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Acrylic painting tips general use

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  • 1. Acrylic Painting TipsAcrylic Painting Tips
  • 2. THE MEDIUM-THE MEDIUM-  All acrylics are made from colouredAll acrylics are made from coloured pigments mixed with synthetic resin whichpigments mixed with synthetic resin which acts as the binder and adhesive. Once dryacts as the binder and adhesive. Once dry acrylic colours form a tough plastic coatingacrylic colours form a tough plastic coating which is almost indestructible.which is almost indestructible.
  • 3. Acrylic PaintAcrylic Paint  Change your rinse water often to keepChange your rinse water often to keep colours pure and cleancolours pure and clean  Wash brushes with cool water, not hotWash brushes with cool water, not hot
  • 4.  Paint left to dry on clothing or in brushesPaint left to dry on clothing or in brushes becomes permanent – wash while wet!becomes permanent – wash while wet!  If you get paint on your clothes, rinse it outIf you get paint on your clothes, rinse it out with cold waterwith cold water Acrylic PaintAcrylic Paint
  • 5.  Blend colours together on the painting surfaceBlend colours together on the painting surface while wet to achieve gradual changes inwhile wet to achieve gradual changes in value/tonevalue/tone  If you want an area to be well blended, it’s aIf you want an area to be well blended, it’s a good idea to pre-mix the colours you will needgood idea to pre-mix the colours you will need so you can apply them more quickly and be ableso you can apply them more quickly and be able to blend while still wet. For example, if you wantto blend while still wet. For example, if you want to blend a red into a yellow, pre-mix a couple into blend a red into a yellow, pre-mix a couple in between colours – this way, not all your blendingbetween colours – this way, not all your blending is done on the painting surface, allowing you tois done on the painting surface, allowing you to work quickerwork quicker Acrylic PaintAcrylic Paint
  • 6.  Acrylic dries slightly darker than it looksAcrylic dries slightly darker than it looks when wetwhen wet  If an area doesn’t work out, let it dry andIf an area doesn’t work out, let it dry and simply paint over it again – it is verysimply paint over it again – it is very forgiving!forgiving! Acrylic PaintAcrylic Paint
  • 7.  Opaque from the tube- easy to paint one colourOpaque from the tube- easy to paint one colour over another, even a light colour over anotherover another, even a light colour over another one only takes one coatone only takes one coat  Translucent when one adds water- bold or subtleTranslucent when one adds water- bold or subtle transparent washes. Does not behave astransparent washes. Does not behave as watercolour; washes are unsolvable so once drywatercolour; washes are unsolvable so once dry cannot be removed. This allows you to add onecannot be removed. This allows you to add one transparent colour over another withouttransparent colour over another without disturbing the colour underneath. They also drydisturbing the colour underneath. They also dry to a rather flat finish, the more water you use theto a rather flat finish, the more water you use the less shiny the final work.less shiny the final work.  Using a gloss medium can thin the paint andUsing a gloss medium can thin the paint and keep the shinekeep the shine  Can be applied thickly to add texture. MediumsCan be applied thickly to add texture. Mediums can be used to make this even thicker.can be used to make this even thicker.
  • 8.  Acrylics areAcrylics are adhesive whichadhesive which works well withworks well with collage and mixedcollage and mixed media projects.media projects. http://nadiasworks.mosaicglobe.com/ http://www.123rf.com/photo_3957417_acrylic-collage- painting-with-sun.html
  • 9. SurfacesSurfaces  Painting surfaces- wide range- canvas, board,Painting surfaces- wide range- canvas, board, cardboard, paper; also, plastic, metal, formica and othercardboard, paper; also, plastic, metal, formica and other surfaces. All surfaces should be primed to seal thesurfaces. All surfaces should be primed to seal the surface and provide a key for the paint to adhere to. Itsurface and provide a key for the paint to adhere to. It will not adhere to an oily or waxy surface so do not use itwill not adhere to an oily or waxy surface so do not use it to paint over an old oil painting. Acrylic gesso or acrylicto paint over an old oil painting. Acrylic gesso or acrylic primer provides a good white surface. To retain theprimer provides a good white surface. To retain the colour of the canvas board, card or paper seal thecolour of the canvas board, card or paper seal the surface with acrylic gloss or matt medium.surface with acrylic gloss or matt medium.  Bought surfaces- ready primed for acrylic use including,Bought surfaces- ready primed for acrylic use including, stretched canvas, boards, and canvas covered boardsstretched canvas, boards, and canvas covered boards as well as special papers which have a texture similar toas well as special papers which have a texture similar to canvas.-limited range of sizes and shapescanvas.-limited range of sizes and shapes  Inexpensive alternatives- hardboard, masonite,Inexpensive alternatives- hardboard, masonite, cardboard, thick paper- prime with two coats.cardboard, thick paper- prime with two coats.
  • 10.  ACCESSORIES AND ADDITIVES-ACCESSORIES AND ADDITIVES-  Palettes-use white plastic palettes or flat plastic or glassPalettes-use white plastic palettes or flat plastic or glass sheets, not wooden palettes. Keep paint moist while yousheets, not wooden palettes. Keep paint moist while you work with an occasional spray of water.work with an occasional spray of water.  Styrofoam trays with moistened paper towels- can keepStyrofoam trays with moistened paper towels- can keep paint moist on a limited budget- cover with tinfoilpaint moist on a limited budget- cover with tinfoil  Paint- tube paint generally thicker than that in jars.Paint- tube paint generally thicker than that in jars.  Mediums-gloss medium- allows the paint to becomeMediums-gloss medium- allows the paint to become transparent with a shinier result. Often used when onetransparent with a shinier result. Often used when one colour needs to be seen underneath. Matt is the samecolour needs to be seen underneath. Matt is the same but leaves it with a non=reflecting surface.but leaves it with a non=reflecting surface.  Gel Medium and Texture paste- used to make it thicker,Gel Medium and Texture paste- used to make it thicker, allowing for texturizing with a brush, knife or other tools.allowing for texturizing with a brush, knife or other tools. You can also make your own special textures by addingYou can also make your own special textures by adding sand sawdust or other substances.sand sawdust or other substances.  Retarder- slows down drying time, used with thick paintRetarder- slows down drying time, used with thick paint to allow time for texturizing.to allow time for texturizing.
  • 11. LayeringLayering  Most effective way to adjust colours ,Most effective way to adjust colours , tones and composition by overlaying painttones and composition by overlaying paint rather than manipulating wet paint onrather than manipulating wet paint on canvas as with oils.canvas as with oils.
  • 12. LayeringLayering  The first step should be anThe first step should be an underpainting.underpainting.  Underpaintings should not beUnderpaintings should not be detailed.detailed.  This first layer of paint covers theThis first layer of paint covers the gessogesso (primer) and prevents(primer) and prevents white areas. It can also add awhite areas. It can also add a different tint to layers on top of it.different tint to layers on top of it. It can be one colour for the entireIt can be one colour for the entire painting, or different colours forpainting, or different colours for different areas.different areas.  Broad brushstrokes of thinnedBroad brushstrokes of thinned paint are good for underpaintingpaint are good for underpainting and blocking in large areas ofand blocking in large areas of colour. Smaller brushstrokes withcolour. Smaller brushstrokes with thicker paint are useful for addingthicker paint are useful for adding detailsdetails
  • 13. Layering, con’tLayering, con’t Sometimes painters allow portionsSometimes painters allow portions of the underpainting to showof the underpainting to show through, forming what looks like anthrough, forming what looks like an outline.outline. Allow successive layers to dry before building on top so the colours don’t become muddy; add glaze layers on dry paint to change tone of an area
  • 14. Painting OrderPainting Order  Work fromWork from backgroundbackground toto middle groundmiddle ground toto foregroundforeground!!  For example, in the exampleFor example, in the example shown here, sky first, thenshown here, sky first, then blue hills, brown hills, whiteblue hills, brown hills, white hills, then trees.hills, then trees.  Also consider that darkAlso consider that dark colours layer over lightcolours layer over light colours more easily than lightcolours more easily than light over dark.over dark.
  • 15. WASHES:WASHES:  Three uses you want your picture toThree uses you want your picture to look like a watercolour, or you want tolook like a watercolour, or you want to use it as a starting place for youruse it as a starting place for your picture, or you want to use it as anpicture, or you want to use it as an overlaid colour.overlaid colour.  The latter is known as glazing and change the underlyingThe latter is known as glazing and change the underlying colour without obliterating it. Somecolour without obliterating it. Some paints are strong and doare strong and do not work well as glazes, such as phythalo blue and alizarinnot work well as glazes, such as phythalo blue and alizarin crimson. Remember water produces matt finish and mediumcrimson. Remember water produces matt finish and medium a gloss finish.a gloss finish.
  • 16. TextureTexture  ImpastoImpasto-thick or lumpy application of paint, or deep-thick or lumpy application of paint, or deep brush marks (brushstrokes), as distinguished from a flat,brush marks (brushstrokes), as distinguished from a flat, smooth paint surface. (pr. im-PAHS-toh)smooth paint surface. (pr. im-PAHS-toh)  Other TexturesOther Textures -Model with a knife, scratch into with a-Model with a knife, scratch into with a brush handle (show layer underneath), imprint withbrush handle (show layer underneath), imprint with another material such as tinfoil; combing; dab with youranother material such as tinfoil; combing; dab with your finger; dab from the tube; stipple with the flat of a knife;finger; dab from the tube; stipple with the flat of a knife; mix with sawdust , sand, rocksalt, rice, eggshells etc. ;mix with sawdust , sand, rocksalt, rice, eggshells etc. ; have candlewax below, paint over such things as ahave candlewax below, paint over such things as a doiley (stencil), paint over applied fabric.doiley (stencil), paint over applied fabric.  Don’t over do it- it can take away from the picture, beDon’t over do it- it can take away from the picture, be selectiveselective
  • 17. Scumbling/drybrushingScumbling/drybrushing  Scumbling/drybrushingScumbling/drybrushing can be used on top ofcan be used on top of completely dry areas tocompletely dry areas to add soft, broken,add soft, broken, transparent areas oftransparent areas of colour – good forcolour – good for highlights for examplehighlights for example http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=Xcr55uRTD4M&feature=player_embedd ed
  • 18. Skin TonesSkin Tones  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pRDwuoX43HQ&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pRDwuoX43HQ&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCOf7gYq2iE&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCOf7gYq2iE&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNyeJyNl_kI&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNyeJyNl_kI&feature=related  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jzo1dXgwM7g&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jzo1dXgwM7g&feature=related