Bill Drayton
Father of Social Entrepreneurship, Leading Leader of
Social Change makers around the world.
Rahul Singh
Chara...
Table of Contents
Bill Drayton ..............................................................................................
Rahul Singh
Character, Conscience, and Courage. Spring 2013
Professor Nan Ellen Dixon
5/4/2013

Bill Drayton
Father of Soc...
an entrepreneur to see the opportunity and then to turn that vision into a realistic
idea and then a reality and then, ind...
Bill used this freedom wisely and continued to recruit other students and eventually
bought a mimeograph machine. He grew ...
how to create social change. Bill said the ideas that came from his discussions at the Ashoka
table were realized in the 1...
“framework” level. There are several levels of change and true change makers utilize
leverage from “social jujitsu” to ach...
based ethics (applied empathy), learning to work in teams of teams (team work), and
leadership.11
Change at the national l...
citizen sector is where people go to help other people help themselves. Bill is a luminary in
this sector and has helped i...
loves young people, is willing to listen to them, wants to learn from them, wants to liberate
them, and lives his legacy.
...
Bill said that this was exactly the type of company he wanted to work for, a company that
was high in “ethical fiber” and ...
Perhaps the best indicator on whether Bill lives what he says is by looking at his decision to
empower others. With his ed...
Conclusion

Bill Drayton impacts the lives of individuals everywhere just as he impacted the author’s
life several years a...
Bill is a leading change maker that leads with empathy. He is a living testament to what is
possible with passion, vision,...
Bibliography
(2007). A Man of Character. In K. Belmont, C. Stetson, & C. Stetson (Ed.), Creating the Better
Hour. Macon, G...
Bill Drayton

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Bill Drayton - Father of Social Entrepreneurship, Leading Leader of Social Change makers around the world.

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Bill Drayton is known to have given a name to a growing industry of “social
entrepreneurship” subsequently fathering a movement to reform how society
sees businesses and equipping current and future change makers for a
changing world. He is one of the few living exemplars of a life led for others
as a servant leader of high ethical fiber and seeking the ultimate good for people everywhere. In the world of non-profit organizations, non-governmental-organizations, and social-entrepreneurship, Bill needs no
introduction. People know him or his organization because of the good that
he’s helped create in this world.

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Bill Drayton - Father of Social Entrepreneurship, Leading Leader of Social Change makers around the world.

  1. 1. Bill Drayton Father of Social Entrepreneurship, Leading Leader of Social Change makers around the world. Rahul Singh Character, Conscience, and Courage. Spring 2013 Professor Nan Ellen Dixon 5/4/2013
  2. 2. Table of Contents Bill Drayton ............................................................................................................................................................. 1 Father of Social Entrepreneurship, Leading Leader of Social Change makers around the world. ................................................................................................................................................................... 1 Bill Drayton ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 1 Ashoka ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 Man of Character, Conscience, and Courage .......................................................................................... 6 Character ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6 Conscience .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8 Encouraging with Courage ............................................................................................................................................................10 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................................ 11 Bill Drayton ii
  3. 3. Rahul Singh Character, Conscience, and Courage. Spring 2013 Professor Nan Ellen Dixon 5/4/2013 Bill Drayton Father of Social Entrepreneurship, Leading Leader of Social Change makers around the world. Bill Drayton Bill Drayton is known to have given a name to a growing industry of “social entrepreneurship” subsequently fathering a movement to reform how society sees businesses and equipping current and future change makers for a changing world.1 Bill is one of the few livingexemplars of alife led for others as a servant leader of high ethical fiber and seeking the ultimate good for people everywhere. In the world of non-profit organizations, non-governmental-organizations, and social-entrepreneurship, Bill needs no introduction. People know him or his organization because of the good that he’s helped create in this world. What is Social Entrepreneurship? Whenever society is stuck or has an opportunity to seize a new opportunity, it needs 1(Hsu, 2005) Bill Drayton 1
  4. 4. an entrepreneur to see the opportunity and then to turn that vision into a realistic idea and then a reality and then, indeed, the new pattern all across society. We need such entrepreneurial leadership at least as much in education and human rights as we do in communications and hotels. This is the work of social entrepreneurs. – Bill Drayton2 When the author asked Bill Drayton, or as he would like to be called “Bill,” what his “road to Damascus” moment was in his life that made him follow his life’s passion of social entrepreneurship, he said that it started when he was a kid. He said he was extremely lucky to be born to great parents who let him do what he wanted. His parents were both hard working and provided a life for him in Manhattan.3 As he grew up as a child in Manhattan, he didn’t really like subjects such as Latin or Math and preferred History and Geography. He didn’t like learning through memorization. His first “venture” was a newspaper business he started in the 5th grade. In a world without copy-machines and printers, he used a typewriter and carbon paper to produce 50 copies and sold them to his classmates. Eventually his mother found out that Bill was skipping school to run this business. When she talked to his school’s principal, the principal vouched for him and told his mother to be proud of such an enterprising young person. 2(Drayton, 3(Drayton, Bill Drayton GOOD Q&A: Ashoka, 2007) 2013) 2
  5. 5. Bill used this freedom wisely and continued to recruit other students and eventually bought a mimeograph machine. He grew his newspaper from a one-page newsletter to a 20-30 page newspaper and increased distribution. He continues to support the development of programs to help children become entrepreneurs. He said that over 700 out of the 3000 fellows in his organization, Ashoka, are centered on children. He believes that children are the future and need to be invested in as he was invested in. As Bill grew up, he went on to the Phillips Academy for high school, Harvard for his Bachelors, Oxford for his Masters, and Yale for his law degree. He went worked at McKinsey & Company, in the Environmental Protection Agency in the Carter Administration, and has taught at Harvard and Stanford.4 Bill’s role models are Gandhi, Jefferson, and Jean Monett (the father of the European currency).5 As he went through his higher education, followed Gandhi’s followers. While in college, Bill was involved in the civil rights movement and was impacted by Bayard Rustin’s work in New York. During a summer off from Harvard in 1963, Bill drove from Munich to India to work with VinodaBhave who, as Rustin, was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.6Bhave was helping the poverty stricken untouchables in India by taking “gifted” land and redistributing it to them. Bill learned from Bhave’s example the simple idea of creating social good for sake of social good and not necessarily for any monetary gain. Later when Bill was at Harvard, he started Ashoka Table, a round table for people to talk about ideas on 4(WikiPedia, 2008) 5(Hsu, 2005) 6(Hsu, 2005) Bill Drayton 3
  6. 6. how to create social change. Bill said the ideas that came from his discussions at the Ashoka table were realized in the 1980s when he went on to found the Ashoka Foundation.7 Ashoka The AshokaFoundation is a non-profit organization that Bill Drayton started with some of his coworkers at McKinsey & Co in the 1980s. He started the idea as a “Social Venture Capital” firm that would identify, nurture, and cultivate people who wanted to change the world to improve life for people in the “citizen sector” with the same quality as the business sector. Also known as “Innovators for the Public, Ashoka has more than 3000 fellows today. TheseChangemakersare involved in various projects in the citizen sector. As mentioned earlier 700 of them are involved in ways to empower children to impact the world in a positive way. When Ashoka was launching “Youth Ventures” a program to educate young people about entrepreneurship, Bill mentioned that Georgetown University helped his organization with funding and strategic support.8 Bill and Ashoka’s vision of “Everyone a Changemaker” is to help empower people everywhere to become change makers because it is what is required for people to survive and thrive without getting marginalized by stronger business forces. When asked what does it mean or what does it take to be a Change maker, Bill explained that fundamental change happens at different levels and the highest level of change is that at the 7(Drayton, 8(Drayton, Bill Drayton 2013) 2013) 4
  7. 7. “framework” level. There are several levels of change and true change makers utilize leverage from “social jujitsu” to achieve it.9 Levels of Change10 Level Change 1 Direct Service Description One person serving another directly impacts people. 2 Scaled Service 3 Pattern Change More people are impacted because a team is created, trained and is then directly serving people. Other people in the ecosystem started to mimic direct service, or the scaled service because it works. 4 Framework Change Institutions recognize that the pattern is creating a positive change and institute it as practice. Example An individual teacher who teaches their students a new way of learning math. The teacher recruits and trains ten teachers who also start to train others in the same way. Other teachers not in the core group start to teach their students in the same way. Schools adopt the practice because it’s mandated by State board of education. U.S. Congress passes legislation that impacts the Department of Education, which then impacts all States boards of education. Many of the change makers empowered by Ashoka have helped bring national policy changes to impact people in their countries. Ashoka empowers its change makers by supporting them to instill certain core skills that they want everyone to learn:empathy 9(Drayton, Conversation with Georgetown University Students before SIPS Fund Lecture, 2013) 10(Drayton, Conversation with Georgetown University Students before SIPS Fund Lecture, 2013) Bill Drayton 5
  8. 8. based ethics (applied empathy), learning to work in teams of teams (team work), and leadership.11 Change at the national level in policy is not an easy feat, but Ashoka teaches its change makers “social jujitsu” to “flip” the social system using leverage from interested parties that have influence.12 For example, in order for Ashoka to achieve it’s vision, social entrepreneurship and the core skills of social entrepreneurship should be taught at every University and utilized by management consulting companies. To start, they work to convince the 10% of the most influential organizations to adopt the vision and start propagating it through the education system. Ashoka creates change by empowering the future generation of leaders to be effective at dealing with people, working in teams, and by learning core leadership development skills. They empower future leaders to be people of character, conscience, and courage. Man of Character, Conscience, and Courage Character Bill exudes character with the work he has done with the Ashoka Foundation. He lives his legacy. He practices moral leadership, builds his ethical fiber, and lives in the service for others. People of character are not hard to spot if one is looking in the right place. The 11(Drayton, 12(Drayton, Bill Drayton Everyone a Changemaker: Social Entrepreneurships' Ultimate Goal, 2006) Everyone a Changemaker: Social Entrepreneurships' Ultimate Goal, 2006) 6
  9. 9. citizen sector is where people go to help other people help themselves. Bill is a luminary in this sector and has helped influence it for more than 30 years. Juts as William Wilberforce decided to challenge the system in the United Kingdom, Bill is challenging the way people think of business and what it means to give back as individuals to create a better world. Wilberforce set out to change society in a positive way from the ground up.Wilbeforce. He wrote “God Almighty has set before me two great objects, the suppression of the Slave Trade and the reformation of manners” in his journal and in his lifetime helped end the British Slave Trade and emancipate slaves in the British Empire.13 Bill similarly has set formidable purpose for his life: everyone a changemaker. He has set out to help society by empowering people to be better people by learning how to be more empathetic, work with others, and be leaders in their communities. He exercises moral leadership by willing to dedicate his life on wanting to help everyone understand the concepts of the empathy-based ethics. Just as Gandhi, Rustin, and Bhave sacrificed and chose careers that served others, Bill continues to work for a growing organization of leaders that preaches and practices service for others. Gray Keller said that good servant leadership can be summarized by people that love their community, listen to people, learn from others, liberate others from suffering, and live their legacy.14 While sitting next to Bill in the small-group interaction, the author felt that Bill lived every element well. He is a true servant leader and showed that he truly 13(Belmont 14(Keller, & Stetson, 2007) 2013) Bill Drayton 7
  10. 10. loves young people, is willing to listen to them, wants to learn from them, wants to liberate them, and lives his legacy. Conscience Bill’s career shows his decisions were made by his conscience to stay true to his character. When he was involved in the civil rights movement with Rustin, he was doing what he felt was right by fighting for equality. When he went to serve in India with Bhave, he wanted to help those in poverty. These are just some of the larger aspects of his life that show Bill’s ability to keep in line with his character. One story shows specifically how Bill faced a tough situation when it came to doing the right thing. Bill Drayton served as a courageous follower to those he respected.15 He worked at McKinsey & Company for 10 years. Early in his career, there was an incident when Bill’s conscience and courage was tested. He was working for the City of New York by way of McKinsey & Company as a consultant. He was working to design a tax system that would have cost certain companies more money. He was pressured by someone in the Mayor’s office to change what he was doing to better suit the needs of certain companies that worked with the government. Bill resisted being ‘pushed around,’ even though he is very soft spoken, and told those in charge that people were either mistaken or lying. One of the partners came and berated Bill and asked, “Who did he think he was?” Later on, one of the founding partners, Marvin Bower,vouched for him, and fired the City as a client. 15(Chaleff, Bill Drayton 2009) 8
  11. 11. Bill said that this was exactly the type of company he wanted to work for, a company that was high in “ethical fiber” and always did the right thing. A McKinsey consultant is supposed to put the interests of his client ahead of increasing The Firm's revenues; he should keep his mouth shut about his client's affairs; he should tell the truth and not be afraid to challenge a client's opinion; and he should only agree to perform work that he feels is both necessary and something McKinsey can do well. Along with the professional code, Bower insisted on professional, as opposed to business, language, which is why McKinsey is always The Firm, never the company; jobs are engagements; and The Firm has a practice, not a business.16 He worked with McKinsey for 10 years before working at the EPA. He developed an inner circle that he was able to later found Ashoka. He developed close friendships with those he worked with at McKinsey. John Maxwell says in The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership, the Law of the Inner Circle can drastically help or hurt leaders.17 He surrounded himself with people that were of high moral and ethical fiber. Bill mentioned that he was lucky to be able to work with such a group of people. Ashoka still maintains a strategic partnership with McKinsey & Company. As he was able to enjoy the company of good people, Bill “pays it forward” by growing Ashoka to include the best and the brightest change makers to come together and solve the world’s problems. 16(Huey, 1993) 1998) 17(Maxwell, Bill Drayton 9
  12. 12. Perhaps the best indicator on whether Bill lives what he says is by looking at his decision to empower others. With his education, Bill could have had a lucrative career if he had remained at McKinsey or could have become a CEO of a profit-oriented organization. Instead, Bill decided to follow his passion and his personal mission to help create a better world. Encouraging with Courage Bill’s life shows the author that it is possible to pursue social good before personal gain. He shows that there is a sustainable model for developing leaders to develop a better world. He shows that it is okay to create a strong vision that brings ultimate good to all people and pursue that vision. As a student of Leadership, the author has sought mentorship and advice from various experienced individuals and has read several volumes on the subject. Bill exemplifies the type of leaders that Jim Collins says lead organizations from goodness to greatness in Good to Great.18 He isn’t loud and boisterous, but rather contemplative and passionate. He exemplifies the level 5 leaders that Maxwell talks about in various books including The Five Levels of Leadership.19 Bill develops leaders to develop leaders. The author sees that his visions of “every citizen an entrepreneur” is not impossible just as Bill’s vision of “everyone one a changemaker” is not impossible. It may be difficult, but not impossible. 18(Collins, 2001) The Five Levels of Leadership, 2011) 19(Maxwell, Bill Drayton 10
  13. 13. Conclusion Bill Drayton impacts the lives of individuals everywhere just as he impacted the author’s life several years ago. While reading a book on business, the author came across a quote by Bill explaining that standard words that describe business of “profit” and “non-profit” were inadequate. This seed of thought caused him to change the vision for his company. When further researching the subject of “social entrepreneurship,” the author came across The Search for Social Entrepreneurship and was introduced to the concepts that helped shape his own company’s mission.20 Many of the concepts from Light’s book on social entrepreneurship such as pattern change, and social jujitsu are easy to read academically, but are hard to comprehend. It wasn’t until recently that Bill’s impact in the world of social entrepreneurship became more palpable. It wasn’t until the author had been able to hear from Bill’s own mouth, how to create lasting “framework” change, that he realized how much he has to left to learn. The only way to create change is to practice it and continuously think about how to propagate change to higher levels.The author’s personal leadership journey is going to be difficult but it has been made just a little easier by the knowledge that people like Bill have walked in front to show what’s possible. 20(Light, 2008) Bill Drayton 11
  14. 14. Bill is a leading change maker that leads with empathy. He is a living testament to what is possible with passion, vision, perseverance, and determination. He continues to walk towards his vision of empowering people around the world to become change makers by learning core skills to be able to live in the coming world. His focus on children and desire to help the next generation of humanity cope with change is a self-less act of commitment for others. He understands the unlimited capacity of human beings and their ability to do good for each other. Bill Drayton 12
  15. 15. Bibliography (2007). A Man of Character. In K. Belmont, C. Stetson, & C. Stetson (Ed.), Creating the Better Hour. Macon, GA: Stroud & Hall. Drayton, B. (2013, April 23). Conversation with Georgetown University Students before SIPS Fund Lecture. (R. Singh, Interviewer) Drayton, B. (2006, Winter). Everyone a Changemaker: Social Entrepreneurships' Ultimate Goal. Innovations . Hsu, C. (2005, October 31). Entrepreneur For Social Change. Retrieved April 23, 2013, from US News and World Report: http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/051031/31drayton.htm Huey, J. (1993, November 1). How McKinsey Does It. Forbes . Keller, G. (2013, March 23). Lecture to Character, Conscience, and Courage Class. (R. Singh, Interviewer) Maxwell, J. (1998). The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson. WikiPedia. (2008, May 1). Bill Drayton. Retrieved April 20, 2013, from WikiPedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Drayton Bill Drayton 13
  16. 16. Bill Drayton 14

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