Background                                                                                                 Rahul Bhargavac...
By State                                                        1     Karnataka                                           ...
120,000                                                                                            115,000                ...
Year           Area       Production           Average Yield                                                              ...
Year            Area           Production          Average Yield                                                          ...
The estimated production of Guava in the state is 0.33 lakh tonnes as against 0.24 lakh                                   ...
trees per hectare 103 and average yield per bearing tree 34.22 kgs in 2009-10.                                            ...
The estimated yield was 8.69 tonnes/hectare in 2010-11 as against 8.08 tonnes/hectare in                                  ...
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Study states-background

  1. 1. Background Rahul Bhargavac Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated Tuesday 31st July, 2012 Contents 1 Karnataka 2 1.1 Principle Fruit & Vegetable crop estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 Principle crop estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1.3 Geography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 1.4 Climate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1.5 Landuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1.6 Irrigated area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 FT 1.7 Water resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8 Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8.1 Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 27 27 1.8.2 2020 vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 RA 2 Tamil Nadu 28 2.1 Irrigated area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3 Andhra Pradesh 28 3.1 Irrigated area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 4 Assam 29 D 4.1 Irrigated area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 5 Uttar Pradesh 29 5.1 Irrigated area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 6 Gujarat 31 6.1 Irrigated area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 A Glossary 31 B Taluk-wise number and area of operational holders in Karnataka 32 C District Infrastructure Index 44 D Income 44 1
  2. 2. By State 1 Karnataka 1.1 Principle Fruit & Vegetable crop estimates During the year 2010-11, the Crop Estimation Survey undertaken by the Directorate of Eco- nomics & Statistics covered seven fruit crops (Mango, Banana, Grapes, Guava, pomegranate,c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated Sapota & Lemon), four vegetable crops (Tomato, Beans, Brinjal and Cabbage) and one minor crop (Turmeric). 1488 villages were selected for area enumeration and yield estimation on fruits & minor crops out of which 1458 villages were enumerated and 2916 experiments were conducted in 1488 villages. For vegetable crops, 2266 villages were selected for area enumeration and 4532 crop cutting experiments were planned, of which 2248 villages were enumerated for area and 4496 crop cutting experiments were conducted. Mango The estimated cropping area was 117,331 hectares in 2010-11 compared to 115,003 hectares in 2009-10. It is mainly grown in Kolar (31,040 hect.) and Ramanagara (15,969 hect.) and Tumkur (12,866 hect.) districts. The estimated yield for the crop was 4.89 tonnes/hect. in 2010-11 as against 4.25 tonnes/hect FT in 2009-10. The average number of bearing trees/hect. was 87 and the average yield/bearing tree was 60 kgs as against an average of 82 bearing trees per hectare and 51 kgs of average yield per bearing tree during 2009-10 The total production of Mango in the state during 2010-11 was 5.74 lakh tonnes as com- pared to 4.89 lakh tonnes during 2009-10 which amounts to an increase of 17% over RA previous year. Year Area Production Average Yield 2000-01 81199 334756 4123 2001-02 96297 255029 2648 2002-03 97992 415248 4238 D 2003-04 101533 299487 2950 2004-05 98347 317823 3232 2005-06 118158 450688 3814 2006-07 116780 609383 5218 2007-08 104616 339457 3245 2008-09 109783 460117 4191 2009-10 115003 489338 4255 2010-11 117331 573737 4890 Table 1: Area, Production and Average Yield of Mango Crop 2
  3. 3. 120,000 115,000 110,000 Area (ha) 105,000 100,000 95,000 90,000 85,000 80,000c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated 650,000 Production (tonnes) 600,000 550,000 500,000 450,000 400,000 350,000 300,000 250,000 5,500 Average yield(kg/ha) 5,000 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 FT 3 06 7 8 09 1 02 4 5 0 11 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -1 5- - - 0- 02 06 07 08 00 01 03 04 09 RA 0 1 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year Banana The estimated cropping area in 2010-11 was 63,076 hectares as compared to 58,295 hectares in the previous year. The estimated yield was 23.49 tonnes/hectare as against 21.99 tonnes/hectare in the D previous year. The average number of bearing trees/hectare was 1900 and the average yield per bearing tree was 11.16 kgs as against an average of 1596 bearing trees per hectare and 15.97 kgs of average yield per bearing tree in 2009-10. The total production of Banana during 2010-11 was 14.81 lakh tonnes as against 12.82 lakh tonnes in 2009-10 which amounts to an increase of 15%. 3
  4. 4. Year Area Production Average Yield 2000-01 35335 649567 18383 2001-02 40251 815571 20262 2002-03 39813 681663 17122 2003-04 33220 431463 12988 2004-05 41977 526899 12552 2005-06 43562 517257 11874c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated 2006-07 42646 851437 19965 2007-08 44801 743644 16599 2008-09 59831 1171410 19579 2009-10 58295 1281907 21990 2010-11 63076 1481466 23487 Table 2: Area, Production and Average Yield of Banana Crop 65,000 60,000 55,000 Area(ha) 50,000 45,000 40,000 35,000 FT RA Production(tonnes) 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 D Average yield (kg/ha) 24,000 22,000 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 3 06 7 8 9 1 2 4 5 10 1 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -1 - 9- 02 05 06 07 08 00 01 03 04 10 0 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year Grapes Mainly grown in Bijapur and Belgaum districts in the state. The estimated cropping area was 13,634 hectares in 2010-11 as against 12,221 hectares in 2009-10. The estimated yield during 2010-11 was 39.93 tonnes/hectare as against 31.25 tonnes/hectare during 2009-10 and production was 5.44 lakh tonnes in 2010-11 while the production in 2009-10 was 3.82 lakh tonnes. 4
  5. 5. Year Area Production Average Yield 2000-01 6051 148921 24611 2001-02 8285 201891 24369 2002-03 9924 295193 29745 2003-04 10128 296794 29304 2004-05 9406 243329 25869 2005-06 5903 176796 29950c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated 2006-07 11991 327513 27313 2007-08 10029 265188 26442 2008-09 12894 325199 25221 2009-10 12221 381955 31254 2010-11 13634 544351 39926 Table 3: Area, Production and Average Yield of Grape Crop 14,000 12,000 Area(ha) 10,000 FT 8,000 6,000 RA Production(tonnes) 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 D Average yield (kg/ha) 40,000 38,000 36,000 34,000 32,000 30,000 28,000 26,000 24,000 3 6 7 8 09 1 2 4 5 0 1 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -1 -1 - 02 05 06 07 08 00 01 03 04 09 10 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year Guava The estimated area was 4804 hectares in 2010-11 as against 4252 hectares during 2009-10. It is mainly grown in Chickballapur, Dharwad Bangalore (urban) districts. The estimated yield was 6.88 tonnes/hectare in 2010-11 as against 5.61 tonnes/hectare in the previous year. The estimated average number of bearing trees/hectare was 136 and average yield per bearing tree was 43.66 kgs in 2010-11 as against an average number of bearing trees per hectare and average yield per bearing tree of 141 and 23.97 kgs, in 2009-10, respectively. 5
  6. 6. The estimated production of Guava in the state is 0.33 lakh tonnes as against 0.24 lakh tonnes in 2009-10 which amounts to an increase of 37%. Year Area Production Average Yield 2000-01 4564 23382 5123 2001-02 5430 35851 6602 2002-03 5137 31440 6120 2003-04 3968 21916 5523c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated 2004-05 4320 18107 4191 2005-06 4644 14399 3100 2006-07 4637 13515 2915 2007-08 4176 28115 6733 2008-09 4240 23470 5535 2009-10 4252 23879 5616 2010-11 4804 33066 6883 Table 4: Area, Production and Average Yield of Guava Crop 5,400 5,200 5,000 FT Area(ha) 4,800 4,600 4,400 4,200 4,000 RA Production(tonnes) 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 D 15,000 Average yield (kg/ha) 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 3 6 7 8 9 1 2 4 05 0 1 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -1 -1 4- 02 05 06 07 08 00 01 03 09 10 0 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year Sapota The estimated area during 2010-11 was 16,923 hectares as against 15,721 hectares in the previous year. The estimated yield was 4.88 tonnes/hectare in the year 2010-11 as against 4.35 tonnes/hectare of 2009-10. The estimated average number of bearing trees/hectare was 108 and average yield per bearing tree was 42.34 kgs in 2010-11 as against the average number of bearing 6
  7. 7. trees per hectare 103 and average yield per bearing tree 34.22 kgs in 2009-10. The estimated production of Sapota was 0.82 lakh tonnes during 2010-11 as against 0.68 lakh tonnes in 2009-10 which amounts to increase of 20%. Year Area Production Average Yield 2000-01 6647 18938 2849 2001-02 9565 22709 2374c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated 2002-03 10047 31545 3140 2003-04 9360 24897 2660 2004-05 12801 31234 2440 2005-06 16209 54465 3360 2006-07 13097 49536 3782 2007-08 12229 48012 3926 2008-09 14046 55494 3951 2009-10 15721 68449 4354 2010-11 16923 82720 4888 Table 5: Area, Production and Average Yield of Sapota Crop 16,000 14,000 FT Area(ha) 12,000 10,000 RA 8,000 6,000 Production(tonnes) 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 D 40,000 30,000 20,000 Average yield (kg/ha) 5,000 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 3 6 7 8 9 1 2 04 05 0 1 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -1 -1 3- 4- 02 05 06 07 08 00 01 09 10 0 0 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year Lemon The estimated area under the crop was 9,636 hectares in 2010-11 as against 8,499 hectares in the previous year. Bijapur district alone has an estimated area of about 72% (6973 Hectares). 7
  8. 8. The estimated yield was 8.69 tonnes/hectare in 2010-11 as against 8.08 tonnes/hectare in the previous year. The estimated average number of bearing trees/hectare was 300 and average yield per bearing tree was 49.53 kgs as against the average number of bearing trees per hectare of 269 and average yield per bearing tree of 32.34 kgs of 2009-10 The estimated production of Lemon in the state was 0.84 lakh tonnes as against 0.69 lakh tonnes in 2009-10 which amounts to an increase of 22%.c Copyright 2012 Asian Development Bank unless stated Year Area Production Average Yield 2000-01 7300 78989 10821 2001-02 7976 145353 18099 2002-03 8305 144116 17353 2003-04 8134 128638 15815 2004-05 9002 134415 14932 2005-06 3755 14352 3822 2006-07 9183 40869 4451 2007-08 8086 26908 3328 2008-09 8446 47957 5678 2009-10 8499 68689 8082 2010-11 9636 83746 8691 FT Table 6: Area, Production and Average Yield of Lemon Crop 10,000 RA 9,000 8,000 Area(ha) 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 D Production(tonnes) 140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 Average yield (kg/ha) 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 3 6 7 8 9 1 2 4 5 10 1 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -0 -1 - 02 05 06 07 08 00 01 03 04 09 10 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Year 8

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