of R10 million.
On 30 March, Metrorail’s Riana Scott told Railways Africa:
“Approval in principle has been provided to fund the
rehabilitation. The consulting engineers have completed the
design and tenders for the work are in progress. The work
entails repairs to the walls and track formation, concrete
sealing/infill of voids under the wall foundation caused
through scouring by wave action and the provision of a rock
revetment to protect the walls and wall foundations from
Map courtesy of Metrorail.
COMPELLING INSIGHT FROM ORIGINAL RESEARCH
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 15
16. SA RAIL NEWS
Upgrading Athlone, Heideveld and Langa stations
in Cape Town: A 2010 World Cup Project
In February 2007 Jeffares & Green (J&G) were appointed
lead consultant in a professional team consortium for
upgrading three suburban rail stations - Athlone, Heideveld
and Langa - in the Cape Town metropolitan area. In initial
extensive studies to determine spatial requirements, J&G’s
traffic engineers projected anticipated commuter volumes
to the year 2025.
Financial constraints resulted in the project being split into
two phases, with work in phase 1 concentrated on Langa
station (with the greatest number of users), and much
reduced schemes at Heideveld and Athlone.
Construction began during the first half of 2009 at Langa,
followed by Heideveld and finally Athlone, at budgets of
approximately R50m, R20m and R5m respectively. As the footbridge is being adapted to provide a “skywalk” facility
work involved the rebuilding of existing stations, commuter for pedestrian movement between west Heideveld and east
and train movements had to be accommodated at all times Gugulethu. As with Langa station, the structure comprises
with a minimum of disruption. At both Langa and Heideveld, pre-cast beams and slabs to ensure minimal interruption to
all beams and slabs spanning tracks were precast and rail operations during construction.
superstructure consists of prefabricated structural steel.
LANGA This station lies between the Athlone CBD to the east and
a residential area on the west. Due to budget constraints,
phase 1 only allowed the construction of a small ticket
office on the eastern side, together with 2m ramps up to
the platform. When phase 2 is implemented, commuters
will cross from one side of the station to the other on an
enclosed steel bridge. It is intended that the western
stair/ramp system will be accommodated within a retail
The Heideveld and Athlone phase 1 upgrades were due
for completion before June 2010. Completion of the Langa
project is scheduled for September 2010.
Should all stations move into phase 2 then the overall
The station lies between the sprawling residential area (on estimated project budget including professional fees will
the south) and Epping 1 Industrial area (to the north). An be R290m.
inadequate existing pedestrian subway connecting the two
areas is being replaced with a 10m wide “skywalk” bridge
structure. Its 100m length provides not only for the present
railway but also a possible future airport line, as well as a Bellville
bus rapid transport route on the northern side. In addition Langa
to stairways, ramps are provided for special needs CAPE
passengers (SNPs). TOWN
A 1,500m² ticket and circulation concourse is being
constructed above the main platforms. Wynberg
In phase 1 at Heideveld, SNP access via ramps is being
provided to the outer platforms as well as a 4m wide bridge Philippi
structure carrying them, via lifts, to the other platforms. elitsha
Stairs leading across the same structure are provided for
all other passengers. The phase 1 budget did not allow for Retreat Kapteinsklip
a concourse, but provision has been made for this, should
phase 2 proceed. To the north, an existing Metrorail steel
www.railwaysafrica.com / / /
16 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
17. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK
GAUTRAIN CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS
Gautrain’s Sandton-airport branch opened for public service layerworks are all complete, including track and catenary.
on 8 June 2010, with crowds of local residents literally Construction and rail-related installations in this area are
swamping the stations for a chance to ride substantially complete, apart from some finishing work and
At Marlboro Station, internal finishes (including floor and
wall tiling and painting, as well as glazing of the external
walls of the concourse and over-platform links) and curtain
wall glazing were well advanced at mid-April. Concrete
and brickwork, painting, structural steel, roof cladding and
platform parapets were all complete. Internal finishes were
well advanced, and tiling of the platforms was approaching
completion. The electronic display boards were being
tested, and ticket vending machines installed. Track was in
position through the station and used daily for test running.
The station was opened for public use on 8 June.
Work continued at the bus terminal, including kerb laying on
the parking deck. Brickwork and plastering for the station
Test train at Rhodesfield Station. perimeter wall was complete and installation of the steel
palisade infill sections had started. Erection of shade cloth
SANDTON-MARLBORO carpark canopies was substantially complete.
At 45 metres (15 storeys) below ground level, Sandton
station is Gautrain’s deepest. Work rescheduling foresaw the
station opening for public use on 8 June, in time to convey
spectators arriving by air for the 2010 Fifa Soccer World Cup.
At mid-April, construction was well advanced in the cavern
section between the south and north shafts, as well as within
the shafts themselves. This included construction of the
various platforms, technical and operational rooms, together
with the escalator and lift shafts and stairways located
within the shafts. M&E installations were in progress and
escalators linking the station entrance to the underground
platforms had been installed. Tracklaying within the station
was complete and operational. Tiling of platforms was
well advanced and wall tiling to the platform areas was in
progress. Erection of structural steelwork frame forming Bus terminus at Marlboro Station.
the station entrance structure on the corner of Rivonia Road
and West Street was in hand. Construction and backfilling had been completed on a
series of underpasses where the two pairs of railway tunnels
Construction continued on the adjacent multi-level parkade cross beneath the N3 highway alongside the Marlboro
structure. Brickwork, plastering and M&E installations within Drive bridge - just to the north of Marlboro station, both
the completed areas was in progress. carriageways of the N3 had been reinstated to their original
positions. Reinstatement of temporary access ramps,
Civil works, tracklaying and associated electrical & closure of the additional bridge span and landscaping
mechanical railway infrastructure works within the tunnels remained to be completed.
between Marlboro Portal and Sandton Station were all
complete, with Electrostar trainsets test-running to and from MARLBORO-AIRPORT
the airport on a regular basis. Civil construction work is complete along the whole of this
section which includes eleven bridges, three viaducts and
MUSHROOM FARM PARK a number of other structures, including the platforms for a
The temporary shaft at Mushroom Farm Park was provided future station at Modderfontein. Remaining work is limited to
to give access for tunnel construction in both north and final finishing and landscaping in some places.
south directions. All work carried out from this shaft has
been completed and site establishment facilities have been VIADUCTS 13 & 14
removed. Backfilling of the shaft has been completed, and Viaduct 13 over Centenary Way in Modderfontein and Viaduct
the community park reinstated, landscaped and upgraded. 14 over Zuurfontein Road are both finished, with trackwork
and catenary in place on both, and operational.
Apart from final finishing and some landscaping, work in this By the end of January 2010, twin-track lines were in place
area is complete. along the entire length of the east-west route from behind
Linbro Park to the airport station. Electrification was complete
MARLBORO PORTAL EASTWARDS and operational
Viaducts 1A and 11 crossing the Jukskei River and Far East
Bank Drive are both complete, including track and catenary. VIADUCT 15 & RHODESFIELD STATION
Between Marlboro Portal and the N3, the various culverts, At 1.5km, Viaduct 15 – now complete - is the longest on the
retaining walls, the three bridges over Zinnia Drive and final east-west line. It supports both the Rhodesfield and airport
18 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
18. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK
station platforms and carries the double track over the mechanical installations. Platform tiling was in hand. The
R21/R24 road network. Tracklaying and overhead catenary public address system, ticket vending machines and fare
provision are complete and operational. gates had been installed and were undergoing final testing.
Track through the station as well as overhead electrification
The Rhodesfield station platforms are elevated, located was complete, and trainset test running continued on a daily
approximately one third of the way along Viaduct 15, directly basis.
above the existing Metrorail lines running between Isando
and Kempton Park. The station was fully functional and open to the public from
PARK STATION TO SANDTON
At mid-April 2010, the station roof and concourse slabs
as well as the platforms were all substantially complete.
Internal brickwork and plastering was well advanced at both
concourse and platform levels. Good progress is being
made with wall tiling, together with mechanical and electrical
(M&E) installations, including the escalators. At the parkade
structure, work is in progress on the final (sixth) leveldeck
slab. Erection of precast parapets on the lower levels has
Rhodesfield Station on Viaduct 15.
The Rhodesfield station entrance, concourse and parking
area are at ground level on the eastern side of the existing
railway. Construction of the station were approaching
completion at mid-April. The platforms, access ways and
the station buildings were all substantially complete as
were internal finishes and the installation of technical
equipment. Tiling to both platforms was approaching
completion and the station was opened for public use on 8
Externally, the stormwater attenuation pond was complete
and parking area construction, apart from the area Parkade at Park Station.
immediately surrounding the station concourse, was
well advanced. Bus canopy structures were approaching Reinstatement of Wolmarans Street is complete; the road
completion and erection of carport structural steelwork was was reopened to traffic on 16 January 2010. Earthworks for
in progress. On the western side of the elevated station, reinstatement of Smit Street are in progress, together with
emergency escape staircases had been installed. preparations for the remaining utility relocations in this area.
Construction on a new Metrorail station, immediately Construction of the cut-and-cover section linking the northern
adjacent to the Gautrain facility, was virtually complete, with end of the station box to the tunnel portal is in progress
track in position. It will provide commuters with a convenient
transfer link between the Gautrain and Metrorail systems. All tunnel excavation - a total length of approximately 15.5km
from Park Station to Marlboro Portal - was completed
O R TAMBO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT STATION in September 2009. Civil works and tracklaying within
the tunnels between the portal and Sandton Station are
complete, as is the installation of associated electrical and
mechanical infrastructure. Within the remaining tunnel
section to Park Station, civil works continue, including final
lining, invert slabs, cable duct installation and walkways,
together with the installation of mechanical and electrical
equipment. Tracklaying southwards from Sandton Station
The underground works include the construction of seven
emergency access shafts at intervals along the single-track
rail tunnel between Park Station and Sandton. These shafts
will provide access by emergency services personnel to the
tunnels below. At the bottom of some shafts, safe havens
are being constructed where passengers can detrain and
Ticket readers at platform access point. gather in the event of an emergency. Work continues at each
The platform structures, structural steel platform canopies of these shafts.
and roof cladding were all finished by mid-April, including the
installation of tinted glass closure screens. Erection of the EMERGENCY SHAFT E1 (HILLBROW)
three sets of emergency evacuation staircases at the ends of Excavation and shaft lining at shaft E1 (80 metres deep) has
the platforms was complete. Finishing work within the station been completed. Work in the safe haven and technical rooms
concourse shell was almost finished, as were electrical and located at the bottom of the shaft continues. Construction of
the surface head-house structure is in progress.
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 19
19. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK
EMERGENCY SHAFT E2 (THE WILDS, HOUGHTON) TRACKLAYING
Excavation of the shaft to its final depth of approximately 50 The laying of stabling sidings at the depot, including overhead
metres is complete, as is the 236 metre adit (cross passage). electrification and all associated railway installations,
Construction works continue in the safe haven and technical such as the signalling system, is complete, energised and
rooms at the bottom of the shaft. operational. Main-line tracklaying and ballasting, together
with catenary installation, is proceeding northwards from
EMERGENCY SHAFT E3 (RIVIERA) the depot, using specialised, highly mechanised equipment.
Shaft construction work and the head-house structure on the Rails are welded into 216 metre lengths and transported
surface are substantially complete, and M&E installations on specially equipped wagons. Once placed in position
are in progress. Being a shallow shaft with direct access to on concrete sleepers, they are welded together to form a
the surface, there is no safe haven necessary at the bottom. continuous rail.
EMERGENCY SHAFT E4 (HOUGHTON) Tracklaying is complete from Sandton Station to Dale Road
Shaft construction and the head-house structure on the in Midrand on the north-south line. It has been energised
surface are substantially complete and M&E installations electrically and is fully operational. Tracklaying from Dale
are in progress. Being a shallow shaft, 16m deep, with direct Road northwards commenced late in 2009. By the end of
access to the surface, there is no safe haven necessary at March 2010, tracklaying had progressed to the vicinity of the
the bottom. Samrand Road Bridge, to the north of Midrand Station.
ROSEBANK STATION ROLLING STOCK ASSEMBLY AND TESTING
Backfilling over the station-top slab is approaching Following a specialised construction and assembly process
completion, and continues over the cut-and-cover structure at Bombardier Transportation’s facility in Derby, UK,
at the northern end. Oxford Road above the station structure Gautrain’s first shipment of two completed rail coaches
is to be reinstated within the next few months. Platform arrived in Durban on 29 November 2008. After further
structures, brickwork and plastering are all substantially deliveries, testing of the first complete four-car trainset
complete, with painting and plumbing at both platform began during February 2009.
and concourse levels well advanced. Wall tiling continues
within the station. Elevators have been positioned within the The first 15 coaches, together with body shells and major
station box and M&E installations are in progress. components for the rest of the fleet, were manufactured
in Derby, and all have been despatched to South Africa.
At the parkade structure on the corner of Oxford Road and Following a successful skills transfer programme, local
Baker Street, foundations and retaining walls are complete. technicians are working on the assembly of the remaining
Placing of precast slabs to the first floor deck is under way. 81 coaches at the Union Carriage and Wagon Partnership
Preparations are in hand for casting of the ground floor in Nigel. By the end of March 2010, 66 vehicles had been
surface bed within the parkade, and erection of precast delivered to the Gautrain depot. This equates to 16 complete
parapets has commenced. four-car trains.
EMERGENCY SHAFTS E5 (DUNKELD, ROSEBANK), E6 Dynamic testing of trains has been under way during the
(ILLOVO) AND E7 (RIVONIA ROAD, SANDTON) past year on the approximately 7km from behind Linbro Park
Construction is in progress on the technical rooms at the to Midrand, which has served as a test track. Test running
bottom of these shafts, and also on the safe haven at the was later extended to Sandton station, as well as on the
foot of Shaft E5. entire airport branch.
Viaduct 2 over the Modderfontein Spruit and two adjacent VIADUCT 3
bridges over the future Frankenwald and Maxwell Roads are North of the depot, Viaduct 3 over Allandale Road and the
complete, together with the erection of noise barriers along adjacent bridge over the future K60 road are both complete,
this section. Track and overhead electrification is operational as are all other bridges, construction works and railway
on all three structures installations up to Dale Road in Midrand, with only minor
finishing works outstanding.
The administration buildings for both train and bus depots MIDRAND STATION
are finished and the installation of equipment for the
operations control centre in the train depot administration
building has been completed. This will manage signalling,
telecommunications, automatic fare collection, traction
power and overhead distribution, cctv cameras and
maintenance, using high technology systems. The
train maintenance workshops, including electrical and
mechanical installations, are all complete, as are other depot
facilities, including the washbay for cleaning the trains,
sand-filling equipment, stabling platforms, track lighting and
Construction is in progress on the bus maintenance depot,
located in the area previously occupied by the precast
Track laying equipment at Midrand Station.The European-style buffers and
yard (now dismantled). Construction of the workshop,
couplings will be noted.
canteen, vehicle wash facility, fuel bay and apron slabs is in
hand, while refurbishment of the bus administration building At Midrand station, roof cladding to the platforms and over
- previously used as site offices for the precast yard – is the concourse is complete. Interior tiling and finishing
finished. External concrete apron slabs and roadworks are works, together with M&E installations, are well advanced.
also substantially complete. Platforms are substantially complete and platform tiling is to
commence shortly. Interior tiling and finishing works
20 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
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21. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK
continue, together with M&E installations. Platforms are At the John Vorster Viaduct, a significant achievement has
substantially complete and tracklaying is in progress. been the casting of the final pair of balanced cantilever deck
closure segments. Deck construction at this viaduct is now
The upper car parking area has been surfaced and carport complete. Cable trough construction, parapet erection and
structures are being placed in position. Earthworks continue finishing works continue. At the Jean Avenue Viaduct, deck
on the lower level bus terminal area, where canopy and construction is approaching completion. The final pair of
walkway structural steelwork erection is well advanced. deck segments has been cast, with completion of the last
Layerworks on the new section of Grand Central Boulevard, pair of closure sections to follow during April 2010. Cable
which forms the access road into the station, is in hand. trough construction is in hand, parapet erection has
commenced and finishing works are in progress.
From Midrand Station to the Technopark area at Centurion,
civil works are approaching completion. Fencing, Construction of supporting piers and abutments at both the
landscaping and finishing work continue. Catenary masts John Vorster and Jean Avenue balanced cantilever viaducts
have been erected along most of this section and tracklaying is complete.
reached the vicinity of the Samrand Road Bridge by the end
of March. CENTURION STATION
The elevated Centurion station platforms are located on
VIADUCT 4 Viaduct 5, immediately adjacent and parallel to West Street.
Viaduct 4, which crosses Rietspruit and Olifantsfontein Road The concourse buildings and parking area are at ground
South, is complete. level. The viaduct piers and deck spans on which the station
platforms are being constructed have been completed.
VIADUCT 5 OVER THE N1 & BEN SCHOEMAN The station building works, including platform access
Viaduct 5 carries the elevated line through Centurion, forming stairway and lift shaft construction, are substantially
the link between the balanced cantilever viaducts crossing complete. Reinforced concrete escape stairs are being
the N1 highway at John Vorster interchange in the south and constructed. Platform and concourse roof cladding is
the Ben Schoeman highway at the Jean Avenue interchange complete, as is erection of curtain wall framing to the
in the north. It supports the elevated Centurion station concourse area. Glazing of the West Street façade is in
platforms, located approximately midway along its length. hand. Within the concourse, M&E installations and finishing
The deck spans of this viaduct comprise precast concrete trades are in progress, with floor tiling well advanced and
segments, erected using purpose-built steel launching wall tiling in hand.
girders and then stressed together to form the deck spans.
At the end of March, four spans remained to be completed
at the northern end. Erection of segments at the remaining
spans of Viaduct 5c are continuing, to link it to the balanced
cantilever viaduct over Jean Avenue.
Construction of the in-situ balanced cantilever deck sections
at both the John Vorster and Jean Avenue Viaducts is
Glazing of the West Street and parking area façades at Centurion Station.
Earthworks and layer works continue in the parking and bus
terminus areas. Construction of the bus terminus buildings
VIADUCT 6 OVER EEUFEES ROAD
At Viaduct 6, piling at the southern abutment is finished and
five of the six deck spans are in position.
Viaduct 5 crossing John Vorster Avenue in Centurion. SALVOKOP AND PRETORIA
Near Salvokop at the approach to Pretoria, construction
of the cut-and-cover structure crossing beneath the Ben
Schoeman highway is complete.
Buildings and platforms at Pretoria station are substantially
complete, with work on the associated technical and
operational facilities in progress. Internal finishing work
continues, while curtain wall framing and glazing are
Parking area construction continues in the area formerly
occupied by the McCarthy building, which has been
demolished. Refurbishing of the coach washing shed has
begun. This structure, which has historic significance, has
Construction of the in-situ balanced cantilever deck over Jean Avenue. been incorporated in the station design.
22 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
22. GAUTRAIN RAPID RAIL LINK
and construction of retaining structures necessary to widen
the existing embankments, are in hand.
At Hatfield, lateral support and excavation of the southern
embankment is complete, and construction of the station
itself is in progress. The concourse slab extending over both
the existing Metrorail tracks and the future Gautrain lines
has been completed. Preparations are in hand for platform
construction below the concourse level, and erection of
structural steelwork for the concourse building to be located
on top of this slab is in progress. All eight levels of the
parkade structure have been cast, precast parapet erection
is well advanced and the adjacent lift shaft is approaching
completion. M&E works within the parkade structure are in
Concourse and ticket offices at Pretoria Station. progress.
PRETORIA-HATFIELD At the Grosvenor Street bridge, the final deck span has been
VIADUCT 7 cast. Construction of management facilities within the bus
The deck to the section that will carry the Gautrain lines terminus area is in hand.
across Nelson Mandela Boulevard is well advanced and
parapet erection is in progress. Pier and trestle beam
construction is finished on the remaining sections of this
“Y-shaped” structure that crosses above the existing
Metrorail tracks, together with placing of the M-beams for
the bridge decks.
Between Gautrain’s Pretoria and Hatfield stations, a number
of road bridges crossing the existing Metrorail railway have
been lengthened, to accommodate the new tracks which
will run parallel. These include bridges at Ridge Road,
Grosvenor Road, Cilliers Street, Bourke Street, Walker
Street, Walton Jameson Avenue, and Lynnwood Road.
Finishing work continues on some of these. Extensive lateral
support work in the cuttings, together with the earthworks
Hatfield Station parkade: Metrorail lines in foreground.
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23. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS
One objective of our regular feature reporting and commenting on rail mishaps is to provide information and object
lessons from Africa and abroad, in the hope that – in some cases at least - this might help avoid recurrences.
RAISED TIPPER DOWNS WIRES curve between Isipingo and Umbogintwini on the KZN South
A truck with its tipper raised tore down the catenary wires at Coast.
Blackheath level crossing between Bellville and Eersterivier
on 28 May, halting all trains on the Strand and Stellenbosch On 25 May, three suburban electric trailers and a motor
lines. Technicians managed to restore the overhead in time coach were gutted in the yards at Braamfontein after dark in
for the Friday afternoon peak period, with buses filling in an unexplainable fire that was probably arson.
during the interim.
MUIZENBERG BRIDGE DRAMA
On 3 June, 15 people were hurt, one badly, when an Africa
Travel company touring coach turned from Main Road,
Muizenberg, into Atlantic Road and jammed under the
railway bridge. The driver was arrested for reckless driving
as the height of the bridge is clearly marked with advance
warning signs. Passengers on board, en route from Cape
Point to central Cape Town, included 14 German tourists and
one Austrian. Those injured were taken to hospital and their
consulates were notified.
INDIAN COLLISION KILLS 70
After Maoist extremists in India called for a series of “black
days” starting on 28 May, the South Eastern Railway took
precautionary measures including running a light engine
Track sabotage derailed a complete Speno rail grinding train at Tinley Manor,
over a threatened section of line in West Bengal prior to its 60km north of Durban.
use by five trains. Immediately afterwards, the Jnaneshwari
Express bound for Mumbai derailed. A freight train then
ploughed into the coaches, killing “at least 70” and injuring
nearly 150. Passenger train operations were immediately
suspended on the sections Kharagpur-Rourkela and
Kharagpur-Adra between 22:00 and 05:00 daily.
DERAILMENTS DURING TRANSNET STRIKE
The locomotives and five wagons of a westbound fuel oil
train derailed on the main-line near Burlington about 20km
west of Durban at 03:30 on 12 May, during the Transnet
strike. According to the Rail Safety Regulator (RSR), rail clips
had been loosened along some 100 metres of track, pointing
to deliberate sabotage and suggesting that specialised
knowledge – and equipment – played a part. On 10 May,
13 people were arrested in Durban for public violence and
intimidation, in connection with the strike.
During the same week there were other derailments - near TRAIN ALIGHT NEAR DURBAN
Witbank and Empangeni - under suspicious circumstances, On 9 May, a suspected overhead wire break set a motor
and on 18 May the entire privately-operated Speno rail coach alight on a Metrorail commuter train travelling from
grinding train derailed at Tinley Manor on the Natal North KwaDukuza (Stanger) to Durban. Metrorail spokeswoman,
Coast after rail clips had been removed from about 70m of Thandi Mkhize, was quoted saying there was an explosion
track on a sharp curve. Some of the specialised vehicles in the coach’s overhead traction equipment. The driver
turned over. “Damage is estimated at between R23 million stopped the train on a bridge near Effingham Road
and R40 million,” our correspondent reports, “but the real station, and panic-stricken passengers started to jump off,
problem is that this critical piece of track maintenance many sustaining injuries. Reports of people jumping from
equipment will be out of service for at least six months, so a moving train, Metrorail said, were incorrect. Altogether 38
the effect will be felt countrywide for the next year or more.” were admitted to hospital, four reportedly hurt seriously.
A further attempt at sabotage was thwarted when a security An official was quoted saying that circuit breakers which
patrol found that track clips had been removed from a should have cut power when the catenary grounded onto
24 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
“EL SISTEMA SUPERIOR” DE CONTROL DE
n El sistema SAL es aplicable a cualquier locomotora, tal n Cambios de hardware adicional dentro de 5 días.
como GE, GM, Alstom & Bombardier entre otros.
n Aplicable a toda Locomotora con tecnología Multi-motor
n La interfaz hombre-maquina (MMI) será programada para (Gen-set)!!
visualizar la información en cualquier idioma.
n El sistema SAL es el sistema de monitoreo inteligente
n La instalación del sistema será adaptada y diseñada por Microprocesador y telemetría a través de GPRS mas
específicamente de acuerdo a los requerimientos avanzado, completo y eficiente para locomotoras en el
del cliente. mercado hoy!
n El sistema ha sido instalado y operando con éxito en los
Ferrocarriles Clase 1 en locomotoras EMD y GE.
n Elimina aproximadamente 85% de los relevadores en el
gabinete eléctrico. (sujeto al fabricante de la locomotora)
n Se suministra con el equipo el MU, estación de control,
sensores del cuarto de maquinas, aparatos y arnés del
n El kit de transductores y hardware para montaje
n Sistema de asistencia completa por teléfono, video
conferencia o en el sitio por nuestros Ingenieros.
n Sistema de asistencia total durante 20 años.
MEDICIÓN Y LÍMITE DE VELOCIDAD USANDO TELEMETRÍA A TRAVÉS DE GPRS
CONTROL LÓGICO TOTAL DISMINUYENDO EL NÚMERO DE RELEVADORES/RELÉ HASTA EN UN 85%*
GPS Y/O GENERADOR DEL EJE
* SUJETA AL FABRICANTE DE LA LOCOMOTORA
CONTROL DIGITAL DE LA EXCITACIÓN (ACELERACIÓN Y FRENO DINÁMICO)
SISTEMA COMPLETO DE MONITOREO
INTELIGENTE POR MICROPROCESADOR PROTECCIÓN COMPLETA DEL MOTOR A TRAVÉS DEL MONITOREO
DE VELOCIDAD, TEMPERATURA Y PRESIÓN
INTERFAZ HOMBRE –MAQUINA PROTECCIÓN TOTAL PARA LAS PARRILLAS
DE FRENO DINÁMICO
GRABADORA DE EVENTOS
COMUNICACIÓN DIGITAL CON
PROTOCOLO ABIERTO PROTECCIÓN DE MOTORES DE
CONTROL COMPLETO DEL TRACCIÓN Y CONTROL DE ADHESIÓN
SUMINISTRO DE ENERGÍA
ALTERNADOR DEL EJE
MEDICIÓN REAL DEL CONSUMO DE COMBUSTIBLE DIESEL PROTECCIÓN Y CONTROL DE EQUIPOS AUXILIARES
(COMPRESOR, SOPLADOR, GENERADOR AUXILIAR, ETC)
Tel: +001 (450) 424 4112 Fax: +001 (450) 424 4026
730 Cite des Jeunes Saint Lazare PQ J7T 2BS Canada
25. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS
the train failed to do so, as a result of which “massive
sparking and arcing” took place, burning holes in the roof.
MOSES LAKE DERAILMENT
TRAIN ON FIRE: RANDFONTEIN
Cable theft during the night of 3-4 June stranded an early
Friday morning Metrorail electric commuter train at
Randfontein, 45km west of Johannesburg. Angry
passengers, realising they would be late for work, set two
coaches on fire. Metrorail spokeswoman, Nana Zenani,
said the passengers’ behaviour had put assets and
employees at risk. “This means that as from this afternoon
[Friday 4 June], Prasa will suspend train operations on that
line until further notice.”
On 6 March, 25 wagons loaded with grain derailed near Wilson Creek, about
TRAINS COLLIDE: KEMPTON PARK 30km north of Moses Lake in Washington State. The 110-wagon train was on
Shortly before 21:00 on 5 June, a goods train derailed after its way to Seattle from Florence, Minnesota. Though nobody was hurt, the
running into a passenger set in Kempton Park. Netcare911 derailment blocked the single track, used by about 20 freight and Amtrak
spokesman, Chris Botha, was quoted saying that two people trains every day. Freight traffic between Seattle and Spokane was rerouted
sustained minor injuries and 18 “miraculously escaped and Amtrak used buses to carry passengers between Seattle and Spokane.
CLASS 34 DERAILED AT ALLANRIDGE A 128-wagon Norfolk Southern coal train headed from
At about 05:00 on 2 June, main-line diesel-electric 34 058 Chicago to Monroe, Michigan, derailed 38 vehicles in
– en route to shunt silos at Allanridge, OFS - ran onto the Waterloo, about 80km east of Elkhart, on 27 March.
ground. Running hood-first, and in the dark, the crew did Hundreds of tons of coal spilled onto the track and adjacent
not notice that the rails had been stolen during the night. ground. Extensive disruption was caused, with Amtrak
The big unit ploughed into the ballast, burying itself up to cancelling two intercity passenger trains and detouring
the running board. The Kroonstad breakdown crew attended others via alternative routes. Freight traffic was badly
and 34 067 came 29km from the Welkom shunt to assist affected, as about 100 trains use the route every day.
in recovering the loco.
MOSCOW UNDERGROUND BOMBS KILL 38 CANADIAN DERAILMENT
According to an Associated Press report, “female suicide
bombers” were responsible for massive blasts at two
central Moscow underground stations on 29 March. The
bloodbath left “at least” 38 people dead and more than
60 hurt. The first explosion occurred shortly before 08:00
at the Lubyanka station, situated under the headquarters
of the Federal Security Service, the KGB’s main successor
agency. About 40 minutes later, a second explosion hit Park
Kuitury station near Gorky Park. In both cases, the bombs
went off as trains were pulling in with doors opening.
Associated Press continued: “The carnage, blamed on On 30 March, three locomotives and nine freight wagons derailed in Oshawa,
rebels from the Caucasus region, follows the killings of 60km east of Toronto. All trains travelling between Toronto, Ottawa and
several high-profile Islamic militant leaders there. The blasts Montreal were disrupted and a number of passenger services were cancelled.
come six years after Islamic separatists from the southern Nobody was injured.
Russian region carried out a pair of deadly Moscow subway
DERAILMENT WEST OF SPOKANE
The derailing of 16 empty freight wagons at Edwall, about
Chechen rebels claimed responsibility for the bombing
45km west of Spokane in Washington state on 1 June,
last year on a passenger train en route from Moscow to St
blocked the main-line to Seattle. Some 300 metres of
track were damaged as the train pulled out of the siding,
disrupting both Amtrak passenger services and goods
The Moscow underground is the world’s second busiest
trains. Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) spokesman,
after Tokyo, used by seven million commuters every weekday.
Gus Melonas, was quoted saying that the wagons remained
upright and that nothing hazardous spilled.
METRORAIL BREAKDOWN: TRAIN PELTED WITH ROCKS
Just after 07:00 on 30 April, two crowded trains were pelted
LANDSLIDE CAUSES FATAL CHINESE PILE-UP
with ballast stones by angry commuters whose own train
At least 19 people died
broke down, leaving them stranded near Ysterplaat station,
and 71 were injured on 23
5km east of Cape Town’s main station. Nine passengers
May when a Shanghai-
Guilin passenger train
derailed at Jiangxi in
CHINA: TUNNEL COLLAPSES south-east China, after
Rescuers were working around the clock on 26 March in a
running into a mass of
search for 10 workers trapped in a collapsed railway tunnel
dirt and debris brought
in North China’s Inner Mongolia region, some 400km from
down in a landslide
Beijing. An estimated 2,000m3 of rocks and dirt caved
following heavy rain.
in. The tunnel forms part of a railway being built to link
The locomotive and
Ulanqab City’s Jining District and Baotou City.
eight of the 17 coaches overturned in the crash, near
the city of Fuzhou. Some 2,000 rescuers including
26 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
26. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS
fire-fighters, police and soldiers worked through the Department, told the press: “He saw some lights in the area
night to free survivors and extract bodies, using heavy where he was and thought it would be a safe place to land
cutting equipment. More than 280 were evacuated from the plane.”
the train and 53 were freed from the wreckage. About
8,000m3 of mud and rock had been cleared from the In fact Helmuth – who was uninjured - made his emergency
track by 24 May. Over 40,000 residents in the area were landing in a bus lane. The plane’s wing clipped a small
evacuated as a result of the flooding. tree and came within 10 metres of 800,000-volt high-
voltage overhead wires that feed to the light rail line. A
LOWBED GROUNDED ON CROSSING DERAILS EXPRESS call reporting a plane in the parking lot of the Fairview
On 13 May, a lowbed trailer carrying a bulldozer grounded Heights MetroLink Station was received by the sheriff’s
on the rails at a crossing in Mebane, North Carolina. department at 22:45, Johnson said. Vehicles parked nearby
Southbound Amtrak train 73 ran into the obstruction at were undamaged.
an estimated 100km/h, derailing the locomotive and three
coaches. The locomotive fuel tanks ruptured and caught SPECTACULAR DERAILMENT IN WIND RIVER CANYON
fire, and one coach was also involved. Thirteen people On 12 May, both locomotives of a 63-wagon train
were injured. “At least” 8,000 litres of diesel fuel leaked conveying general freight derailed about 8km south of
out following the crash, but hazmat teams were able to Thermopolis at the north end of the Wind River Canyon in
contain the spill. Wyoming. The lead unit, which ran into a boulder “the size
of a pickup truck”, landed up in the river, with the following
Upon impact, the lowbed engine halfway down the 15 metre embankment on its side.
rolled over several times Both crew members were
and its cargo was tossed taken to a local hospital
to the side as the train for observation.
derailed. Firefighters used
foam to put out the blaze. Burlington Northern
The force of the crash Santa Fe Railway (BNSF)
tore down power lines, spokesman, Gus Melonas,
trees, and smashed the told press representatives
Crossing collision at Mebane,
crossing gate equipment. that the cargo included
paper products and
LOCO & 20 OFF IN KENTUCKY lumber, but that 17
On 23 May, a locomotive and 20 vehicles in a 90-wagon wagons had been empty. Wind River Canyon derailment in Wyoming.
train en route from Salem, Illinois to Nashville, Tennessee
derailed while rounding a curve near a level crossing in DERAILMENT NEAR SMITHS FALLS IN CANADA
Robards, Kentucky. CSX crews worked quickly to reopen The 12 May derailing of a Canadian Pacific (CP) freight
the line, as traffic on one of the company’s main-lines was train near Smiths Falls in Ontario caused extensive track
brought to a standstill. damage, resulting in Via Rail passenger traffic being
diverted to buses. Travellers bound for Ottawa from
AMTRAK FUEL SPILL DISRUPTION Toronto to Ottawa were taken by train as far as Brockville,
On 16 May, the fuel tank on the locomotive of a westbound where they transferred to road transport. Altogether seven
Amtrak passenger train was punctured in Whitestown, just wagons left the rails. Track repairs were expected to take
west of Utica in central New York state. About 4,000 litres at least two days, according to Via Rail spokesperson,
of diesel fuel spilled from the locomotive and all rail service Catherine Kaloutsky. Intending passengers in possession of
was shut down. CSX spokesman, Gary Sease, said the tickets were offered their money back. There were no injuries
damage was caused by an extension arm of a maintenance in the accident, CP spokesperson, Breanne Feigel said.
train on the adjacent track, which was extended too far.
Crews cleaning up the spill were expected to be there “all OSLO TRAIN RUNAWAY
week”. Train runaways don’t only happen at Centurion. On 24
March, three dock workers were killed when 16 wagons
Some of the approximately broke loose at a freight terminal in Oslo, Norway and
100 passengers on the careened downhill for 5km. Derailing, they slammed into
Amtrak train say they a building. The Norwegian Accident Investigation Board
heard a loud noise and blames both terminal workers and railway officials for the
saw flames before the accident, citing their failure to anticipate and prepare for
train was stopped and the possibility of a runaway train. The report says terminal
they were evacuated. No workers did not secure the wagon brakes, and it criticised
one was injured. Buses railway officials for failing to put in place “acceptable
transported passengers strategies” for stopping runaway trains.
to the Utica station to Unusual incident at Whitestown,
await other trains. New York state. DURBAN SKYCAR BROKEN AGAIN
At Easter, the “skycar” - a funicular
CESSNA STOPS BY AT METROLINK STATION that climbs an arch more than 100m
A pilot from Ohio thought he was having engine trouble high and 350m across at Durban’s
when he put his light plane down at the Fairview Heights new R3.1 billion Moses Mabhida
MetroLink station in St Louis on 2 May. It turns out he had stadium - stopped working again, this
run out of fuel, authorities said. time due to a fault in the data cable.
“Unfortunately we have to order a
Darrick Helmuth, 27, was flying a company Cessna from replacement from overseas,” Julie-
Ohio to Oklahoma and was going to land at St Louis May Ellingson, the head of Durban’s
Downtown-Parks Airport in Cahokia for a stopover. But strategic project unit and 2010
before reaching the airport he started to have engine programme, explained. “Regrettably,
Durban’s funicular “skycar”.
trouble and told the control tower he wouldn’t make it. Steve delivery has been significantly
Johnson, chief investigator with the St Clair County Sheriff’s delayed due to the Icelandic volcanic eruption which
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 27
27. MISHAPS & BLUNDERS
prevented flights from Europe from operating.” The
skycar has broken down several times since its launch in
CULLINAN STEAM TRAIN DERAILED
November. Sightseers left stranded have had to face “an
arduous and terrifying climb” down the structure which has
FATAL DERAILMENT AT WASHBURN
On 25 March, two of five Dakota, Missouri Valley & Western
Railroad locomotives heading north about 5km south of
Washburn, Wisconsin, derailed on the banks of Turtle Creek
when the ground beneath the track gave way. One crew
member was trapped in the wreck and died at the scene.
The other was taken to a Bismarck hospital. Railway
personnel worked to contain fuel leaking from one of the
engines, to keep it from spilling into the creek.
On 23 May, 28 wagons in a CSX train derailed in Class 15F no 3117 heading a steam-hauled excursion derailed in a cutting
Chattanooga, Tennessee. The city’s fire department was on 20 June, due to the theft of some 30 sleepers. There were more than 600
quickly on the scene. According to the department’s passengers on board the run from Pretoria to Cullinan operated by Friends
information officer, Bruce Garner, “these trains often will of the Rail (FOTR). Fortunately the train was running very slowly on the
carry large quantities of hazardous materials, so it’s certainly approach to Cullinan station - otherwise the consequences might have been
a concern for us.” much more serious. The loco, tender and water tankcar toppled sideways but
no injuries were reported. Retrieving the engine posed a number of logistical
This time no evacuations were necessary since the only problems and the extent of repair needed has yet to be ascertained.
substance spilled was ferrous sulfate, a chemical used in
water treatment plants which is not hazardous to people.
Gary Sease, of CSX, said the derailment involved two “high
volume” lines. One was re-opened late on 24 May but it
was expected that the other would remain unusable for
On 11 June, the first day of the Soccer World Cup, part of
a 12-coach 8M commuter train derailed on the Khayelitsha
line between the Philippi and Stock Road stations in
Cape Town. The set was split to remove the non-derailed
coaches but some three hours elapsed before normal
Soon after leaving Kano station en route to Nguru in Yobe
state, a passenger train derailed on 10 June. No serious took place at a crossing loop where the points were
injuries were reported but some 400 passengers were incorrectly set.
left stranded and several nearby roads were blocked.
The police together with the Nigeria Security and Civil “Hundreds of migrants from Central America,” the BBC
Defence Corps (NSCDC) were deployed at the scene and explained, “risk their lives to travel across Mexico by rail,
a recovery team from Zaria attended to clear the line. hoping to cross illegally into the US. Many hitch rides on
cargo trains, sometimes falling to their deaths.”
MEXICAN CRASH KILLS 13
On 15 June, according to a BBC report, “at least 13” people MEXICAN MANAGERS STOLE RAIL LINES
were killed when a freight train ran into another in north- Five “mid-level” managers at Mexico’s state railway, which
western Mexico. “TV footage showed dozens of wrecked is facing liquidation, have been accused of stealing nearly
train carriages that had been burnt in a fire caused by 600km of railway and selling the material to help settle
the initial crash. Officials said most of the victims were company debts. Between 2003 and 2005, apparently, the
undocumented migrants hitching lifts on the trains, and parastatal was unable to deliver all the scrap it promised
that at least five more people had been injured. One of the to four companies following a public auction – hence
trains was carrying a cargo of corn, which was scattered (says secretary for public administration, Salvador Vega
across the accident scene.” Casillas) -the managers ordered that the lines be lifted. The
material, comprising “mainly high-grade steel rail scrap”
A government official told Reuters that “someone didn’t weighing about 52,000 tons, was worth $US140 million –
change the tracks correctly,” suggesting that the collision considerably more than the debt – yet there is no record of
money changing hands.
www.railwaysafrica.com / / /
28 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
28. Committed to our clients’ success
• Rail Planing
• Turnout Replacements
• Ballast Tamping, Open Line and Turnouts
• Track Condition Measuring and Recording
• Ballast Cleaning, Open Line and Turnouts
• Track Condition Evaluation and Analysis
• Formation Rehabilitation
• Track Construction
• Ballast Profiling
• Track Renewal
• Rail Welding
20 Lautre Rd, Stormill, Roodepoort
PO Box 103 Maraisburg, 1700
Tel: (011) 761-2400
Fax: (011) 474-3582
29. SPECIAL STAMP ISSUE
SOUTH AFRICAN RAILWAYS 150TH YEAR STAMPS
A suggestion by Boon Boonzaaier - a special issue of stamps to mark the 150th anniversary of South African
railways in June 2010 – was accepted by the post office some months ago. Boon drew up a list of suggested
locomotive classes to be represented and in collaboration with Jean Dulez, photographic and other material
was submitted from which designs could be prepared.
6. Between 1953 and 1958, 120 class GMA and GMAM
4-8-2+2-8-4 locomotives were acquired, effectively the
ultimate South African Garratt design. For some thirty
years they were widely used on both main and branch
7. Between 1972 and 1978, 170 class 35 Co-Co diesel-
electric locomotives were supplied by General Electric
and 250 by General Motors, to replace steam on branch
lines. Rated horsepower varies between 1,600 and 1,650.
8. Between 1978 and 1985, 31 class 9E electric
locomotives were built in South Africa for service on
the 861km Sishen-Saldanha heavy-haul export ore
line, electrified at 50kV AC. These Co-Co units are rated
9. Late in 2009, the first of 100 class 19E electric
locomotives entered service. These dual-voltage Bo-
Bo units for the heavy-haul export coal line run on
both 3kV DC (north of Ermelo) and 25kV AC (the rest
of the line to Richards Bay). They are rated at 2,940kW
continuous power output.
10. The 24 four-car multiple-unit sets for the 160km/h new
At the same time, descriptive text was put together and Jean 1,435mm gauge 25kV AC “Gautrain” line being built
spent many hours liaising with artist, Hein Botha, finalising between Pretoria and Johannesburg (80km, including
the miniature sheet comprising ten stamps, each with a face a branch to the airport) repeat Bombardier’s successful
value of R2.40, and two different first-day covers. Electrostar design, extensively used in the UK.
The special stamps may be obtained from philatelic MINIATURE SHEET MARGIN:
counters at main post offices or by mail (prices on The miniature sheets containing the stamps feature a
application; order handling fee of R5.00) from: number of line drawings in the margins. From the top,
Private Bag X505 Class 4E 1Co-Co1 electric locomotive
0001 Pretoria Between 1952 and 1955, 40 class 4E locomotives (3,030hp,
Phone 012 845-2814/5; Fax 012 804-6745; 3kV DC) were built for the 257km Cape Town-Touws River
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org section of the main-line to Johannesburg. As the 13km
tunnel through the Hex River mountains was not completed
THE STAMPS until 1989, these units spent their entire working lives on
1. The first official train to operate in South Africa carried the old pass (25km of 1:40) with its tortuous 100m radius
passengers from Durban to the Point (3km) on 26 curves for which they were actually never intended.
June 1860, hauled by this diminutive 0-4-0. Named
“Natal”, it is displayed today on the city’s main station. Class 15E Co-Co 50kV Locomotive
Currently under construction for the 861km Sishen-
2. The 2-6-2+2-6-2 class NGG16 was the final design of Saldanha heavy-haul iron ore line, 44 class 15E
610mm gauge Garratt, built between 1937 and 1968. locomotives (50kV AC) are rated at 4,400kW.
3. In 1948 and 1949, a hundred 2-8-4 class 24 Class NG15 2-8-2 narrow-gauge (610mm)
locomotives were built for use on lightly laid track, steam locomotive
notably branch lines and also main lines in South West The 21 outside-frame locomotives delivered for the
Africa (now Namibia). 610mm-gauge lines in South West Africa (now Namibia)
between 1931 and 1957 came to be known as the
4. In 1953 and 1954, ninety 4-8-4 class 25 locomotives “Kalaharis”. Following gauge conversion in 1960, they were
entered service. These condensed their own steam for transferred to Port Elizabeth, where two examples remain
re-use, enabling them to run long distances in the Karoo in use on “Apple Express” excursions today.
where water is scarce.
Class 7E Co-Co electric locomotive
5. One of fifty 4-8-4 class 25NC non-condensing locomotives Between 1978 and 1979, 100 class 7E locomotives (4,340hp,
that arrived together with the condensers, no 3450 was 25kV AC) were introduced for both freight and passenger
rebuilt with a number of refinements including a gas service. Variants classified 7E1 (50), 7E2 (66)and 7E3
producer combustion system that radically improved (85) joined them between 1979 and 1985.
operating efficiency. The engine was painted red and
dubbed “The Red Devil”.
30 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
30. THE FIRST DAY COVERS
SPECIAL STAMP ISSUE
Class 23 4-8-2 steam locomotive successively through the rear cylinders and then (at lower
Between 1937 and 1939, 136 class 23 steam locomotives pressure) the larger front cylinders. During comparative
were introduced. They distinguished themselves hauling tests in 1922, the Garratt principle proved itself beyond
passenger and freight trains on the Touws River-Beaufort question, and no further Mallets were ordered.
West and De Aar-Klerksdorp sections throughout World
War II and after. Displaced by the arrival of the class 25 Class NG15 2-8-2 narrow-gauge steam locomotive
between 1953 and 1954, the 23s were transferred to other (Description as above; side elevation shown here)
lines, all being withdrawn by the early 1970s.
Class 34 Co-Co diesel-electric locomotive
Class MH 2-6-6-2 Mallet steam locomotive Between 1971 and 1980, just over 500 class 34 diesel-
Just over 50 articulated Mallet locomotives were placed electric locomotives were supplied, 294 by General
in service between 1909 and 1918. The largest of these, Electric and 208 by General Motors, to replace steam on
the class MH of 1915, were then the most powerful main-lines. Rated horsepower varies between 2,750 and
locomotives on 1,067mm gauge in the world. They were 2,875.
compounds, high pressure steam from the boiler passing
Germiston-based Reefsteamers preservation group
operates this class 12AR 4-8-2 “Susan” on local day trips,
mainly as far as Magaliesburg. The class 12s were an early
SAR steam design dating back to 1912.
This locomotive type underwent boiler modifications in the
1950s and was recently mechanically refurbished.
G ermiston based Reefsteamers preservation group operated this class 12AR 4-8-2 'Susan' on local day trips, mainly as far as
Magaliesburg. The class 12s were an early SAR steam design dating back to 1912. This locomotive type underwent boiler
modifications in the 1950s and has also recently since been mechanically refurbished.
The class 6E1 Bo-Bo 3kV DC electric locomotive, of which
960 have been built locally, still provide the mainstay of
motive power on Transnet’s electrified main-lines. More
than 500 of these have been refurbished as upgraded class
17E and 18E units.
Semaphore (mechanical) signals have been largely phased
out on the rail network in favour of more modern colour-
light signalling or radio-operated traffic control.
The write-ups inside the first-day covers were prepared by
T he class 6E1 Bo-Bo 3kV dc electric locomotive, of which 960 have locally built, still provide the mainstay of motive power on the
Transnet main electrified lines. More than 500 of these have now been refurbished into upgraded class 17E and 18E units. The
6 – 8 April 2011
semaphore (mechanical) signals have now largely been phased out of the rail network in favour of more modern colour light
signalling or else radio operated traffic control systems.
The write-ups, inside the covers and printed herewith, was done by Jean Dulez .
EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG
www.railwaysafrica.com May 2010 RAILWAYS AFRICA 31
COOKS : THE DEFINITIVE TIMETABLE
Cook’s timetables are obtainable from Thomas Cook’s offices in major cities.
Prices on application.
Intrepid train travellers Sherlock Holmes and his
contemporaries in British literature depended heavily on
Bradshaw for planning journeys to fashionable weekends
(or murder scenes) in obscure country backwaters. Three
decades before 1900, Bradshaw’s extremely comprehensive
guide already ran to 1,000 pages.
In 1873, Cooks – soon to prove a worthy competitor -
appeared on the scene. Inaugural editor John Bredall - aiming
his format at the traveller rather than regular commuters
(or the more casual user of trains) - introduced condensed
tables, much easier to read, which omitted smaller place
names. The concept, like so many successful ideas, relied
largely on simplicity.
Bredall* went further, putting in summary tables that linked
key continental destinations. Finally, his easily followed
diagrammatic maps were winners. This successful formula
has been followed ever since, the March 2010 editions using the same computer programme – Advent 3B2 - which
together running to very nearly 1,000 pages. was employed for setting tabular matter.
Cook’s Continental Timetable became a monthly in 1883. Although Cook’s always concentrated on rail services, airline
Always in the forefront, it adopted the 24-hour clock in timings were included until the second world war. After the
1919. The original title was retained until 1977, when – war, ocean steamer tables were transferred to a new Cook’s
seeing American train times had been included since 1974 Ocean Steamer List. However, today’s European Timetable
– the scope was broadened and it was renamed Cook’s does include 39 pages on marine schedules.
International Timetable. In 1981, this was split into separate
editions – Continental and Overseas. Today’s titles are Other information that did not survive the war (the space was
“Cook’s European Rail Timetable” (which devotes most of its needed) included details of golf links and hints on how to
576 pages to trains) and the 475-page “Overseas Timetable” dress when travelling. Maps printed after the war showed
(which recognises rail service shortcomings in many each route numbered correspondingly to the relevant
countries – notably in Africa – by usefully listing bus timings). timetable, a very useful idea. Previous issues had referred to
tables by page number.
While serifed fonts such as Times Roman may be easier
to read in ordinary text, sansserif makes for more legible For many older users of the publication, Cook’s timetables
tables. Cook’s changed from Times to Gill Sans in 1954, were synonymous with the name J H Price, the editor from
then to Univers, then Ariel. From 1981 to the present, the 1952 to 1987. Price, who was widely travelled (including
more important changes were in typesetting. This was a South Africa) contributed immense personal knowledge to
formidable undertaking in the days of hard metal, involving his work. He brought about many important changes - such
thousands of pieces of type, and laborious proofreading. as saving postage costs through the use of 40gsm paper –
True, filmsetting was adopted in a small way as far back a tip he learned from an Italian timetable.
as 1978, but nothing compares to today’s desk-top facility
and the slickness of operation eventually attained through Cook’s is notable not only for its incredibly detailed
full computerisation. Vertical lines between tabulated times timetables (and atlas-rivalling index) but for meticulously
were abolished in the 1980s, finally achieving the clean, listing distances and fares. How they manage to keep these
space-saving effect that characterises Cook’s today. Data up to date in today’s constantly changing scene is difficult
is transmitted electronically to the printers, making possible to imagine. The latest monetary conversion tables are not
last-minute changes. forgotten, nor matters like climatic conditions. Passport and
other travel regulations (for every conceivable country) are a
The original founder of the organisation, Thomas Cook special feature in the March/April overseas edition.
himself, had been a Baptist preacher. His first essay into
organising travel involved hiring a train to carry temperance All contents are updated monthly in the case of the
supporters to a meeting in Loughborough, England. Many European tables, every second month for the overseas
other organised excusions followed. Before long, food and tables. Africa enjoys a modest show-in within the selection
lodging came to be included, with the term “Cook’s tour” of city plans, which show the location of main stations in
gaining an entry in the Oxford English dictionary. Cook took Cape Town, Dar-es-Salaam, Tunis and Cairo.
his first group to Europe in 1855, but waited for the Suez
Canal to open before tackling an eight-month tour of the Contemporary editor Peter Bass can be justly pleased with
world. this incomparable, very impressive production. Predecessors
Bredall, Price and others would be proud of him.
For more than a century, the maps were hand-drawn: - LRD
K C Jordan was the artist for many years, followed by his
daughter. Eventually, when desk-top publishing arrived, the *The first editor of Cook’s Continental Timetable was paid £25 for issue no 1,
staff were enabled to compile and amend maps in-house, plus a penny for each copy sold.
32 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
32. Specialists in maintenance, repair, upgrade, conversion and manufacture of
rolling stock, components and rail support services.
Tel: +27 (0)12 391 1304 Fax: +27 (0)12 391 1371 Email: email@example.com
33. RAILWAY HERITAGE
Preservation is a vital part of the picture
By John Batwell
CAPE WESTERN PRESERVATION SOCIETY, CAPE TOWN ZAMBIA’S BUSHTRACKS CHANGES LOCO
Work by a small but active core of dedicated members on Earlier this year, this Livingstone-based operator was
this group’s on-going project, veteran 4-6-0 class 6J no using veteran 4-8-2 class 10 no 156 on its upmarket dinner
641, is making slow but steady progress despite the usual rail service once again as the 4-8-2 class 12 no 204 was
problems - lack of funds and active manpower. Completely undergoing motion repairs. The North British-built class 10,
stripped, with all cladding removed and sandblasted, the initially on Rhodesia Railways, is a survivor of the former
locomotive is awaiting patch welding and painting. Coupling Zambesi Sawmills Railway.
and connecting rods have been removed, the dome taken
off for machining/welding, the regulator taken out for final
checking and the Stephenson gear removed for inspection
and clean-up. A visual boiler check has been done by an
inspector. The tender has been completely de-rusted both
inside and out, rust-treated and the water tank rubberised.
However, all steam chest studs are rusted badly and need
to be replaced.
The class 12AR 4-8-2 no 1535, previously reported with a
small tube blown, is back in service. The green-liveried,
Sandstone-owned GMAM Garratt no 4079 is due for boiler
inspection whilst class 15F no 3046 has undergone a
steam test and now returned to service. North British class 10 4-8-2 no 156 is working the Livingstone, Zambia, dinner
trains once again along the old logging branch line. Photo: G E Cooke
MAIN LINE STEAM TRUST, NEW ZEALAND
- ZIMBABWE GARRATT
Former National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) 2-6-2 + 2-6-2
class 14A Garratt no 509 was not steamed in late 2009 after
all as the rolling stock she was to haul was not refurbished
in time. A planned conversion of the loco to air-braking is
reported, and possible fire-grate modification, as coal could
fall through the (currently) widely spaced bars. Conversion
to oil-burning could well be on the cards.
Class 16A 2-8-2 + 2-8-2 Garratt no 611 is earmarked to work during Zimbabwe’s HENSCHEL GARRATT FOR NEW MAPUTO MUSEUM
winter safari season this year. Photo: G E Cooke Exhibits at a new museum being created at Maputo station
by Caminhos de ferro do Moçambique (CFM – the state
SANDSTONE HERITAGE NEWS railway & harbours) are to include three magnificently
Besides the vandalising of Steamnet 2000 locos at restored teak bodied coaches and a van, together with
Kimberley, all brass and copper was hacksawed off 15F no Henschel-built 4-8-2 + 2-8-4 Garratt no 972 which was
2910 and 15CB no 2071 during a break-in at Sandstone’s recently moved down from Gondola depot on the
storage shed in Ficksburg. The locomotives had been Machipanda-Beira line. Similar to the South African class
complete with all spares and pipes intact, ready to run had GMA/M class and one of five acquired in 1956 (at that time
the boiler certificates been renewed. Though five people painted maroon), it was refurbished at Bulawayo’s Zeco
were arrested, the loss is estimated at R650,000. Current Works in the 1980s and outshopped in red. A very derelict
plans are to close this facility and find a new home for the no 971 was photographed at Gondola by local enthusiasts
motive power and rolling stock. two years ago.
Meanwhile, in Bloemfontein, work progresses on restoring ‘RED DEVIL’ SECURITY
narrow gauge Orenstein & Koppel 0-6-0 (works no 12493), The unique 4-8-4 class 26 loco no 3450 “Red Devil”, stored
built in 1934. Being a 500mm gauge locomotive, it will not at Cape Town station, has had its cab “caged” in an effort to
be available for local use, but Sandstone hopes to find it a prevent the perennial problem of theft from heritage steam
safe home. Rebuilt Cockerill class NGG 16 Garratt no 88 was engines. Loco no 3450 originated as a class 25NC, but was
back in steam on the farm in April. much modified by David Wardale on a shoe-string budget.
Apple Express double-heading of NG15 2-8-2 no 119 and
Sandstone Estates’ Falcon 4-4-0 no 106 took place out of
Port Elizabeth during Geoff’s Trains 2010 tour.
NRZ PREPARES THREE STEAM LOCOS
The National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) has been
preparing classes 16A no 611 and 14A no 525 for safari
work, together with class 15 no 395 - using sisters 414 and
424 for spares. Class 15 no 416 is also receiving attention
at Bulawayo, using spares off 421, while superheater tubes
from class 14A no 519 have been fitted to 525. Loco no 611
was used on a public train to Plumtree in May.
Geoff’s Trains will be running in Zimbabwe this winter.
German operator Farrail cancelled its planned August tour CFM Henschel-built Garratt no 972, long stored at Gondola, has now found a
owing to insufficient bookings. new home in Maputo. Photo: Paul Ash
34 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
34. SPECIALIST CASTINGS FOR
THE RAILROAD INDUSTRY
Fabform Graphics cc (011) 622-9917
The Scaw Metals Group (Scaw) is an international group, manufacturing a diverse range of steel products. Its principal
operations are located in South Africa, South America, Canada and Australia. Smaller operations are in Namibia,
Zimbabwe and Zambia. Scaw’s specialist castings for the railroad industry include bogies used in freight cars,
locomotives and passenger cars. Other products manufactured include:
Freight car castings: Scaw has produced castings for the railroad industry since 1921
• Side Frames • Bolsters and is a technological leader in this field and has participated in the
• Yokes • Cast steel monobloc wheels development of unique designs such as the cast adaptor sub-frame
• Draw-gear components assembly used in the “Scheffel” radial axle truck.
• Centre plates
Scaw manufactures castings under licence to various licensors, but
Cast steel frames for locomotives:
is an open foundry with the capability to undertake work according
• Steerable locomotive frames
to individual customer requirements. The company has produced
• Mounting for electrical parking brakes and brakehangers
• Traction motor end shields and suspension tubes in cast thousands of sets of steel castings for freight cars for both the local
steel, manufactured to customer requirements and export markets. These include side frames and bolsters that
have been approved by the Association of American Railroads for
Passenger car castings: use on North American railroads.
• High speed, high stability radial axle bogies for motored
and unmotored passenger vehicles Scaw supplies globally and also offers nationwide distribution
• Self steering bogies in South Africa through its strategically located branches
• Fully machined frames ready for assembly into bogies, throughout the country.
including the fitting of bushings and wear plates
• Integrally cast brake hanger brackets and mounting
for auxiliary equipment
Tel: +27 11 842-9303 • Fax: +27 11 842-9710 SCAW METALS
35. END OF THE LINE
CORRESPONDENCE BRANCH LINE REVIVAL
SAD SIGHT AT MOSSEL BAY
Dear editor We’re going to concession the branch lines;
It’s so sad! Drove through Mossel Bay the other day and
saw loads of old carriages literally rotting away in a train Can’t think why we didn’t before.
“graveyard”. Surely these coaches/carriages and engines True, small fry were way too much bother;
should be stored somewhere safer?? ie away from the The Big Time excites us much more.
ravages of salty sea air?
– Alison (by e-mail) We’re going to concession the branch lines,
Though what’s left is a pitiful sight,
With the jungle reclaiming its birthright
And thieves who lift rails in the night.
When one looks at American practice,
Instructive examples abound.
For years, rural feeders have prospered
And everywhere, “shortlines” are found.
We’re going to concession the branch lines,
Though one can’t see the rails for the trees.
Look - reviving rural endeavour
Will stimulate SMMEs.
The coaches are the last remains of the Union Limited, a priceless heritage
train restored at the initiative of Ian Pretorius, and operated under his capable We’re going to concession the branch lines,
management on regular “Golden Thread” tours from Cape Town to Oudtshoorn - And meet all the challenges posed
lucrative earners of dollars, pounds and Deutchmarks until Spoornet pulled the Like moving the goods from the junctions
plug. Photo: Dylan Knott. Should keep TFR on its toes.
THE LAWYERS LOOK TO US FOR HELP
We have received a public notice this morning (7 May 2010)
from one of our employees concerning the proposed strike on to other parts of the Joburg network makes much more
at Metrorail and Shosholoza Meyl starting 10 May 2010. sense, than an isolated stand-alone system.
– Grant Robinson (Australia)
From this notice it seems the strike might be for a whole
month? Could you please confirm this, in order for the VARIABLE GAUGE AXLES
company to make alternative arrangements. Dear editor
– Ms B van Zyl, Head: HR Dept, In December 2009, Railway Gazette International had an
Smith-Smith Attorneys article about variable gauge axles (VGA) in Japan, allowing
a train to move effortlessly from one gauge to another. The
[Unfortunately Railways Africa couldn’t help: we mislaid our significance about the Japanese equipment is that it works
crystal ball. – Editor] for narrow gauges like those in Southern Africa, There may
be a problem with narrow gauge VGA because of lack
OMAN RAILWAY PROJECT of space between the wheels for the brakes, the VGA
Dear editor, equipment and - in the case of multiple units and
Interoperability issues and integration of railway standards locomotives - the traction motors. Broader gauge VGA such
and specifications within the planned GCC network is as those found around Europe do not have this problem.
essential to ensure optimum construction and operational So while this VGA gear handles 250km/h, it is not clear if it
costs. Will the Oman railway project be constructed to can handle 80km/h freight. Neither is it clear if the locking
standard 1,435mm as railways are in other Middle East devices on the VGA wheels will handle three gauges at
states? There are some reports that the Omani network may the same time, which would be really useful in Africa where
be broad gauge - these are presumably incorrect? Please there are three main gauges. VGA systems, mainly for
advise. broader gauges, have been around in a quiet way for
– John Pearson decades. But mention of this technology in Railways
Africa, and the World Bank, which pontificates on what
[The proposed railway in Oman is to be an integral part of gauge should go where in Africa, are conspicuous by their
the new GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) network, which is absence. VGA is not the only method of overcoming the
to extend some 2,000km from Salalah on Oman’s southern break-of-gauge (BOG) quagmire, there are about 10 - albeit
coast to Kuwait’s border with Iraq. We understand it is to be ugly - methods in all. But if Africa moves towards standard
standard gauge throughout. - Editor] gauge on its new main-lines, such as Dar to Rwanda, having
VGA and the other methods in hand provides options,
“SOWETO MONORAIL STILL AN OPTION” flexibility and therefore potential cost savings. RA should
Dear editor send its ace reporter to investigate!
My country lives with break-of-gauge problems. South Africa – Shall Ford (Australia)
has started the rot by building the Gautrain at standard
gauge instead of Cape narrow gauge. In Queensland and
Western Australia we run 140-160km/h trains on Cape
narrow. Whyever did Gauteng choose standard gauge?
For Soweto, surely it is cheaper to build a new conventional
rail line than a non-integrated monorail? A fast Cape narrow
gauge service running at 150-160km/h but able to switch
Japanese trial VGA bogies. Photos courtesy Railway Gazette International.
36 RAILWAYS AFRICA May 2010 www.railwaysafrica.com
36. RAILWAYS | HARBOURS | INTERMODAL | COMMUTER | MINING
6 – 8 April 2011
EXPO CENTRE – JOHANNESBURG
Floorplan NOW OPEN!
Call for papers.
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Tel: +27 72 340 5621 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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