basic principle of
reviewed on human design
B.A OF INTERIOR
"Proportion"is usually unnoticed until something
is out of proportion. When the relative size of two elements being
compared seems wrong or out of balance it is said to be “out of
For example if a person has a head larger than his entire body,
then we would say that it is out of proportion. In the 17th century
and many other periods, the ideal body was much heavier than
we would accept today.
Most of the time, we can only value proportion when we see designs
or things which look distorted and are therefore not pleasing to the
"The design of
furniture or building
must be proper to fit
with human's body
to easier daily
work . "
The design should be
related also to ergonomic
and antropology theory .
There are three types of "bALANCE". Symmetric balance
and asymmetric balance can be differentiate on symmetric human face
versus with accessible human face.
Asymmetrical balance, also called
informal balance, is more complex and
difficult to envisage.Parts of the design
are not identical but are equal in visual
weight. Offers more variety eventhough
the design is not balance or
UNPERFECT and it also gives
excitement to viewer.
NORMAL HUMAN FACE ACCESSIBLE HUMAN FACE
Today, this symmetry of the face
has been scientifically proven to
be inherently attractive to the
human eye. It has been defined
not with proportions, but rather
with similarity between the left
and right sides of the face--The
Symmetry (formal balance) .
Example of radial balance on human
body is eyes .The design of retina radiate
outward from the center.
"Rhythm". Human beings are more comfortable with
variation in general. We can see the rhythm on human's finger
BABY'S FINGERSA repeated line, shape, color,
texture, or pattern can be seen on
each of them . The repetition makes
our eyes follow them .Visual rhythm
may be best understood by relating it
to rhythm in sound . Example ,
human voice . Every human has
different voice box .
One physical attraction on human body is hair . Especially the
girl's hair . Hair acts as focal point to draw attention . Long
lustrous female hair is rated attractiveby both men and women
it is a "EMPHASIS"ways humans presenting themselves,
being one of the parts of their body which is easiest to manipulate. Also,
males having short, cut hair (or a shaven head) is often viewed as being
under society's control, such as while in military service or prison or as
punishment for a crime while males having long hair signifies being outside of
Ngbandi girls with
central Africa, 1905
Yakima boy with mid-
back level hair. (Photo
by Edward S. Curtis,
Japanese woman combing her long
hair. (Colour woodblock print from
1920 by Hashiguchi Goyō.)
"Harmony" - The human
design used shapes whose harmony because
the usage of lines and curves. Though the
eyes , hands , abdomens come in different
shapes, they still fit together.Without harmony in
shape , human may be in accessible state .
a feeling of wholeness.
Unity can be review on
human skins on each
races in the world .
Eventhough the people in
the world have different
colour skin , we still unite