Fabric Construction

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HNC3O Fashion and Creative Expression

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Fabric Construction

  1. 1. Fabric Construction Ms. Collishaw HNC3O, Glebe CI May 2010
  2. 2. Yarn Twist High Twist Yarn Firm, strong, dull, fine Low Twist Yarn Soft, weak, lustrous, bulky
  3. 3. Texturing <ul><li>Filament yarns can be textured to: </li></ul><ul><li>Add bulk </li></ul><ul><li>Improve stretch & recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Improve wrinkle resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Improve wicking </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent static </li></ul>Mainly used with manufactured fibres
  4. 4. Weaving 101 True Bias Grain of Fabric Selvage Shuttle holds weft yarn Loom holds warp yarns Warp Yarn Weft Yarn Fabric will fray along unfinished or cut edge
  5. 5. Plain Weave <ul><li>Strong </li></ul><ul><li>Hard-wearing </li></ul><ul><li>Used For: </li></ul><ul><li>Shirts, sheets </li></ul>
  6. 6. Twill Weave <ul><li>Diagonal pattern </li></ul><ul><li>strong </li></ul><ul><li>drapes well </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><li>Jeans, chino, gabardine </li></ul><ul><li>Curtains, canvas </li></ul>
  7. 7. Satin Weave <ul><li>Weft yarns float </li></ul><ul><li>Less stable than twill or plain </li></ul><ul><li>Shiny effect </li></ul><ul><li>Used for satin </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other Weaves Basket Weave Pile Weave – carpets, velvet, corduroy Ribbed weave Jacquard Weave
  9. 9. Knit Fabrics Socks, tights, T-shirts and sweaters Yarns looped together Creates stretchy fabric Can run if loop is dropped
  10. 10. Bonded Fabrics Felt is the most common bonded fabric Fibres are pressed together using steam and/or heat Will not fray or run Interfacing, a bonded fabric, is used in collars and waistbands
  11. 11. Fabric Characteristics <ul><li>Construction – weaving, knit, bonded </li></ul><ul><li>Texture – smooth, rough, dull, shiny, nubby, fuzzy </li></ul><ul><li>Hand – soft, firm, stiff, crisp </li></ul><ul><li>Weight – very light to very heavy </li></ul>
  12. 12. Testing Fabric Characteristics Drapability Strength Air Permeability Shape Retention Cover Wrinkle Resistance

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