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  1. 1. William Butler Yeats The Lake Isle Of Innisfree
  2. 2. A Brief Synopsis <ul><li>The poem is about the poet’s desire to escape from the hustle and bustle of the city, and retreat to a quiet little island. He wishes to be close to nature and enjoy its peace. In the first stanza, the poet says that he will go to Innisfree. When he gets there, he will build a small cabin, plant nine rows of beans and set up a hive for honeybees. He will be by himself among nature. </li></ul><ul><li>In the second stanza, he says that he will have some peace in Innisfree, even though the peace comes slowly. The crickets will sing and at night the sky will shine with all the stars. </li></ul><ul><li>In the third stanza, the poet says that he will hear the lake water lapping quietly by the shore. Even when he stands on the road or the grey pavements in the city, he will listen carefully to all these sounds deep within his heart. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><li>When this poem was written, many people wondered if Yeats was referring to a real place that existed in his homeland, Ireland. Many speculated about this place Yeats wrote about. Some says that it was a place where he lived as a child, a place that he loved and went to regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>However, contrary to this idea, many critics believed that it was an imaginary place where Yeats used to escape to. Yeats was interested disillusioned with many things. As a means of escape, he would retreat into his world of poetry. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Setting <ul><li>The setting of the poem is at Irisy countryside. The following words show this: ‘cabin’, ‘clay and wattles’, ‘glade’, ‘water lapping by the shore’. </li></ul><ul><li>The poem also indicates the time of the day. It shows nature at dawn in the phrase ‘veils of the morning’. In the evening, the place is ‘a purple glow’ and full of ‘linnet’s wings’. Even at midnight, the sky is full stars, which is show in the phrase ‘midnight’s all a glimmer’. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Persona <ul><li>The poem is written in the first person, which is Yeats himself. This can be seen from the use of the first person pronoun ‘I’. It is in the from of a monologue where the poet is talking to himself. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Themes <ul><li>The beauty of nature </li></ul><ul><li>The poet talks how beautiful Innisfree is. He uses vivid descriptions that bring to mind colourful and tangible aspects. He describes morning as having veil of mists. This brings to mind a picture of wispy thread of air. He describes the time of the day by using contrast colours. He says that noon is purple glow and midnight is glimmering with the golden colour of the stars . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Peace and harmony in nature </li></ul><ul><li>The poet says that ‘peace comes dropping slow/ dropping from the veils of the morning’. In the midst of nature, there is peace. The noise that exists is a part or nature. For examples, the ‘bee-loud glade’ and the ‘lake water lapping’ by the shore. All these sounds can only be found in the countryside. </li></ul><ul><li>Man should live close to nature </li></ul><ul><li>The poet says he will ‘live alone in the bee loud glade’, and he ‘shall have some peace there’. He says that even when he stands on the road or on pavements, he can hear the sounds of nature in his ‘deep heart’s core’. This indicates that when he thinks or imagines the place deep within himself, he is at peace. It shows that peace is found deep within a person’s being. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Moral Values <ul><li>We should values and appreciate nature </li></ul><ul><li>Nature, in this poem, is gift that the world has. As buildings are being built and trees are cut down to make way for construction, we are losing the gift that nature has to give us. No doubt that development has to take place, but we also have to take into consideration that nature is a beautiful gift and should be appreciated. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Living close to nature gives peace and harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Not only is nature beautiful, it can also help to bring peace to individuals. If we imagine a peaceful place and take time out of our buy, hectic and stressful schedule, we too can experience peace and serenity. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tone And Mood <ul><li>The tone of the poem is thoughtful, serene and reflective of the harmony that nature provides. </li></ul><ul><li>The whirring of the linnet’s wings is comforting, so are the buzzing of the bees and the singing of the crickets. It shows that nature is pleasurable and brings harmony. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Structure And Style <ul><li>The poem is written in three stanza. Each stanza contains four lines. The pot uses the rhyme scheme ABAB. This means that the last word in line 1 rhyme with the last word in line 3, and the last word in line 2 rhyme with the last word in line 4. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the last word in in line 1 is ‘Innisfree’. This rhyme with the last word in line 3 which is ‘bee’. The last word in line 2 is ‘made’ ad the rhymes with the last word in line 4 which is ‘glade’. </li></ul><ul><li>The style in which this poem is written creates a feeling of harmony as to reflect the peace and tranquility of the peace. There are no jarring words, but it all captures a sense of peace and serenity. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Literary Devices <ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><li>The poet uses both visual and ouditory imagery to tell the readers about the place. Visual imagery that pertains to our sight. The following are some examples of visual imagery that can be found in the poem: </li></ul>‘ veils of the morning’ ‘ midnight’s all a glimmer’ ‘ noon a purple glow’
  13. 13. <ul><li>The phrase ‘veils of morning’ is description of the morning mist. The word ‘veil’ has a connotation of a bride. The poet uses it to indicate that the morning is pure, unspoilt, and fresh in a bride. In another sense, it could also mean that peace is hidden in a veil, fresh as the morning and it comes in a relaxed manner. </li></ul><ul><li>When the poet says ‘noon a purple glow’, he is probably referring to the field and meadows that are full of purple flowers. Very often in the olden days, the colour of purple is used to refer to something rich and noble. It likely that the rich purple colour is an expression of how rich a person is if he has peace in his life. </li></ul><ul><li>The phrase ‘cricket sings’ also shows the pleasure of being in a place that has creatures that ‘sings’. We usually sing when we are happy and this is a place where the cricket ‘sings’, indicating that it is happy. </li></ul>‘ bee-loud glade’ ‘ cricket sings’ ‘ lake water lapping’
  14. 14. <ul><li>The lake water laps also appeals to our sense of hearing. We can hear the lake water lapping with the sound of the word ‘lap’. The water here does not gush or is wild, but it has a peaceful, serene, tame movement. Hence, through these imagery the poet makes the lace comes alive. </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>A metaphor is a figure of speech used to compare things. It does not use the word ‘like’ or ‘as’. An example of a metaphor is ‘veil of the morning’. The poet does not say ‘like the veils or the morning’. The effect of this is to describe even more clearly the picture that the poet wants us to see. </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration is the repeated use of consonant sounds. The following are some examples of alliteration found in the poem: </li></ul>‘ cabin … clay’ ‘ glimmer … glow’ ‘ hive … honey’ ‘ lake … lapping’
  15. 15. <ul><li>The first example of alliteration is use of ‘cabin’ and ‘clay’. Why did the poet use clay and not concrete? This perhaps could be a comment that peace is natural and can be found in nature; it is warm, earthy, and not made with human hands. </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘hive’ and the ‘ honey’ show the contrast that the bee is noisy while he is alone, and the honey is like peace that comes dropping slow. </li></ul><ul><li>Another example is ‘glimmer’ and ‘glow’. These words have a positive connotation. When something shines or ‘glimmer’, we know that it is good. We often use words like ‘glimmer of hope’, and in this case, the ‘glimmer’ could well refer to the hope that there will be peace in this place. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of alliteration in the line ‘lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore’ also creates an effect to gentleness and peace. As said many times before, it can be heard and it can almost be felt. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>The poet repeats the words ‘I will’, ‘I shall’, ‘I hear’ and ‘I stand’ to stress on his desire of wanting to go to this place, Innisfree. </li></ul><ul><li>Note the use of the future tense, for example, ‘I will’ and ‘I shall’. The use of these modals shows that he definite that he wants to go to Innisfree. Later in the third stanza, he uses the simple present tense. It is as if he is actually at the place. The phrase ‘I stand’ and ‘I hear’ make it seems as if he is really there. </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>The poet uses contrast to show stark differences to create a vivid effect. For example, he says that he wants to ‘live alone in the bee-loud glade’. If he is alone, there is very little noise except the sounds of the environment. This is a contrast that the poet uses to draw distinct differences in this place that he wants to go to. </li></ul><ul><li>Another contrast is when he uses ‘morning’ and ‘midnight’. The effect of using this contrast is to show the differences clearly. Thus, be it night or day, Innisfree is a place that is peaceful and quiet. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Critical Commentaries <ul><li>The poet is acutely aware of his surroundings. He notices it at the break of dawn when there is a morning mist. At noon, he sees a purple glow, and in the evening he notices the brown birds that fly. Even at midnight, he know that the sky is shimmering with shiny stars. </li></ul><ul><li>His choice or words not only appeals to our sense of sight, but also to our sense of hearing. For example, ‘bee-loud glade’. Here we can almost hear the bees. Also the mention of the ‘linnet’s wings’ can almost make us see the way the wing flutter and hear the sound of them ‘whirring’. Together with this image, we can almost see and hear the crickets singing. </li></ul><ul><li>The poet likens the mist of the morning to a veil. This could be a comment on how beautiful the morning is, pure and unspoilt like a bride wearing a veil. Like the morning veil of mist, it is something that has to besought after. This can only be done while in solitude and when one is with nature. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Nurul Asyiqin bt. Mohd Azami Nur Atikah bt. Hoiron Anwar Thanks You Thanks You
  19. 19. Best Friend Forever