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Community gardening 101

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  • 1. Lucy  Bradley,  Ph.D.   Urban  Horticulture  Specialist   NCSU  Cooperative  Extension     Joni  Torres   Community  Garden  Technician  Pitt  County  Cooperative  Extension     Maggie  Castor   Community  Gardener  
  • 2. —  Health      Increase  levels  of  physical  activity      Increase  consumption  of  vegetables      Reduce  stress       Community  Development      Share  resources  and  skills      Beautify  and  improve  neighborhoods      Build  and  strengthen  a  community      Make  new  friends    —  Personal  Development      Save  money  on  food  costs      Learn  new  skills      Increase  knowledge  
  • 3. —  Gather  a  group  of    10  committed  people,  assign  jobs  and  meet  to  report  on  progress.    —  Talk  to  community  members  to  grow  support.    —  Determine  garden  needs:  find  a  site,  test  soil,  secure  water  source.    —  Hold  a  public  meeting  to  recruit  gardeners  and  begin  design  process.  
  • 4. —  Establish  a  garden  committee  and  develop  guidelines  —  Identify  and  reach  out  to  local  resources  —  Talk  to  other  community    gardens.  —  Find  a  garden  coordinator      Create  subcommittees      Fundraising      Maintenance      Outreach      Volunteer  coordination    
  • 5. —  Individual  talents  and  skills  within  your  group.      Fund  raisers,    building  skills,    computer  skills,  gardening  knowledge,   good  organizers  etc.  —  Associations      Civic  groups,    neighborhood  associations,  garden  clubs,  etc.  —  Institutions      Local  government  agencies,    colleges,  medical  centers,    —  Land  and  buildings      Parks,  community  centers,  churches,  schools,  recreational  centers  —  Local  economy      Nursery,  garden  center,  hardware  stores,  newspaper,  radio  station    
  • 6. —  County  Board  of  Health  —  Cooperative  Extension  Service  —  Soil  and  Water  Conservation  —  County  Planning  Department  —  County  Engineering  Department  —  Schools  and  Recreation  —  Senior  Center  —  Board  of  Education  —  Public  Information  Services  —  Local  Hospital  Foundation  
  • 7. —  Soil  test-­‐  for  heavy  metals,  pH,  fertility  —  Irrigation  –  hoses,  watering  cans,  wands  —   Tool  storage  –shed  or  deck  box  —  Tilling  costs  —  Soil  amendments      Lime,  compost,  manure,  mulch  —  Equipment       hand  tools,  shovels,  rakes,  hoe,        garden  fork,  pitch  fork,        wheelbarrow,  buckets      Hammer,  string  and  stakes      Tape  measure  (100  foot)      —  Sign  —  Fence    
  • 8. —  Find  a  Sponsor  —  Reduce  your  needs  -­‐  Budget      $1,000  -­‐  $5,000  startup      $1,000/year  on-­‐going  —  Seek  In-­‐Kind  donations  —  Raise  money      Donations      Events      Grants      Sales      Dues  —  Tell  your  story  –  Evaluation,  Annual  Report  
  • 9. —  Safe  &  Convenient  —  6-­‐8  hours  of  direct    sun  —  Access  to  affordable  water  —  Well  drained  site  —  Soil  is  not  contaminated  —  Available  for  at  least  5  years  —  Available  parking  —  Existing  Condition       (weeds,  trash,  fire  ants,etc)  
  • 10. —  Individual  or  communal  plots?  —  Plot  size?  —  Tool  shed  location  —  Composting  area  —  Shelter/gathering  space  —  Restroom  facilities  —  Fencing  
  • 11.        Welcome  garden  is  main  entry  point  for  gardeners  and  visitors  and  serves  as  a  home  for  beneficial  insects.    —  Separate  areas  for  organic  and  non-­‐organic  gardeners  —   Plot  size  4’  x  20’  —  4’  paths  between  beds  —  8’  paths  in  central  areas  —  Central  location  of  children’s  garden  and  gathering  space  —  Multiple  locations  for  compost  bins  and  tools  —  Area  for  bulk  delivery  is  accessible  to  trucks  —  8’  tall  fence  to  keep  out  deer  and  other  wildlife  
  • 12. Cooperation  with  all  gardeners  and  a  general  respect  for  others’  space  is  appreciated.  Please  read  each  of  these  rules  carefully  as  you  will  be  asked  to  sign  an  agreement  and  to  abide  by  them.    *No  animals  allowed    *No  weeds  going  to  seed    *Stay  within  your  boundaries  of  your  plot,  as  established                by  the  Garden  Coordinator  at  the  beginning  of  the        season    *Don’t  shade  or  water  anyone  else’s  area                            *  Do  not  harvest  from  someone  else’s  plot    *Keep  your  space  neat  and  clean  and  remove  trash  from        site    *Turn  off  the  water  and  put  hoses  back  when  finished    *Compost  bins  are  for  compost  only                    
  • 13. _________Community  Garden  and  all  project  volunteers  shall  be  held  free  from  any  liability  for  any  personal  injuries  or  damage  to  property  resulting  from  your  participation  in  the  _______  Community  Garden.    Gardeners  must  sign  their  agreement  to  follow  guidelines  and  the  hold  harmless  clause.    
  • 14. Standard  Business  Policy    Get  added  to  church  or  other  non  profit’s  coverage      (lower  cost)  General  liability  2,000,000/limit  1,000,000/occurrence      Bodily  damage      Property  damage   This  would  cover  all  gardeners  and  visitors                      (make  sure  volunteers  are  covered)   v Medical  $5000/person/yr   v Name  location  of  garden    if  it  is  at  a  different  site  
  • 15. —  Set  Garden  Guidelines  (organic,  pesticide  free,  low  toxic)  allow  flexibility    —  Develop  a  packet  of  information  for  gardeners    —  Hold  workshops  based  on  gardener’s  needs  and  interests.  —  Lots  of  great  resources      See  resource    links  
  • 16. —  Plan  Events  and  Educational  Opportunities      Invite  the  general  public  —  Create  a  communication  network:         email,  website,  newsletter,  bulletin  board,  phone  tree,    etc.  
  • 17. Mid April Planting Day Warm season crops (tomatoes, squash, green beans, sweet corn)June/July Open House Workday the weekend beforeAug Clean Up Day WeedsAug-Sept Planting Day Fall and/or cover crops Harvest Meal
  • 18. —  Celebrate  special  events.    Share  food  and  recipes.  —  Incorporate  the  garden  into  community  life.  —  Look  for  opportunities  to  grow  and  change.  —  Share  what  you  learn.  
  • 19. —  NC  State  Community  Gardening  Website  http://nccommunitygarden.ncsu.edu/    —  Eat  Smart  Move  More  Community  Gardening  Publication  http://nccommunitygarden.ncsu.edu/primer.html    —  How  to  Organize  an  Allotment  Community  Garden  http://cals.ncsu.edu/hort_sci/extension/documents/ag-­‐727.pdf    —  NC  Community  Garden  Partners  http://www.facebook.com/NCCGP    —  NC  Cooperative  Extension  Horticulture  Publications  http://cals.ncsu.edu/hort_sci/extension/extension-­‐publications.php    
  • 20. —  Minimizing  Risks  of  Urban  Contaminants  in  Urban  Gardens  http://cals.ncsu.edu/hort_sci/extension/documents/AG-­‐439-­‐78.pdf    —  Let’s  Move  Faith  Based  Communities  http://www.hhs.gov/partnerships/resources/Pubs/lets_move_toolkit.pdf    —  Gardening  calendar  for  Eastern  North  Carolina  http://pender.ces.ncsu.edu/files/library/71/VegPlantingGuide.pdf    —  Gardening  Calendar  for  Central  North  Carolina  http://cals.ncsu.edu/hort_sci/extension/documents/AG-­‐756.pdf  
  • 21. —  Missouri  Community  Gardening  tool-­‐kit  with  forms  etc.  http://extension.missouri.edu/explorepdf/miscpubs/mp0906.pdf    —  Food  safety  in  the  community  garden.  http://g.virbcdn.com/_f/files/0c/FileItem-­‐259929-­‐FoodSafetyWebCurriculum.pdf      
  • 22. www.facebook.com/NCCGP
  • 23. NCCGP.org
  • 24. In  2008  –  There  were  an  estimated  173  million  Christians  in  the  US   and  almost  9  million  people  of  other  faiths.       Captive  audience     Willing  to  help  others    Source:  http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2012/tables/12s0075.pdf    
  • 25.  —  Invite  various  groups,  associations,  and  people  in  your  congregation  or  community  to  help  start  the  garden.    —   Involve  young  people  as  participants  in  the  garden.      —  Consider  devoting  a  portion  of  the  garden  to  members  of  youth  after  school  groups.  Source:      http://www.hhs.gov/partnerships/resources/Pubs/lets_move_toolkit.pdf  
  • 26. —  1.  Prayer  first.    —  2.Identify  who  in  your  Parish  is  interested  in  gardening,  as  well  as  the  community  that  your  Parish  resides  in.  There  is  strength  in  Unity.    —  3.  Prayer  before  all  activities  will  help  make  miraculous  things  happen,  and  expect  things  to  happen  in  “God’s  time”.    —  4.  Seek  out  donations  of  labor  and  supplies  from  your  congregation’s  members.  Source:http://g.virbcdn.com/_f/files/e1/FileItem-­‐259582-­‐Howtostartafaithbasedcommunitygarden2.pdf  
  • 27.  To  help  unify  our  local  community  since  food  is  our  neighborhood  commonality.      We  will  accomplish  this  by  improving  our  local  food  sources  and  by  empowering  people  to  feed  themselves  with  self-­‐grown,  nutritious  and  affordable  food.    Source:    http://g.virbcdn.com/_f/files/e1/FileItem-­‐259582-­‐Howtostartafaithbasedcommunitygarden2.pdf  
  • 28. —  Schedule  group  projects,  workdays,  and  garden  pot  lucks  and  include  garden  prayers  services  as  an  essential  component.  The  good  Lord  does  better  work  that  we  do—keep  the  faith!    —  Plan  Church  community  workdays  to  complete  large  projects,  such  as  the  actual  construction  of  the  garden,  irrigation  system,  or  even  a  shed.    —  Enlist  the  additional  groups  from  the  church,  such  as  youth  groups,  boy  scouts,  social  ministry,  ladies  guilds,  etc.    Source:  http://g.virbcdn.com/_f/files/e1/FileItem-­‐259582-­‐Howtostartafaithbasedcommunitygarden2.pdf  
  • 29. —  Is  a  great  “unity  project”  that  also  provides  your  church  community  with  an  abundance  of  healthy  and  affordable  fresh  food.    —  Food  is  our  neighborhood  commonality…      —  Start  a  faith-­‐based  garden  today,  and  help  unify  your  community!      Source:    http://g.virbcdn.com/_f/files/e1/FileItem-­‐259582-­‐Howtostartafaithbasedcommunitygarden2.pdf  
  • 30. —  Clear  statement  of  process  in  guidelines  —  Contact  gardener  to  see  if  they  need  help  —  Reassign  plot  quickly  —  Plant  cover  crop  or  designate  as  shared  plot  
  • 31. —  Clear  statement  in  agreement  —  Strong  maintenance  committee    —  Assign  all  plots,  or  plant  cover  crops  —  Mulch  —  Manage  abandoned  plots  quickly  —  Don’t  allow  the  weeds  to  form  seeds  
  • 32. —  Recruit  neighbors  to  participate  —  Build  positive  relationship    —  Keep  garden  looking  good  —  Listen  &  Respect    —  Be  considerate  –sound,  dust,  parking  
  • 33. —  Model  respect,  compassion,  humor  —  Build  peace  into  guidelines  —  Design  garden  to  minimize  conflict      Wide  pathways      Group  organic  gardeners  together  —  Act  quickly  to  resolve  differences  
  • 34. —  Encourage  shared  responsibility  —  Support  delegating,  mentoring  —  Build  democratic  process  —  Create  structure  
  • 35. —  Have  clear  guidelines    —  Harvest    frequently  —  Recruit  support  of  neighbors,  police  —  You-­‐pick  garden    &  sharing  basket  outside  fence  —  Signs  —  Plant  root  crops  and  unusual  varieties  along  fence  —  Secure  furniture  with  cables  —  Paint  tools  bright  colors  
  • 36. —  Keep  garden  clean  –  lines  of  sight  open  —  Define  boundaries  —  Act  quickly  to  repair  damage  
  • 37. is  the    community.