2009General knowledge         RAVI KUMAR         Special Training program, IEG         1/1/2009
Index  1. Earth Some Important Facts  2. Indian States International Boundaries  3. Important Crops India  4. Important Na...
INDIA IN SCIENCE & TECH  1. Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers  2. Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7  3. Some Important Facts o...
1INDIA-I
Earth Some Important Facts -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Indian States International Boundaries    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Rapeseed And10                           Rajasthan, UP, Haryana      Mustard11 Soyabean                  Madhya Pradesh, M...
Important Rivers India    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Important River Valley Projects    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
20    Salal Project                On Chenab in J & K      Mata Tila21                                 On Betwa in UP & MP...
19       Jabalpur                      Narmada20       Panji                         Mandavi21       Ujjain               ...
Mahabaleshwar                                                  MaharashtraMt. Abu                                         ...
Tiger, panther,                            Hoshangabad,Bori Sanctuary                                  sambar, chital, wil...
Tiger, leopard,                          Hazaribagh,Hazaribagh Sanctuary                         chital, nilgai,          ...
Tiger, leopard,Parambikulam Sanctuary    Palghat, Kerala     gaur, elephant,                                              ...
Mineral Resources of India------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Yeppamanna goldfields in Chittor and Anantapur districts     Silver, Zinc   Rajasthan (Zawar mines near Udaipur), Andhra P...
2INDIA-II
Important DaysImportant Days                                                          DaysNational Youth Day              ...
Manav Ekta Divas                                               April 24May Day (Workers Day; International Labour Day)    ...
Sadhbhavana Divas                                                          August 20National Sports Day                   ...
9    A House for Mr. Biswas            V.S. Naipaul10   A Million Mutinies Now            V.S. Naipul11   A Midsummer Nigh...
39   An Autobiography                     Jawaharlal Nehru40   An Equal Music                       Vikram Seth41   An Ide...
74   Chidambara                      Sumitranandan Pant75   Chitra                          Rabindra Nath Tagore76   Chron...
103 Dilemma of our Time          Harold Joseph Laski104 Diplomacy                    Henry Kissinger105 Discovery of India...
133 Fasting Feasting            Anita Desai134 Father and Sons             Ivan Turgenev                                Bo...
162 Half a Life                                 V.S. Naipaul163 Hamlet                                      W. Shakespeare...
191 India Unbound                                   Gurcharan Das192 India of Our Dreams                             M.V. ...
219 Kidnapped                                 Robert Louis Stevenson220 Kim                                       Rudyard ...
249 Man and Superman                          George Bernard Shaw250 Man of Property                           John Galswo...
279 Nana                                       Emile Zola280 Never At Home                              Dom Moraes281 New ...
308 Preoccupations                                Seamus Heaney309 Present at the Creation                       Dean Ache...
338 Seven Lamps of Architecture                         John Ruskin339 Seven Summers                                      ...
367 The Bride`s Book of Beauty            Mulk Raj Anand368 The Cancer Ward                       Alexander Solzhenitsyn36...
396 The Glass Palace                          Amitav Ghosh397 The God of Small Things                   Arundhati Roy398 T...
425 The Minister`s Wife                      Amaresh Mishra426 The Miser                                Moliere427 The Moo...
455 The Tree of Man                   Patrick White456 The Trial                         Franz Kafka457 The Unfurnished Ma...
485 Vanity Fair                                               William Thackeray486 Waiting for Godot                      ...
7    Brazil        7th September8    Canada        1st July9    China         10th October10   Chile         18th Septembe...
37              Ukraine                              24th August38              Uganda                               9th O...
Epithets1    Bengals Sorrow                           Damodar River2    Blue Mountains                            Nilgiri ...
30   Island of Pearls           Bahrain31   Key to Mediterannean       Gibraltar32   Lady with a lamp           Florence N...
60    Saint of the Gutters                            Mother Terasa61    Sickman of Europe                               T...
City, Highest             Van Chuan (China)Continent, Largest        AsiaContinent, Smallest       AustraliaCountry, Bigge...
LongestMuseum, Largest          British Museum, LondonOcean, Largest           PacificPalace, Biggest          Vatican (It...
Wall, Longest             Great Wall of ChinaWaterfall, Highest        Angel (Venezuela)Water, Lowest Body        Dead Sea...
Inventions and Discoveries1    Air Brake                    George Westinghouse2    Aniline Dyes                 Hoffman3 ...
28   D.D.T.                          Dr.Paul Muller29   Deuterium (Heavy Water)         H.C.Urey30   Diesel Oil Engine    ...
55   Geometry                        Euclid56   Gun powder                      Rogei Bacon57   Gramophone                ...
85   Laws of Motion                  Newton86   Laws of Natural Selections      Darwin87   Laws of Multiple Proportion    ...
(S.P.Gravity)113 Phototherapy                N.R.Finsen114 Positive Electrons          Anderson115 Powerloom              ...
142 Steel Melting Process          Bessemer143 Stethoscope                    Laennec144 Submarine                      Bu...
National EmblemsAustralia            KangarooBangladesh           Water LilyBarbados             Head of tridentBelgium   ...
Sierra Leone                             LionSri Lanka                                LionSudan                           ...
Teller, Edward (Dr.): U.S. nuclear scientist developed the hydrogen bomb.Thomson, Sir J.J. (1856 - 1940): British physicis...
molecule. He lived between 1776 and 1856.Bardeen, Prof. John: U.S.A.s co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics, 1972 (with...
1746 and 1823.Clark Maxwell, James: British physicist worked wireless telegraphy and telephony. Hisprincipal works include...
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General knowledge 2009 (table format)

  1. 1. 2009General knowledge RAVI KUMAR Special Training program, IEG 1/1/2009
  2. 2. Index 1. Earth Some Important Facts 2. Indian States International Boundaries 3. Important Crops India 4. Important National Highways 5. Important Rivers India 6. Important River Valley Projects 7. Important Indian Town Rivers 8. Hill Stations India 9. Sanctuaries and Parks in India 10. Mineral Resources of India********** 1. Important Days 2. Books and Authors 3. Independence Days of Various Countries 4. First in the World 5. Epithets 6. Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the World 7. Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks 8. Inventions and Discoveries 9. National Emblems 10. Worlds Prominent Scientists ***************** 1. Nick Names of Important Indian Places 2. Recipients of Bharat Ratna 3. Important Sites in India 4. First in India Men 5. First in India Women 6. Persons & Places
  3. 3. INDIA IN SCIENCE & TECH 1. Elements Symbols and Atomic Numbers 2. Indias Dream Launch PSLV C7 3. Some Important Facts of Human Body 4. Milestones in Medicine 5. Science Terminology 6. National Surveys and Other Institutions in India 7. Noice ScaleINDIAN HISTROY 1. Buddhism 2. Newspaper Journals 3. Constitutional Development 4. Jainism 5. Governor Generals of India 6. Important National Activities 7. Venue, Year and Presidents of India National Congress (INC)WORLD 1. Famous towns in world 2. Famous places in world 3. Mountains,peaks of the world 4. Some highest waterfalls 5. Largest lakes of the world 6. Solar system 7. Cities situated on river sides
  4. 4. 1INDIA-I
  5. 5. Earth Some Important Facts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Age 4,550 million yearsMass 5.976 x 10kgVolume 1.083 x 10 litresMean Density 5.518 kg/ltTotal Surface Area 510 million sq.kmLand Area 29.2% of the total surface areaWater Area 70.8% of the total surface areaEquatorial Diameter 12,755 kmPolar Diameter 12,712 kmEscape Velocity 11.2 km/secHighest Land Point Mount Everest (8,852 m)Lowest Land Point Dead Sea (396 m)Greatest Ocean Depth Mariana Trench (11,033 m)Equatorial Circumference 40,076 kmPolar Circumference 40,024 kmMean Surface Temperature 14CMaximum distance from sun About 152 million km(Aphelion)Minimum distance from sun About 147 million km(Perihelion)Rotation Speed 23 hrs, 56 min & 40.91 secRevolution Speed 365 days, 5hrs & 45.51 sec Mar,21 (Vernal Equinox); Sept. 23 (AutumnalDates when days & nights are equal Equinox)Dates of longest days and shortest June 21 (Summer Solstice); Dec, 22 (Winter Solstice)nights
  6. 6. Indian States International Boundaries ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Bordering Pakistan Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat. Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim,2 Bordering China Arunachal Pradesh.3 Bordering Nepal Bihar, Uttaranchal, UP, Sikkim, West Bengal Bordering4 West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, Assam Bangladesh5 Bordering Bhutan West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam6 Bordering Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram Bordering7 Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan - occupied area) Afghanistan Important Crops India ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 Rice West Bengal, Punjab, UP2 Wheat UP, Punjab, Haryana3 Maize Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka4 Bajra Rajasthan, Gujarat, UP5 Jowar Maharashtra, Karnataka, MP, AP TOTAL6 COARSE Maharashtra, Karnataka, UP CEREALS TOTAL7 MP, UP, Maharashtra PULSES TOTAL FOOD8 UP, Punjab, West Bengal GRAINS9 Groundnut Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
  7. 7. Rapeseed And10 Rajasthan, UP, Haryana Mustard11 Soyabean Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan12 Sunflower Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra TOTAL OIL13 MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan SEEDS14 Sugarcane UP, Maharashtra, Karnataka15 Cotton Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh16 Jute and Mesta WB, Bihar, Assam17 Tea Assam, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh18 Coffee Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu19 Rubber Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh. In India all 420 Silk varieties of silk are available; Mulberry, tussar, eri and muga. Mulberry is the main variety, while tussar is mainly found in Bihar.21 Tobacco Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka Important National Highways ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo National Highways Connects1 NH 1 New Delhi - Ambala - Jalandhar - Amritsar.2 NH 2 Delhi - Mathura - Agra - Kanpur - Allahabad - Varanasi - Kolkata3 NH 3 Agra - Gwalior - Nasik - Mumbai4 NH 4 Thane and Chennai via Pune and Belgaun.5 NH 5 Kolkata - Chennai6 NH 6 Kolkata - Dhule7 NH 7 Varanasi - Kanyakumari8 NH 8 Delhi - Mumbai (Via Jaipur, Baroda and Ahmedabad)9 NH 9 Mumbai - Vijaywada10 NH 10 Delhi - Fazilka
  8. 8. Important Rivers India --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo Name Origin From Falls into Length (km)23 Tungabhadra Western Ghats Krishna river 6401 Ganges Combined Sources Bay of Bengal 25252 Satluj Mansarovar Rakas Lakes Chenab 10503 Indus Near Mansarovar Lake Arabian Sea 28804 Ravi Kullu Hills near Rohtang Pass Chenab 7205 Beas Near Rohtang Pass Satluj 4706 Jhelum Verinag in Kashmir Chenab 7257 Yamuna Yamunotri Ganga 13758 Chambal M.P. Yamuna 10509 Ghagra Matsatung Glacier Ganga 108010 Kosi Near Gosain Dham Peak Ganga 73011 Betwa Vindhyanchal Yamuna 48012 Son Amarkantak Ganga 78013 Brahmaputra Near Mansarovar Lake Bay of Bengal 290014 Narmada Amarkantak Gulf of Khambat 105715 Tapti Betul Distt. In M.P. Gulf of Khambat 72416 Mahanadi Raipur Distt. In Chhatisgarh Bay of Bengal 85817 Luni Aravallis Rann of Kuchchh 45018 Ghaggar Himalayas Near Fatehabad 49419 Sabarmati Aravallis Gulf of Khambat 41620 Krishna Western Ghats Bay of Bengal 021 Godavari Nasik Distt. In Maharashtra Bay of Bengal 146522 Cauvery Brahmagir Range of Western Ghats Bay of Bengal 805
  9. 9. Important River Valley Projects ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sno Project Name River Name On Sutlaj in Punjab. Highest in India. Ht 226 m. Reservoir is1 Bhakra Nangal Project called Gobind Sagar Lake.2 Mandi Project On Beas in HP Chambal Valley On Chambal in MP & Rajasthan. 3 dams are there: Gandhi3 Project Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam. Damodar Valley On Damodar in Bihar. Based on Tennessee Valley Project,4 Project USA.5 Hirakud Project On Mahanadi in Orissa. Worlds longest dam: 4801m On Son in Mirzapur, Reservoir is called Govind Vallabh Pant6 Rihand Project reservoir.7 Kosi Project On Kosi in N.Bihar.8 Mayurkashi Project On Mayrukashi in WB.9 Kakrapara Project On Tapi in Gujarat.10 Nizamsagar Project On Manjra in AP. Nagarjuna Sagar11 On Krishna in AP Project12 Tungabhadra Project On Tungabhadra in AP & Karnataka Shivasamudram On Cauvery in Karnataka. It is the oldest river valley project of13 Project India.14 Tata Hydel Scheme On Bhima in Maharashtra Sharavathi Hydel15 On Jog Falls in Karnataka Project Kundah & Periyar16 In TN Project On Ganga in WB. Apart from power and irrigation it helps to17 Farakka Project remove silt for easy navigation.18 Ukai Project On Tapti in Gujarat19 Mahi Project On Mahi in Gujarat
  10. 10. 20 Salal Project On Chenab in J & K Mata Tila21 On Betwa in UP & MP Multipurpose Project22 Thein Project On Ravi, Punjab23 Pong Dam On Beas, Punjab24 Tehri Project On Bhgirathi, Uttaranchal25 Sardar Sarovar Project On Narmada, Gujarat/MP. Important Indian Town Rivers-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SNo Town River1 Allahabad At the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna2 Patna Ganga3 Varanasi Ganga4 Kanpur Ganga5 Hardwar Ganga6 Badrinath Alaknanda7 Agra Yamuna8 Delhi Yamuna9 Mathura Yamuna10 Ferozpur Satluj11 Ludhiana Satluj12 Srinagar Jhelum13 Lucknow Gomti14 Jaunpur Gomti15 Ayodhya Saryu16 Bareilly Ram Ganga17 Ahmedabad Sabarmati18 Kota Chambal
  11. 11. 19 Jabalpur Narmada20 Panji Mandavi21 Ujjain Kshipra22 Surat Tapti23 Jamshedpur Swarnarekha24 Dibrugarh Brahmaputra25 Guwahati Brahmaputra26 Kolkata Hooghly27 Sambalpur Mahanadi28 Cuttack Mahanadi29 Serirangapatnam Cauvery30 Hyderabad Musi31 Nasik Godavari32 Vijayvada Krishna33 Curnool Tungabhadra34 Tiruchirapalli Cauvery Hill Stations India------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Hill Stations State NameAlmora (Kumaon hills) Uttar PradeshCherrapunji (Shillong) MeghalayaCoonoor (Nilgiri hills) Tamil NaduDalhousie Himachal PradeshDarjeeling West BengalGulmarg Kashmir (Highest)Kasauli (Shimla) Himachal PradeshKodaikanal Tamil Nadu
  12. 12. Mahabaleshwar MaharashtraMt. Abu RajasthanMussoorie UttaranchalNainital UttaranchalOotacamund Tamil NaduPachmarhi Madhya PradeshRanchi JharkhandShillong (Khasi hills) MeghalayaShimla Himachal PradeshSrinagar Jammu & Kashmir Sanctuaries and Parks in India------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Name Location Reserves for Bilaspur, Tiger, bear, chital,Achanakmar Sanctuary Chhattisgarh sambar, bison Tiger, panther, Shahdol, MadhyaBandhavgarh National Park chital, nilgai, wild Pradesh bear Border of Elephant, tigers,Bandipur Sanctuary Karnataka and panther, sambar, Tamil Nadu deer, birds Elephant, chital,Banarghatta Bangalore deer, gray Partridges, greenNational Park Karnataka pigeon Elephant, chital, Chikmagalur,Bhadra Sancturary panther, sambar, Karnataka wild bear Tiger, leopard,Bhimabandh Sanctuary Monghyr, Bihar sambar, wild bear, chital, water birds
  13. 13. Tiger, panther, Hoshangabad,Bori Sanctuary sambar, chital, wild Madhya Pradesh boar, barking deer Panther, sambar,Borivli National Park Mumbai langur, wild boar, chinkara Famous for Gir Near VaranasiChandraprabha Sanctuary lions, chital and Uttar Pradesh sambarCorbett National Park Nainital, Tiger, leopards,named in memory of Jim Uttaranchal elephants, sambarCorbett, famous sportsman Dachigam,Dachigam Sanctuary Kashmiri stag Kashmir Elephants, leopard, Singbhum,Datma Sanctuary wild bear, barking Uttaranchal deer Tiger, panther, Dharwar,Dandeli Sanctuary elephant, chital, Karnataka sambar, wild bear Tiger, panther, LakhimpurkheriDudhwa National Park sambar, chital, U.P. nilgai, barking deer Chital, sambar,Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary Mandsaur, M.P. chinkara, barking deer, wild birds Elephant, leopard,Garampani Sanctuary Diphu, Assam wild buffalo, langur Water birds, black- Bharatpur,Ghana Bird Sanctuary buck, chital, Rajasthan sambar Indias biggest wild life sanctuaryGir Forest Junagarh, Gujarat famous for Gir lions Tiger, leopard,Gautam Buddha Sanctuary Gaya, Bihar sambar, chital, barking deer
  14. 14. Tiger, leopard, Hazaribagh,Hazaribagh Sanctuary chital, nilgai, Jharkhand sambar, wild cat Elephant, gaur, tiger, panther,Intangki Sanctuary Kohima, Nagaland barking deer, wild boarJaldapara Sanctuary West Bengal Rhinoceros Tiger, panther,Kawal Sanctuary Adilabad, A.P. gaur, chital, wild bear Horned rhinoceros, gaur, elephant,Kaziranga National Park Jorhat, Assam leopard, wild buffalo Snow leopard,Khangchandzendra Gangtok, Sikkim musk deer,National Park Himalayan bear Tiger, panther,Kinnersani Sanctuary Khamrsan, A.P. gaur, chital, sambar, nilgai Pelicans, paintedKolleru Pelicanary Elluru A.P. stork Elephant, tiger,Nagerhole National Park Coorg, Karnataka panther, sambar, chital Elephant, panther, Tirap, ArunachalNamdafa Sanctuary sambar, tiger, Pradesh chital, king cobra Tiger, panther, Bhandara,Nawegaon National Park sambar, chital, Maharashtra nilgai Tiger, panther, Hoshangabad,Pachmarhi Sanctuary bear, sambar, M.P. nilgai, barking deer Tiger, panther,Pakhal Sanctuary Warangal A.P. sambar, chital, nilgai
  15. 15. Tiger, leopard,Parambikulam Sanctuary Palghat, Kerala gaur, elephant, nilgai, chital Tiger, panther, Nagpur,Pench National Park gaur, sambar, Maharashtra chital, nilgai Elephant, tiger, panther, gaur,Periyar Sanctuary Idukki, Kerala nilgai, sambar, wild bearRanganthittoo Bird Islands in Cauvery Important birdSanctuary river in Karnataka sanctuary Snow leopard, brown bear, muskRohla National Park Kulu, H.P. deer, snow cock, snow pigeon Tiger, panther,Sariska Sanctuary Alwar, Rajasthan sambar, nilgai, chital, chinkara Elephant, tiger,Sharaswathy Valley Shimoga, panther, sambar,Sanctuary Karnataka gaur chital, wild bear Black bear, muskShikari Devi Sanctuary Mandi, H.P. deer, panther, leopard, partridge Tiger, panther, sambar, hyena,Shivpuri National Park Shivpuri, M.P. hyena, sloth bear, nilgai Elephant, tiger, Mayurbhanj,Similipal Sanctuary leopard, gaur, Orissa chital Tiger, panther,Someshwara Sanctuary Canara, Karnataka wild boar, leopard Tiger, deer, wild South 24 parganas,Sunderban Tiger Reserve boar, crocodile, West Bengal Gangetic dolphin
  16. 16. Mineral Resources of India------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ West Bengal (Raniganj, Burdwan, Bankura, Purulia, Birbhum, Jalpaigudi, Darjeeling) Jharkhand (Jharia, Giridih, Kharhawadi, Bokaro, Hazaribagh, Karnapura, Rampur, Palamau), Orissa (Rampur, Hindgir, Talcher,1 Coal Sambhal), Madhya Pradesh and Chhatisgarh (Rewa, Pench valley, Umaria, Korba, Sohagpur, Mand river area, Kanha valley, Betul), etc. Power sector is the largest consumer of coal in India followed by steel industry, cement industry, etc. Orissa, Maharashtra (Nagpur, Bhandara, Ratnagiri), Madhya Pradesh2 Manganese (Balaghat, Chhindawara), Karnataka (Keonjhar, Bonai, Kalahandi), Andhra Pradesh (Kadur, Garibadi). Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat), Rajasthan (Khetri), Jharkhand (Singhbhum,3 Copper Masobani, Surda), Karnataka (Chitradurg, Hussan) Jharkhand (Hazaribagh, Giridih, Kodarma, Bihar (Gaya, Bhagalpur),4 Mica Andhra Pradesh (Guntur, Vizag, Kurnool), Rajasthan (Bhilwara, Udaipur, Jaipur) Assam (Digboi, Naharkatiya, Badarpur, Masinpur and Pallharia), Gujarat (Ankleshwar, Khambat, Kalol), Mumbai High, Bassein (south of Mumbai5 Petroleum High), etc. Recently oil has been discovered in Cauvery basin, Krishna and Godawari basin, Kharmbat basin, etc. There are 18 refineries in India, 16 in public sector, one in joint sector and one in private sector. Public sector refineries are located at Digboi, Oil Guwahati, Bongaigaon, Barauni, Haldia, Koyali, Mathura, Kochi, Chennai,6 Refineries Vishakhapatnam, Mumbai (2), Panipat, Narimanam, Numanigarh and Tatipaka. Joint sector refinery is at Mangalore. The private sector refinery of Reliance Limited is at Jamnagar. India possesses Haematite, a very high-grade iron ore. In Madhya Pradesh (Bailadila, Jabalpur), Goa (North Goa), Karnataka (Bababudan hills, Chikmagalur, Hospet), Jharkhand (Singhbhum, Naomundi), Andhra7 Iron Pradesh, Orissa India is the fifth largest exporter of Iron ore in the world. Japan is the biggest buyer accounting for about 3/4th of Indias total exports. Major ports handling iron ore export are Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, Marmagao and Mangalore. Chief ore for producing aluminium. In Orissa (Kalahandi, Koraput, Sundargarh, Bolangir, Sambalpur), Jharkhand (Lohardaga, Gumla), Madhya8 Bauxite Pradesh (Jabalpur, Mandla, Shahdol, Katni, Balaghat), Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu9 Gold Karnataka (Kolar, Hutti, Raichur), Andhra Pradesh (Ramgiri and
  17. 17. Yeppamanna goldfields in Chittor and Anantapur districts Silver, Zinc Rajasthan (Zawar mines near Udaipur), Andhra Pradesh (Mysore,10 and Lead Chitradurg), Karnataka (Kolar mines) Jharkhand (Jaduguda), Rajasthan (Ajmer), Andhra Pradesh (Nellore,11 Uranium Nalgonda), Karnataka (Gulbarga)12 Thorium Kerala coast (From Monazite sand), rocks of Aravallis in Rajasthan
  18. 18. 2INDIA-II
  19. 19. Important DaysImportant Days DaysNational Youth Day January 12Army Day January 21Desh Prem Diwas January 23International Customs Day January 26Republic Day January 26Martyrs Day January 30Valentines Day February 14Arunachal Day February 20Central Excise Day February 24National Science Day February 28International Womens Day March 8World Consumers Rights Day March 15World Disabled Day March 15International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Racial March 21DiscriminationWorld Forestry Day March 21World Day for Water March 22World Meteorological Day March 23Bangladesh Day March 26National Maritime Day April 5Samta Diwas April 5World Health Day April 7Railway week April 10-16World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day April 12Jallianwala Day April 13World Heritage Day April 18Earth Day April 22World Book Day April 23
  20. 20. Manav Ekta Divas April 24May Day (Workers Day; International Labour Day) May 1World Press Freedom Day May 3V-E Day May 8World Red Cross Day May 8Mothers Day May 9National Solidarity Day May 13Anti-terrorism Day May 21Commonwealth Day May 24International Day of Families May 15World Telecommunication Day May 17Everest Day May 29Mount Everest Day May 29No-Tobacco Day May 31International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression June 4World Environment Day June 15Goa Liberation Day June 18UN Charter Signing Day June 25Anti-Emergency Day June 26International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking June 26World Diabetes Day June 27Poors Day June 28Doctors Day July 1World Population Day July 11World Breast Feeding Day August 1Breast Feeding Week August 1-7Hiroshima Day August 6Nagasaki Day August 9Quit India Day August 9Independence Day August 15
  21. 21. Sadhbhavana Divas August 20National Sports Day August 29Teachers Day September 5World Literacy Day September 8 SeptemberWorld Ozone Day 16 SeptemberWorld Tourism Day 27International Day for the Elderly October 1World Vegetarian Day October 2World Habitat Day October 5International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction October 7Air Force Day October 8Post Office Day October 9World Post Day October 9World Standards Day October 14World Food Day October 16Police Commemoration Day October 21UN Day October 24 Books and Authors1 A Bend in the River V.S. Naipaul2 A Brief History of Time Stephen Hawking3 A China Passage John Kenneth Galbraith4 A Critique of Pure Reason Immanuel Kant5 A Doll`s House Ibsen6 A Farewell to Arms Ernest Hemingway7 A Fine Balance Rohinton Mistry8 A Handful of Dust Evelyn Waugh
  22. 22. 9 A House for Mr. Biswas V.S. Naipaul10 A Million Mutinies Now V.S. Naipul11 A Midsummer Night`s Dream William Shakespeare12 A Passage to England Nirad C. Choudhari13 A Passage to India E.M. Foster14 A Prisoner`s Scrapbook L.K. Advani15 A Strange and Sublime Address Amit Chaudhari16 A Streetcar Named Desire Tennesse Williams17 A Study of History Arnold J. Toynbee18 A Suitable Boy Vikram Seth19 A Tale of Two Cities Charles Dickens20 A Thousand Days Arthur M. Schlesinger21 A Thousand Suns Dominique Lappierre22 A Village by the Sea Anita Desai23 A Voice for Freedom Nayantara Sehgal24 A Week with Gandhi Louis Fischer25 Absolute Power David Baldacci26 Adonis P.B. Shelley27 Adventures of Tom Sawyer Mark Twain28 Afternoon Raag Amit Chaudhari29 Agni Veena Kazi Nazrul Islam30 Alice in Wonderland Lewis Carroll31 All the King`s Men Robert Penn Warren32 All the President`s Men Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward33 All Things Bright and Beautiful James Herriot34 All`s Well that Ends Well William Shakspeare35 Amar Kosh Amar Singh36 An American Dilemma Gunnar Myrdal37 An American Tragedy Theodore Dreiser38 An area of Darkness V.S. Naipaul
  23. 23. 39 An Autobiography Jawaharlal Nehru40 An Equal Music Vikram Seth41 An Idealist View of Life Dr. S. Radhakrishnan42 Anandmath Bankin Chandra Chatterjee43 Animal Farm George Orwell44 Anna Karenina Leo Tolstoy45 Antony and Cleopatra William Shakespeare46 Around the World in Eighty Days Jules Verne47 Arrowsmith Sinclair Lewis48 As You Like it William Shakespeare49 Asia and Western Dominace K.M. Panikkar50 Asian Drama Gunnar Myrdal51 Autobiography of an Unknown Indian Nirad C. Choudhari52 Beginning of the Beginning Bhagwan Sri. Rajneesh53 Beloved Toni Morrison54 Ben Hur Lewis Wallance55 Beyond the Horizon Eugene O` Neill58 Bharat Bharati Maithili Saran Gupta59 Black Holes and Baby Universes Stephen Hawking60 Blood, Brain and Beer David Ogilvy61 Born Free Joy Adamson62 Brave New World Aldous Huxley64 Bread, Beauty and Revolution Khwaja Ahmad Abbas65 Breakthrough Gen. Moshe Dayan66 Bubble, The Mulk Raj Anand67 Business @ the Speed of Thought Bill Gates68 Caesar and Cleopatra George Bernard Shaw70 Candide Voltaire71 Catch - 22 Joseph Heller73 Cherry Orchard Anton Chekov
  24. 24. 74 Chidambara Sumitranandan Pant75 Chitra Rabindra Nath Tagore76 Chronicle of a Death Foretold Gabriel Garcia Marquez77 Circle of Reason Amitav Ghosh78 Circles of Silence Preeti Singh79 City of Joy Dominique Lapierre80 City of Djinns William Dalrymple81 Coming of Age in Samoa Margaret Mead82 Common Sense Thomas Paine83 Communist Manifesto Karl Marx84 Confessions J.J. Rousseau85 Confidential Clerk T.S. Eliot86 Conquest of Self Mahatma Gandhi87 Coolie Mulk Raj Anand88 Crescent Moon Rabindra Nath Tagore89 Crime and Punishment Feodor Dostoyevsky90 Crisis into Chaos E.M.S. Namboodiripad.91 Comedy of Errors William Shakespeare92 Darkness at Noon Arthur Koestler93 Das Kapital Karl Marx94 David Copperfield Charles Dickens Arthur Ashe & Arnold95 Days of Grace Rampersad96 Death in Venice Thomas Mann97 Death of a City Amrita Pritam98 Death of a patriot R.E. Harrington99 Death of a Salesman Arthur Miller100 Debacle Emile Zola101 Descent of Man Charles Darwin102 Devdas Sharat Chandra Chatterjee
  25. 25. 103 Dilemma of our Time Harold Joseph Laski104 Diplomacy Henry Kissinger105 Discovery of India Jawaharlal Nehru106 Distant Drums Manohar Malgaonkar107 Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri108 Divine Life Swami Sivananda109 Doctor Zhivago Boris Pastemak110 Doctor`s Dilemma George Bernard Shaw111 Don Juan Lord Byron112 Don Quixote Miguel de Cervantes113 Dr.Jekyil and Mr. Hyde Robert Louis Stevenson114 Durgesh Nandini Bankim Chandra Chatterjee115 Down Under Bill Bryson116 Earth Emile Zola117 Eminent Victorians Lytton Strachey118 Emma Jane Austen119 Ends and Means Aldous Huxley120 English August Upamanyu Chatterjee121 Envoy to Nehru Escott Reid122 Essays of Elia Charles Lamp123 Essays on Gita Sri. Aurobindo Ghosh124 Eternal Himalayas Major H.P.S. Ahluwalia125 Ethics for New Millennium The Dalai Lama126 Expanding Universe Arthur Stanley Eddington127 Faces of Everest Major H.P.S. Ahluwalia128 Family Matters Rohinton Mistry129 Family Renuion T.S. Eliot130 Far from the Madding Crowd Thomas Hardy131 Farewell the Trumpets James Morris132 Farewell to Arms Ernest Hemingway
  26. 26. 133 Fasting Feasting Anita Desai134 Father and Sons Ivan Turgenev Bob Woodward and Carl135 Final Days, The Bernstein136 First Circle Alexander Solzhermitsyn137 For Whom the Bell Tolls Ernest Hemingway138 Forsyth Saga John Galsworthy139 Fortynine Days Amrita Pritam Larry Collins and Domonique140 Freedom at Midnight Lapierre141 French Revolution Thomas Carlyle142 Friends and Foes Sheikh Mujibur Rahman143 From Here to Elernity James Hones144 Ganadevata Tara Shankar Bandopadhyaya145 Gandhi and Stalin Louis Fisher146 Gardener Rabindra Nath Tagore147 Gathering Storm Winston Churchill148 Ghasiram Kotwal Vijay Tendulkar149 Gitanjali Rabindra Nath Tagore150 Glimpses of World History Jawaharlal Nehru151 Godan Prem Chand152 Golden Threshold Sarojini Naidu153 Gone With The Wind Margaret Mitchell154 Good Earth Pearl S. Buck155 Good Times, Bad Times Harold Evans156 Goodbye, Mr.Chips James Hilton157 Grammar of Politics Harold Joseph Laski158 Great Expectations Charles Dickens159 Guide R.K. Narayan160 Gulliver`sTravels Janathan Swift161 Gypsi Masala Preethi Nair
  27. 27. 162 Half a Life V.S. Naipaul163 Hamlet W. Shakespeare164 Harvest Manjula Padmanabhan165 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix J.K. Rowling166 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire J.K Rowling167 Heritage Anthony West168 Heroes and Hero Worship Thomas Carlyle169 Himalayan Blunder Brigadier J.P. Dalvi170 Hindu View of Life Dr. S. Radhakrishnan171 Hinduism Nirad C. Choudhuri172 Homage to Catalonia George Orwell173 How to Know God Deepak Chopra174 Human Factor Graham Green175 Hungry stones Rabindra Nath Tagore176 Ideas and Opinions Albert Einstein69 Candida George Bernard Shaw177 I follow the Mahatma K.M. Munshi178 Idols Sunil Gavaskar179 If I am Assassinated Z.A. Bhutto180 If only Geri Halliwell181 Ignited Minds A.P.J Abdul Kalam182 In Evil Hour Gabriel Garcia Marques183 In Memoriam Alfred Lord Tennyson184 In Search of Gandhi Richard Attenborough185 India in the New Millennium Dr. P.C. Alexander186 India Changes Taya Zinkin187 India Discovered John Keay188 India Divided Rajendra Prasad189 India Emerging power Stephen Philip Cohen190 India - Another Millennium Romila Thapar
  28. 28. 191 India Unbound Gurcharan Das192 India of Our Dreams M.V. Kamath193 India Remembered Percival & Margaret Spear194 India Wins Freedom Abul Kalam Azad195 India`s Priceless Hertiage N.A. Palkhivala196 Indian Philosophy Dr. S. Radhakrishnan197 Indira: The Life of Indira Nehru Gandhi Katherine Frank198 Inscrutable Americans Anurag Mathur199 Inside Asia, Inside Europe, Inside Africa etc John Gunther200 Interpreter of Maladies Jhumpa Lahiri201 Intimacy Jean Paul Sartre202 Invisible Man H.G. Wells Larry Collins & Dominique203 Is Paris Burning Lapierre204 Isabella John Keats Stev Weissman & Herbert205 Islamic Bomb Krouney Dominique Lapierre and Javier206 It was Five Past Midnight in Bhopal Moro207 Jai Somnath K.M Munshi208 Julius Caeser William Shakespeare209 Jungle Book Rudyard Kipling210 Junglee Girl Ginu Kamani211 Jurassic Park Michael Crichton212 Kalpana Chawla - A Life Anil Padmanabhan213 Kamasutra Vatsyayana214 Kane and Abel Jeffrey Archer215 Kanthapura Raja Rao216 Kasmir : A Tragedy of Errors Tavleen Singh217 Kayar Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai218 Kenilworth Sir Walter Scott
  29. 29. 219 Kidnapped Robert Louis Stevenson220 Kim Rudyard Kipling221 King Lear William Shakespeare222 Kubla Khan Samuel Taylor Coleridge223 Ladies Coupe Anita Nair224 Lady Chatterley`s Lover D.H. Lawerence225 Lajja Taslima Nasreen226 Last Burden Upamanyu Chatterjee227 Last Things C.P Snow228 Le Contract (Social Contract) J.J. Rousseau229 Leaders Richard Nixon230 Leaves of Grass Walt Whitman231 Less Miserables Victor Hugo232 Life Divine Sri Aurobindo233 Life is Elsewhere Milan Kundera234 Life of Samuel Johnson James Boswell235 Living History Hillary Clinton236 Lolita Vladimir Nobakov237 Loneliness of the Long Distance Runnner Allan Sillitoe238 Long Day`s Journey into Night Eugene O` Neill239 Long Walk to freedom Nelson Mandela240 Look Back in Anger John Osborne241 Lord of the Files William Golding242 Love Story Erich Segal243 Macbeth W. Shakespeare244 Magic Mountain Thomas Mann245 Mahatma Gandhi and his Apostles Ved Mehta246 Mahatma Gandhi Romain Rolland247 Main Street Sinclair Lewis248 Malgudi Days R.K Narayan
  30. 30. 249 Man and Superman George Bernard Shaw250 Man of Property John Galsworthy251 Man, Beast and Virtue Luigi Pirandello252 Man - eaters of Kumaon Jim Corbett253 Managing for the Furture Peter Drucker254 Managing for Results Peter Drucker255 Mankind for Mother Earth Arnold Toynbee256 Many worlds K.P.S Menon257 Mayor of Casterbridge Thomas Hardy258 Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler259 Memories of Hope Ge. Charles de Gaulle260 Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus John Gray261 Middle March George Eliot262 Midnight `s Children Salman Rushdie263 Mill on the Floss George Eliot264 Moby Dick Hermann Melville265 Moonwalk Michael Jackson266 Mother India Katherine Mayo267 Mother Maxim Gorky268 Much Ado about Nothing William Shakespeare269 Murder in the Cathedral T.S. Eliot270 My Days R.K Narayan271 My India S. Nihal Singh272 My Life and Times V.V. Giri273 My Music , My Life Pt. Ravi Shankar274 My Own Boswell M.Hidayatullah275 My Presidential Years R. Venkataraman276 Mystic River Dennis Lehane277 My Truth Indira Gandhi278 My Son`s father Dom Moraes
  31. 31. 279 Nana Emile Zola280 Never At Home Dom Moraes281 New Dimensions of India`s Foreign Policy A.B. Vajpayee282 Nice Guys Finish Second B.K. Nehru283 Nineteen Eighty Four George Orwell284 No Full Stops in India Mark Tully Larry Collins & Dominique285 O` Jerusalem Lapierre286 Oliver Twist Charles Dickens287 On The Threshold of Hope Pope John Paul II288 One Hundred Years of Solitude Gabriel Garcia Marquez289 One World and India Arnold Toynbee290 One world Wendelll Wilkie291 Operation Bluestar : The True Story Lt. Gen. K.S. Brar292 Operation Shylock Philip Roth293 Othello William Shakespeare294 Our Films, Their Films Satyajit Ray295 Out of Africa Isak Dinesen296 Painter of Signs R.K. Narayan297 Pakistan: The Gathering Storm Benazir Bhutto298 Pale Blue Dot Carl Sagan299 Panchatantra Vishnu Sharma300 Paradise Lost John Milton301 Pather Panchali Bibhuti Bhushan302 People Like Us Pavan Varma303 Plain Speaking N. Chandrababu Naidu304 Pleading Guilty Scott Turow305 Portrait of India Ved Mehta306 Post Office Rabindra Nath Tagore307 Prelude William WordsWorth
  32. 32. 308 Preoccupations Seamus Heaney309 Present at the Creation Dean Acheson310 Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen311 Prince Niccolo Machiavelli312 Prison Diary Jayaprakash Narayan313 Private Lives Noel Coward314 Profiles in Courage John F. Kennedy315 Pygmalion George Bernard Shaw316 Rabbit, Run John Updike317 Rangbhoomi Prem Chand318 Rape of Bangladesh Anthony Mascarenhas319 Ravan & Eddie Kiran Nagarkar320 Rebel, The Albert Camus321 Red Badge of Courage Stephen Crane322 Red Earth and Pouring Rain Vikram Chandra323 Red Star Over China Edgar Snow324 Reflections on the French Revolution Edmund Burke325 Remembering Babylon David Malouf326 Rendezvous with Rama Arthur C.Clark327 Revolution from Within Gloria Steinem328 Riding the Storm Harold MacMillan329 Riot: A Novel Shashi Tharoor330 Rise and Fall of the Third Reich William L. Shierer331 Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe332 Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare333 Room at the Top John Braine334 Saket Maithili Sharan Gupta335 Sanctuary William Faulkner336 Scam, The : Who Won, Who Lost, Who Got away Debashis Basu and Sucheta Dalal337 Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthome
  33. 33. 338 Seven Lamps of Architecture John Ruskin339 Seven Summers Mulk Raj Anand340 Shadow from Ladakh Bhavani Bhattacharya341 Shape of Things to Come H.G. Wells342 She Stoops to Conquer Oliver Goldsmith343 Siddharta Hermann Hesse344 Silent Spring Rachel Carson Small is Beautiful : A Study of Economics as if345 Ernst Schumacher People Mattered346 Snakes and Ladders: Essays on India Gita Mehta347 Snow Country Yasunari Kawabata348 Sohrab and Rustam Mathew Arnold349 Sons and Lovers D.H. Lawrence350 Stupid White Men Michael Moore351 Sun Stone Octavio Paz352 Sunny Days Sunil Gavaskar353 Swami and Friends R.K. Narayan354 Talisman Sir Walter Scott355 Tarzan of the Apes Edgar Rice Burroughs356 Tempest William Shakespeare357 Thank You, Jeeves P.G. Wodehouse358 The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Arthur Conan Doyle359 The Affluent Society John Kenneth Galbraith360 The age of Reason Jean Paul Sartre361 The Agenda Bob Woodward362 The Agony and the Ecstasy Irving Stone363 The Ambassadors Henry James364 The Banyan Tree Hugh Tinker365 The Best and the Brightest David Halberstam366 The Better Man Anita Nair
  34. 34. 367 The Bride`s Book of Beauty Mulk Raj Anand368 The Cancer Ward Alexander Solzhenitsyn369 The Call of the Wild Jack London370 The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer371 The Captive of the Caucasus Alexander Pushkin372 The Cardinal Henry Morton Robinson373 The Caretaker Harold Pinters374 The Changing World of the Executive Peter Drucker375 The Civil War Shelby Foote376 The Clown Heinrich Boll377 The Coup John Updike378 The Court Dancer Rabindra Nath Tagore379 The Crucible Arthur Miller380 The Death of Vishnu Manil Suri381 The Degeneration of India T.N. Seshan382 The Diary of a Young Girl Anne Frank383 The Double Helix James D. Watson384 The End of a Beautiful era Joseph Brodsky385 The End of History and the Last Man Francis Fukuyama386 The Executioner`s Song Norman Mailer387 The Eye of the Storm Patrick White388 The Castle Franz Kafka389 The Far Pavilions M.M Kaye390 The Feminine Mystique Betty Friedan Larry Collins and Domnique391 The Fifth Horseman Lapierre392 The Fire Next Time James Baldwin393 The Forbidden Sea Tara Ali Baig394 The Fury Salman Rushdie395 The Ginger Man J.P. Donleavy
  35. 35. 396 The Glass Palace Amitav Ghosh397 The God of Small Things Arundhati Roy398 The Godfather Mario Puzo399 The Golden gate Vikram Seth400 The Grapes and the Wind Pablo Neruda401 The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck402 The Great Challenge Louis Fischer403 The Great Indian Novel Shashi Tharoor404 The Guns of August Barbara Tuchman72 Centennial James A. Michener405 The Heart is a Lonely Hunter Carson McCullers406 The Hitchhiker`s Guide to the Galaxy Douglas Adams407 The Horse Whisperer Nicholas Evans408 The Green Knight Iris Murdoch409 The Heart of the Matter Graham Greene410 The Importance of Being Earnest Oscar Wilde411 The Interpreter of Maladies Jhumpa Lahiri412 The Interpreters Wole Soyinka413 The Invisible Man Ralph Ellison414 The Judge Steve Martini415 The Judgement Kuldip Nayar416 The Last Temptation of Christ Kazant Zakis417 The Legends of Khasak O.V. Vijayan418 The Making of a Midsummer Night`s Dream David Selboume419 The Masters C.P. Snow420 The Mandarin Simon de Beavoir421 The Men Who Killed Gandhi Manohar Malgaonkar422 The Merchant of Venice William Shakespeare423 The Middle Ground Margaret Drabble424 The Mind of the C.E.O Jeffrey E.Garten
  36. 36. 425 The Minister`s Wife Amaresh Mishra426 The Miser Moliere427 The Moor`s Last Sigh Salman Rushdie428 The Old Man and the Sea Ernest Hemingway429 The Origin of Species Charles Darwin430 The Pickwick Papers Charles Dickens431 The Pilgrim`s Progress John Bunyan432 The Power and the Glory Graham Greene433 The Power of Positive Thinking Norman Vincent Peale434 The Private Life of Chairman Mao Dr. Li Zhisui435 The Proper Study of Mankind Isaiah Berlin436 The Rain King Saul Bellow437 The Rape of the Lock Alexander Pope438 The Return of the Native Thomas Hardy439 The Road Ahead Bill Gates440 The Robe Lloyd C. Douglas441 The Roots Alex Haley442 The Satanic Verses Salman Rushdie443 The Second World War Winston Churchill444 The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success Deepak Chopra445 The Social Contract Rousseau446 The Songs of India Sarojini Naidu447 The Sound and the Fury William Faulker448 The Story of My Experiments with Truth Mahatma Gandhi449 The Struggle and the Triumph Lech Walesa450 The Struggle in My Life Nelson Mandela451 The Sword and the Sickle Mulk Raj Anand452 The Treatment John Grisham453 The Third Wave Alvin Tofler454 The Total Zone Martina Navaratilova
  37. 37. 455 The Tree of Man Patrick White456 The Trial Franz Kafka457 The Unfurnished Man Nizzim Ezekiel458 The Vendor of Sweets R.K. Narayan459 The Wasteland T.S. Eliot460 The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith461 Theory of War John Brady462 Thirteeth Sun, The Amrita Pritam463 Thom Birds Collen McCullough464 Thousand Cranes Yasunari Kawabata465 Time Machine H.G. Wells466 Tin Drum Gunther Grass467 Tinker, Tailor Soldier John Le - Came468 Tom Jones Henry Fielding469 To the Lighthouse Virginia Woolf470 Train to Pakistan Khushwant Singh471 Treasure Island Robert Louis Stevenson472 Tropic of Cancer Henry Miller473 Tryst with Destiny S. Gopalan474 Twelfth Night W. Shakespeare475 Two Leaves and a Bud Mulk Raj Anand476 The Strange and Sublime Address Amit Chaudhari477 Ulysses James Joyce478 Under the Net Iris Murdoch479 Unsafe at Any Speed Ralph Nader480 Unto The Last John Ruskin481 Untold Story General B.M. Kaul482 Up from Slavery Booker T. Washington483 Utopia Thomas Moore484 Valley of the Dolls Jacqueline Susann
  38. 38. 485 Vanity Fair William Thackeray486 Waiting for Godot Samuel Beckett487 Waiting for the Mahatma R.K. Narayan488 Wake Up India Annie Besant489 War and Peace Leo Tolstoy490 Westward Ho Charles Kingsley What they don`t teach you at Harvard Business491 Mark H.Mc Cormak School492 who is Kalam ? R.Ramanathan493 Who moved my cheese ? Dr. Spencer Johnson494 Wings of Fire A.P.J. abdul Kalam495 Winter Solstice Rosamunde Pilcher496 Witness to an Era Frank Moraes497 Women in Love D.H. Lawrence498 World Within Worlds Stephen Spender499 Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte500 Yayati V.S.Khandekar501 Year of the Upheaval Henry Kissinger502 Yesterday and Today K.P.S Menon503 You Can Win Shiv Khera Independence Days of Various Countries SNo Country Date1 Afghanistan 19th August2 Armenia 28th May3 Australia 4th January4 U.S.A. 4th July5 Bangladesh 16th December6 Belgium 21st July
  39. 39. 7 Brazil 7th September8 Canada 1st July9 China 10th October10 Chile 18th September11 Colombia 20th July12 Finland 6th December13 France 14th July14 Greece 25th March15 India 15th August16 Indonesia 17th August17 Israel 3rd April18 Italy 26th March19 Japan 29th April20 Korea 15th August21 Mexico 16th September22 Myanmar 4th January23 Maldives 26th July24 Norway 17th May25 Philippines 12th June26 Peru 28th July27 Poland 3rd May28 Portugal 5th October29 Pakistan 14th August30 Rwanda 5th July31 Sri Lanka 4th February32 Switzerland 1st August33 Spain 10th April34 Thailand 24th June35 Turkey 1st November36 Uzbekistan 1st September
  40. 40. 37 Ukraine 24th August38 Uganda 9th October39 Zimbabwe 18th April First in the World Field PersonThe First person to land on the moon Neil A. Amstrong (U.S.A)The First to launch search Satellite or "artificial moon" U.S.S.R. Late Maj. Yuri GagarinThe first man to enter space (USSR)The first woman cosmonaut in the world Valentina Tereshkova Lt.Col.Eileen Marie CollinThe first Woman Astronant pilot (US)The first person to float in space Alexei Leonav (Russia)The first American astronaut (2nd in world) to floatin space Edward WhiteThe first Russian cosmonaut to make two space flights Late Col. Vladimir KomarovThe first American astronaut to make two space flights Gordon Cooper (U.S.A.)The first manned space ship longest stay in space for 11 days Apollo - 7 (U.S.A.)The first manned spaceship to space flight round the moon Apollo - 8 (U.S.A.)The first space craft to leave solar system Pioneer - II (U.S.A.)The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards U.S.S.R.moon Soyuz-4 and Soyuz-5First crew transfer between orbiting space ships (U.S.S.R.)The first man to stay long in space Valery RyuminThe first space shuttle Columbia (U.S.A.)The first woman to command a space shuttle mission Eileen Collins (U.S.A.)(Columbia)The first tourist to space Dennis Tito (U.S.A.)
  41. 41. Epithets1 Bengals Sorrow Damodar River2 Blue Mountains Nilgiri Hills3 Britain of the South New Zealand4 City of the Golden Gate San Francisco (USA)5 City of Dreaming Spires Oxford (UK)6 City of Magnificent Distance Washington, DC, USA7 City of Sky - Scrapers New York8 City of Seven Hills Rome9 City of Palaces Kolkata10 Chinas Sorrow Howang-Ho11 Cockpit of Europe Belgium12 Dark Continent Africa13 Eternal City Rome14 Emerald Island Ireland15 Empire City New York, U.S.A.16 Forbidden City Lhasa, Tibet17 Garden of England Kent, England18 Gate of Tears Bab-el-mandeb, Jerusalem19 Garden City Chicago20 Gateway of India Mumbai21 Gift of the Nile Egypt22 Granite City Aberdeen, Scotland23 Great Whiteway Broadway, New York24 Granery of South India Tanjore25 Hearing Pond Atlantic Ocean26 Hermit Kingdom Korea27 Holy Land Palestine28 Island Continent Australia29 Island of Cloves Zanzibar
  42. 42. 30 Island of Pearls Bahrain31 Key to Mediterannean Gibraltar32 Lady with a lamp Florence Nightangle33 Land of Lakes Scotland34 Land of Golden Fleece Australia35 Land of Golden Pagoda Myanmar36 Land of Kangaroo Australia37 Land of Lilies Canada38 Land of Morning Calm Korea39 Land of Thunderbolt Bhutan40 Land of Five Rivers Punjab, India41 Land of Rising Sun Japan42 Land of Midnight Sun Norway43 Land of Thousand Lakes Finland44 Land of Maples Canada45 Land of White Elephant Thailand46 Mysore Tiger Tippu Sultan47 Manchester of India Mumbai48 Manchester of Tamil Nadu Coimbatore49 Never Never Land Prairies of N. Australia50 Pearl of the Pacific Guyayaquil Port of Ecuador51 Playground of Europe Switzerland52 Playground of India Kashmir53 Pearl of the Antilles Cuba54 Pillar of Hercules Gibraltar55 Pink City Jaipur56 Quaker City Philadelphia, U.S.A.57 Queen of the Adraitic Venice, Italy58 Queen of Arabian Sea Kochi59 Roof of the World Pamirs, Central Asia
  43. 43. 60 Saint of the Gutters Mother Terasa61 Sickman of Europe Turkey62 Spice Garden of India Kerala63 Sugar Bowl of the World Cuba64 Venice of the East Alappuzha, India65 Venice of the North Stockholm, Sweden66 White City Belgrade, Yugoslavia67 Windy City Chicago, U.S.A.68 White Mans Grave Guinea Coast69 Worlds Bread Basket Prairies of N.America70 Worlds Loneliest Island Tristanda Cuntra71 Yellow River Howang Ho Biggest Highest Largest Longest in the WorldAnimal, Tallest GiraffeArchipelago Largest IndonesiaBird, Fastest SwiftBird, Largest OstrichBird, Smallest Humming BirdBridge, Longest Railway Huey P.Long Bridge, Louisiana (U.S.A.)Building, Tallest in the Teipei 101, TaiwanworldCanal, Longest The Kalakumsky canalIrrigationalCanal, Longest Suez canalCapital, Highest La Paz (Bolivia)City, Biggest in area Mount Isa (Australia)City, Largest in TokyopopulationCity, Costliest Tokyo
  44. 44. City, Highest Van Chuan (China)Continent, Largest AsiaContinent, Smallest AustraliaCountry, Biggest (Area) RussiaCountry, Largest China(population)Country, Largest India(electorate)Creature, Largest Blue WhaleDelta, Largest Sunderban (Bangladesh & India)Desert, Largest (World) Sahara (Africa)Desert, Largest (Asia) GobiDam, Largest Grand Coulee Dam (U.S.A.)Dam, Highest Hoover Dam (U.S.A.)Diamond, Largest The CullinanDome, Largest Astrodome, in Housten (U.S.A.)Epic, Largest MahabharatIrrigation Scheme, Lloyd Barrage, Sukkhur (Pakistan)LargestIsland, Largest GreenlandSea, Largest Mediterranean SeaLake, Deepest Baikal (Siberia)Lake, Largest (Artificial) Lake Mead (Boulder Dam)Lake, Highest Titicaca (Bolivia)Lake, Largest (Fresh SuperiorWater)Lake, Largest (Salt Caspianwater) United States Library of Congress,Library, Largest Washington D.C.Mountain Peak, Highest Everest (Nepal)Mountain Range, Andes (S. America)
  45. 45. LongestMuseum, Largest British Museum, LondonOcean, Largest PacificPalace, Biggest Vatican (Italy)Park, Largest Yellow Stone National Park (U.S.A.)Peninsula, Largest ArabiaPlace, Coldest Verkhoyansk (Siberia)(Habitated)Place, Dryest Iqique (in Atacama Desert, Chile)Place, Hottest Azizia (Libya, Africa)Place, Rainiest Mausinram (Meghalaya, India)Planet, Biggest JupiterPlanet, Brightest VenusPlanet, Smallest PlutoPlateau, Highest Pamir (Tibet)Platform, Longest Kharagpur (India)Railway, Longest Trans-Siberian railwayRailway Station, Largest Grand Central Terminal, Chicago (U.S.A.)River, Longest Nile (Africa)River, Largest Amazon (S. America)Sea-bird, Largest AlbatrossStar, Brightest SiriusStatue, Tallest Statue of Motherland, Volgagrad (Russia)Telescope, Largest Radio New Mexico (U.S.A.)Tramway, Worlds first New YorkTunnel, Longest Tanna (Japan)(Railway) Mont Blanc Tunnel between France andTunnel, Longest (road) ItalyVolcano, Highest Ojos del Salado (Andes, Ecuador)Volcano, Most Active Maunaloa (Hawaii - U.S.A.)
  46. 46. Wall, Longest Great Wall of ChinaWaterfall, Highest Angel (Venezuela)Water, Lowest Body Dead SeaZoo, Largest Kruger National Park, South AfricaRelated Web PagesBiggest Highest Largest Longest in the World | Genera Worlds Highest Mountain Peaks Country Peaks Height in metreAsia Everest (Himalaya-Nepal/Tibet) 8,848Asia Godwin Austen (Karakoram-India) 8,611Asia Kanchenjunga (Himalaya India / Nepal) 8,598Asia Lhotse (Himalaya-Nepal-China) 8,501Asia Makalu (Himalaya-Nepal) 8,470Asia Dhaulagiri (Himalaya-Nepal) 8,172Asia Nanga Parvat (Himalaya-Nepal) 8,126Asia Gasherbrum (Karakoram-Tibet) 8,068Asia Gosainthan (Himalaya-Tibet) 8,013Asia Nanda Devi (Himalaya-India) 7,817South America Aconcagua (Andes-Argentina) 6,960North America McKinley (Alaska-USA) 6,194Africa Kilimanjaro (Solitary-Tanzania) 5,888Europe Elborus (Caucasus-CIS) 5,633Europe Mont Blanc (Alp-France) 4,810Antartica Vinson Massif 5,139Oceania Caestensz (Nassau Range-New Guinea) 5,000
  47. 47. Inventions and Discoveries1 Air Brake George Westinghouse2 Aniline Dyes Hoffman3 Antiseptic Surgery Lord Joseph Lister4 Archimedean Screw Archimedies5 Avogadros Hypothesis Avogadro6 Atomic Number Mosley7 Atomic Theory Dalton8 Atomic Structure Bohr and Rutherford9 Automobile Daimler10 Balloon Montgolfier11 Barometer Torricelli12 Beri - Beri Eijkman13 Bicycle Macmillian14 Blood Circulation Harvey15 Boson S.N.Bose16 Boyles law Boyle17 Braille Louis Braille Breaking up the Nucleus of an18 Rutherford atom19 Celluloid Parkes James Harrison and James20 Chloroform Young Simpson21 Cholera Bacillus Robert Koch22 Cinematography Thomas Alva Edison23 Coloured Photography Lippman24 Cosmic Rays R.A.Millikan25 Crescograph J.C.Bose26 Crystal Dynamics C.V.Raman27 Cyclotron Lawrence
  48. 48. 28 D.D.T. Dr.Paul Muller29 Deuterium (Heavy Water) H.C.Urey30 Diesel Oil Engine Rudolf Diesel31 Discovery of North Pole Robert Peary (1909)32 Discovery of South Pole Amundson (1912)33 Discovery of West Indies Columbus (1492)34 Discovery of Solar System Copernicus (1540) Discovery of Laws of35 Kepler Planetary Motion36 Discovery of Specific Gravity Archimedes Drinkers Chamber of Iron37 Dr.Philip Drinker Lung38 Dynamite Alfred Nobel39 Dynamo Faraday40 Dynamical theory of Heat Lord Kelvin41 Deciphering the genetic code Dr.Hargobiad Khorana42 Discovery of Electrons J.J.Thomson43 Electric Battery Volta44 Electric Lamp Edison45 Electricity Faraday46 Electron Theory Bohr47 Electromagnetic Theory Maxwell48 Electrical Waves Heitz49 Electric Measurement Gauss Effect of Pressure on trough50 Meghnad Saha bodies51 Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit52 Film & Photographic goods Kodak Fundamental Laws of Electric53 Coulomb Attraction54 Fountain Pen Waterman
  49. 49. 55 Geometry Euclid56 Gun powder Rogei Bacon57 Gramophone Thomas Alva Edison58 Helicopter Broquett59 Helium Gas Lockyer60 Heavy Hydrogen Urey61 Homoeopathy Hahnemann62 Hovercraft Cockrell63 Hydrogen Cavendish64 Hydrophobia Louis Pasteur65 Induction of Electric Current Faraday66 Incandescent Bulb Edison67 Induction Coil Rohm Korff68 Insulin F.Banting69 Intelligence test Binet70 In Number Theory Ramanujam71 Jet Propulsion Frank Whittle72 Kala-azar Fever U.N.Brahmachari73 Laughing Gas Priestley74 Life Boat Henry Great Head75 Lift (Elevators) Otis76 Lightning Conductor Benjamin Franklin77 Linotype Mergenthaler78 Line of demarcation (ship) Plimsoll79 Laws of Electrical Resistance Ohm80 Law of Electrolysis Faraday81 Law of gases Gay Lussac82 Laws of Gravitation Newton83 Laws of Heredity Gregory Mandel84 Logarithms John Napier
  50. 50. 85 Laws of Motion Newton86 Laws of Natural Selections Darwin87 Laws of Multiple Proportion Dalton88 Liquid Oxygen Dewar89 Mathematical Astro Physics Chandrasekhar Measurement of Electrical90 Joule, James Prescoft Energy91 Mauve dye Perkin92 Machine Gun Dr.Gatting93 Malarial Parasite Ronald Ross Mechanical Equivalent of94 Joules Heat95 Meson Hideki Yakawa96 Microphone Berliner97 Microscope Janes98 Montessori Method Maria Montessori Molecular Scattering of light99 Ramanathan in fluid100 Neon Gas Ramsay, Travers101 Neutron Chadwick102 Nuclear Fission Otto Hahn, Bohr and Fermi103 Nylon Plastic Carothers104 Origin of Species Charles Darwin105 Oxygen Priestly106 Paints Shalimar107 Penicillin Fleming108 Periodic Law Mendeleef109 Phonograph Edison110 Phonographic Shorthand Pitman111 Photograph Dauguerre112 Principle for lever Archimedes
  51. 51. (S.P.Gravity)113 Phototherapy N.R.Finsen114 Positive Electrons Anderson115 Powerloom Cartwright116 Pneumatic Tyre Dunlop117 Printing for the Blind Braille118 Printing Press Caxton119 Printing Types John Guttenberg120 Psycho-analysis Dr.Sigmund Freud121 Quantum Theory Max plank122 Radio-activity of Uranium Henry Becquerel123 Raman effect C.V.Raman124 Radium Madame Curie125 Railway Engine Stephenson126 Radio transmitter Alexanderson127 Rare Gas Cavandish128 Replacing human heart Christian Barnard129 Revolver Colt130 Safety Lamp Davy131 Safety Razor Gillet132 Salk Vaccine Salk133 Seismograph Roberts Mallet134 Scientific astronomy Hippalus135 Sewing Machine Elias Howe136 Sextant Hadley137 Space flying Braun, Dr.Wernher Von138 Steam boat Fulton139 Steam Engine James Watt140 Steam Turbine Parsons141 Spectroscope Bunsen
  52. 52. 142 Steel Melting Process Bessemer143 Stethoscope Laennec144 Submarine Bushwell145 Sulpha Drugs Domagk146 Theory of Relativity Einstein147 Theory of Evolution Darwin148 Theory of conditioned reflex Pavlov149 Talkies Lee-de-Frost150 Tank Swinton151 Telegraphic Code Samuel Morse152 Telephone Graham Bell153 Telescope Galileo154 Television Baird155 Thermometer Galileo156 Thermos Flasks Dewar157 T.N.T. llly Brandt158 Transistor Shockley159 Typewriter Sholes160 Uranium fusion Oho Hahn161 Uranus (Planet) Herschel William162 Vaccination Jenner163 Vitamins Funk164 Washing Soda Lablanc165 Wireless Communication Oliver Lodge166 Wireless Telegraphy Marcony167 X - Rays Roentgen168 Zip Fastener W.L.Judson
  53. 53. National EmblemsAustralia KangarooBangladesh Water LilyBarbados Head of tridentBelgium LionCanada White LilyChile Candor and huemulDenmark BeachDominica Sisserou ParrotFrance LilyGermany Corn FlowerGuyana Canje PheasantIndia Lioned CapitalIran RoseIreland ShamrockIsrael CandelabrumItaly White Lilylvory Coast ElephantJapan Lion with CrownHong Kong Bauhinia (Orchid tree)Lebanon Cedar treeLuxembourg Lion with CrownMongolia The SoyomboNetherlands LionNew Zealand Southern Cross, Kiwi, FernNorway LionPakistan CrescentPapua New Guinea Bird of ParadiseSpain EagleSenegal Baobab tree
  54. 54. Sierra Leone LionSri Lanka LionSudan Secretary BirdSyria EagleTurkey Crescent and StarUnited Kingdom RoseU.S.A. Golden RodZimbabwe Zimbabwe Bird Worlds Prominent ScientistsRyle, Sir Martin: U.K. (1974) Nobal Prize winner in Physics for the development of "aperturesynthesis" technique designed to identify stellar objects through radio signals.Sarabhai, Dr. Vikram A: Former Chairman of Indias Atomic Energy Commission and theIndian Space Research Organization (ISRO) died on December 30, 1971. Dr. Sarabhai was aneminent physicist mainly interested in the astro-physical implications of Cosmic Ray TimeVariationsSanger, Dr. Frederick (b.1918): First Scientist to receive two Nobel Prizes for Chemistry in1958 (composition of the insulin molecule) and in 1980 (molecular structures for nucleic acids)Sen, P.K. (Dr.): is the Indian surgeon who performed Asias first heart transplant operation inMumbai.Simpson, Sir James Young (1811 - 1870): British physicist to introduce chloroform as ananaesthetic in 1847Soddy, Frederick (1877 - 1956): British radio chemist pioneer to research in the atomicdisintegration, discovered "isotopes"; for which he received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in1921.Solvay, Earnest (1838 - 1922): Belgian chemist devised a process for manufacture of sodiumcarbonateSutherland, Dr. Earl W: Recipient of the Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1971, credited with thediscovery, "that the hormones in the human body produce another substance known as cyclicA.M.P., can influence its disease-resisting capacity in the body".
  55. 55. Teller, Edward (Dr.): U.S. nuclear scientist developed the hydrogen bomb.Thomson, Sir J.J. (1856 - 1940): British physicist discovered the electron which inauguratedthe electrical theory of the atom.Tsiolkovsky (1857 - 1940): Russian pioneer who developed the basic theory of rocketry.Verne, jules (1828 - 1905): French science-fiction writer; author of the book "From the Earth tothe Moon". The book carried a more or less accurate prediction of the launching and flight ofApollo-8.Volta, A. (1745 - 1827): Italian physicist and pioneer of electrical science; invented voltaic cell,the electrophorus and electroscope.Voronoff, S: Russian scientist known for grafting healthy animal glands, into the human body.Watson and Crick:Known for DNA double helix.Watson-Watt, Sir Robert:British physicist. He developed radar.Watt, James (1736 - 1819):Scottish engineer who invented steam engineYukawa, Dr. H: (born 1907) Predicted a new particle meson which holds the protons andneutrons of the atomic nucleus, first Japanese to win the Nobel Prize in Physics (1949).Alvares, Luis W: An American Won the Nobel Prize for elementary physics in 1960 when hediscovered a new resonance particle - a discovery that shattered the then prevailing notions as tohow matter was built.Anfinsen, Dr. Christian B: U.S.A. s one of the three co-winners of the Nobel Prize inChemistry, 1972.Archimedes: Greek mathematician who lived about 250 B.C. discovery of the Archimedesprinciple Archimedean Screw, a cylindrical device for raising waterArrow, Kenneth, J: Harvard University, U.S.A. is co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics,1972 with Sir John Richard Hicks of Oxford University. The two men are known for theirpioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium and welfare theories.Aryabhatta: (476 - 520 A.D.) after whom Indias first scientific satellite has been named, was agreat Indian astronomer and mathematician. Among his important contributions are therecognition of the importance of the movement of the earth round the Sun, determination of thephysical parameters of various celestial bodies, such as diameter of the earth and the moon. Helaid the foundations of algebra and was responsible for pointing out importance of "zero".Avogadro, Amedeo: Italian physicist; founder of Avogadros hypothesis. He also defined a
  56. 56. molecule. He lived between 1776 and 1856.Bardeen, Prof. John: U.S.A.s co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics, 1972 (with Prof. LeonN.Cooper and Prof. John Robert Schrieffer) for researches into the "theory of super-conductivity" called BCS theory.Barnard, Christian South African surgeon who did the first heart transplant operation on LouisWashkansky in 1967.Beadle, Dr. G: American scientist awarded Nobel Prize for medicine in 1958 for the actual basisof heredity.Becquerel, Henri: French physicist discovered in 1896 of Becquerel rays, the first indications ofradio-activity; later named gamma rays. He shared Nobel Prize for Physics with the Curies in1903. He lived between 1852 and 1908.Berzelius, J.J: Swedish Chemist, known for chemical shorthand symbols and atomic weights.He lived between 1779 and 1848Bessemer, Sir Henry: English engineer invented the process for the manufacture of steel. Helived between 1813 and 1898.Bhabha, Dr. H.J: Indian scientist. He published important papers on Cosmic Rays and QuantumTheory. He was professor at the Indian Science Institute, Bangalore; Chairman, Atomic EnergyCommission; Director, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research; President, Indian ScienceCongress in 1951 and presided at the Atoms for Peace Conference held at Geneva in 1956. Hehad many significant researches in structure of atom and contributed largely to the setting up ofatomic reactors at Trombay (Mumbai).Bohr, Neils: (born 1885) Danish Physicist awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. Heextended the theory of atomic structure of devising an atomic model in 1913Boyle, Robert: Irish natural philosopher; one of the founders of modern chemistry and Boyleslaw. He lived between 1627 and 1691.Bragg. Sir William: British physicist researched on the behaviour of crystals with regard to X-rays incident upon them. He lived between 1862 and 1942.Cavendish, Henry: English physicist and chemist; discovered properties of hydrogen in 1766.He lived between 1731 and 1810Chadwick, Sir James: British physicist discovered the particle in an atomic nucleus known asthe neutron, because it has no electric charge. He lived between 1891 and 1974.Charles, Jacques Alexander Cesar: A French scientist first to make a balloon ascension withhydrogen. He has worked on the effect of temperature on the volume of gases. He lived between
  57. 57. 1746 and 1823.Clark Maxwell, James: British physicist worked wireless telegraphy and telephony. Hisprincipal works include : Perception of Colour, Colour Blindness, Theory of Heat, Electricityand Magnetism, Matter and Motion. He lived between 1831 and 1879.Claude, Albert: A Biologist shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Medicine. His field of researchrelates to causes and treatment of cancer.Columbus, Christopher: Italian navigator discovered West Indies Islands, Cuba, Bahamas,South America in 1498. He lived between 1446 to 1506.Cooper, Leon N: Of U.S.A. one of the three co-winners of the Nobel prize in Physics, 1972 fortheory of superconductivityCopernicus: Astronomer of Poland who discovered the "Solar System". He lived between 1413and 1543.Curie, Madame Marie: Polish physicist and chemist; discovered radium awarded Nobel Prizein chemistry in 1911 and Prize in physics in 1903, lived between 1867 and 1934.Dalton, John: British scientist, founder of the Atomic Theory and law of Multiple Proportions.He lived between 1766 and 1844.Darwin, Charles: British scientist who discovered the principle of natural selection. He livedbetween 1809 and 1882.Davy, Sir Humphrey: British chemist. First to apply electric current for the isolation of metals.He lived between 1771 and 1829.Debreu, Gerard: 1983 Nobel memorial prize in economics, is known for his research on marketequilibrium incorporated "new analytical methods into economic theory".Delbrueck, Dr. Max: American doctor, was one of the three American co-winners of the NobelPrize for Medicine, 1969 for discoveries in molecular geneticsEdelman, Dr. Gerald Maurice: Of U.S.A. is co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1972found out "the chemical structure of blood-proteins or antibodies which shield the human bodyagainst infection".Edison, Thomas Alva: American inventor of phonograph, the incandescent lamp, a new type ofstorage battery, an early form of cinematography etc. He lived between 1847 and 1931.Einstein, Prof. Albert: German-Swiss, famous scientist known for his theory of relativity. Helived between 1879 and 1955.

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