Unit 1 lecture


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Unit 1 lecture

  1. 1. Unit 1: Spanish Missions – Primary Resources Mr. Ragsdale EDUU 566 Image from http://www.missioninnmuseum.com/collect_missions/missions_main.htm
  2. 2. Unit Objectives <ul><li>Identify the roles of the people involved in establishing and building the Spanish missions in early California. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe and discuss the daily lives of the people, native and non-native, who occupied the mission . </li></ul><ul><li>Describe and discuss the geographic and economic factors in the placement and function of the Spanish missions . </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the role of the Franciscans in changing the economy of California from a hunter-gatherer economy to an agricultural economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze various reference materials to aid in writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Write an informative report, using facts and details to convey understanding of research resources. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Spanish Missions: Video Scavenger Hunt <ul><li>Download the Video Scavenger Hunt form for Unit 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the hyperlink below to go to my website to watch several videos about the Spanish Missions. </li></ul><ul><li>http://sites.google.com/site/mrragsdaleseducationpage/home/4th-grade-history-spanish-missions-unit-1-videos </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the questions on the form for each video and turn it in to the dropbox. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lecture <ul><li>Though the settlement of California did not begin until 1769, Spanish missionaries arrived soon after the first voyage of Columbus. In 1493, Pope Alexander VI decreed that the Spanish explorers be accompanied by &quot;worthy, God-fearing, learned, skilled and experienced men to instruct the inhabitants in the Catholic faith.” Soon after, religious communities and a chain of missions established by the Jesuits began to spring up in Mexico and Central America. Jesuit control of these missions was replaced by the Franciscans who extended the mission system into Upper California, under the control of Spanish authorities. </li></ul>From: http://www.missioninnmuseum.com/LP_aux/cm_lp_4_links_01.htm
  5. 5. Lecture <ul><li>Miguel Joseph Serra was born November 24, 1713, the son of a farmer, at Petra, Majorca. He took his religious vows in 1730, where he also took the first name Junípero, after a disciple of St. Francis of Assisi. Later, after arriving in Mexico, he and Governor Portola determined to broaden Spanish domain into Upper California by extending the chain of missions northward. Father Serra personally established the first nine of what would eventually become twenty-one beautiful missions up the coast of California. </li></ul>From: http://www.missioninnmuseum.com/LP_aux/cm_lp_4_links_01.htm
  6. 6. Key Points <ul><li>The missions were established along the coastlines, near Indian settlements. </li></ul><ul><li>The priests chose land that could grew food and support many people. </li></ul><ul><li>Each mission was established within a day’s walking distance from each other. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Key Points <ul><li>The primary reason for the establishment of the missions was spreading of the Roman Catholic religion and to make other people live more like Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>The missionaries believed that farming was a better way of life than hunting and gathering. </li></ul><ul><li>The California Indians built the missions. They also worked the farms and learned how to herd cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>They also learned how to make goods used in Europe, such as cloth, brick, and iron tools. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Key Points <ul><li>The missionaries tried to make California Indians convert to Catholicism and act like Spanish people. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Indians resisted in different ways; by working slowly, breaking tools and equipment, or running away. Some Indians even revolted, attacking missions. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Website - Eduplace <ul><li>Go to http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/ca/books/bkc/ </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the e-word game to test your knowledge of the vocabulary words. Be sure to select “Chapter 3”. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assignment 1: PowerPoint Notes <ul><li>Directions: </li></ul><ul><li>You will research a mission using the Primary Sources websites listed under “Resources”. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a mission to research. </li></ul><ul><li>Download the research log. </li></ul><ul><li>You will need to answer the questions on the research log using information you gather on the web. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the answers to your research on PowerPoint slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Copy and paste pictures of your mission on the slides. Be sure to type a small caption describing the slide and the source of the picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a “Resources” slide. List all websites you used for your research. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Assignment 2: Travel Brochure <ul><li>Directions: </li></ul><ul><li>Open the Brochure template. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the information you have gathered in your research, fill in the required information and add pictures to the brochure. </li></ul>
  12. 12. California State Standards - History <ul><li>History 4.2: Students describe the social, political, cultural, and economic life and interactions among people of California from the pre-Columbian societies to the Spanish mission and Mexican rancho periods. </li></ul><ul><li>4.2.1: Discuss the major nations of California Indians, including their geographic distribution, economic activities, legends, and religious beliefs; and describe how they depended on, adapted to, and modified the physical environment by cultivation of land and use of sea resources. </li></ul><ul><li>4.3.3: Describe the Spanish exploration and colonization of California, including the relationships among soldiers, missionaries, and Indians (e.g., Juan Crespi, Junipero Serra, Gaspar de Portola). </li></ul>
  13. 13. California State Standards - History <ul><li>4.3.4: Describe the mapping of, geographic basis of, and economic factors in the placement and function of the Spanish missions; and understand how the mission system expanded the influence of Spain and Catholicism throughout New Spain and Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>4.3.5: Describe the daily lives of the people, native and nonnative, who occupied the presidios, missions, ranchos, and pueblos. </li></ul><ul><li>4.3.6: Discuss the role of the Franciscans in changing the economy of California from a hunter-gatherer economy to an agricultural economy. </li></ul><ul><li>4.3.8: Discuss the period of Mexican rule in California and its attributes, including land grants, secularization of the missions, and the rise of the rancho economy. </li></ul>
  14. 14. California State Standards – English/ Language Arts <ul><li>Literature and Language Arts: </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 Reading Comprehension: Use appropriate strategies when reading for different purposes (e.g., full comprehension, location of information, personal enjoyment). </li></ul><ul><li>1.7 Writing strategies: Use various reference materials (e.g., dictionary, thesaurus, card catalog, encyclopedia, online information) as an aid to writing. </li></ul><ul><li>2.3 Write Information Reports </li></ul><ul><li>a. Frame a central question about an issue or situation. b. Include facts and details for focus. c. Draw from more than one source of information (e.g., speakers, books, newspapers, other media sources). </li></ul>