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grammer -sentence

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  3. 3. SENTENCE
  4. 4. Welcome to sentences Before looking at sentences, let’s take a look at what the symbols mean. Click Here to begin
  5. 5. These are symbols you will see <ul><li>Clicking on this button will move you to the next page. </li></ul><ul><li>Clicking on this button will take you to the previous page. </li></ul><ul><li>If you want to know more use this button. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sentence <ul><li>• A sentence is a group of words that tells a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><li>• A sentence always tells who or what and what is or what happens. </li></ul>
  7. 7. These are all sentences <ul><li>Jeff is always late for work. </li></ul><ul><li>Sound the fire alarm! </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you drive so fast? </li></ul><ul><li>We will need more heating on site. </li></ul><ul><li>Can I have some petty cash please? </li></ul><ul><li>I would agree with that. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of sentences. <ul><li>• A declarative sentence makes a statement. It ends with a period. </li></ul><ul><li>• An interrogative sentence asks a question. It ends with a question mark. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>• An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. It ends with a period. </li></ul><ul><li>• An exclamatory sentence expresses a strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation mark. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Subjects and Predicates <ul><li>The complete subject of a sentence names someone or something. The subject may be one word, or it may be more than one word. </li></ul><ul><li>• The complete predicate of a sentence tells what the subject is or does. The predicate may be one word, or it may be more than one word. </li></ul>
  11. 16. Simple Subject <ul><li>• The simple subject is the main word or words in the complete subject. </li></ul><ul><li>• Sometimes the complete subject and the simple subject are the same. </li></ul>
  12. 18. Simple Predicate <ul><li>• The simple predicate is the main word in the predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>• The simple predicate is always a verb. </li></ul>
  13. 20. Compound Sentences <ul><li>• A compound sentence is made up of two short, related sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>• The two sentences are joined by a comma (,) and the connecting word and , but, or or. </li></ul>
  14. 22. Compound Subjects <ul><li>You can combine two sentences with the same predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>• Join the subjects with and to make a compound subject. </li></ul>
  15. 24. Compound Predicates <ul><li>• You can combine two sentences with the same subject. </li></ul><ul><li>• Join the predicate with and to make a compound predicate. </li></ul>
  16. 26. Every sentence has two essential parts: and The subject of a sentence is the part about which something is being said. The flower bloomed. Bob painted. The girls on the team were all good students. The predicate of a sentence is the part which says something about the subject. Bill told everyone about the wreck . Mary sobbed. Sue plays the piano well. SUBJECT PREDICATE
  17. 27. The simple subject is the main word in the complete subject. The simple predicate , or verb , is the main word or group of words in the complete predicate. The complete subject is the main word and all its modifiers. The complete predicate is the verb and all its modifiers. The four new students arrived early. Complete subject The four new students Simple subject students Sara’s sister took us bowling yesterday. Simple predicate took Complete Predicate took us bowling yesterday
  18. 28. Examples <ul><li>Statement- Your picture you drew is very pretty. </li></ul><ul><li>Question- Where do you live? </li></ul><ul><li>Exclamation- Hurray, the ice cream truck is coming! </li></ul><ul><li>Command- Clean your room up now! </li></ul>
  19. 29. A sentence can be a statement <ul><li>The phone is off the hook. </li></ul><ul><li>That will cost five pounds. </li></ul>A sentence always begins with a capital letter click below to see them all
  20. 30. A sentence can be a question <ul><li>Is that stack safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you be driving? </li></ul>
  21. 31. A sentence can be an exclamation <ul><li>What a brilliant goal! </li></ul><ul><li>Look out below! </li></ul>
  22. 32. A sentence could be a wish <ul><li>I wish I could have a pay rise. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish this bolt was easier to undo. </li></ul>
  23. 33. Or a command <ul><li>You must stop that at once. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you use that torch safely. </li></ul>
  24. 34. A request <ul><li>Please be careful when you throw this away. </li></ul>
  25. 35. A sentence must begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop . Exclamation marks and question marks have a full stop underneath them. ?! Remember
  26. 36. A sentence must have both <ul><li>a subject </li></ul><ul><li>and a verb </li></ul>
  27. 37. A subject is a thing or person and a verb is a doing word. <ul><li>The coffee is cold. </li></ul><ul><li>The telephone rings . </li></ul>Subject Verb Subject Verb Verb Subject Plus = Sentence
  28. 38. Click on the words to find out if they are subjects or verbs <ul><li>The telephone rings . </li></ul><ul><li>The freezer is cold. </li></ul><ul><li>We are visiting the London Eye. </li></ul><ul><li>The floor is slippery </li></ul><ul><li>The sign said stop. </li></ul><ul><li>The people couldn’t hear me. </li></ul><ul><li>How did you do ? </li></ul>
  29. 39. PRESENTED BY:-
  30. 40. RAHUL RAI VIII-C
  31. 41. THANK YOU
  32. 42. THE END Click here to go back to the beginning
  33. 43. This sign tells you that information is available <ul><li>It can also be seen in places such as bus and train stations. </li></ul>
  34. 44. The letters of the alphabet <ul><li>A a </li></ul><ul><li>B b </li></ul><ul><li>C c </li></ul><ul><li>D d </li></ul><ul><li>E e </li></ul><ul><li>F f </li></ul><ul><li>G g </li></ul><ul><li>H h </li></ul><ul><li>I i </li></ul><ul><li>J j </li></ul><ul><li>K k </li></ul><ul><li>L l </li></ul><ul><li>M m </li></ul><ul><li>N n </li></ul><ul><li>O o </li></ul><ul><li>P p </li></ul><ul><li>Q q </li></ul><ul><li>R r </li></ul><ul><li>S s </li></ul><ul><li>T t </li></ul><ul><li>U u </li></ul><ul><li>V v </li></ul><ul><li>W w </li></ul><ul><li>X x </li></ul><ul><li>Y y </li></ul><ul><li>Z z </li></ul>
  35. 45. A question must always end with a question mark ? And could begin with why what where how who or when
  36. 46. An exclamation always ends with an exclamation mark ! If you were to shout, that would be an exclamation.
  37. 47. A subject is <ul><li>A person </li></ul><ul><li>A thing </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever it is you want to talk about. </li></ul>
  38. 48. A verb is <ul><li>a doing word </li></ul><ul><li>a being word </li></ul><ul><li>or a having word </li></ul>The hose sprays everyone. The weather is cold. The boots have steel toe caps.
  39. 49. You have clicked forward <ul><li>Now you can return to the last page </li></ul><ul><li>Or move forward to the next page </li></ul>
  40. 50. You have clicked the back button <ul><li>Now you can return to the last page </li></ul><ul><li>Or move forward to the next page </li></ul>
  41. 51. Subject
  42. 52. Verb