Adjectives• An adjective is used with a noun to add something to its meaning.• We use the word adjective to describe words which tell us about the quality of a noun or pronoun• The last post• Green ones• A useful book• These adjectives of quality answer a question like• What is it like ? Or what is he like?• Ravi is an intelligent boy.(what kind of boy)• I bought three pens (how many pens?)• She needs some help(how much help)
Adjectives• Adjectives are invariable ,i.e. they do not change their form• An boy• An intelligent girl• - boys• - girls
Adjectives• Positions of an adjective• It can be in attributive positionThey usually come before the noun or the pronounThe serious rabbit and the handsome strangersIt can be predicativeThey usually come after noun and pronounHe is poor and I am rich
Adjectives• Adjectives which can used only attributively• Inner outer latter former late (dead)• The inner circle• The outer circle• The former principal of college• The problem of unemployment and the problem of inflation: the latter problem is more serious.
Adjectives• Mere sheer utterAll these words suggest that noun they describe have maximum (sheer, utter) or the minimum (mere) quantity of qualities usually associated with the noun.You are a mere child (you are far too young to understand)It is sheer waste of time and money.What utter nonsense!
Adjectives• Kinds of adjective• Adjectives of quality• Adjectives of quantity• Proper Adjectives.• Adjectives of number• Demonstrative Adjectives.• Possessive Adjectives• Interrogative Adjective• Emphasizing Adjectives• Exclamatory Adjectives
Adjectives• Adjectives of quality• Also known as descriptive article• Shivaji was a brave warrior• The court’s decision was just• They answer “of what kind”Adjectives of quantityCan you spare some moneyHe had no patienceShe did not need any help• They answer “how much”
Adjectives• Proper Adjectives• Derived from proper noun• Chinese goods (china- Chinese)• Indian culture (India- Indian)• Adjectives of number (numeral adjectives)• I have two cars.• All man are mortal.• They answer “how many”
Adjectives• Adjectives of number• We have• 1A ) definite numeral – one, two, three (cardinal)• - B) first ,second ,third(ordinal)• 2 Indefinite numeral adjectives – all,some,any ,no few, several• 3) distributive – each, every,either,neither
Adjectives• The demonstrative adjectives that, these, this, those, and what answer the question "Which?"• Im going to open that present.• Whose is this bag?• These mangoes are very sweet.• A demonstrative adjective may look like a demonstrative pronoun, but it is used differently in the sentence: it is an adjective, used to modify a noun or pronoun.
Adjectives• A possessive adjective modifies a noun by telling whom it belongs to. It answers the question "Whose?"• Examples are: his, her, its, my, our, their, and your.• You can share my work.• Have you seen their place?• This is his room.• They are our friends.
Adjectives• The interrogative adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Examples are what, which and whose.• What movie do you want to see?• Which leaves turn color first?• Whose son is he?• An interrogative adjective may look like an interrogative pronoun, but it is used differently in the sentence: it is an adjective, used to modify a noun
Adjectives• Emphasizing Adjectives• OWN ,VERYI locked the door with my own hand.This is the very book I needed.Exclamatory adjectives:WhatWhat a blessing!What folly!
Adjectives• Comparison of adjectives• Adjectives change in form to show comparison.• These change forms are reflected in the three degree of comparison• Positive degree – it shows that adjective is in its simple form. it the denotes mere existence of some quality .it is useful when no comparison is made.• Sweet ,Tall , Happy - positive degree
Adjectives• Comparative Degree – denotes a higher degree than the positive and is used when two things or sets of things are compared. The boy is stronger than that. Apples are dearer than oranges.Superlative Degree – denotes a highest degree of the quality .it is used when more than two things (or sets of things ) are comparedThis boy is the strongest in the class.
Adjectives• Formation of comparative and superlative• Most adjective of one syllable, and some of more than one form the comparative by adding er and the superlative by adding est to the positive.Positive comparative superlative• Sweet sweeter sweetest• Young younger youngest
Adjectives• When positive ends in e, only r and st are added.• Brave braver bravest• Large larger largestWhen positive ends in y ,preceded by a consonant , the y is changed into i before adding er and estHappy happier happiestHeavy heavier heaviest
Adjectives• When positive is a word of one syllable and ends in single consonant preceded by a short vowel , this consonant is doubled before adding er and est.• Red redder reddest• Big bigger biggest• Thin thinner thinnest
Adjectives• Adjective of more than two syllable form comparative and superlative by putting more and most before the Positive• Beautiful more beautiful most beautiful• Difficult more difficult most difficult
Adjectives• Following adjectives have lost their comparative meaning and are used as a positive adjectives.• Interior exterior, ulterior, major ,minor.Following comparative adjectives ending in –or are followed by the preposition toInferior, superior, prior, anterior, posterior, senior Junior