Equity In Education
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The policy implications of the concept of equity in education

The policy implications of the concept of equity in education

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Equity In Education Presentation Transcript

  • 1. IEP policy workshop Y2K1 Péter Radó Equity in Education The policy implications
  • 2. Equity in Education
    • Why should we be concerned about inequalities? (Values and rationale)
    • Who are we talking about? (Disadvantages and school failure)
    • What are we talking about? (Equity in education)
    • Transition and policies. (Context and policies)
    • Policy level intervention.
  • 3. Equity in Education
    • Competing values
    • Egalitarian policies - The same for all
    • Elitist policies - Quality for those who deserve it
    • Free market policies - Quality for those who can afford it
    • Democratic policies - Quality for all
  • 4. Equity in Education
    • The rationale
    • Investment to human capital
    • Strengthening social cohesion
    • Reduction of social safety costs
  • 5. Equity in Education
    • The dimensions of disadvantages
    • socio-economic status
    • place of residence
    • individual abilities
    • ethnic affiliation
    • gender
  • 6. Equity in Education
    • Children falling behind (participation)
    • Children dropping out from basic education
    • Children completing basic education but not enrolled till the end of compulsory schooling
    • Children completing special schools for disabled
    • Children dropping out from secondary education without certification
    • Children completing low value traditional vocational training programs
  • 7. Equity in Education
    • Children falling behind (learning outcomes)
    • The achievement of students in international comparison
    • The profile of poor achievers
    • The comparative achievement of students belonging to the target groups
  • 8. Equity in Education
  • 9. Equity in Education
    • The signs of selectivity
    • The growing private sector for those who can afford it
    • The system of elite public schools
    • High enrollment in special schools of disabled
    • Institutionalized segregation of Roma
    • Low value added “repositories” in vocational training
    • Unfair streaming of students
  • 10. Equity in Education
    • Quality in terms of equity
    • Education that is open to the entire target group
    • Education that is differentiated, that takes into account the individual educational needs of each children
    • Education that adapts to the needs of different target groups
    • Education that adapts to the changing needs of individual persons and the society as a whole
  • 11. Equity in Education
  • 12. Equity in Education
    • The trade-off myth
    • Equity versus decentralization
    • Equity versus liberalization
    • Equity versus choice
    • Equity versus cost-efficiency
  • 13. Equity in Education
    • “Transition compatible” policy tools
    • Monitoring of the students’ achievement
    • Information system that identifies the target groups
    • Targeted allocation of extra resources
    • Extra support to under-performing schools
    • Reconsidering educational objectives (reform of process and output regulation)
  • 14. Equity in Education
    • “Transition compatible” policy tools
    • INSET
    • Investment to the initial phase of education
    • Building local co-operation networks of services
    • Anti-discrimination regulation and monitoring
  • 15. Equity in Education
    • First steps of policy development
    • Identifying educational disparities in terms of resources, the quality of the teaching-learning process and learning outcomes. (Analysis)
    • Identifying disparities that are politically or ethically incorrect, identifying target groups of the policy. (Public discussion)
    • Development of the policy. (Planning)
    • Negotiate the policy with stakeholders. (Consulting)
  • 16. Equity in Education
    • Possible developments
    • Supporting research and analysis
    • Generating and shaping public and professional discourse
    • Modeling good practices
    • Supporting policy development
    • Developing the systemic conditions