Musical instrument of thailandPresentation Transcript
Classification of Thais Musical Instruments
1 . Ranat Thum – a box shaped metallophone that is placed on the floor & played while sitting, has two and a half octaves that is struck by a padded mallet
2. Khawng Wong Lek – a set of gong circles with low pitches that are an octave lower than tha Khawng wong yai composed of 18 knobbed bronze pot –gongs placed in a circular wooden frame.
3. Khawng wong yai – also a circle of gongs and is the largest sets of gongs composed of 16 knobbed bronze pot –gongs placed in a circular wooden frame.
4. Ching chap - set of percussion instruments like a pair of cymbals made out of a thick metal shaped like a tea cup.
1. Taphon – a drum placed on a stand. It is played with both hands using the palm and the fingers.
2. Ramana – a shallow drum that looks like a tambourine without the metallic discs the diameter of its head is bigger than its body.
3. Thon – a bowl shaped ceramic drum that is used in the mahori ensemble.
1. Jakhae or jakhe – is shaped like a crocodile, body is big and hollow in order to resonate the sound of the instrument better. Thailand’s most important stringed instrument with the most beautiful sound.
3. Saw sam sai – a triangular shape with a spiked leg. Its body is made of coconut shells and calf skin, has 3 strings and no frets. The pitch depends on the size of the coconut shell.
1. Pi – a wind instrument, the sound it produces and the blowing technique is unique to Thailand.
2. Khaen – most important folk instrument in North Thailand. Made up of 14 long thin bamboo tubes that are 4 ft long, covers 2 octaves of seven pitches.