"Make Fire Prevention a Priority" Prevent
CHEMISTRY OF FIRE Oxygen, heat, and fuel "fire Take any one of these 3 away “No” fire. Fire extinguisher take away one or more elements of fire “ No” Fire.
CLASSIFICATION OF FIRES
Class “A” Fires – Fire on solids materials e.g. wood, paper , clothing.
Called as General Fire
Class “B” fires – Fire on Flammable Liquids e.g. Petrol, Oil, paint. Oil Fire
Dry Powder, Carbon dioxide (both)
Class ”C” Fires – Fire on Electrical Panels, circuits,
Called as Electrical Fire
Dry Powder (Can be used. but…!)
CLASSES OF FIRE
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS In Our Hospital
“ Fire Prevention is everybody’s job”
The code is used to alert staff about the occurrence of fire or smoke, without alarming patients and visitors.
When You notice fire or smoke:
Don’t say ‘ Fire ’ but
Shout ‘ Code Red ’.
“ Keep a grip on fire and protect your workplace from its ire.”
HOW TO OPERATE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER
P ull the pin
This will allow you to squeeze the handle in order to discharge the extinguishing agent.
P. A .S.S.
A im at the base of the fire
Aiming at the middle will do no good. The extinguishing agent will pass through the flames.
Aiming at Base will cuts off Oxygen from Fire.
P.A. S. S S queeze the handle This will release the pressurized extinguishing agent
P.A.S. S S weep side to side Ensure that the discharge from the extinguisher spurt on the base of the fire. Cover the entire area of Fire by spraying in sweeping motion side to side
FIRE NOT UNDER CONTROL – WHAT NEXT??
Emergency Exit Signage Emergency Light
Through..?.. Exit Staircase, Do not use Elevators
Where to exit?
Emergency Assembly Point (EAP)
Where is it?
Know your EAP
Head Count, report…
Emergency Assembly Points
Assembly point is a vast and open area where
people on evacuation assemble in that
area so that they can save their life
From safer zone
casualties are being
taken to …
Escape Chair, Hand Stretcher,
Fire brigade’s evacuating
Fire Alarm and Fire Fighting Systems
Fire Alarm/Detection Systems :
Breakglass/Push Thumb Box (Manual)
Fire Fighting System :
Fire Hose Reels (Manual)
Break Glass Box Functioning
All Breakglass or Press Thumb boxes are connected to a Loud Horn and Fire Control Panel (FCP).
When glass of the box is broken or pressed hard, it will make the circuit and triggers the bell.
Since it is connected to FCP, location can be seen on the display.
HOW A SMOKE DETECTOR WORKS
All smoke detectors consist of two basic parts: a photo detector sensor to sense the smoke and a loud horn. In case of any smoke, the photo detector sensor senses the smoke and triggers the bell.
All Smoke Detectors are connected to Fire Control Panel.
Gives exact location with alarm.
FIRE HOSE REEL
Fire Hose Reels have two compartments
connected to Red colour Hose
To be connected manually.
For Larger Fires
Specifically used by Civil defence
World wide a fire occurs every 7 seconds 4 million fires per year About 15.000 civilian deaths in fires p.a. Cost of damages approx. US$ 70 billion Then, What is the remedy? Prevention. Consequences of a Fire :
PREVENTION OF FIRE
Prevention is better than Cure.
Avoid General Fire
Maintain good housekeeping
Storing flammable Chemicals (HAZMAT Management).
Avoid Electrical Fires
- Electrical safety/ Prevent Overheating
Never daisy chain or piggy multi plug strips & electrical cords.
Never install a fuse rated higher than specified.
Inspect any electrical equipment that smells strange.. burning smell.
Store 18 inch away from the ceiling
so that it will not obstruct sprinkler
All storage must be at least 3 ft from electrical panels. In some emergency situations it will be necessary to access these panels quickly.
Improper Storage in front of Electrical Panel
Maintain at least a 3ft clearance from heating surfaces, air ducts, heaters, and lighting fixtures.
Storage of combustible materials in mechanical rooms is prohibited.
Improper Mechanical Room Storage
If You are Caught on fire: REMEMBER STOP STOP wherever you are DROP DROP to the floor ROLL ROLL around the floor
Emergency Codes - Code Red Fire
Code Blue Medical emergency
Code Pink Child abduction
Code Black Bomb Threat &Mass Casualties Handling
Code White Hazardous Chemical Spillage
Code White Verbal or Physical Assault
Hospital Emergency Number – 456. After dialing 456 inform exact location to Call Centre