Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective
capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium.
The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton
bolls will tend to increase the dispersion of the seeds.
Cotton is used to make a number of
These include terrycloth for highly
bath towels and robes,denim for blue
jeans, popularly used in the manufacture
of blue work shirts .
Bed sheets often are made from cotton.
Cotton also is used to make yarn used
in crochet and knitting.
Cotton is a Warm season (tropical) crop.It can be
profitably grown in regions with rainfall of 850-
1100 mm, but economic yields can not be realized
in the region with a rainfall less than 500 mm.
Cotton grows in warm climates and most of the world’s cotton is
grown in the U.S., Uzbekistan, the People’s Republic of China and
India. Other leading cotton-growing countries are Brazil, Pakistan and
In this country, the major cotton-producing states are: Alabama,
Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina,
Tennessee and Texas, Florida, Kansas and Virginia.
After cotton has been harvested, producers who use conventional
tillage practices cut down and chop the cotton stalks. The next step is
to turn the remaining residue underneath the soil surface. Producers
who practice a style of farming called conservation tillage often
choose to leave their stalks standing and leave the plant residue on
the surface of the soil.