Simple Present TenseLook at the paragraph below!Risky’s Daily ActivityRisky usually gets up at 4 o’clock in the morning. Then, she cleansmy room and takes a bath. She puts on her clothes and prays. She helpsher parents before she has breakfast in the dinning room, and she neverforgets to wash her hands before having breakfast.After breakfast at about 6 o’clock, she goes to school. She goes toschool by motorcycle because her school is far from her house. Shearrives at school at about 6.15. After school, she usually has lunch andtakes a nap.In the afternoon, she does her homework and sometimes watchesTV. In the evening, she stays at home with her parents and studies herlessons. Then, she goes to bed at about 09.30 pm.The paragraph above uses simple present to tell about Risky’s activity.How do we know that?First of all we have to know the verb used in it, because tense is thechanging of the verb. Let’s have a look the verb in that paragraph. Allthe verbs used in that paragraph are simple verbs or V1 such as get,clean, take a bath, put and so on. Those verbs are added with s/esbecause of the subject, the third singular subject (she, he, it). To makeit more clearly, look at the table below!VerbalPatterns Example sentences
(+) I/You/They/We + V1(- ) I/You/They/We + do not +V1(?) Do + I/You/They/We + V1?(+) She/He/It + V1(s/es)(- ) She/He/It + does not + V1(?) Does + She/He/It + V1?They get up at 4 o’clock every morning.They do not get up at 4 o’clock everymorning.Do they get up at 4 o’clock every morning?Yes, they do / No, they don’tHe gets up at 4 o’clock every morning.He does not get up at 4 o’clock everymorning.Does he get up at 4 o’clock every morning?Yes, he does / No, he doesn’tYou see the different sentences above? They are similar in tense butdifferent in using the verbs. Look at the verb ‘get’ in the table above!Seeing the table above, we can conclude that if the subject ‘she, he andit’, the verb should be added by s/es. However, when the subjects ‘I,you, they and we’, the verb should not be added by s/es.How to put s/es after the verb?To put s/es in the verbs when the subject ‘she, he and it’, you shouldlook at the end of the verb. If the verb ends with –ch, -sh, -ss, -x and -o, the verb should be added by –es. The other endings are just addedby –s. But remember it only happens when the subjects ‘she, he and it’.ExampleWatch = watches : She always watches TVbefore sleeping.Push = pushes : He always pushes the door every time he wantstoenter the room.Kiss = kisses : My mother seldom kisses me
Box = boxes : The boxer boxes another boxer hard.Do = does : He never does his homework himself instead ofcheating his friends.The rule of putting -s/-es after the verb ending with ‘y’The verb ending with ‘y’ preceded by consonant, it is added by –es.Example:Study = studies : He studies his lessons everyday.Fly = flies : It often flies on my shoulders.Cry = cries : She seldom cries in the night.Bury = buries : He buries his cat’s death.Modify = modifies : She often modifies her blog.But when the verb ending with ‘y’ preceded vocal, it is added just by –sExample:Play = plays : He plays badminton every night.Buy = buys : She buys a new book twice a week.Enjoy = enjoys : A cat enjoys eating a mouse.Beside all of those rules above, the verbs are just added by –s.Example:Open = opens : She always opens her door early in the morning.Close = closes : He closes his door every time he wants to sleep.Type = types : She types her daily activity in her laptop.See = sees : Henry sees the mountain every other day.NominalPatterns Sentence examplesI amYou/ They/ We + areI am a teacher.You are students.
She/ He/ It + isThey are in the market.We are diligent.She is smart.He is in Australia.It is cute.It is nominal rule. It uses ‘to be’ (is/am/are) to relate between a subjectand a complement (ANA: Adjective, Noun and Adverb). The mostimportant thing in this part is that you should know the exact ‘to be’ forthe subjects. You may not put ‘are’ after subject ‘I’ because everysubject, I, you, they, we, she, he, it, has their own ‘to be’.Note:You may note combine between VERBAL sentence and NOMINALsentence.Example:I am study.ButI study. or I am a student.She is goes to market.ButShe goes to market. or She is in the market.UsageThis tense is used to express:1. Habitual action
To know whether the sentence is habitual action or not, we can look atthe time in it. For example, ‘She always washes her clothes in themorning’. Look at the adverb of time ‘always’ in that sentence. It is oneof the adverbs of time that show the sentence is simple present tense.Here are other adverbs of time that are used to tell habitual action.OftenSeldomAlwaysEverydayEvery monthEvery morningTwice a weekOnce a monthNeverSometimesUsuallyBarelyRegularlyFrequentlyRarelyEver (?)2. General Truth/ Permanent StatementWhen you talk about the general truth or permanent statement thateverybody will know or it is always in that place, you should use simplepresent. You may not use other tenses instead of simple present tense.Example:
Fire is hotThe sun rises in the east and sets in the west.A week has seven days.A month has twelve months.Everybody will admit the truth of the statement above. No one will say‘fire is cold’ instead of a crazy man. Then, when you talk about ‘the sunrises’, it is a permanent statement. It always rises in that place, in theeast.3. Time tableWhen you talk about the schedule, we can use simple present.Example:The class starts at 7 p.m.The bus leaves the station in the afternoon.Although, it implies future time, you are still able to use simple present.Check your understanding!Change the verbs in the brackets based on the subjects and kindsof sentences below!1. John ________(cook) in the kitchen every morning.2. Henry_______(go) to school everyday.3. Benny often________(give) me money.4. Ricky always________(wash) her dirty clothes.5. They_______(play) football every afternoon.6. Sandy and Salsa _______(be) students of SMKN 1 Rasau Jaya.7. They _________(be) handsome but cruel.8. I _________(speak) to foreigner everyday.
9. We _________(not see) the mountain everyday.Change the sentences below into negative and interrogative!1. She speaks English once a week.2. He always comes here on Sunday.3. They never play table tennis.4. We often jump like a frog.5. Everybody likes this blog.