The Digital Native andThe Digital Immigrant: Bridging the Gap between AcademicAdvisors and Students in the 21st Century
History of AcademicAdvising (we have come a long way) (the colonial th th During the 17 and 18 centuries period) the president of the university and eventually the faculty looked into the overall development of the individual, the idea was to create the perfect gentleman.
Academic Advising in 21st CenturyAdvising Web SitesEmailInstant MessagingSocial Networking SitesPodcastsCell PhonesBlogsSecond life
Change has not been easy ! Even though students have moved into the 21st century, the education system has remained in the 20th century Fortunately or Unfortunately the students of the 21st century are no longer our little versions (Prensky 2007) Today’s students as coined by Marc Prensky in 2001 are the Digital Natives
Digital Natives? The Digital Natives are native speakers of the digital language of computers, video games, Internet and who use technological tools as extensions of their bodies and minds, fluidly incorporating them into their daily routines (Prensky 2005)Before leaving college, digital natives (students) have onaverage:• seen 500,000 commercials,• sent/received 200,000 emails or messages• have spent 10,000 hours playing videogames• have spent 20,000 hours watching TV• have spent less than 5,000 hours reading books(Prensky 2001)
Digital Natives? Digital Native characteristics (Prensky, 2001)- parallel process and multitask- prefer graphics before text- thrive on instant gratification and rewards- have little patience for lectures, step-by-step logic, and “tell-test” instruction.
Digital Immigrants?The digital Immigrants are the educators andadvisors who were not born into the digital world,but adopted many or most aspects of the newtechnologyThe digital Immigrants even though have tried toadapt to their new environment, they do end upretaining their “accent” (Prensky 2001)
Digital Immigrants?Have very little appreciation for the new skillsthat natives have acquired through years ofinteraction and practiceDon’t believe their students can learnsuccessfully while watching TV or listening tomusicThinking that learning can’t be funAssume that the methodology that worked forthem will work for their students as well
“Accent”If you print out your email, …If you bring people into your office to see aninteresting website vs. emailing a URL, …If you make a phone call to check if someone gotyour email, …
Differences: Natives VS ImmigrantsProcessing InformationMultitaskingSense of IdentityLegacy versus Future Learning
Processing InformationDigital Natives retrieve information andcommunicate with their peers very quickly(Prensky 2001)Digital immigrants often take the longer route, beit verifying with their peers what theycommunicated technologically via Facebook ortexting with face-to-face confirmation
MultitaskingDigital Immigrants one step at a time, is often thenorm through a linear and logical progressionDigital Natives can study with the TV on theirIPod blasting in one ear; they practicemultitasking almost on a daily basis(Cunningham 2007)
Sense of IdentityDigital Natives use technology as an extension oftheir bodiesDigital Immigrants use technology to reachsomeone or to set up a face-to-face meeting
Legacy VS Future Learning Legacy content includes reading, writing, arithmetic, logical thinking, understanding the writings and ideas of the past- all of your traditional curriculum (Prensky 2001) Future content is surprisingly not just digital and technological, while it includes software, robotics, nanotechnology etc., it also includes the ethics, politics, sociology, languages and other things that go with them (Prensky 2001)
How so different?The brain constantly reorganizes itself all ourchild and adult lives, a phenomenon technicallyknown as neuroplasticity (Prensky 2001) (Forinstance: Researchers found that an additionallanguage learned later in life goes into a differentplace in the brain than the language orlanguages learned as children)Malleability: the people who grow up in differentcultures do not think about different things, theyactually think differently, the environment andculture in which people are raised affects andeven determines many of their thoughtprocesses (Prensky 2001)
How should the digital immigrants bridge this gap?Move out of our comfort zone and meet them inthe middleLaugh at our “accents”Collaborating with students and take theirfeedback into perspectiveBeing flexible in our organization
What the future beholds?The probable evolution of digital immigrants intoHomo sapiens digital is what the future beholds,they will differ from the digital immigrants sincethey will accept digital enhancement as anintegral fact of human existence, thus leading todigital wisdom (Prensky 2009)The gap between Digital Immigrants and DigitalNatives will be reduced by Digitalenhancement. In fact, at our own pace we areall moving, by fits and starts towards it….
ReferencesCunningham, B. (2007). Digital Native or Digital Immigrant, Which Language Do You Speak? Retrieved from NACADAClearinghouse of Academic Advising Resources Web site http://www.nacada.ksu.edu/Clearinghouse/AdvisingIssues/Digital-Natives.htmPrensky, Marc. (October, 2001) Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. Retrieved fromhttp://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdfPresnky, Marc. (2001) Do they really think different y? Retrieved from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part2.pdfPrensky, Marc. (December, 2005) Listen to the Natives. Retrieved from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdfPrensky, Marc. (2007) To Educate, We Must Listen. Retrieved from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky-To_Educate,We_Must_Listen.pdfPrensky, Marc. (July, 2007) Changing Paradigms. Retrieved from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky-ChangingParadigms-01-EdTech.pdfPrensky, Marc. (2009) Digital Wisdom (H. Sapiens Digital)- Moving beyond Natives and Immigrants. Retrieved fromhttp://www.innovateonline.info/pdf/vol5_issue3/H._Sapiens_Digital-__From_Digital_Immigrants_and_Digital_Natives_to_Digital_Wisdom.pdf