COMMUNICATION &
PRESENTATION SKILLS
ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH
MILIND MALSHE
Professor
Department of Humanities & Social...
MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT
ORAL PRESENTATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

(i) effective use of visual aids
(ii) adequate eye contact ...
DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS
• 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a
comparison
• Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed,
pauses, body mo...
DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS
(continued)
• 2. Pronunciation of Words:
(a) vowel and consonant sounds
• (comparison of sounds wit...
DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS
(continued)

• 3. Use of the phonetic script and the
(Pronouncing) Dictionary: International
Phonet...
DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS
(continued)

4. Pronunciation of Sentences:
intonation and rhythm
INTONATION: rising / (yes /)
fall...
Vowel sounds of English
• (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs)
initially medially finally
• 1. /i:/
east
sheet
key
• 2. /I/
it
hit
d...
Vowel sounds of English
(continued)

ooze

medially
ball
put
choose

10./∧/

up

cup

11./з:/
12. /ə/

earn
ago

learn
pol...
Vowel sounds of English
(continued)

Diphthongs
• 13. /eɪ /

eight

straight

stay

• 14. /əʊ /
• 15. /aɪ /

oak
ice

joke...
Consonant sounds of English
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

1. /p/
2. /b/
3. /t/
4. /d/
5. /k/
6. /g/

initially
pin
bin
tell
day
keep
get
...
Consonant sounds of English
(continued)

•

initially

medially finally

• 7. /ʧ/

chin

reached teach

• 8. / ʤ /
• 9. /m...
Consonant sounds of English
(continued)

•
• 13 /f/
• 14. /v/

initially
fan
van

medially finally
soft
if
leaves
thief

•...
Consonant sounds of English
(continued)

•
•
•
•
•

17. /s/
18. /z/
19. /ʃ/
20. /ʒ/

initially
sip
zip
ship
measure

media...
Consonant sounds of English
(continued)

•
•
•
•
•

21. /h/
22. /r/
23. /w/
24. /j/

initially
hot
rot
watt
yatch

mediall...
Word-stress
• Two-syllable words
• Stress on first
syllable
• ‘bargain
• ‘govern
• ‘secret
• ‘mischief
• ‘message
• ‘cabba...
Word-stress (continued)
Two-syllable words
• Stress on second
syllable
• ad’mit
• for’bid
• suc’ced
• sup’press
• po’lice
...
Word-stress (continued)
Three-syllable words
Stress on first syllable
• ’advertise
• ’educate
• ’illustrate
• ’furniture
•...
Word-stress (continued)
Three-syllable words
Primary Stress on
third syllable
• ,addres’see
• ,ciga’rette
• ,coin’cide
• ,...
Word-stress (continued)
Four-syllable words
Primary Stress on first
syllable
• ’applicable
• ’accurately
• ’comfortable
• ...
Word-stress (continued)
Four-syllable words
Primary Stress on
third syllable
• acci’dental
• appli’cation
• exhi’bition
• ...
Word-stress (continued)
words with more than four syllables
Primary Stress on first
syllable
• ‘favouritism
• ‘cannibalism...
Word-stress (continued):
stress change according to part of speech
• COMPARE:
Noun/Adjective
• ’absent
• ’accent
• ’concer...
Attributes of
good oral communication
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

1.Sounds and sound combinations
2. Stress
3. Rhythm
4. Intonation
5. ...
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English

  1. 1. COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH MILIND MALSHE Professor Department of Humanities & Social Sciences IIT-BOMBAY
  2. 2. MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION • • • • • • • (i) effective use of visual aids (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience (iii) clarity in pronunciation and fluency (iv) maintaining a proper speed of presentation (v) posture and body movements suggesting confidence (vi) seeking and making proper use of visual feedback (vii) noting down important points arising out of discussion
  3. 3. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS • 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a comparison • Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed, pauses, body movements, facial expressions • Writing/Printing: punctuation, capitalization, spacing, margins, fonts
  4. 4. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued) • 2. Pronunciation of Words: (a) vowel and consonant sounds • (comparison of sounds with letters a-z); The letter “a” in : fat /æ/, father /a:/, fate /eɪ /, about /ə/ Or the letters “th” in “thin” /ɵ/ & “then” /ð/. Also notice (b) word-stress: ‘language, communi’cation
  5. 5. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued) • 3. Use of the phonetic script and the (Pronouncing) Dictionary: International Phonetic Alphabet: free downloading is possible • Dictionaries on CD : listening to the pronunciation and it variety (e.g. British & American) now possible
  6. 6. DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued) 4. Pronunciation of Sentences: intonation and rhythm INTONATION: rising / (yes /) falling (yes ) combination / (yes /) RHYTHM: de dum de dum x ’ x ’
  7. 7. Vowel sounds of English • (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs) initially medially finally • 1. /i:/ east sheet key • 2. /I/ it hit duty • 3. /e / end send • 4. /æ/ and sand • 5. /a:/ art heart car • 6. /ɒ/ ox fox
  8. 8. Vowel sounds of English (continued) ooze medially ball put choose 10./∧/ up cup 11./з:/ 12. /ə/ earn ago learn police 7. /ɔ:/ 8. /U/ 9. /u:/ initially all finally saw chew stir maker
  9. 9. Vowel sounds of English (continued) Diphthongs • 13. /eɪ / eight straight stay • 14. /əʊ / • 15. /aɪ / oak ice joke mice slow my • 16./aʊ / • 17. /ɔɪ / out oil shout boil how boy • 18. /ɪ ə/ • 19. /eə/ ears airs beard paired peer hare
  10. 10. Consonant sounds of English • • • • • • • 1. /p/ 2. /b/ 3. /t/ 4. /d/ 5. /k/ 6. /g/ initially pin bin tell day keep get medially spin tubs stick heads skill jugs finally keep club light laid stick bag
  11. 11. Consonant sounds of English (continued) • initially medially finally • 7. /ʧ/ chin reached teach • 8. / ʤ / • 9. /m/ joke hinged large met smoke team net snake rings fling tin sing full • 10. /n/ • 11. /ŋ/ • 12. /l/ lot
  12. 12. Consonant sounds of English (continued) • • 13 /f/ • 14. /v/ initially fan van medially finally soft if leaves thief • 15. /ɵ/ thin months bath • 16./ð/ then clothes bathe
  13. 13. Consonant sounds of English (continued) • • • • • 17. /s/ 18. /z/ 19. /ʃ/ 20. /ʒ/ initially sip zip ship measure medially list loser rushed rouge finally less buzz hush
  14. 14. Consonant sounds of English (continued) • • • • • 21. /h/ 22. /r/ 23. /w/ 24. /j/ initially hot rot watt yatch medially finally behave try sweat tune
  15. 15. Word-stress • Two-syllable words • Stress on first syllable • ‘bargain • ‘govern • ‘secret • ‘mischief • ‘message • ‘cabbage • • • • • • • • • ‘surface ‘furnace ‘husband ‘butcher ‘proverb ‘thorough ‘oven ‘onion ‘compass
  16. 16. Word-stress (continued) Two-syllable words • Stress on second syllable • ad’mit • for’bid • suc’ced • sup’press • po’lice • pay’ee • dis’miss • • • • • • • • • ag’ree se’lect re’quest pre’fer re’fer oc’cur ar’rest com’mence per’haps
  17. 17. Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable words Stress on first syllable • ’advertise • ’educate • ’illustrate • ’furniture • ’government • ’literature • ’recognize • ’signature • ’tentative Stress on second syllable • ad’venture • com’mercial • de’cision • ex’ternal • in’ternal • per’mission • re’vision • spec’tator • um’brella
  18. 18. Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable words Primary Stress on third syllable • ,addres’see • ,ciga’rette • ,coin’cide • ,devo’tee • ,engi’neer • ,guaran’tee • ,recim’mend
  19. 19. Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable words Primary Stress on first syllable • ’applicable • ’accurately • ’comfortable • ’honourable Primary Stress on second syllable • ad’vertisement • ap’preciate • a’rithmetic • e’xaggerate • par’ticipate • pho’tography
  20. 20. Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable words Primary Stress on third syllable • acci’dental • appli’cation • exhi’bition • inde’pendent • indi’vidual • Primary Stress on fourth syllable • dedica’tee • exami’nee
  21. 21. Word-stress (continued) words with more than four syllables Primary Stress on first syllable • ‘favouritism • ‘cannibalism • ‘secularism Primary Stress on second syllable • ad’venturousness • en’thusiasm • con’servatism Primary Stress on third syllable • elec’tricity • irre’sponsible • popu’larity Primary Stress on fourth syllable • acade’mician • civili’zation • pactici’pation
  22. 22. Word-stress (continued): stress change according to part of speech • COMPARE: Noun/Adjective • ’absent • ’accent • ’concert • ’conflict • ’export • ’produce • ’subject Verb ab’sent ac’cent con’cert con’flict ex’port pro’duce sub’ject
  23. 23. Attributes of good oral communication • • • • • • • 1.Sounds and sound combinations 2. Stress 3. Rhythm 4. Intonation 5. Speed: pausing 6. Clarity of articulation 7. Voice modulation: volume & pitch variation (avoiding “monotonous speech)

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