Musical instrument of thailand

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Musical instrument of thailand

  1. 1. Thailand
  2. 2. Classification of Thais Musical Instruments <ul><li>A. Idiophones </li></ul><ul><li>1 . Ranat Thum – a box shaped metallophone that is placed on the floor & played while sitting, has two and a half octaves that is struck by a padded mallet </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>2. Khawng Wong Lek – a set of gong circles with low pitches that are an octave lower than tha Khawng wong yai composed of 18 knobbed bronze pot –gongs placed in a circular wooden frame. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>3. Khawng wong yai – also a circle of gongs and is the largest sets of gongs composed of 16 knobbed bronze pot –gongs placed in a circular wooden frame. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>4. Ching chap - set of percussion instruments like a pair of cymbals made out of a thick metal shaped like a tea cup. </li></ul>
  6. 6. B. Membranophones <ul><li>1. Taphon – a drum placed on a stand. It is played with both hands using the palm and the fingers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>2. Ramana – a shallow drum that looks like a tambourine without the metallic discs the diameter of its head is bigger than its body. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Thon – a bowl shaped ceramic drum that is used in the mahori ensemble. </li></ul>
  8. 8. C. Chordophones <ul><li>1. Jakhae or jakhe – is shaped like a crocodile, body is big and hollow in order to resonate the sound of the instrument better. Thailand’s most important stringed instrument with the most beautiful sound. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>3. Saw sam sai – a triangular shape with a spiked leg. Its body is made of coconut shells and calf skin, has 3 strings and no frets. The pitch depends on the size of the coconut shell. </li></ul>
  10. 10. D. Aerophones <ul><li>1. Pi – a wind instrument, the sound it produces and the blowing technique is unique to Thailand. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>2. Khaen – most important folk instrument in North Thailand. Made up of 14 long thin bamboo tubes that are 4 ft long, covers 2 octaves of seven pitches. </li></ul>

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