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Nick amott

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  • 1. Innovation – Prof Nick Amott
  • 2. Summary  Cubic Melons  LNG (with thanks to Prof Brian Cox)  Who are Fluor?  Why Innovation is Important  Real Examples of Successful Innovations  Some Innovations that Didn’t Work  Your Role in Innovation
  • 3. Cubic Watermelons  Why?  Developed by farmers in Japan in 2001  Response to customer and supermarket concerns  Now viewed as a novelty item due to high price and inferior taste!
  • 4. Titan – Saturn's Moon Photographs from the Cassini probe.
  • 5. Titan (Saturn Moon)  What is the white spot?  Titan is a long way from the sun with an atmosphere of methane not air!
  • 6. LNG – Liquefied Natural Gas  LNG - Natural Gas that has been converted to a Liquid  Gas is cooled through expensive liquefaction process to -162°C @ 0.25 bar  LNG has much greater energy density than compressed gas making it more efficient to transport  Expensive production process and storage equipment main barriers to widespread commercial use.  Prelude 488 m x 74m, more than 4.5 soccer pitches end to end - $12.6 billion
  • 7. LNG on Titan?  The Innovators friend  There are 1012 litres of liquid methane on Titan  Approx. ¼ of Earth’s reserves are present in LNG form  Why don’t we go and recover the LNG?  How would we get it to Earth?  Cost of putting 1 lb of payload into space is $10,000  Neil Downie’s 5th law of Innovation, “Every problem contains an opportunity” – (but maybe an opportunity for someone else – your children's children!)
  • 8. What is Fluor?  One of the world’s leading publicly traded engineering, procurement, construction, maintenance, and project management companies  #124 in the FORTUNE 500 in 2012  Over 1,000 projects annually, serving more than 600 clients in 66 different countries  Workforce of over 43,000 men and women executing projects globally  Offices in over 30 countries on 6 continents  100 years of experience Fluor Corporate Headquarters Dallas, Texas
  • 9. 9 Comprehensive Services Program/Project Management Pre-Design Design Construction Start-Up Operations & Maintenance Solutions  Computer Modeling  Conceptual Design  Estimating  Feasibility Studies  Permitting  Project Financing  Scope Definition  Siting  Technology/ License Evaluation  Front-end Engineering  Detailed Engineering  Cost Control  Planning & Scheduling  Sourcing & Supply  Systems Integration  Safety Planning  Construction Management  Craft Staffing & Training  Equipment & Tools Supply  Field Mobilization  Material Control  Quality Control  Safety Programs  Contractor Management  Commissioning  Engineering Support  Precommissioning  Systems Checkout  Initial Production  Plant Readiness  Turnover  Asset Performance Improvement  Facility Management  Plant Operations & Maintenance  Small/Sustaining Capital Projects  Turnaround, Outages & Shutdowns
  • 10. Why is Innovation Important to Fluor  One of Fluor’s guiding principles states that the company is always looking for: “Methods to Capture, Share and Apply our Knowledge to deliver Customer Solutions”  To be able to fulfil this principle Fluor must be innovative and provide an environment for innovation to thrive  Innovation also allows the company to: • Gain a competitive advantage over our competitors • Retain, attract, develop and motivate a workforce essential for success • Ensure quality and fit-for-purpose solutions are delivered to our customers • Build and sustain a global community for all our stakeholders • To maximise and increase margins and profitability for the company and shareholders So what does this mean! Do it better, faster, cheaper!
  • 11. Better – Faster - Cheaper  Innovate the “work process”  Change the paradigms  Use the tools ROI £/$/€
  • 12. How do we improve the work process using the available tools ? • Objective – Turn a Process concept into a decision making design and cost estimate better, faster and cheaper • Have a Clear Vision of the End Product • Just Enough and No More (JEAN) –RTFC –Don’t Outdo Competitor Deliverables –Neil Downie’s 4th law, don’t over-deliver • Completed the FEED on a $120M Ethane Treatment Project with over 20 major equipment items in less than one month
  • 13. Work Process for +/-30%Cost Estimates Process Simulation Heat & Mat Balance Prelim Cost Estimate Prelim Equipment / Line Sizing QuickPlantSM •Process Flow Dgms •Equipment Data Shts •Equipment List •Load List FrontRunnerSM IPE Equipment Based Cost Analysis OptimEyesSM Layout Studies Critical Equipment Sizing Checks •I/O Count •Concrete MTO •Piping MTO •Structural steel MTO •Plot plan /elevation
  • 14. Client Quotes “You have a significant competitive advantage over your competition with this approach”. Statoil Project Manager “You’ve done in 4 days what our other team have been doing for four months”. Project Estimator
  • 15. Real Example – 3rd Generation ModuleSM Design Evolution of Modular Construction  1st Generation Modular Execution
  • 16. Evolution of Modularization in Land Locked Locations  2nd Generation Modular Construction Execution • 1st Generation plus: • Equipment or PAUs (Preassembled Units) – Equipment on module – Modules around equipment
  • 17. Where next – 3rd Generation modulesSM  Get more into a module  Reduce the space occupied by the module and plant by optimising layout  Use the developing hardware available to the full extent  Patent the application to protect intellectual property
  • 18. Site Envelope Statistics Traditional 320,000 m2 2nd Generation 200,000 m2 3rd Generation 84,000 m2
  • 19. Real Example – 3rd Generation ModuleSM Design  Reduced TIC • Reduced plot area lowers quantities • Total labor hours down • Work done in Shop • Dramatic decrease in construction management  Improved Safety and Quality  Minimized Environmental Footprint  Operations & Maintenance Needs Maintained  Neil Downie’s 0th and 2nd law • Think! (laterally, contradictions, outside the box) • Surprises = Patents  This is a success story!
  • 20. Real Example – Sub-Sea Processing  Allows production from offshore oil wells without needing surface production facilities  Includes • Oil/Gas/Water Separation • Multiphase Pumping • Gas Compression • Flow Assurance  Advantages: • Improves production from existing wells • Allows production from previously ignored wells due to harsh operating conditions  Disadvantages: • Reliability issues have stopped widespread adoption, however these are being fixed  Currently used in North Sea, West Africa and Gulf of Mexico
  • 21. Some Ideas Do Not Work – The Segway  Self-balancing electric vehicle developed in 2001  Described as the future of transport and an innovation on par with PCs and the Internet  Solution to a non-existent problem, i.e. towns and cities designed for cars and pedestrians and no space for new types of vehicle  Did not take into account regulations – In UK not allowed on pavements and not allowed on roads  Fine as a novel sight seeing resource in Prague or Berlin!
  • 22. Some Ideas Do Not Work – Windows Vista  Launched by Microsoft in 2007 as a replacement to Windows XP  Highest market share gained was 19% compared to 75% for XP  Problems included: • Only 5% of computers sold could operate all features • File transfer was slower in Vista than previous operating systems • Most home and business software was incompatible with Vista • High price outside the USA • Oh! And it messed up our home PC!
  • 23. Fluor’s experience with software  Do not change if it currently works  No matter how much you test, some old and favoured software will not work on the new system  Sometimes the momentum of new software will force you to change your operating system  Do not try and create your ideal new software from scratch  Neil Downie’s 1st Law of Innovation – Copy (modify/enhance) when you can, innovate when you can’t
  • 24. Some Ideas Do Not Work – Sinclair C5  Battery assisted tricycle allowing the C5 to be operated without using the pedals  Sold approx. 17,000 units making the C5 “the best selling electric vehicle” until 2011  A number of design flaws: • Cold weather shortened the battery life • Driver exposed to adverse weather • Could not climb hills as the motor was not powerful enough and overheated easily  Declared unsafe by the Department of Transport
  • 25. Your Role in Innovation  Fresh and New to Situations  Your first employer will be looking to you – challenge the paradigm  Able to challenge ideas and conventions before becoming “Stuck in your (Company) ways”  Always be positive, use phrases like: • “It might work because…” • “Let me add something to your idea”  Suspend Critical Judgement – The part of you saying ….. “It Won’t Work”  Consider there may be more than one good way of completing a task  Allow ideas to develop – Innovation is rarely perfect so add to, shape and alter ideas  “The Important Thing is to Never Stop Asking Questions” Albert Einstein
  • 26. Aims of the Royal Institution Be Inspired (courtesy of Prof Brian Cox)  Royal charter 1800  Diffuse knowledge  Create inventions and improvements  Apply Science (Engineering) to the common purposes of life  We are Engineers, we are empowered to be creative and do good things!
  • 27. Graduate Recruitment Process Farnborough workforce looking to double in size; Requirement for suitably qualified staff at all levels; www.fluor.com/careers Graduate Assessment Day