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Conversation ppt2nogrammar Conversation ppt2nogrammar Presentation Transcript

  • Talk Your Head Off: Strategies fordesigning an Effective andEngaging ESL Conversation ClassPresenter:Ryan Brux, English Language FellowBNC – El Cultural – Tarapoto, Peru
  • Goals and Objectives:To describe the importance of teaching speaking in thecommunicative classroomTo discuss the importance of planning for a conversationclassTo discuss ways to integrate vocabulary in authenticspeaking situationsTo learn how to develop extension activities that areproject-based, communicative, and support languageacquisition goals.To use this information to create a lesson plan forconversation purposes
  • Consider This:•Speaking in a second language or foreign language has often beenviewed as the most demanding of the four skills (Bailey andSavage 1994)•Many language learners regard speaking ability as the measure ofknowing a language. These learners define fluency as the ability toconverse with others. They regard speaking as the mostimportant skill they can acquire, and they assess their progressin terms of their accomplishments in spoken communication.From The National Capital Language Resource Center View slide
  • Instruction Matters!!In the communicative model of language teaching,instructors help their students by providingauthentic practice that prepares students forreal-life communication situations. View slide
  • “By failing to prepare, you are __________.”-Benjamin Franklin
  • “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.”-Benjamin FranklinIt’s all about planning your lesson!
  • Planning…Creating an effective plan involves:▫ setting realistic goals,▫ deciding how to incorporate course textbooks andother required materials▫ developing activities that promote learning.▫ Determining how to assess student learningPlan with the end in mind.
  • Before You Begin▫ What topic(s) will you talk about?▫ What kinds of questions will you ask?▫ What special vocabulary will students need?▫ What kinds of activities will be used to furthersupport instruction?
  • For teachers using ESL/EFL books, much of this information isalready available to you. Use it to help you begin planning.
  • Level Unit Unit Title Theme/TopicQuestions/Conversation StartersVocabularySuggested Extension Activities Materials/Notes
  • Step One…Identify Your Focus• Identify the▫ Level (Beginner)▫ Unit # (10)▫ Unit Title (Travel)▫ Theme/Topic (Travelling/Experiences)**Focusing on the topic of study and will help youdetermine level-appropriate questions/situationsto present to students.
  • LevelBeginnerUnit10Unit TitleTravelsTheme/TopicTravel/ExperienceQuestions/Conversation StartersVocabulary Preview/ReviewSuggested Extension Activities Materials/Notes
  • Step 3: Develop your QuestionsRemember! You want your students tospeak naturally. Develop questions/promptsthat are topic-based and interesting.Question: Where have you travelled?Answer: I have travelled to Japan and India…Question: Tell me about your best vacation.Student: My best vacation was to India….
  • Considerations when choosing questionsChoose questions which support language developmentChoose questions that relate to student lives. Draw onprior background knowledge.Choose questions (10-12??) that cover various aspects ofthe topic.Choose questions that increase in complexity and allowfor increased talk (Why? How?)Beware of questions that might be too personal oroffensive (politics, religion, etc.)
  • Help!!! I Can’t Think of AnyQuestions to Ask My Students!!!
  • ITESLJ.ORG/QUESTIONS/
  • ITESLJ.org•Provides an exhaustive list ofquestions/situations for ESLconversation•Free to use. No username orpassword needed.Conversation QuestionsTravel• Have you ever been abroad?• Where have you been?• Are you planning on going anywhere for your next vacation?▫ If so, where?▫ Who with?▫ How long will you stay?• Are you afraid of going abroad alone?• Could you live in another country for the rest of your life?• Describe the most interesting person you met on one of your travels.• What was your best trip.• What was your worst trip.• Did your class in high school go on a trip together?▫ If so, where did you go?▫ How long did you stay?▫ How did you get there?• Do you have a drivers license?• Do you like to travel with children? Why or why not?• Do you like to travel with your mother? Why or why not?• Do you prefer summer vacations or winter vacations?• Do you prefer to travel alone or in a group? Why?• Do you prefer to travel by train, bus, plane or ship?• Do you prefer traveling by car or by plane?• Have you ever been in a difficult situation while traveling?• Have you ever been on an airplane?▫ How many times?▫ What airlines have you flown with?• Have you ever been to a foreign country?• Have you ever gotten lost while traveling? If so, tell about it.• Have you ever hitchhiked? If so, how many times?• Have you ever taken a package tour?
  • LevelBeginnerUnit10Unit TitleTravelsTheme/TopicTravel/ExperienceQuestions/Conversation Starters•Where have you traveled to?•What is the best vacation you have ever had?•What is the worst vacation you have ever been on? Describe it.•Have you ever gotten lost while travelling? What happened? How did you solve the problem?•Have you ever taken a package tour? What was included?•What are some places in your country which people must visit? Are there any places people shouldn’t visit?Why?•Have you ever bought a souvenir? What was it? Why do you think people buy souvenirs?•What languages can you speak? Do you think it is important to be able to speak more than one language?VocabularySuggested Extension Activities Materials/Notes
  • Step 4: Choosing VocabularyAfter you have developed your questions, you canbegin to extract the vocabulary. Know what wordsmight give students trouble. YOU KNOW YOURSTUDENTS BEST!Look at the questions. Which words will need tobe taught/reviewed in order for students tounderstand and talk about the topic?How you teach vocabulary will depend on yourindividual teaching style. You may wish to definethe words for yourself as an instructional support.
  • LevelBeginnerUnit10Unit TitleTravelsTheme/TopicTravel/ExperienceQuestions/Conversation Starters•Where have you traveled to?•What is the best vacation you have ever had?•What is the worst vacation you have ever been on?•Have you ever gotten lost while travelling?•Have you ever taken a package tour?•What are some places in your country which people must visit? Are there any places people shouldn’t visit?Why?•Have you ever bought a souvenir? What was it? Why do you think people buy souvenirs?•What languages can you speak? Do you think it is important to be able to speak more than one language?VocabularyVacation (n.) – A trip taken for pleasureTo travel (v.) – to go from one place to another, usually by some form of transportation (car, airplane, ship)Souvenir (n.) – A usually small item purchased as a reminder of a place visitedPackage tour (n.) – A planned tour in which one fee is charged for all expensesSuggested Extension Activities Materials/Notes
  • Vocabulary ConsiderationsDo not focus all energy on vocabulary instruction –the purpose of a speaking class is to speak!Introduce 5-8 words that might give studentsdifficulties.Use speaking as a way to review previously learnedvocabulary as well as a way to introduce new words.Use new words frequently throughout the conversationlesson. Students need multiple exposures to a word tolearn it well (Lawrence, 2009; Nagy, Herman, &Anderson, 1985)
  • Step 5: Consider a Project-BasedLearning (Extension) ActivityProject-based learning is aninstructional approach toengage students in sustained,cooperative investigation(Bransford & Stein, 1993)
  • In Cooperative Learning…Students work together, negotiating meaning, applyingtheir own perspectives, working on a culminatingproject.
  • Project Based Activities for Speaking:The Possibilities are Endless• Poster Presentations• Brochures• Commercials• Role Play• Story-Building w/ LanguageExperience Approach (LEA)• Panel discussions/talk show• Debates• Short Reading/Discussion• Create a YouTube Video• Surveys• Short Video Clip/Discussion• Retelling Stories• Talk-show• Telling Stories• Radio/T.V. Interviews• Short persuasive speeches• Audio-taped Oral Dialogue Journals• Skits/Plays• Structured interviews• Problem-solving simulations• Describing a picture• Sentence expansion activities• Jokes/Riddles• Analysis of charts, graphs, tables
  • Specific Examples of Project-BasedLearning (Travel)• Watch a short clip from a tourism commercial.Have students discuss its effectiveness. As a follow-up, have students create a 30-second TVcommercial, convincing people to visit their country.If possible, record these commercials.• Have students work together to recommend the 10most important things that someone should bringon vacation and explain the importance of eachitem.
  • LevelBeginnerUnit10Unit TitleTravelsTheme/TopicTravel/ExperienceQuestions/Conversation Starters•Where have you traveled to?•What is the best vacation you have ever had?•What is the worst vacation you have ever been on?•Have you ever gotten lost while travelling?•Have you ever taken a package tour?•What are some places in your country which people must visit? Are there any places people shouldn’t visit?Why?•Have you ever bought a souvenir? What was it? Why do you think people buy souvenirs?•What languages can you speak? Do you think it is important to be able to speak more than one language?VocabularyVacation (n.) – A trip taken for pleasureTo travel (v.) – to go from one place to another, usually by some form of transportation (car, airplane, ship)Souvenir (n.) – A usually small item purchased as a reminder of a place visitedPackage tour (n.) – A planned tour in which one fee is charged for all expensesSuggested Extension Activities:Watch a travel commercial. Discuss. Create a 30 secondtravel commercial convincing people to come to your city;use superlativesMaterials/Notes30-second video clip/Art supplies/video recorder
  • Considerations for Project-BasedLearning• Be creative!!• Use the project to further support languageobjectives.• Consider the materials needed and prepare thesein advance.• Provide clear directions. Model the activity.• Monitor group work. Assist with any languagetroubles.
  • LevelBeginnerUnit10Unit TitleTravelsTheme/TopicTravel/ExperienceQuestions/Conversation Starters•Where have you traveled to?•What is the best vacation you have ever had?•What is the worst vacation you have ever been on?•Have you ever gotten lost while travelling?•Have you ever taken a package tour?•What are some places in your country which people must visit? Are there any places people shouldn’t visit?Why?•Have you ever bought a souvenir? What was it? Why do you think people buy souvenirs?•What languages can you speak? Do you think it is important to be able to speak more than one language?VocabularyVacation (n.) – A trip taken for pleasureTo travel (v.) – to go from one place to another, usually by some form of transportation (car, airplane, ship)Souvenir (n.) – A usually small item purchased as a reminder of a place visitedPackage tour (n.) – A planned tour in which one fee is charged for all expensesSuggested Extension Activities:Watch a travel commercial. Discuss. Create a 30 secondtravel commercial convincing people to come to your city;use superlativesMaterials/Notes30-second video clip/Art supplies/video recorder
  • Considerations during SpeakingEliminate the “ping-pong game”.Let the questions serve as a starting guide. As theteacher, you will want to clarify student answers andask for more information.Students should avoid using one-word responses.Ensure that students are using the languagepreviously taught by providing sentence prompts.DON’T LET THE CONVERSATION DIE!!
  • In Summary• Speaking is one of the more difficult tasks in learning a secondlanguage. Yet it is the task by which most students measure theirsuccess.• Teaching an effective conversation class involves planning andcommitment by the teacher.• A good lesson plan considers language objectives, vocabulary,and different activities that will promote this language use.• Project-Based learning is an excellent way to support speakingskills and to create a more student-centered classroom
  • View and print this lesson plan template athttps://docs.google.com/file/d/0BzCjtd-ukPh1TlloR2pFcm5EenM/editAdditional Resources• www.iteslj.org/questions/▫ A excellent resource for ESL/EFL conversation-basedquestions on a variety of issues.• www.pbl-online.org▫ One-stop resource for project-based learning. Provides astep-by-step guide for developing and implementingprojects in the classroom
  • Further Questions?Ryan BruxEnglish Language FellowBNC – El Cultural (Tarapoto)ryanbrux@gmail.com