A Brief Synopsis <ul><li>The poem is about the environment and what has become of it due to man’s doings. In the first stanza, a man sees a dead crow in a drain near the post office. At a crowded clinic, he sees a old man trying to catch his breath and a baby who almost could not breathe. He then says that the land is so rich, But wonders why should the people who live on this earth suffer in the way that that the old man and the child do. </li></ul><ul><li>In the second stanza, the poet says that he wants clean air for his grandchildren. He wants people to leave the forests and not cut down the trees indiscriminately. He wants the trees and the river to be free from pollution and the earth to be covered with grass. In this last statement, he hopes that the politicians would plan on how man can live with dignity at this point in times and forever. </li></ul>
Background <ul><li>The poem is about what has happened to our environment. It has been taken for granted by man. Man has used it for his own purpose but has failed to take care of it. Even though it has been said that we only borrow the earth from our children, many still do not take any notice and continue to abuse it. </li></ul><ul><li>the poet is expressing his finger. He vividly expresses what has happened to the inhabitants who are the victims of the assault on the earth. These include an old man, a baby and a crow. </li></ul>
Setting <ul><li>The setting of the poem is in everyday places. It shows a drain near a post office, a clinic, an open land, the forests and the rivers. </li></ul>
Persona <ul><li>This poem has two voices. Stanza one written in the voice of the third person. This has a more detached affect, more impersonal, as though he is making a general observation. </li></ul><ul><li>The second stanza is written in the voice of the first person, which is the poet’s own voice. He is speaking very strongly from a personal point of view. He uses ‘I’ and “we” to show that all of us are not spared from the polluted environment and therefore we should all unite to make the world a more livable place. </li></ul>
Themes preserving the environment <ul><li>Throughout the poem, elements of nature are used as the subjects. Among them are the crow, people, air, a rich land, forests and rivers. He implores people to do something about the environment. </li></ul>
Moral values caraing for the environment <ul><li>In the second stanza especially, it talks about how the poet is demanding clean air for his grandchildren. If even a basic things like clean air is not available for the children. </li></ul><ul><li>moral values are to be passed down to the future generations. He can only pass this value of a pollution-free environment down if he can make himself heard. If children see litter in the rivers, dead crows, people with breathing difficulties. </li></ul>
Tone and mood <ul><li>The tone of the poem in the first stanza is one of anger. The poet is angry because he sees death all around when he knows that the land is rich and we should be living healthily. Instead, man has abused the environment and the old man is dying, The child cannot breathe and the crow too is dead </li></ul><ul><li>the second stanza is demanding. He think that the people are foolish because of the way they treat the environment. He wants clean air, the forest to be alone, the rivers to be free from litter and the earth to be covered with grass. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The poem is written in free verse. The poet’s style is conversational, appealing to many people at all different levels of society. The language can be understood by the young and old alike. </li></ul>Structure and style
<ul><li>Analogy </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy is comparing two things that share similar features, conditions or states. If the crow is dead in the drain, it shows what a poor states the environment is in. </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul><ul><li>The crow could be a symbol of pollution. The crow is black. The fumes and smoke from open burning are also same colour. The crow could be a symbol of the pollution that will one day be the cause of the death of many. </li></ul>Literary devices
<ul><li>Comparison </li></ul><ul><li>The poet could also be drawing a comparison between the crow and humans. The crow and the humans are tough. But if the tough crow can die, one day the tough humans too will die because of pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>The poet also uses a contrasting technique to make his point. He brings his message across by using an old man and a baby. This shows that everyone, young or old, is affected by the unhealthy environment. </li></ul>Literary devices
<ul><li>Personification </li></ul><ul><li>The phrase “rivers run free” could be a comment that the poet wishes that the rivers have no rubbish and litter to prevent them from flowing. </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>The poet repeats ‘I want’ three times in the last stanza. This shows his insistence and demands for better things. He wants the people, the politicians and the policy makers to do something about the way things are. </li></ul>Literary devices
<ul><li>Prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Nurul Asyiqin bt Mohd Azani </li></ul><ul><li>Form 1 Berlian </li></ul><ul><li>SMK Seksyen 24 (2) Shah Alam </li></ul>
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