Waste Segregation for Dummies - New


Published on

An easy to grasp manual to establish waste segregation at home. Distills the waste segregation down to 5 important categories so that the requirement is easily understandable to all.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Waste Segregation for Dummies - New

  1. 1. Waste Segregation for Dummies Welcome to the world of Segregated Waste www.ragpicker.in Updated : 22-Mar-2015
  2. 2. Contents - why segregate - waste categories - where to start - do’s & don’ts
  3. 3. What do you change? From this… Garbage dumped off Hosur Road , Bangalore A typical unscientific landfill around here… Waste dump in your neighborhood 300 cows die every year in Bangalore alone eating plastic laden waste Pic courtesy: epaper.timesofindia.com
  4. 4. What do you change? Pic courtesy: epaper.timesofindia.com Segregation of waste at source made mandatory: The High Court has handed down a highly progressive judgment taking into careful consideration both short-term and long-term objectives to resolve the prevailing crisis of waste management. In an unprecedented decision, the Court has directed that all municipal waste in Bangalore will be segregated at source (at the household level), the segregated waste will be transported in that manner to composting and recycling units and no mixing whatsoever will take place in trucks, as is presently the case. Keeping this fundamental principle in view, the Court has directed the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP, Bangalore's municipality) and the Government of Karnataka to ensure that “Segregation and Wet Waste Processing Stations shall be located and made operational in the 28 Assembly Constituencies within two months” from the date of the order. The Court sees “this as the first step to be followed immediately by similar Segregation and Wet Waste Processing Stations, in each of the 198 Wards in Bangalore” and that “this exercise (is) to be completed within four months” of 22nd November 2012. Keen to ensure that at no time in the future the current messy state of affairs recurs in Bangalore, the Court has also directed that “every ward should have at least three Segregation and Wet Waste Processing Stations”. (Emphasis supplied) Joint Statement supporting Segregation of Waste at Source by NGO’s in Bangalore http://www.esgindia.org/campaigns/press/landfills-arent-solution-bangalores-wast.html
  5. 5. What is in it for You! For RWA/Community • Eco-friendly image of RWA/Community generates respect among peers • Reduced expense for disposal of solid waste • Income generation through sale of recyclables • Greater residents participation in RWA affairs For Individual homes • Better management of household waste • Eco-friendly image generates respect among peers • Practical education of children on topics such as materials, recycling, decomposition • Greater participation in RWA affairs For Community & Society • Better management of household waste • Increased recycling of plastics, paper etc • Hazardous waste kept out of landfill • Employment generation in recycling industry 5
  6. 6. What do you change? …to This recyclingdry waste recycling/safe disposalhazardous & e-waste wet waste composting sanitary waste incineration biogas
  7. 7. Wet Waste Sanitary Waste Debris/Inert Dry Waste Hazardous/ e-waste Waste Categories
  8. 8. Waste Categories
  9. 9. Where to start? Establish collection at home Debris/Inert Collect in a bin in the utility RED BIN* PERIODIC Hazardous/ e-waste Collect small items in a cover. Do no break CFL/Tubes QUARTERLY 9 * Green Bin (Wet Waste) & Red Bin (Sanitary & Debris) in the 2 Bins1Bag method Wet Waste Collect in a covered bin lined with newspaper. DO NOT USE PLASTIC BAGS. GREEN BIN* DAILY Sanitary Waste Collect in newspaper bag kept in bathroom RED BIN* DAILY Dry Waste Collect in a woven bag in the kitchen/utility WEEKLY
  10. 10.  Vegetable/Fruit waste  Food waste except very oily waste  Tea leaves/Coffee powder  Garden trimmings/leaves  Flowers  Pencil shavings  Match Sticks  Shredded Newspaper  Soiled Tissue Paper 10 What is Wet Waste?
  11. 11. x Soiled food covers x Sanitary Waste such as napkins and diapers x Cigarette butts x Watery stuff (drain away the liquid from sambhar/curry before disposing it for composting) x Bits of plastic (cut pieces from your milk covers can harm biogas/composting process) x Dead animals (rats, cockroaches etc.) x Weeds and diseased plants from the garden 11 What is NOT Wet Waste Take-way container with yoghurt Watery Sambhar /Rasam/Curries. Drain liquid before disposal Coconut Shells (collect separately . Can be used as fuel)
  12. 12. Wet Waste Collection Collection: Covered bin in Kitchen lined with newspaper. Tear newspaper lengthwise to get 2 long pieces. Place them into the bin to cover the bin inner surface. NO PLASTIC BAGS! 12 * Collect Wet Waste in Green Bin in the 2 Bins 1Bag method
  13. 13. 13 Wet Waste Do’s 1 Leftover Sambhar? Strain using a steel strainer to drain the liquid into the sink Dispose food contents into Wet Waste bin
  14. 14. Home Composting Options 14 http://www.dailydump.org/products/leave-it-pots Daily Dump: Leave-it-Pot or Khamba Did you know: A firm in Bangalore has an order from Japan to export 2500 tonnes of compost to enrich the coastal areas devastated by 2011 tsunami. http://www.bangaloremirror.com/index.aspx?page=article&sectid=1&contentid=201201192012011905082181299adafb5 More : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uses_of _compost - As a Fertilizer - As a Soil Conditioner - For Soil erosion control Use Compost …Smart Bin: Home Composting For more such products & solutions visit www.ragpicker.in
  15. 15. Community Composting Examples http://vennarorganic.com/index.htmlhttp://www.dailydump.org/community-waste-management-final Daily Dump - Aaga 15 Kgs per day 0 HP low cost and low maintenance 10 to 170 Kgs 2.5 to 16HP Purchase Cost (4 lacs upwards) , Space and Maintenance needs to be considered Vennar - OWC 15 http://www.wikihow.com/Build-a-Tumbling-Composter For more such products & solutions visit www.ragpicker.in
  16. 16. Biogas Examples http://www.niecrest.in/ Biogas plants from 1-150 kgs. per day for homes, communities and institutions NIE-CREST 16 GPS –Bio-Orja Biogas plants from 100 kgs – 3 Tons. per day for communities and institutions http://www.greenpowersystems.co.in/#!the-biourja1 For more such products & solutions visit www.ragpicker.in
  17. 17. 17 What is Sanitary Waste?  Diapers  Sanitary Napkins  Condoms  Syringes  Shaving Blades  Ear Buds  Old Tablets  Bandages/Plasters  Fingernails  Hair/Animal Hair  Scrap cloth  Animal bones (large)
  18. 18. 18 Sanitary Waste Do’s  Collect in a newspaper cone or bag or red bin*  Wash out poop from diapers into the toilet before disposing baby diapers  Reusable cloth diapers for your baby at least at home Did you know: Disposable diapers take 500 long years to decompose Reusable diapers guide: http://www.realdiaperassociation.org/guide/ http://www.realdiaperassociation.org/wash/index.php * Collect Sanitary Waste in Red Bin in the 2 Bins 1Bag method
  19. 19. 19 What is Dry Waste?  Plastic bags  Plastic bottles  Plastic packaging  Broken toys  Bubble wrap  Take-away containers*  Food packets*  Pickle packs*  Milk Sachets* * Food packets, pickle packs and take-away food containers have to be thoroughly rinsed and dried before disposal * Food covers that are too oily should be discarded with debris waste Plastics  Tickets  Bills & statements*  Envelopes & Covers  Notices  Pamphlets  Paper wrappers  Computer Printouts  Paper plates Papers that are oily and soiled tissue papers should be discarded with debris waste * Tear any confidential papers such as bank statements/notices before disposal. Newspapers can be collected on a monthly basis and donated to NGOs who make bags for sanitary waste. Paper  Aerosol cans  Aluminum cans/foil  Metal bottle caps  Glass bottles & Jars  Incandescent Bulbs,  Tetrapack  Thermocole/Styrofoam WARNING: Do not crush aerosol cans Rinse and dry glass bottles before disposal Dispose broken glass/ceramic with debris waste after placing in a thick plastic/paper bag Metal, Glass & Others
  20. 20. x Wet waste (yuck! ruins the waste carefully segregated by others) x Sweeping dust, wood waste etc. (dispose with debris waste or with wet waste) x Human/Animal hair (it’s of course dry but sadly not recyclable, dispose with sanitary waste) x Soiled food covers/containers (rinse and dry them before disposing with dry waste) x Sanitary Waste such as napkins and diapers (dispose used/unused diapers etc. with sanitary waste) x Cigarette butts 20 What is NOT Dry Waste Do not dispose take away containers with food. Dispose food in Wet Waste bin, rinse and dry the container/cover and before disposing with dry waste Do not dispose Human or pet- hair with dry waste. Dispose these in Sanitary Waste Do not dispose ear buds, waxing strips etc with Dry Waste. These should go with Sanitary Waste.
  21. 21. 21 Dry Waste Do’s Food in a cover? Dispose food contents into Wet Waste bin Rinse cover if food contents were wet. Dry at kitchen sink before disposing in your Dry Waste bag 1
  22. 22. 22 Dry Waste Do’s Squeeze your toothpaste facewash etc to the last before disposal. Use an old toothbrush for this …saves at least a week’s worth of stuff 2 3 Empty and rinse out remnants in shampoo or moisturizer bottles. 4 Open up and crush/fold paper cartons before disposal. Saves a load of space 5 Dilute soap and hand wash concentrates with up to 2/3rds water. It’ll still be effective
  23. 23. Dry Waste Collection Collection: Fix a bin on the cupboard door of your sink. Use this to collect your Dry Waste 23 * Do not use thin polythene bags to store Dry Waste at your home Plastic woven bags or cloth bags are sturdy and reusable Collection: Collect Dry Waste in bag* hung in your kitchen or utility area. Collection: Rinse and dry milk covers. Collect in a box to dispose monthly to your local scrap dealer
  24. 24. Dry Waste Sorting@ Home 24 Once a week sort dry waste collected in your bag into Plastic, Paper, Metal & Others. Dispose to common dry waste collection Best Practice: RWA to provide residents with woven plastic bags labeled with house no and sorting categories as per requirement . Please check with your Dry Waste collector on categories of sorting required. Apartments having adequate space and labor can have a post collection sorting established.
  25. 25. What is Haz/E-Waste? 25 E-WasteHazardous Waste  Paints  Automobile Lubricants  Dry Cells (Batteries)  Car /2-wheeler batteries  Fluorescent Lamps  Mobile  Chargers  Computer peripherals  CDs  …anything with a plug
  26. 26. Haz/E-Waste Do’s 26  Collect small items such as batteries in a cover  Do no break CFL’s and Tube lights (Fluorescent lamps)  Maintenance personnel should use industrial grade gloves while handling haz/e-waste
  27. 27. What is Debris Waste? 27  Sweeping Dust  Oily Plastic/paper  Soiled Scrap Cloth  Rubber waste (slippers)  Gilt Paper/Gift Wrapping  Foil covers (lays/kurkure packs)  Construction debris * Dispose Debris Waste along with Sanitary Waste daily in Red Bin in the 2 Bins 1Bag method
  28. 28. Recyclanthem 28 Cans and bottles, don’t throw it away, Paper, plastic don’t throw it away, Recycle and Recycle, Let’s all try and recycle. We’re on a mission to save the world, Doesn’t matter if you’re a boy or a girl, Don’t put it off and don’t hesitate, Because tomorrow …. may be too late.
  29. 29. Happy Segregation, Composting and Recycling! www.ragpicker.in http://www.slideshare.net/ragpickerify https://www.facebook.com/ragpickerify http://www.youtube.com/user/ragpickerify 29For Waste Management Products & Solutions visit www.ragpicker.in