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Hand hygiene

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  • 1. Hand Hygiene clean well so, you can eat well
  • 2. Why Is Hand Hygiene Important ? • Hands are the most common mode of microorganism/bacterial transmission • Hand washing is an extremely important step in overall infection control • Hand washing significantly removes the bacterial flora on the skin • Hand washing protects you and your patient from the bacterial flora (from each other) from becoming skin residents
  • 3. When to Wash • Before, during, and after preparing food • Before eating food • Before and after caring for someone who is sick • Before and after treating a cut or wound • After using the toilet • After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
  • 4. Rings and Jewelry • Hand jewelry should not be worn during house-hold work as it may harbor bacteria − Studies in CDC have demonstrated that skin underneath rings is more heavily colonized than comparable areas of skin on fingers without rings. − the more rings worn, the greater concentration of organisms.
  • 5. Finger nails Can also harbor bacteria • Keep fingernails SHORT! 1. Avoid artificial nails 2. Avoid chipped nail polish
  • 6. Hand Hygiene: Frequently missed areas
  • 7. Right way to wash your hands • Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold) and apply soap. • Rub your hands together to make a lather and scrub them well; be sure to scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  • 8. • Continue rubbing your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the "Happy Birthday" song from beginning to end twice. • Rinse your hands well under running water. • Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
  • 9. Global Hand washing Day • Celebrated every year on October 15th. • • Global Handwashing Day was originally created for children and schools, but can be celebrated by anyone promoting handwashing with soap.
  • 10. Why Celebrate Handwashing? • 6.9 million children under 5 die each year. Two of the top three causes are pneumonia and diarrhea1. • Handwashing with soap can cut pneumonia by up to 45% and diarrhea rates by up to 50%2. • Handwashing is an accessible, cost-effective method for preventing diarrheal3 and other diseases. 1. Levels & Trends in Child Mortality – Report 2012. UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation; 2012. 2. Fewtrell et al. The Lancet Infectious Diseases; 2005 3. Jamison et al. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries; 2006
  • 11. A Global Celebration • A day to celebrate a simple behavior that can save lives – handwashing with soap • Over 200 million people • Over 100 countries • Over 1,000,000 schools • Growing each year
  • 12. Wash those Hands! The ENd