Brazil environment, society and politics

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Essa apresentação foi realizada no dia 13 de julho em Yokohama, Japão, no Pré Congresso do XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology.
Fui convidado para falar sobre os impactos do meio ambiente na sociedade brasileira e aproveitei a oportunidade para fazer um resgate da nossa cultura, mostrar como ocorreu o desenvolvimento ao longo dos anos, seus impactos e algumas leis.
A ideia foi apresentar essa evolução em algumas perspectivas e foquei na possibilidade de mudança da matriz energética, para fontes renováveis, como solar e eólica.

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  • colonized, monarchy, republic and democracy (relatively recently, by 1984 Falls military government in 1989 and the country writes a new constitution).
  • Brazil environment, society and politics

    1. 1. Brazil: Environment, Society and Politics by Rafa Art
    2. 2. Agenda Introduction From discovery to pre industrialization Modern Times and Impacts – Years 1910-1960 – Years 1970- 2010 Conclusion Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    3. 3. Introduction Brazil experienced changing of control Environmental impacts Society transformation Cultural transformation and impacts Coffee - 1935. Cândido Portinari Workers – 1923. Tarcila do Amaral Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    4. 4. From discovery to pre industrialization Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    5. 5. From discovery to pre industrialization • Portuguese X Indians Impacts Resource Communication Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    6. 6. From discovery to pre industrialization • Exploration of Pau-brasil at the beginning of the 15th century Uncontrolled extraction, by French Beginning of law enforcement 1516 - 1534 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    7. 7. From discovery to pre industrialization • Village of São Vicente 1532 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    8. 8. From discovery to pre industrialization Cultural change – news possibilities Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    9. 9. From discovery to pre industrialization • African Slaves - 1538 • Napoleon Bonaparte - 1808 • Law Aurea - Imperial Law N° 3,353 - 1888 • Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca  Brazil Republic - 1889 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    10. 10. From discovery to pre industrialization Emigration –multicultural country Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    11. 11. Modern Times and its impacts Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    12. 12. Modern Times and its impacts The plus period + People + Development + Impacts + Laws + Corruption + Emigration | Imigration Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    13. 13. Modern Times and its impacts - Years 1910-1960 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    14. 14. Modern Times and its impacts – Years 1910-1960 rises by over 300% - from 1900 to 1960: 17 million to over 70 million. Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    15. 15. • New Urban Centers • More environmental impacts • Cycle Rubber and Coffee • Brasilia – new Capital • Increase of CO2 emission – Development • Immigration • Agriculture to Industrialization • Law Enforcement Modern Times and its impacts – Years 1910-1960 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    16. 16. - 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 90,000,000 Yearly CO2 Emissions (tonnes) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    17. 17. • 26th of July of 1911 – Creation of the first Forest Reserve of Brazil • 01st January 1916 - Promulgated the Civil Code of the United States of Brazil that, amongst its diverse disposals, enclosed questions of ambient nature • 1934 – Water Code, Hunting and Fich Code, Forest Code are enacted • 29th March 1940 - Mine Code enacted. Modern Times and its impacts – Years 1910-1960 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    18. 18. State of São Paulo – 1500 to 1952 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    19. 19. Modern Times and its impacts - Years Years 1970- 2010 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    20. 20. Modern Times and its impacts – Years 1970- 2010 • Increased of GDP • Environmental Issues– Oil and Others • Public Politics • Development – Infrastructure • Social Movements Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    21. 21. Brazil GPD U.S. $ 2.143 trillion Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    22. 22. Comparative environmental occurrences from 1991 to 2010 Drought sudden flood storm gradual flood Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    23. 23. Comparative environmental events between decades Drought Sudden Flood Gradual Flood Hail storm Frost Storm Tornado Forest fire Mass Movement Fluvial Erosion Linear Erosion Marine Erosion Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    24. 24. Affected by disaster Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    25. 25. Killed by type of disaster Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    26. 26. State of São Paulo – 1973 to 2000 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    27. 27. Public Politics • 30th October 1973 - Special Secretariat of Environment (SEMA) • 14th August 1975 - Rules created to regulate industrial pollution • 21th September 1979 - Decree approved regulation of the Brazilian National Parks • 2nd July 1980 - Determined the basic lines of direction for the industrial zoning in critical areas of pollution • 27th April 1981 - Created the Law nº 6.902, 27th April 1981, created the Ecological Stations and the Environmentally Protected Zone • 2nd September 1981 -National Politic of the Environment (PNMA), that it has the objective to preservation, improvement and recovery of the propitious ambient quality to the life Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    28. 28. Public Politics • 01st June 1983 - The Natural Environmental Council (CONAMA) was created. Frist resolution on 1986 - redefined the concept of Ambient Impact and institutes criteria on the Study of Environmental impact (EIA) and the Environmental impact report (RIMA). • 12th October 1988 - Program of Defense of the Ecosystem Complex of the Legal Amazonian called Program Our Nature. • October 1988 - Government promulgates new constitution that explicitly gives citizens environmental rights. • 22th February 1989 - Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    29. 29. Public Politics • 27th October 1994 - Decree approved the Regulation of National Forests • 8th January 1997 - Federal Water Law (Law No. 9433) is enacted. It establishes the National Water Resources Policy and National System for Water Resources • 17th July 2000 - Creation of the National Water Agency (ANA) • 2nd August 2010 - National Politics of Solid Wast – deadline August 2014. Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    30. 30. Development – Infrastructure • Angra, in 1971 – nuclear power • Trans-Amazon Highway • Polocentro at brazilian cerrado in 1975 • Itaipu Hydroelectric Plant in 1975 to 1982 • Belo Monte dam Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    31. 31. Deforestation in the Amazon Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    32. 32. Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    33. 33. Original coverage of the Cerrado and Map the Current Remaining Before After 2012 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    34. 34. Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    35. 35. Brazilian Hydroelectric Potential and Plan In Operation Under Construction Planned Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    36. 36. Some effects of construction of Jirau/RO and Porto Velho/RO Hydroelectric Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    37. 37. Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    38. 38. Yearly CO2 Emissions (tonnes) – from 1901 to 2006 Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    39. 39. Brazil Wind Capacity Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    40. 40. Brazil Solar Capacity Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    41. 41. Conclusion • Issues – Society – Environmental – Corruption – Development – Energy – Education – Gender Jul/14 | Rafa Art www.agendasustentabilidade.com.br
    42. 42. Thanks for the attention!! Hajimemashite fb.com/rafael.art rafael@agendasustentabilidade.com.br www. agendasustentabilidade.com.br

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