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  1. 1. <ul><li>FIRE SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>ORIENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li> Raees Rahman </li></ul><ul><li>Fire & Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><li>NMCSH, Abu Dhabi </li></ul>&quot;Make Fire Prevention a Priority&quot; Prevent
  2. 2. CHEMISTRY OF FIRE Oxygen, heat, and fuel &quot;fire Take any one of these 3 away “No” fire. Fire extinguisher take away one or more elements of fire “ No” Fire.
  3. 3. CLASSIFICATION OF FIRES <ul><ul><li>Class “A” Fires – Fire on solids materials e.g. wood, paper , clothing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called as General Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry powder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class “B” fires – Fire on Flammable Liquids e.g. Petrol, Oil, paint. Oil Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry Powder, Carbon dioxide (both) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class ”C” Fires – Fire on Electrical Panels, circuits, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called as Electrical Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon dioxide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry Powder (Can be used. but…!) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. FIRE EXTINGUISHERS In Our Hospital <ul><li>Carbon Dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Powder </li></ul>“ Fire Prevention is everybody’s job”
  6. 6. <ul><li>The code is used to alert staff about the occurrence of fire or smoke, without alarming patients and visitors. </li></ul><ul><li>When You notice fire or smoke: </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t say ‘ Fire ’ but </li></ul><ul><li>Shout ‘ Code Red ’. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Keep a grip on fire and protect your workplace from its ire.” </li></ul>Code Red
  7. 7. 456 456
  8. 9. HOW TO OPERATE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER <ul><li>USE ‘PASS’ </li></ul><ul><li>P ull </li></ul><ul><li>A im </li></ul><ul><li>S queeze </li></ul><ul><li>S weep </li></ul><ul><li>. Remember…………..P.A.S.S </li></ul>
  9. 10. P. A.S.S. <ul><ul><li>P ull the pin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This will allow you to squeeze the handle in order to discharge the extinguishing agent. </li></ul>
  10. 11. P. A .S.S. <ul><li>A im at the base of the fire </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming at the middle will do no good. The extinguishing agent will pass through the flames. </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming at Base will cuts off Oxygen from Fire. </li></ul>
  11. 12. P.A. S. S S queeze the handle This will release the pressurized extinguishing agent
  12. 13. P.A.S. S S weep side to side Ensure that the discharge from the extinguisher spurt on the base of the fire. Cover the entire area of Fire by spraying in sweeping motion side to side
  13. 15. FIRE NOT UNDER CONTROL – WHAT NEXT?? <ul><li>Evacuate/Escape.. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Exit Signage Emergency Light </li></ul><ul><li>Through..?.. Exit Staircase, Do not use Elevators </li></ul><ul><li>Where to exit? </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Assembly Point (EAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Know your EAP </li></ul><ul><li>What next? </li></ul><ul><li>Head Count, report… </li></ul>
  14. 16. Emergency Assembly Points <ul><li>Assembly point is a vast and open area where </li></ul><ul><li>people on evacuation assemble in that </li></ul><ul><li>area so that they can save their life </li></ul><ul><li>from danger. </li></ul>
  15. 17. VERTICAL EVACUATION <ul><li>From safer zone </li></ul><ul><li>casualties are being </li></ul><ul><li>taken to … </li></ul><ul><li>Escape Chair, Hand Stretcher, </li></ul><ul><li>Fire brigade’s evacuating </li></ul><ul><li>devices </li></ul>
  16. 18. Fire Alarm and Fire Fighting Systems <ul><li>Fire Alarm/Detection Systems : </li></ul><ul><li>Breakglass/Push Thumb Box (Manual) </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke Detector(Automatic) </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Fighting System : </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Hose Reels (Manual) </li></ul>
  17. 19. Break Glass Box Functioning <ul><li>All Breakglass or Press Thumb boxes are connected to a Loud Horn and Fire Control Panel (FCP). </li></ul><ul><li>When glass of the box is broken or pressed hard, it will make the circuit and triggers the bell. </li></ul><ul><li>Since it is connected to FCP, location can be seen on the display. </li></ul>
  18. 20. HOW A SMOKE DETECTOR WORKS <ul><li>All smoke detectors consist of two basic parts: a photo detector sensor to sense the smoke and a loud horn. In case of any smoke, the photo detector sensor senses the smoke and triggers the bell. </li></ul><ul><li>All Smoke Detectors are connected to Fire Control Panel. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives exact location with alarm. </li></ul>
  19. 21. FIRE HOSE REEL <ul><li>Fire Hose Reels have two compartments </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Compartment </li></ul><ul><li>connected to Red colour Hose </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Compartment </li></ul><ul><li>To be connected manually. </li></ul><ul><li>For Larger Fires </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically used by Civil defence </li></ul>
  20. 22. World wide a fire occurs every 7 seconds 4 million fires per year About 15.000 civilian deaths in fires p.a. Cost of damages approx. US$ 70 billion Then, What is the remedy? Prevention. Consequences of a Fire :
  21. 23. PREVENTION OF FIRE <ul><li>Prevention is better than Cure. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid General Fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain good housekeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storing flammable Chemicals (HAZMAT Management). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid Electrical Fires </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Electrical safety/ Prevent Overheating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never daisy chain or piggy multi plug strips & electrical cords. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never install a fuse rated higher than specified. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect any electrical equipment that smells strange.. burning smell. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. STORAGE GUIDELINES <ul><li>Store 18 inch away from the ceiling </li></ul><ul><li>so that it will not obstruct sprinkler </li></ul><ul><li>Operation. </li></ul><ul><li>All storage must be at least 3 ft from electrical panels. In some emergency situations it will be necessary to access these panels quickly. </li></ul>Improper Storage in front of Electrical Panel <ul><li>Maintain at least a 3ft clearance from heating surfaces, air ducts, heaters, and lighting fixtures. </li></ul><ul><li>Storage of combustible materials in mechanical rooms is prohibited. </li></ul>Improper Mechanical Room Storage
  23. 25. If You are Caught on fire: REMEMBER STOP STOP wherever you are DROP DROP to the floor ROLL ROLL around the floor
  24. 26. Emergency Codes - Code Red Fire
  25. 27. Emergency Codes <ul><li>Code Blue </li></ul>Code Blue Medical emergency
  26. 28. Emergency codes <ul><li>Code Pink </li></ul>Code Pink Child abduction
  27. 29. Emergency Codes <ul><li>Code Black </li></ul>Code Black Bomb Threat &Mass Casualties Handling
  28. 30. Emergency Codes <ul><li>Code White </li></ul>Code White Hazardous Chemical Spillage
  29. 31. Emergency Codes <ul><li>Code Grey </li></ul>Code White Verbal or Physical Assault
  30. 32. <ul><li>Hospital Emergency Number – 456. After dialing 456 inform exact location to Call Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Police –999 </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Dept-997 </li></ul>Emergency Telephone Numbers
  31. 33. THANK YOU