The Farmer, the Worker,
and the Businessman
The Changing Economy
The Industrial Revolution
From Cottage Industry
To Factory
1883 Chicago World’s Fair
Business Forms
 The sole proprietorship
 The partnership
 The franchise
 The chartered company
 The corporation
 Why...
The invention of the railroad made the
existing system inadequate
The Corporation
 Hierarchy
 Cost accounting
 Professional managers
 Shareholders
 Ownership through stock
 Vertical ...
Carnegie Steel
Inequality
 Horatio Alger
 Social Darwinism
 Bad working conditions
 “Deskilling”
 Extremes of wealth and poverty
The
Gilded
Age
“Robber Barons”
Immigration
Why did people
immigrate?
“Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses, yearning to breath free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
S...
Labor Unions
The Origins of the
Labor Union
 Unions in the early republic and antebellum era
 The Knights of Labor, 1869
 The Americ...
The Demands
 Moderates:
 Better wages
 Shorter hours
 Better benefits
 Better working conditions
 Radicals
 The ove...
Tactics
What tactics did labor unions have available to them?
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
The Haymarket Riot, 1886
The Ludlow Massacre, 1914
Discussion
“Triumphant Democracy” and “What Does the
Working Man Want?”
The Populists
Farmers’ Solutions
 Education
 Cooperatives
 Political action
 Organizations
 The Grange
 The Farmer’s Alliance
 Th...
The Populist Party
The Omaha Platform of 1892
What was the most famous
speech in American history?
William Jennings Bryan’s
“Cross of Gold” speech, 1896
The Farmers’ Movement and
the Workers’ Movement
What were some similarities and differences?
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
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Lecture 3: The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman

  1. 1. The Farmer, the Worker, and the Businessman
  2. 2. The Changing Economy
  3. 3. The Industrial Revolution From Cottage Industry To Factory
  4. 4. 1883 Chicago World’s Fair
  5. 5. Business Forms  The sole proprietorship  The partnership  The franchise  The chartered company  The corporation  Why the corporation?
  6. 6. The invention of the railroad made the existing system inadequate
  7. 7. The Corporation  Hierarchy  Cost accounting  Professional managers  Shareholders  Ownership through stock  Vertical integration
  8. 8. Carnegie Steel
  9. 9. Inequality  Horatio Alger  Social Darwinism  Bad working conditions  “Deskilling”  Extremes of wealth and poverty
  10. 10. The Gilded Age
  11. 11. “Robber Barons”
  12. 12. Immigration
  13. 13. Why did people immigrate?
  14. 14. “Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses, yearning to breath free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door. “ ~ The Statute of Liberty
  15. 15. Labor Unions
  16. 16. The Origins of the Labor Union  Unions in the early republic and antebellum era  The Knights of Labor, 1869  The American Federation of Labor, 1886  Industrial Workers of the World, 1905  Union differences:  Skilled v. unskilled  Moderates v. radicals
  17. 17. The Demands  Moderates:  Better wages  Shorter hours  Better benefits  Better working conditions  Radicals  The overthrow of the capitalist system
  18. 18. Tactics What tactics did labor unions have available to them?
  19. 19. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
  20. 20. The Haymarket Riot, 1886
  21. 21. The Ludlow Massacre, 1914
  22. 22. Discussion “Triumphant Democracy” and “What Does the Working Man Want?”
  23. 23. The Populists
  24. 24. Farmers’ Solutions  Education  Cooperatives  Political action  Organizations  The Grange  The Farmer’s Alliance  The Populist Party
  25. 25. The Populist Party The Omaha Platform of 1892
  26. 26. What was the most famous speech in American history?
  27. 27. William Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” speech, 1896
  28. 28. The Farmers’ Movement and the Workers’ Movement What were some similarities and differences?
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