KAIZEN BY RAIJUL HAQUE
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KAIZEN BY RAIJUL HAQUE

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I HAVE PREPAIRED THIS SLIDE BY COMBINING 5 SLIDES . SO I THINK IT WILL BE USEFUL TO YOU

I HAVE PREPAIRED THIS SLIDE BY COMBINING 5 SLIDES . SO I THINK IT WILL BE USEFUL TO YOU

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  • Japanese for "improvement", or "change for the better"
  • What is “Kaizen”? KAIZEN means improvement: Kaizen is small incremental changes made for improving productivity and minimizing waste. Improvements without spending much money, involving everyone from managers to employees, and using much common sense. Continuous improvement is nothing but continuous elimination of wastes. Measures for implementing continuous improvement. On-Going: Continuous improvement is nothing but continuous elimination of wastes Kaizen is primarily a reactive process where you "check" to see if anything is wrong, then go about fixing it. It is a daily activity and always under the control of a supervisor. Improves productivity by daily monitoring and elimination of wastes. Waste in the workplace is defined as activities that add cost but do not add value.
  • MASAAKI IMAI AND TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT : Masaaki imai the chairman of the Cambridge corporation international management firm based in Tokyo. Masaaki imai together the management philosophies theories of single concept “kaizen”. Kaizen is a Japan's economic name formal system to promote process continuous improve quality.
  • Toyota production system is known for kaizen, where all line personnel are expected to stop their moving production line in case of any abnormality and, along with their supervisor, suggest an improvement to resolve the abnormality which may initiate a kaizen.

KAIZEN BY RAIJUL HAQUE KAIZEN BY RAIJUL HAQUE Presentation Transcript

  • OXFORD COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING &MANAGEMENT SEMINAR REPORT 0N KAIZEN SUBMITTED BY RAIJUL HAQUE BRANCH MECHANICAL ENGG SEMESTER 7TH REGD NO 1121342174
  • Presentation flow • Introduction • Key Principles • Implementation Concept 5s , PDCA Cycle , Quality Circle , Kanban • Benefits • Drawbacks • Kaizen in Toyota • Example of Kaizen • Kaizen in Day to Day life • conclusion
  • Kaizen Introduction • KAI means 'change' or 'the action to correct‘, ZEN means 'good' • Kaizen means making changes for the better on a continual,never-ending basis. • MASAAKI IMAI is the father of Kaizen. • Foundation of Kaizen was laid in Japan after the second world war,when the country was attempting to rebuilt infrastructure and rethink many system
  • Kaizen : Key principles • Consider process & results • Need to look entire process & evaluate job as to be best way • No one should blamed & best process is put into place. Kaizen team Problem solving team Time 2 TO 10 Hour 3 TO 6 Month Power Make change Recommend action Focus Whole Process Single Issue
  • Kaizen : Implementation Concepts The term KAIZEN is based on some concepts as stated below 1. 5S (Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu & Shitsuke) 2. PDCA CYCLE (Plan,Do,Check,Act) 3. QUALITY CIRCLE 4. KANBAN
  • “5 S” in Kaizen 5 S is a method for organizing a workplace especially a shared workplace 1. “Seiri”(Sort):Keeping only essential items. 2. “Seiton”(Set in order):Eliminate extra motion 3. “Seiso”(Shine):Keep the work place clean 4.“Seiketsu”(Standardize):Standardize work practices 5. “Shitsuke”(Self discipline):Maintaining discipline
  • • PLAN Collect the data • DO Implementation • CHECK Evaluate the result • ACT Apply the change PDCA CYCLE
  • QUALITY CIRCLES • A quality circle is a volunteer group composed of employees, who are trained to identify, analyse and solve work-related problems and present their solutions to management • This improves the performance of the organization
  • KANBAN • Kanban (signboard) is a concept related to lean and just-in-time (JIT) production • It works as a communication system which immediately provides information about changed demand through the entire supply chain
  • BENIFITS 1.Widely applicable. 2.High effective & result oriented 3.Higher operational efficiency 4.A learning experience 5.Higher employee moral and job satisfaction 6.Encourage worker to solve everyday problem 7.Acts as a motivator 8.Reduces breakdown 9.Eliminates the need of inspection
  • DRAWBACK • Difficulties in getting started • Getting people to think in long term • Too much involvement needed from management • Lack of proper procedure to implemented • Toomuch suggestion may lead to confusion and time wastage
  • Kaizen in Toyota • In the earlier 1990,Toyota was facing acute labour shortage • toyota’s initial mangement focus was on increasing production efficiency through higher production levels with less number of workers.this resulted in increased stress & worker exodus • The global upsurge in car demand during 1987-1991 led to drastic increase in demand for labors • Toyota realized that the it is the time to implement Kaizen for modifying existing assembly lines to attract workers • The company decided to change its working conditions to accommodate workers of more diverse nature • Toyota is well known one of the leaders in using Kaizen.In 1999 at one U.S plant 7000 toyota employee submitted over 75000 suggestions of which 99% were implemented
  • EXAMPLE OF KAIZEN
  • KAIZEN IN DAY TO DAY LIFE Consider the case of a student’s bag. The items can be classified into 1.Notes and assignments 2.Stationary (pens, notepads etc.) 3.Other items like calculators, pen drive etc. Regular checking of the stationary items ensures that the notemaking is not affected due to lack of stationary. Keeping notes and assignments organized enables faster access to them. Overall checking of bag at regular intervals ensures that no necessary items are missing
  • Conclusion • The concept is simple but if properly applied can lead to significant efficiency improvements for organizations • “Kaizen” or “continuous improvement” should be a part of our everyday life • Good is never good enough , kaizen is never- ending journey to excellence • It helps to turn problems into profit