Global Competitiveness in the21st Century Rachel Hall EDU 274 February 10, 2012
Global Education “Global education develops the knowledge, skills and attitudes that are necessary for decision making and effective participation in a world characterized by interconnectedness, cultural pluralism and increasing competition for resources” (Merryfield).
Higher Achieving Countries… Teach fewer topics but teach them more deeplyFocus more on reasoning skills and applications of knowledgeHave a more thoughtful sequence of expectations based on developmental progressions
In Order to Succeed… Americans need the ability to find, analyze and use information to solve real problems Americans need to write well and speak clearly and persuasively Americans need to defend ideas Americans need to design and manage projects
Skills Needed Active participation and practicing Critical thinking Collaborative exploration Searching and processing information Acquisition of new knowledge Problem solving Communication Collaboration
Change in Curriculum choose curriculum that is relevant to modern societyNeed to know more Need to…about… go beyond the current focus on the science and technology basics and develop deeper knowledge in math, science and technology; different cultures redesign highs schools and create foreign languages graduation requirements to motivate higher achievement and promote important international knowledge and world geography key skills current events move from a subject based curriculum to a broad knowledge base international trade and global economy Create an elementary school immersion program history Emphasize independent research courses to give students the tools to address global issues
Science and Technology Use technology in ways to expand the availability of international courses and links to schools in other countriesUse programs like iLEARN andGLOBE to help students work with peers in other countries
Knowledge about other CulturesHow Why Use student faculty exchangeprograms the To be able market products around the world Add international dimension to all subjects Encourage students to reach out to peers in To be able to work effectively other countries with foreign employees Expand teacher training in world history, cultures, economics, world To help students understand and geography and global challenges respect other countries Develop language pipelines from primary through college To promote effective leadership abroad Introduce international studies requirement for graduation To enable collaboration with people all over the world
Assessments Use open ended items that require analysis, application of knowledge and how to write extensively Emphasize project-based, inquiry oriented learning Influence day to day teaching and learning Focus on the development of higher order skills Focus on the use of knowledge to solve problems Guide and encourage students own reflection and self assessment Use open ended authentic tasks so students can demonstrate content knowledge and analytic skills
Assignments Students need to have a regular dose of challenging assignments that require thoughtful reasoning and the ability to communicate their thinking. Then they will be prepared for the kind of problem solving needed in this world. For example: Research projects Science investigations Development of products Reports or presentations
Assessments Monitored fromState Level Instead of NationalLevel Because… it is closer to the schools it is a way of enabling strong teacher participation it ensures high quality local assessments that can be moderated to ensure consistency in scoring
Teachers Role Encourage students to be active learners who can find, analyze and use information to solve problems in novel situations. Cultivation of independence and active learning encourages students to develop analytical thinking, problem solving and metacognitiveskills Give them the knowledge, skills and attitudes to become active participants in the global world Establish a safe and secure classroom environment Set a standard toward which everyone must work towards Guide and encourage students own reflection and self assessment Use open ended authentic tasks so students can demonstrate content knowledge and analytic skills
Models of Global EducationHanvey Merryfield Perspective consciousness: Human beliefs and values awareness of and appreciation for other viewpoints of the world Global systems State of planet Global issues and problems awareness, emphasizing global issues and events Global history Cross cultural awareness; Cross cultural understanding and interaction understanding of world cultures Awareness of human choices Systemic awareness; deals with the nature of global systems Development of analytical and evaluative skills Options for participation, like Strategies for participation and involvement model UN, etc
Bibliography Brown, Susan, and Marcella Kysilka. What Every Teacher Should Know About Multicultural and Global Education. 1- 17. Web. Darling-Hammond, Linda, and Laura McCloskey. "What Would it Mean to be Internationally Competitive?." Assessment for Learning Around the World. 90.04 (2008): 263- 272. Print. Mazurek, Kas, and Margret Winzer. Schooling Around the World. Boston: Pearson Education, 2006. 72-77. Print. Stewart, Vivien. "Becoming Citizens of the World." Prepared Graduate. 64.7 (2007): 8-14. Print.