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Brain computer interface
 

Brain computer interface

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    Brain computer interface Brain computer interface Presentation Transcript

    • PRESENTED BY *Intekhab Alam Khan *Deshraj Singh *Sujeet Dwivedi
    • 1) INTRODUCTION 2) BCI MODEL 3) HOW DOES IT WORK? 4) PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION 5) WHAT IS AN EEG? 6) BCI APPROACHES 7) WHY BCI? 8) APPLICATIONS 9) ADVANTAGES 10) DISADVANTAGES 11) FUTURE WORK 12) CONCLUSION 13) REFERENCES
    • • Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a fast-growing emergent technology, in which researchers aim to build a direct channel between the human brain and the computer. • A Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a collaboration in which a brain accepts and controls a mechanical device as a natural part of its representation of the body. • Computer-brain interfaces are designed to restore sensory function, transmit sensory information to the brain, or stimulate the brain through artificially generated electrical signals.
    • • Algorithms to reconstruct movements from motor cortex neurons, which control movement, were developed in 1970s. • The first Intra-Cortical Brain-Computer Interface was built by implanting electrodes into monkeys. • After conducting initial studies in rats during the 1990s, researchers developed Brain Computer Interfaces that decoded brain activity in monkeys and used the devices to reproduce movements in monkeys and used the devices to reproduce monkey movements in robotic arms.
    • CONTD…
    • CONTD…
    • o An Electro Encephalo Gram is a measure of the brain's voltage fluctuations as detected from scalp electrodes. o It is an approximation of the cumulative electrical activity of neurons. o EEG measures the electrical activity of the brain with multiple electrodes placed on the scalp o It is portable and relative inexpensive that is why most noninvasive BCIs are presently based on EEG.
    • • Invasive BCIs are implanted directly into the grey matter of the brain during neurosurgery. • As they rest in the grey matter, invasive devices produce the highest quality signals of BCI devices but are prone to scartissue build-up, causing the signal to become weaker or even lost as the body reacts to a foreign object in the brain.
    • single neurons but require less contact with tissue and reduce the risk of scar-tissue build up. • SEMI-INVASIVE BCI devices are implanted inside the skull but rest outside the brain rather than amidst the grey matter. They produce better resolution signals than non-invasive BCIs where the bone tissue of the cranium deflects and deforms signals and have a lower risk of forming scar-tissue in the brain than fully-invasive BCIs. •Electrocardiography (ECoG) uses the same technology as noninvasive electroencephalography, but the electrodes are embedded in a thin plastic pad that is placed above the cortex, beneath the Dura mater.
    • • Non-invasive implants produce poor signal resolution because the skull dampens signals, dispersing and blurring the electromagnetic waves created by the neurons. • Easy to wear. BRAINWAVES PRODUCED BY EEG
    • o BCI is a new neuroscience paradigm that might help us better understand how the human brain works. o BCI research allows us to develop a new class of bioengineering control devices and robots. o BCI hold promise for rehabilitation and improving performance. o BCI can expand possibilities for advanced human computer interfaces (HCIs).
    • 1. MENTAL TYPEWRITER 2. BCI offers paralyzed patients improved quality of life. 3. MILITARY and CIVIL RESEARCH. 4. Allow patients to control a computer by conscious changes of brain activity.
    •  • Provide disabled people with communication, environment  control, and movement restoration.   • Provide enhanced control of devices such as wheelchairs, vehicles, or assistance robots for people with disabilities.  • Provide additional channel of control in computer games. • Monitor attention in long-distance drivers or aircraft pilots, send  out alert and warning for aircraft pilots.   • Develop intelligent relaxation devices.
    •  • Control robots that function in dangerous or inhospitable situations (e.g., underwater or in extreme heat or cold).  • Create a feedback loop to enhance the benefits of certain therapeutic methods. • Develop passive devices for monitoring function, such as ,  monitoring long-term drug effects, evaluating psychological state, etc.   • Monitor stages of sleep
    •  • Bionics/Cybernetics  • Memory Upload/Download  • Dream Capture • Brain as a Computer  • “Google Search” through brain
    • CURRENT PROJECTS FUTURE WORK o Improving physical methods for gathering EEGs. GAMING CONTROL o Improving generalization. BIONIC EYE o Improving knowledge of how to interpret waves. o BRAIN GATE o HONDA ASIMO CONTROL o o
    • • BrainGate • BCI2000 • Australian Bionic Eye • Honda Asimo Control • Kevin Warwick – The First Human Cyborg • Gaming Control • Many Others….
    • And an artificial eye can see a
    • 1. DIRECT COMMUNICATION between human brain and computers. 2. Better LIVING, more FEATURES, more ADVANCEMENT in technologies etc. 3. New work area for scientists and researches around the world. 4. LOW BANDWIDTH.
    • 1. Virus attacks may occur to brain causing ill effects. 2. Requires extensive training. 3. BCI techniques are costly. 4. Slow speed.
    • • A potential therapeutic tool. • BCI is an advancing technology promising paradigm shift in areas like Machine Control, Human Enhancement, Virtual reality and etc. So, it’s potentially high impact technology. • Several potential applications of BCI hold promise for rehabilitation and improving performance, such as treating emotional disorders (for example, depression or anxiety), easing chronic pain, and overcoming movement disabilities due to stroke. • Will enable us to achieve singularity very soon. • Intense R&D in future to attain intuitive efficiency.
    • o www.elecdesign.com o www.brainlab.org o www.en.wikipedia.com/braincomputerinterface o www.howstuffworks.com
    • PRESENTED BY *Intekhab Alam Khan *Deshraj Singh *Sujeet Dwiwedi