Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
 “Something Strange Happened at the Lab Today”
                      or
         “Innovation Tu...
Agenda
•   Class Poll

•   The Science of LSD
    •   Need/Problem Recognition, Research and Development

•   Potential fo...
Class Poll
• How many of you believe that LSD was a
  Successful Innovation?
The Science of LSD
           • Need to Isolate Medicinal properties of
                  plants
                • LSD is ...
Since Ergot is a fungus that grows on rye...




It is thought that ergotism (ergot poisoning) may have been
          the...
Research - 1938
•   25th version of LSD synthesized by Albert
    Hoffman

    •   Laboratory testing concluded after init...
Research - 1943
 • April 16th, Albert Hoffman decides to
    produce LSD-25 one more time and...
 I was forced to interrup...
What it might have been like...
Bicycle Day
     • August 19, 1943
     • First Self-Administered LSD Trip
      • Self-experimentation
      • Dosage rat...
A modern day equivalent
of bicycle day?
Development
• Sandoz laboratory attains a patent for LSD-25
    and begins producing a quantity for the scientific
    comm...
Commercialization
• Sandoz laboratories (and the world-wide medical
  community) continue to conducts rigorous trials
 •  ...
The Black Market
                     (unintentional diffusion)




• LSD gets out into the wild
 • Psychiatric “volunteer...
play purple haze
The End of
      Commercialization

• August 23, 1965 - Sandoz Labs stops
  producing LSD
 •   Information requests became...
Consequences
                  (The Good Ones)




• Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles, Grateful Dead,
  Pink Floyd
• Peace, Love ...
Consequences (The bad ones)




•   Legislation to prevent misuse hindered medicinal
    psychiatric research

•   Subvers...
Rachmiel - “Yesterday”
   video goes here
Sources and Thanks
•       Slide background :
        http://i174.photobucket.com/albums/w82/myspacelayoutpb/photos%20to%2...
O Har Sea Lsd Idpa Submit
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  • O Har Sea Lsd Idpa Submit

    1. 1. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide “Something Strange Happened at the Lab Today” or “Innovation Turned Inebriant” 460 IDPA Geoffrey Harris Chris O’Brien Evan Seary
    2. 2. Agenda • Class Poll • The Science of LSD • Need/Problem Recognition, Research and Development • Potential for LSD • Searching for Commercialization • Let’s Trip • Adoption / Diffusion • Consequences
    3. 3. Class Poll • How many of you believe that LSD was a Successful Innovation?
    4. 4. The Science of LSD • Need to Isolate Medicinal properties of plants • LSD is actually an ergot derivative • Ergot is a fungus that grows on rye • Ergot had proven useful in childbirthing Important here to discuss that much of modern medicine has been derived from plants. The reason for this is to obtain the pure form of the medicinal property in order to eliminate impurities and control dosing during administration to patients.
    5. 5. Since Ergot is a fungus that grows on rye... It is thought that ergotism (ergot poisoning) may have been the cause for the 1692 Salem Witch Trials.
    6. 6. Research - 1938 • 25th version of LSD synthesized by Albert Hoffman • Laboratory testing concluded after initial un-fascinating results • Dr. Hoffman continued work in the ergot field for 5 years and made many advances • Couldnʼt shake that LSD-25 was special
    7. 7. Research - 1943 • April 16th, Albert Hoffman decides to produce LSD-25 one more time and... I was forced to interrupt my work in the laboratory in the middle of the afternoon and proceed home... At home I lay down and sank into a not unpleasant intoxicated-like condition, characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. In a dreamlike state, with eyes closed... I perceived an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors. Albert Hoffman from “LSD : My Prob;lem Child”
    8. 8. What it might have been like...
    9. 9. Bicycle Day • August 19, 1943 • First Self-Administered LSD Trip • Self-experimentation • Dosage rationalization... 0.25 milligrams! Important to Note that Dr.Hoffman went about this experiment extremely scientifically. He used an extremely small dosage. Made other scientists aware of his efforts. Recorded entries in his journal. And STILL, Tripped his face off.
    10. 10. A modern day equivalent of bicycle day?
    11. 11. Development • Sandoz laboratory attains a patent for LSD-25 and begins producing a quantity for the scientific community • Animal experimentation • voluntary (psychotherapy, psychiatry) experiments • non-voluntary (military, covert societal) experiments Did you know Cary Grant (yes, that Cary Grant) started LSD psychotherapy in 1958 and was so happy with the results he became an advocate for the treatment?
    12. 12. Commercialization • Sandoz laboratories (and the world-wide medical community) continue to conducts rigorous trials • Psychological, psychiatric, military studies prove difficult to nail down • General successes of “Euphoria” conflict with occassional “horror trips” • Some journalists begin to popularize LSD by writing their voluntary experiment experiences in non-medical journals
    13. 13. The Black Market (unintentional diffusion) • LSD gets out into the wild • Psychiatric “volunteers” begin popularizing effects • Becomes #1 recreational drug in US • Many untrained, unethical uses • Sandoz Labs inundated with “regulations” requests
    14. 14. play purple haze
    15. 15. The End of Commercialization • August 23, 1965 - Sandoz Labs stops producing LSD • Information requests became burden on the lab • Patent expired in 1963... 25 years without long- term viable commercial product
    16. 16. Consequences (The Good Ones) • Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles, Grateful Dead, Pink Floyd • Peace, Love and Happiness movement • Woodstock • Psychedelic Art • 1960’s counter-culture
    17. 17. Consequences (The bad ones) • Legislation to prevent misuse hindered medicinal psychiatric research • Subversive government counter-culture provided fuel for on-going “War on Drugs” • Misrepresentation and Stereotypical attitudes towards “Hippies”, “beatniks”, and “burnouts”
    18. 18. Rachmiel - “Yesterday” video goes here
    19. 19. Sources and Thanks • Slide background : http://i174.photobucket.com/albums/w82/myspacelayoutpb/photos%20to%20use%20in%20layouts/pschyadelic%20lyt/flum-1.jpg • Question image: http://www.smartgivers.org/sites/623b9026-c292-4f47-9b9d-8aac6d22782d/uploads/QUESTION.GIF • Ergot and the witch trials - http://www.hbci.com/~wenonah/history/ergot.htm, http://web.utk.edu/~kstclair/221/ergotism.html • Thanks to • the vaults of Erowid for inspiration and anecdotes as well as clinical information: www.erowid.org • Rick Scott and Rachmiel.org for “Yesterday” • Albert Hoffman

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