Tunisia Internet Governance


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Tunisia Internet Governance

  1. 1. Internet Governance High-level Training: Tunisia IG report Rafik Dammak 16th June 2013
  2. 2. Between Status quo and Change No internet filtering ? Changing current legal framework? Going toward liberalization/less regulation? Truly Embracing Opengov/Opendata?
  3. 3. Current Situation (1/2) More engagement : 1) UNHRC resolution 2) Joining Freedom Online Coalition 3) Proposal at WCIT for ITR to mention HR Moving from Principles toward implementation?
  4. 4. Current Situation (2/2) 1) Many civil society/citizens initiatives and involvement 2) Technology-focus? 3) Expression of interest from Government, Ministries 4) But Current legal provisions are temporary
  5. 5. Recommendations (1/5) 1) Inclusion of Right to universal communication access 2) Ratifying and embracing international conventions and treaties e.g. Council of Europe Convention 108 3) Capacity and awareness-building at all stakeholder levels regarding Internet Governance 4) Encouraging national multi-stakeholder participation including international forums 5) Creating an independent Internet Steering Committee at a national level with equal e.g. Kenya, Brazil
  6. 6. Recommendations (2/5) 1) Giving Tunisia IGF a prominent role in policy circles to institute an ongoing national debate 2) Restructuring national agencies related to Internet 3) Supporting the ongoing change in ATI (becoming a truly NIC) 4) Establishing open consultations and public comments regarding Internet policies 5) Empowering agencies to enforce regulations related to privacy, data protection, competition, consumer rights and communications
  7. 7. Recommendations (3/5) 1) Empowering citizens by educating them on their rights : data protection and privacy, freedom of expression and guaranteed access. 2) Encouraging research and academic work related to Internet policy 3) Creating more affordable broadband access in all regions 4) Liberalizing the Internet market place by encouraging competition between ISPs. 5) Increasing international connectivity and encouraging more peering and interconnection between national ISP e.g. Good work done by TunIXP
  8. 8. Recommendations (4/5) 1) Encouraging non-profit initiatives that provide free Internet access, including the liberalization of spectrum 2) Encouraging the localization of content by suppressing all legal and economic barriers , pushing for open content and usage of open licensing. 3) Capacity-building and intensive educational efforts within public administration and government ministries towards understanding Opengov and Opendata principles 4) Building mechanisms to understand the citizens’ needs and expectations regarding governance issues. 5) Defining a final holistic legal framework regarding open governance and open data.
  9. 9. Recommendations (5/5) 1) Focusing on Internet access and on services matching real citizens’ needs to avoid the rise of a new digital divide 2) Enforcing data protection and privacy laws related to Opengov and Opendata Making citizen-oriented policies
  10. 10. Conclusion “Internet should be seen as an opportunity for development and growth, rather than as a threat to be over-regulated or controlled”. Beginning of debate and opportunity for change